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Encyclopedia > Type 214 submarine
Type 214 Submarine
Class overview
Builders: Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft|HDW
Hellenic Shipyards Co.
Hyundai Heavy Industries
Operators: Naval flag of Greece Hellenic Navy
Naval flag of South Korea Republic of Korea Navy
In service: 2007
Ships in class: 1
Ships active: S Papanikolis (S 120)
S Pipinos (S 121)
S Matrozos (S 122)
S Katsonis (S 123)
Son Won-il (SS 072)
Jung Ji (SS 073)
An Jung-geun (SS 075)
Ships building: 3
Ships fitting out: 3
General Characteristics
Displacement: 1700 t (surfaced)
Length: 65.0 m
Beam: 6.3 m
Draught: 6.0 m
Propulsion
and power:
low noise skew back propeller
Speed: 12 kt surfaced
20 kt submerged
Range: 12,000 miles surfaced
420 nmi @ 8 kt
1248 nmi @ 4 kt
Complement: 5 officers + 22 crew
Armament: (8) 533 mm torpedo tubes, (4) subharpoon-capable

The Type 214 is a diesel-electric submarine developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft GmbH (HDW). It features diesel propulsion with an air-independent propulsion (AIP) system using Siemens polymer electrolyte module (PEM) hydrogen fuel cells. It is based on features of the Type 212, but as the export version of the more advanced Type 212 submarine it lacks the non-magnetic hull (to avoid detection) and other classified technologies. Also Type 214 is more similar to the very successful Type 209 submarine, while Type 212 was an independent project of the German Navy with significant changes to Type 209. Howaldtswerke is a German shipyard founded 1838 in Kiel. ... Hellenic Shipyards is a naval Shipyard in Skaramangas near Athens, Greece bought 2002 by a group of German investors under the industrial leadership of the German shipyard HDW. HDW is a subsidiary of the German ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems. ... Hyundai Heavy Industries Co. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... The Hellenic Navy (Greek: , Polemikón Nautikón) is the naval force of the modern nation of Greece (Hellenic Republic). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... The Republic of Korea Navy (Hangul: 대한민국 해군; Hanja: 大韓民國 海軍; Revised Romanization: Daehanminguk Haegun) or ROK Navy (ROKN) is a branch of the South Korean armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations and amphibious landing operations. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... An Jung-geun as a Korean Soldier Ahn Jung-geun or An Jung-geun (September 2, 1879 - March 26, 1910) (Christian name: Thomas) was the Korean independence activist who is best known for assassination of the Japanese military governor of Korea, Ito Hirobumi, during Japanese colonial occupation of Korea. ... A tonne or metric ton (symbol t), sometimes referred to as a metric tonne, is a measurement of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms. ... A knot is a unit of speed abbreviated kt or kn. ... A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... A number of vehicles use a diesel-electric powerplant for providing locomotion. ... For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ... View on HDW-shipyard at Kiel The Brandtaucher in the museum in Dresden Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (often abbreviated HDW) is a German shipbuilding company, headquartered in Kiel. ... Air-Independent Propulsion (AIP), is a term that encompasses technologies which allow a submarine to operate without the need to surface or use a snorkel to access atmospheric oxygen. ... Siemens redirects here. ... A fuel cell is an electrochemical device similar to a battery, but differing from the latter in that it is designed for continuous replenishment of the reactants consumed; i. ... The German Type 212 is an advanced design of non-nuclear U-Boat developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft AG (HDW) for the German Navy. ... The German Type 212 is an advanced design of non-nuclear U-Boat developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft AG (HDW) for the German Navy. ... Type 209 is a diesel-electric attack submarine developed by Howaldtswerke Deutsche Werft AG of Germany. ... The German Type 212 is an advanced design of non-nuclear U-Boat developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft AG (HDW) for the German Navy. ... German frigate Karlsruhe rescuing shipwrecked people off the coast of Somalia while participating in the international anti-terror operation ENDURING FREEDOM, April 2005 The Laboe Naval Memorial for sailors who lost their lives at sea during the World Wars and while on duty at sea and U 995 Modern air...


Contract to build three boats for Hellenic Navy was signed 15 February 2000 and a fourth one was ordered in June 2002. The first boat was built at HDW in Kiel, Germany and the rest at the Hellenic Shipyards Co. in Skaramangas, Greece. The Hellenic Navy calls the Papanikolis class. The Hellenic Navy (Greek: , Polemikón Nautikón) is the naval force of the modern nation of Greece (Hellenic Republic). ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... , For the city in the United States, see Kiel, Wisconsin. ... Hellenic Shipyards is a naval Shipyard in Skaramangas near Athens, Greece bought 2002 by a group of German investors under the industrial leadership of the German shipyard HDW. HDW is a subsidiary of the German ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems. ... Skaramagas, Skaramanga, Skaramaga, Skaramangas or Skaramagkas (Greek: Σκαραμαγκά or Σκαραμαγκάς) older forms Skaramangas and Scaramanga is a small town in the western part of Athens, Greece. ... The Hellenic Navy (Greek: , Polemikón Nautikón) is the naval force of the modern nation of Greece (Hellenic Republic). ...


South Korea has ordered three Type 214 boats, to be built in Korea by Hyundai Heavy Industries, which will enter service from 2009.[1] ROK Navy calls the Son Won-il class. Hyundai Heavy Industries Co. ... The armed forces of the Republic of Korea (aka ROK Armed Forces) consist of the: Republic of Korea Army (ROKA) Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN) Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) Republic of Korea Marine Corps (ROKMC) Republic of Korea Maritime Police(Coast Guard) The military of South Korea is...


Due to improvements in the pressure hull materials type 214 can dive more than 250 m (officially).[1]


Type 214 can carry food, fresh water and fuel for 50 days of operation.

Contents

Operators

Greece

The Greece Papanikolis U214 class is equipped with a hoistable radar mast which does not penetrate the pressure hull of the submarine. In the top of the radar mast the radar transmitter is installed. This transmitter is part of the SPHINX Radar System supplied by Thales Defence Deutschland GmbH in Kiel. The radar sensor is a FMCW transceiver which can't be detected by ESM systems in medium terms. This technology is so called LPI radar, which means "Low probability of intercept". The transmitting power is lower than the power of a mobile phone but the resolution more precise compared to high power Pulse radar. Thales SPHINX radar is a tactical radar, designed for submarines.


South Korea

The South Korean Son Won-il U214 class is equipped with a SPHINX-D Radar System supplied by Thales Defence Deutschland GmbH. It uses an additional pulse transmitter in the top of the mast. The combination of high power pulse radar and a very low power LPI transmitter is very effective for submarine. During surface operation the boat sails with an open pulse fingerprint for ESM systems, but within a secret mission the operator switches to LPI mode. The boat remains invisible for others.


Pakistan

The Pakistan Navy is reportedly negotiating for the purchase of 3 Type 214 submarines, all of which to be built in Pakistan. [2] Pakistan Navy jack Pakistan Navy (Urdu: پاک بحریہ) is the naval wing of the Pakistan military. ...


Ships

Country Pennant Name Laid down Launch Date Commission Date
Flag of Greece Greece S 120 Papanikolis 27 February 2001 April 2004 first half of 2007
S 121 Pipinos February 2003 November 2006 July 2008
S 122 Matrozos February 2004 November 2007 July 2009
S 123 Katsonis 2005 2007 July 2010
Flag of South Korea South Korea SS 072 Son Won-il October 2002 9 June 2006 November 2007
SS 073 Jung Ji 2004 13 June 2007 November 2008
SS 075 An Jung-geun August 2008

Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... An Jung-geun as a Korean Soldier Ahn Jung-geun or An Jung-geun (September 2, 1879 - March 26, 1910) (Christian name: Thomas) was the Korean independence activist who is best known for assassination of the Japanese military governor of Korea, Ito Hirobumi, during Japanese colonial occupation of Korea. ...

General Characteristics

  • Displacement: 1700 t surfaced / 1980 t submerged(GR) / 1860 t submerged(SK)
  • Dimensions: length 65 m / beam 6.3 m / draught 6 m
  • Pressure hull: austenitic steel
  • Armament: 8 533 mm torpedo tubes, 4 subharpoon-capable
  • Propulsion: low noise skew back propeller
  • Diesel engines: 2 MTU 16V 396 (6.24 MW)(GR) / 1 MTU 16V 396 (3.12 MW)(SK)
  • AIP system: 2 HDW PEM fuel cells (240 kW)(GR) / 9 HDW PEM fuel cells (306 kW)(SK)
  • Electric motor: 1 Siemens Permasyn (2.85 MW)
  • Speed: 12 kt surfaced / 20 kt submerged
  • Speed on fuel cells: 2-6 kt estimated
  • Range surfaced: 12000 miles
  • Range submerged: 420 nmi @ 8 kt
  • Range on fuel cells: 1248 nmi @ 4 kt
  • Mission endurance: 12 weeks
  • Submerged without snorkelling: 3 weeks
  • Operating depth: more than 250 m officially, 400 m estimated
  • Complement: 5 officers + 22 crew

The torpedo, historically called a locomotive torpedo, is a self-propelled explosive projectile weapon, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater toward a target, and designed to detonate on contact or in proximity to a target. ... The AGM-84 Harpoon is a US all-weather, over-the-horizon, anti-ship missile system. ... MTU may refer to: Maximum transmission unit, the size of the largest packet that a network protocol can transmit Multi tenant unit, a telecom term refering to a building with multiple offices or apartments. ... Air-Independent Propulsion (AIP), is a term that encompasses technologies which allow a submarine to operate without the need to surface or use a snorkel to access atmospheric oxygen. ...

Controversy

In December 11, 2006, StrategyPage reported that the first Type 214 submarine to be delivered from Germany was found to have numerous technical problems [2]. Among the reported problems with the submarine were noise from the screws, overheating with the fuel cells of the air-independent propulsion system, and excessive rolling in bad weather when travelling on the surface. Many of the reported problems were exaggerated by rumour and press speculation. The overheating of the fuel cells was cured by adjusting the fuel cell heat sensors which had been set too fine, after adjustment the Papanikolis completed a 14-day submerged trial using the fuel cell and her performance exceeded the design parameters. All submarines roll badly on the surface as unlike a surface vessel they have no bilge keels and the report of excessive rolling was untrue. It was also reported that Papanikolis suffered leaks, but the only leak during the trials was when half a litre of water entered the hydraulic system through a loose coupling on a hydraulic pipe under the casing. The second boat, Pipinos was officially launched in February 2007 and is at present going through Greek Harbour Acceptance Trials in Piraeus. December 11 is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A fuel cell is an electrochemical device similar to a battery, but differing from the latter in that it is designed for continuous replenishment of the reactants consumed; i. ... Air-Independent Propulsion (AIP), is a term that encompasses technologies which allow a submarine to operate without the need to surface or use a snorkel to access atmospheric oxygen. ... A bilge keel is a long fin of metal, often in a V shape, welded along the length of the ship at the turn of the bilge. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... It has been suggested that Kaminia (Piraeus), Greece be merged into this article or section. ...


See also

The German Type 212 is an advanced design of non-nuclear U-Boat developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft AG (HDW) for the German Navy. ... German frigate Karlsruhe rescuing shipwrecked people off the coast of Somalia while participating in the international anti-terror operation ENDURING FREEDOM, April 2005 The Laboe Naval Memorial for sailors who lost their lives at sea during the World Wars and while on duty at sea and U 995 Modern air... The Type 206 is a class of diesel-electric submarines developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche-Werft AG (HDW). ...

References

  1. ^ Type 212. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  2. ^ U-boat-Deal with Pakistan contrived (German). Retrieved on 2007-04-21.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • (Greek) Hellenic Navy page
  • Naval Technology
  • Global Security
  • Hellenic-shipyards

  Results from FactBites:
 
Type 209 submarine: Information from Answers.com (545 words)
The German Type 209 diesel-electric submarine was the most popular export-sales submarine in the world from the late 1960s into the first years of the 21st century.
Type 209 CS Simpson (SS-21) of the Chilean Navy
The four Greek type 209/1100 have been modernized, four of the eight torpedo tubes are capable of firing sub-harpoon.
Type 214 submarine: Information from Answers.com (547 words)
It is based on features of the Type 212, but as the export version of the more advanced Type 212 submarine it lacks the non-magnetic hull (to avoid detection) and other classified technologies.
Also Type 214 is more similar to the very successful Type 209 submarine, while Type 212 was an independent project of the German Navy with significant changes to Type 209.
Type 214 use two Siemens PEM fuel cells which produce 120kW per module and will give the submarine an underwater endurance of two weeks.The low noise propeller combine to decrease the submarine's acoustic signature.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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