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Encyclopedia > Tyana

Tyana (or Tyanna) was an ancient city of Anatolia, in modern south-central Turkey. It was the capital of a Hittite kingdom in the 2d millennium B.C., and had a long history as a Greek city state and later a Christian community. Tyana was a queen in Anatolia. This article is about two nested areas of Turkey, a plateau region within a peninsula. ... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from Kaneš who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite...


Though now ruined, it is still officially the center of a Roman Catholic titular archbishopric in the former Roman province of Cappadocia Prima. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop heading a diocese of particular importance due to either its size, history, or both, called an archdiocese. ... Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120. ...


History

Tyana is probably the city referred to in Hittite archives as Tuwanuwa. In Greek legend the city was first called Thoana, because Thoas, a Thracian king, was its founder (Arrian, Periplus Ponti Euxini, vi); it was in Cappadocia, at the foot of Taurus Mountains and near the Cilician Gates (Strabo, XII, 537; XIII, 587). Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from KaneÅ¡ who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite... Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak  Thrace (Bulgarian: , Greek: , Attic Greek: ThrāíkÄ“ or ThrēíkÄ“, Latin: , Turkish: ) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe. ... Alexander the Great Lucius Flavius Arrianus Xenophon (c. ... For other uses, see Cappadocia (disambiguation). ... DirektaÅŸ, Yedi Göller (Seven Lakes), Ala DaÄŸlar. ... The Greek geographer Strabo in a 16th century engraving. ...


Xenophon mentions it in his book Anabasis, under the name of Dana, as a large and prosperous city. The surrounding plain was known after it as Tyanitis. Xenophon, Greek historian Xenophon (In Greek , ca. ... The Persian Expedition, Penguin Classics edition of Xenophons Anabasis, translated by Rex Warner Anabasis Aνάβασις is the most famous work of the Greek writer Xenophon. ...


It was in a strategic position on the road to Syria via the Cilician Gates. It is the reputed birthplace of the celebrated philosopher (and reputed magician) Apollonius of Tyana in the first century. The Cilician Gates of wic (Turkish Külek Boazi or Gulek Bogazi) form the main passage through the Taurus Mountains of southern Turkey. ... Apollonius of Tyana (Greek: ; 16—ca. ...


Under Roman Emperor Caracalla the city became Antoniana colonia Tyana. After having sided with Queen Zenobia of Palmyra it was captured by Aurelian in 272, who would not allow his soldiers to sack it, allegedly because Apollonius appeared to him, pleading for its safety. Ordinary Magistrates Extraordinary Magistrates Titles and Honors Emperor Politics and Law This article discusses the nature of the imperial dignity, and its dynastic development throughout the history of the Empire. ... Caracalla (April 4, 186 – April 8, 217) was Roman Emperor from 211 – 217. ... This article is about the Queen of the Palmyrene Empire who conquered Egypt. ... Early morning panorama of Palmyra. ... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus[1] (September 9, 214–September 275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... Events Roman emperor Aurelian reconquers the kingdom of Palmyra (Egypt and large parts of Asia Minor), forcing queen Zenobia to flee to Parthia. ... Apollonius of Tyana (Greek: ; 16—ca. ...


In 371, Emperor Valens created a second province of Cappadocia, "Cappadocia Secunda", of which Tyana became the metropolis. Events Martin of Tours becomes Bishop of Tours _ year approximate Baekje forces storm the Goguryeo capital in Pyongyang Births Valentinian II - titular Roman emperor - year approximate Deaths August 1 - St Eusebius of Vercelli St Hilarion - year approximate Lucifer of Cagliari - bishop King Gogugwon of Goguryeo Categories: 371 ... Solidus minted by Valens in 376. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ...


The ruins of Tyana are at modern Kemerhisar, three miles south of Niğde (in the former Ottoman province of Konya); there are remains of a Roman aqueduct and of cave cemeteries and sepulchral grottoes. NiÄŸde is the capital of NiÄŸde Province in Turkey. ... Konya is a city in Turkey, on the central plateau of Anatolia. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Aqueduct (disambiguation). ...


Ecclesiastical history

As noted, in 371 Emperor Valens created the province of Cappadocia Secunda, of which Tyana became the metropolis. This aroused a violent controversy between Anthimus, Bishop of Tyana, and St.Basil of Caesarea, each of whom wished to have as many suffragan sees as possible. About 640 Tyana had three, and it was the same in the tenth century (Heinrich Gelzer, "Ungedruckte ... Texte der Notitiae episcopatum", 538, 554). Solidus minted by Valens in 376. ... Basil (ca. ... A bishop is an ordained person who holds a specific position of authority in any of a number of Christian churches. ...


Le Quien (Oriens christianus, I, 395-402) mentions 28 bishops of Tyana, among whom were: Michel Le Quien (Boulogne-sur-Mer 8 October 1661–Paris 12 March 1733) was a French historian and theologian. ...

  • Eutychius, at Nice in 325
  • Anthimus, the rival of St. Basil
  • Aetherius, at Constantinople in 381
  • Theodore, the friend of St. John Chrysostom
  • Eutherius, the partisan of Nestorius, deposed and exiled in 431
  • Cyriacus, a Severian Monophysite.

In May, 1359, Tyana still had a metropolitan (Mikelosich and Müller, "Acta patriarchatus Constantinopolitani", I, 505); in 1360 the metropolitan of Caesarea secured the administration of it (op. cit., 537). Thenceforth the see was titular. John Chrysostom (347 - 407) was a notable Christian bishop and preacher from the 4th and 5th centuries in Syria and Constantinople. ... Nestorius - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Severian is the narrator and main character of Gene Wolfes four-volume novel, The Book of the New Sun as well as its follow-up work, The Urth of the New Sun. ... Monophysitism (from the Greek monos meaning one and physis meaning nature) is the christological position that Christ has only one nature, as opposed to the Chalcedonian position which holds that Christ has two natures, one divine and one human. ... In hierarchical Christian churches, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop (then more precisely called Metropolitan archbishop) of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of an old Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital. ...


References

Tyana in Turkey. Nigde city. Tyana and apollonuis data and a lot of knowledge The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Not to be confused with New Catholic Encyclopedia. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Tyana (242 words)
Tyana, and St. Basil, Bishop of Caesarea, each of whom wished to have as many suffragan sees as possible.
Tyana had three, and it was the same in the tenth century (Gelzer, "Ungedruckte.
Tyana are at Kilisse-Hissar, three miles south of Nigde in the vilayet of Koniah; there are remains of a Roman aqueduct and of sepulchral grottoes.
Tyana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (195 words)
Tyana was an ancient city of Anatolia, in modern south-eastern Turkey.
The ruins of Tyana are at Kemerhisar, three miles south of Nigde; there are remains of a Roman aqueduct and of cave cemetries.
It is the reputed birthplace of Apollonius of Tyana.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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