FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Twin cities
? This article or section may contain original research or unattributed claims.
Please help Wikipedia by adding references. See the talk page for details.

Twin cities are two cities that are geographically close to each other and may seem to form a single unit, often referred to collectively. Image File history File links Circle-question. ... The term Twin city or twin town may be applied to one of the following notions. ... The city of Chicago, as seen from the sky A city is an urban area that is differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Geography (from the Greek words Geo (γη) or Gaea (γαια), both meaning Earth, and graphein (γραφειν) meaning to describe or to writeor to map) is the study of the earth and its features and of the distribution of life on the Earth. ...

Contents

Definitions

A remarkable example of twin cities: Plaza Internacional of the Frontera de la Paz. On the left, Santana do Livramento (Brazil); on the right, Rivera (Uruguay).
A remarkable example of twin cities: Plaza Internacional of the Frontera de la Paz. On the left, Santana do Livramento (Brazil); on the right, Rivera (Uruguay).

Twin cities are often separated by a river; notable examples include the capital of the medieval Khazar Empire, Atil-Khazaran, which was situated on the western and eastern banks of the Volga River, respectively. A notable modern example includes the cities of Sault Sainte Marie, Ontario, Canada, on the north bank, and Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan, United States, on the south bank, which are separated by the Saint Mary's River which trails the Canada-U.S. border at Lake Huron. The cities of Windsor, Ontario, Canada and Detroit, Michigan, United States are also a prime modern example. Twin cities without this physical barrier (or international barrier) more often become a single entity, as with the growth of London from its cores in the City of London and the City of Westminster to encompass many other towns and villages. Winston-Salem, North Carolina is a good American example. One exception is Bloomington-Normal, Illinois, which has always rebuffed any merger referendum, and where the original boundary is the appropriately named "Division Street". Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 961 KB) Summary Obelisco de la Plaza Internacional, en la Frontera de la Paz, ciudades de Livramento (Brasil) y Rivera (Uruguay). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 961 KB) Summary Obelisco de la Plaza Internacional, en la Frontera de la Paz, ciudades de Livramento (Brasil) y Rivera (Uruguay). ... The Khazars were a Turkic semi-nomadic people from Central Asia who adopted Judaism. ... Atil, also spelled Itil (literally meaning Big River), was the capital of Khazaria from the middle of the 8th century until the end of the 10th century. ... Khazaran was a city east of Atil in the Khazar kingdom, connected to the latter by a pontoon bridge. ... The Volga, widely viewed as the national river of Russia, flows through the western part of the country. ... Sault Ste. ... Sault Ste. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The City of London is a geographically-small city within Greater London, England. ... The City of Westminster is a London borough with city status, situated to the west of the City of London and north of the River Thames. ... Nickname: Twin City, Camel City Motto: Youre Something Special in Winston-Salem Location in North Carolina Coordinates: Country United States State North Carolina Counties Forsyth County Founded Incorporated 1766 (Salem) 1849 (Winston) 1913 Government  - Mayor Allen Joines (D) Area  - City  109. ... location in McLean County, Illinois Coordinates: Founded 1822 Incorporated Dec. ... Normal is an incorporated town in McLean County, Illinois, United States. ...

 Another notable example of twin cities: Soo Locks on the Saint Mary's River which connects Lake Huron and Lake Superior; cities Sault Sainte Marie, Ontario (left) and Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan (right), often referred to as the Twin Soos
Another notable example of twin cities: Soo Locks on the Saint Mary's River which connects Lake Huron and Lake Superior; cities Sault Sainte Marie, Ontario (left) and Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan (right), often referred to as the Twin Soos

One remarkable example of twin cities is Rivera (Uruguay) with Santana do Livramento (Brazil). With nearly 200,000 inhabitants, this is the only known case of twin cities of this size, belonging to different countries, with no natural limit between them, but only some streets. This border is open; i.e.: one can cross the border with freedom, as being in the same city in the same country. This frontier is dubbed "Frontera de la Paz" (Frontier of Peace), due to the huge integration between both cities. A symbol of this integration is the "Plaza Internacional" (International Square), inaugurated in the year 1943 (during World War II); this is the single known international square in the world. Image File history File links Soo_Locks-Sault-Ste_Marie. ... Image File history File links Soo_Locks-Sault-Ste_Marie. ... Sault Ste. ... Sault Ste. ... Rivera is the capital of the department of Rivera in Uruguay with a population of about 64,000. ... Obelisk of the Praça Internacional, at the Fronteira da Paz, cities of Santana do Livramento (Brasil and Rivera (Uruguay). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Perhaps the most famous example of twin cities in the United States is the combination of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota, on the banks of the Mississippi River (however, the political boundary of the two cities is not entirely coincident with the river). Although the metropolitan area of the Twin Cities includes seven counties and nearly 200 separate municipalities, Minneapolis and Saint Paul form the urban, cultural and economic core of the area. The region is typically called "The Metro Area" by local media as much as (or more than) "The Twin Cities", and remote residents of the state often call it simply "The Cities". (See Minneapolis-St. Paul.) St. Anthony (not to be confused with St. Anthony Village, a modern city which is a suburb of Minneapolis) was a twin city to Minneapolis in the two cities' youth. Minneapolis, the larger of the two, annexed St. Anthony in the late 1800s. Nickname: City of Lakes Motto: En Avant (French: Lets go!) Location in Hennepin County and the state of Minnesota. ... Location in Ramsey County and the state of Minnesota. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest named river in North America, with a length of 2320 miles (3733 km) from Lake Itasca to the Gulf of Mexico. ... A map of the Twin Cities metropolitan area. ... St. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ...


Canada is home to several twin cities. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada's federal capital, and Gatineau, Quebec are twin cities and both of them (together with the surrounding area) constitute to the National Capital Region of Canada, although Ottawa is much larger in population. Another example is the city of Lloydminster, which is today incorporated as one city but straddles the Saskatchewan-Alberta border and was formerly composed of two separate entities. Different parts of the city are called Lloydminster, Saskatchewan and Lloydminster, Alberta (the larger of the two). Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Location of the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1850 as Town of Bytown Incorporated 1855 as City of Ottawa Amalgamated January 1, 2001 Government  - Mayor Larry OBrien  - City Council Ottawa City Council  - Representatives 8... Map of Quebec with Gatineau highlighted in red. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... The National Capital Region is an informal designation for the Census Metropolitan Area consisting of the Canadian capital of Ottawa, Ontario, the neighbouring city of Gatineau, Quebec and the surrounding area. ... Lloydminster is a Canadian city which has the unusual geographic distinction of straddling a provincial border. ... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: From many peoples strength) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart - Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (Split from NWT) (9th (province)) Area Ranked 7th... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English (see below) Flower   Wild rose Tree Lodgepole Pine Bird Great Horned Owl Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total...


The Dallas–Fort Worth area is also known for its 'twin cities'. The Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex encompasses the metropolitan divisions of Dallas–Plano–Irving and Fort Worth–Arlington, within the U.S. state of Texas. ...


Australian examples include Townsville and Thuringowa, Albury and Wodonga on the New South Wales/Victoria border, and Coolangatta/Tweed Heads on the Queensland/New South Wales border. Townsville (Postcodes: 4810-4819) is a city on the north-eastern coast of Australia, located in the state of Queensland. ... Thuringowa is a city in northern Queensland, Australia that covers the northern and western parts of the urban area usually referred to as Townsville. ... Albury is a city in New South Wales, Australia, located on the Hume Highway on the Northern side of the Murray River. ... Wodonga () is a small city on the Victorian side of the border with New South Wales, 300 kilometres north-east of Melbourne, Australia. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ... Capital Melbourne Government Const. ... Lighthouse at Point Danger, Coolangatta, Queensland - a memorial to Lieutenant James Cook of HM Bark Endeavour who named the Point and described the area during the voyage of 1770. ... Twin Towns, Tweed Heads. ... Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Peter Beattie (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd)  - Product per capita  $40,170/person (6th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  4,070,400 (3rd)  - Density  2. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ...


Twin cities often share an airport, into whose airport code are integrated the initials of both cities; DFW (Dallas-Fort Worth) and MSP (Minneapolis-St. Paul) might be the most famous examples. An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (IATA: DFW, ICAO: KDFW) is located between the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, and is the busiest airport in Texas. ... Nickname: Big D Location in the state of Texas Country United States State Texas Counties Dallas, Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall Incorporated 2 February 1856  - Mayor Laura Miller Area    - City  385. ... Nickname: Cowtown, Panther City Motto: Where the West Begins Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Country United States State Texas Counties Tarrant and Denton  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area    - City  298. ... Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport (IATA: MSP, ICAO: KMSP) is the largest and busiest airport in the five-state upper Midwestern region of Minnesota, Iowa, South Dakota, North Dakota, and Wisconsin. ...


Some twin cities form on opposite sides of natural or governmental boundaries as conduits for trade between the two sides. For instance, Albury and Wodonga in south-eastern Australia are on the state border between New South Wales and Victoria, and formed as customs posts when the two states were independent colonies. The border between the United States and Mexico is significant in this respect because there is a chain of twin cities, particularly within the Rio Grande valley. One such example is Ciudad Juárez on the Mexico side and El Paso, Texas on the U.S. side. Others began as distinct cities, but growth caused them to merge into each other and assume a common identity; examples include Budapest (Buda and Pest), New York City (five boroughs, historically especially between Manhattan and Brooklyn), Hong Kong (Victoria City and Kowloon) and Thunder Bay, Ontario (Fort William and Port Arthur). Albury is a city in New South Wales, Australia, located on the Hume Highway on the Northern side of the Murray River. ... Wodonga () is a small city on the Victorian side of the border with New South Wales, 300 kilometres north-east of Melbourne, Australia. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ... Capital Melbourne Government Const. ... Río Bravo redirects here. ... La Catedral in downtown Ciudad Juárez Ciudad Juárez, or simply Juárez, is a city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua with an estimated population of 1,512,354. ... Nickname: Star of the Southwest, The Sun City, and Land of the Sun Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: County El Paso County Government  - Mayor John Cook Area  - City  250. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Buda (German: Ofen, Croatian: Budim, Slovak: Budín, Serbian: Будим or Budim, Turkish: Budin) is the western part of the Hungarian capital Budapest on the right bank of the Danube. ... Pest (in Slovak Pešť, pron. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... Hong Kong became a British colony in 1842. ... In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutters Island in the west, Tates Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and... Nickname: Lakehead; The Lakehead Motto: Superior by nature Location of Thunder Bay, Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Region Northwestern Ontario District Thunder Bay District CMA Thunder Bay Established 1970 (amalgamation between Fort William and Port Arthur) Incorporated as Towns Port Arthur in 1884, Fort William in 1892 Incorporated as... Fort William was a city in Northern Ontario, located on the Kaministiquia River, at its entrance to Lake Superior. ... Port Arthur, Ontario, was a city in Northern Ontario which amalgamated with Fort William, Ontario and the townships of Neebing and McIntyre to form the City of Thunder Bay in January 1970. ...


Another LatinAmerican example, are Valparaiso-Viña del Mar and La Serena-Coquimbo, both in Chile Valparaiso is the name of at least three cities and a village: Valparaíso, Chile Valparaiso, Florida Valparaiso, Indiana Valparaiso, Nebraska This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Coast of Viña del Mar Viña del Mar (Vineyard by the Sea in Spanish), also known locally as La Ciudad Jardín (Garden City in Spanish), is a thriving coastal city in central Chile, in the Valparaíso Region. ... La Serena (the serene one) is the second oldest city in Chile. ... Port city, capital to Elqui Province in the Coquimbo Region, its lies close to La Serena, forming a urban area of around 300. ...


Note that not all geographically close cities are combined in this way. In England, for example, the cities of Leeds and Bradford are very close, but have strong separate identities and would not see themselves as part of the same entity. Both cities have an individual cathedral and council, as well as having separate sports teams. Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Leeds is a major city in West Yorkshire, England. ... This article discusses the city Bradford, in West Yorkshire, England. ...


In contrast, Brighton and Hove are considered a 'twin town', though in fact there are several other smaller towns like Worthing which make up the metropolitan area. One of Brighton & Hove Albion F.C.'s nicknames is 'The Twins' to reflect this joint status (in a similar vein to that of the Minnesota Twins). Nonetheless, Brighton can be seen as the 'senior partner' as the area is often referred to as just 'Brighton'. Hove on the other hand receives much less recognition and is less commonly known outside the UK. Brighton and Hove is a city on the south coast of England. ... Worthing is a large town and a local government district in West Sussex, England. ... Brighton & Hove Albion F.C. are an English football team based in the coastal city of Brighton & Hove, East Sussex. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1903-1960) a. ... Floral Clock, Palmeira Square Hove promenade facing towards Brighton Hove is a town on the south coast of England immediately to the west of its twin, Brighton. ...


Fictional twin cities

Gotham City (the home of Batman) and Metropolis (the home of Superman) have sometimes been presented as twin cities, mainly in 1970s and 1980s stories by DC Comics. The two cities were shown as located on opposite sides of a large bay. The Gotham skyline with the Bat-signal. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Metropolis as depicted in the Superman Returns video game Metropolis is a fictional city that appears in comic books published by DC Comics, and is the home of Superman. ... Superman is a comic book superhero, originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Template:A year The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The 1980s refers to the years of and between 1980 and 1989. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... In geography, a bay or gulf is a collection of water that is surrounded by land on three sides. ...


In the current Flash comics, Central City and Keystone City are shown as twin cities; earlier comics presented each city as located in the same space but on different parallel Earths. The Flash is a name shared by several DC Comics superheroes. ... See comedian Stand up comedian List of Comedians List of British comedians comics comic book comic strip underground comics alternative comics web comic sprite comics manga graphic novel List of comic characters This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Central City is a fictional city that appears in stories published by DC Comics, and is the home of the Silver Age version of the Flash, Barry Allen. ... Keystone City is a fictional city featured in stories of the Flash published by DC Comics. ... Parallel universe or alternate reality in science fiction and fantasy is a self-contained separate reality coexisting with our own. ...


In the Discworld novels, Ankh-Morpork is referred to as "the twin cities of proud Ankh and pestilent Morpork", but has been a single political entity in all the books thus far. // This article is about the novels. ... Ankh-Morpork is a fictional city-state which prominently features in Terry Pratchetts Discworld series of fantasy novels. ...


In the animated television series The Simpsons, the cities of Springfield and Shelbyville are twin cities with an intense rivalry between each other. Simpsons redirects here. ... For the Simpsons episode, see $pringfield (Or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Legalized Gambling). ... Shelbyville is a fictional city on the television series The Simpsons that is located adjacent to Springfield. ...


Notes

    See also


      Results from FactBites:
     
    Twin Cities City Guide - Recommendations and Reviews by Citysearch (109 words)
    For theater lovers it doesn't get much better than the Twin Cities.
    A recent poll conducted by "Travel and Leisure" and CNN just announced that our twin towns are second only to New York for theater offerings.
    We've always known that, but now the rest of the country knows too.
    Minneapolis-St. Paul - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4462 words)
    In the 1950s, both cities competed for a major league baseball franchise, and there was a brief period in the 1960s where the two cities did not agree on a common calendar for daylight saving time, resulting in a period of a few weeks where the two cities were one hour apart.
    The Twin Cities area is considered the capital for the arts in the Upper Midwest, the lead region among others such as the Twin Ports (Duluth, Minnesota-Superior, Wisconsin), Madison, Wisconsin and Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
    It is common for residents of the Twin Cities area to own or share cabins and other properties along lakes and forested areas in the central and northern regions of the state, and weekend trips "up North" happen through the warmer months.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

    COMMENTARY     


    Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
    Your name
    Your comments

    Want to know more?
    Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

     


    Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
    The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
    Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
    All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
    Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m