FACTOID # 1: Idaho produces more milk than Iowa, Indiana and Illinois combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Tuzla" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Tuzla
Tuzla
[[Image: Coat of arms]]
Municipality coat of arms
Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina
General Information
Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Canton Tuzla Canton
Land area 302,35 km²
Population 165,000
Population density 545/km²
Coordinates 44°37′N, 18°40′E
Area code +387 35
Mayor Jasmin Imamović (SDP)
Website http://www.tuzla.ba
View of Tuzla
View of Tuzla
Retired tuzlaci playing chess, a favorite pastime, in the western residential area of Slatina
Retired tuzlaci playing chess, a favorite pastime, in the western residential area of Slatina

Tuzla is a city and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina. At the time of the 1991 census, it had 131,000 inhabitants. Taking the influx of refugees into account, the city is currently estimated to have 160,000 inhabitants. After Sarajevo and Banja Luka, Tuzla is the third largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the seat of the Tuzla Canton and Tuzla Municipality. The name "Tuzla" is derived from the Turkish word for salt, and refers to the extensive salt deposits found underneath the city. Tuzla is a word of Turkish origin which means place of salt. There are several places that have this name: Tuzla - a city in Bosnia the city of Tuzla is also seat of Tuzla Municipality and Tuzla Canton Tuzla - a city in Romania Tuzla district - a district of the city... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Cantons are provincial units used in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Main city Tuzla Head of Canton Bajazit JaÅ¡arević Municipalities Banovići, ÄŒelić, Doboj Istok, Gračanica, Gradačac, Kalesija, Kladanj, Lukavac, Sapna, Srebrenik, Teočak, Tuzla, Živinice Area 2,649. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Jasmin Imamović (born October 8, 1957) is a writer and politican from Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Socialdemocrats (Socijaldemokratska Partija BiH - Socijaldemokrati / Социјалдемократска Партија БиХ - Социјалдемократи), is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 367 pixel Image in higher resolution (1426 × 654 pixel, file size: 773 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: View of Tuzla Taken by de:user:Boabo at August 2004 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 367 pixel Image in higher resolution (1426 × 654 pixel, file size: 773 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: View of Tuzla Taken by de:user:Boabo at August 2004 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to... Residents of Tuzla playing chess, pic taken by myself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Residents of Tuzla playing chess, pic taken by myself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Republika Srpska Land area 15,000km² Population (1991 census) 195,139 230,000 Population density 126,8/km2 Coordinates Area code +387 51 Mayor Dragoljub Davidović (SNSD) Website http://www. ... Main city Tuzla Head of Canton Bajazit JaÅ¡arević Municipalities Banovići, ÄŒelić, Doboj Istok, Gračanica, Gradačac, Kalesija, Kladanj, Lukavac, Sapna, Srebrenik, Teočak, Tuzla, Živinice Area 2,649. ...

Contents

Geography

Tuzla is located at 44°32′17″N, 18°40′34″E,in the northeastern part of Bosnia, settled just underneath the Majevica mountain range, on the Jala river. The central zone lies in an east-west oriented plain, with residential areas in the north and south of the city located on the Ilinčica, Kicelj and Gradina hills. The climate is moderate continental. Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ...


History

First mentioned in 950 as a county under Hungarian rule, the town was later referred to by historians as Soli. Soli means "salts" in the Bosnian, Croatian or Serbian language and the city's present name means "place of salt" in Turkish. However, there is enough archaeologic evidence to suggest that Tuzla was a rich neolithic settlement, and hence inhabited continuously for more than 6,000 years which makes Tuzla one of the oldest European settlements with sustained living. An open-air museum at Solni Trg, opened in 2004, tells the story of salt production in Tuzla. Events World Population: 250 Million. ... For other uses, see Salt (disambiguation). ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On October 2, 1943, Tuzla became the largest liberated town in Europe to the time. It developed into a major industrial and cultural centre during the communist period in former Yugoslavia. In the 1990 elections the Reformists won control of the municipality being the only municipality in Bosnia where non-nationalists won. During the Bosnian war, 1992-1995 the town was the only municipality not governed by nationalist authorities, and was besieged by Serb nationalist forces. Additionally, the town was not spared the atrocities of war. On May 25, 1995, a Serb artillery shell killed 71 youngsters in Tuzla massacre, the single most deadly shelling incident of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. [1],[2] is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Motto Brotherhood and Unity Anthem Hey, Slavs Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian (spoken throughout the territory), Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian (all official), and languages of other nationalities. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Demographics

In the early stages of the war in Bosnia, many Croats left for Croatia and many Serbs for Republika Srpska or Serbia while a significant number remained in Tuzla and joined the multiethnic territorial defense forces defending the city against nationalist Serb forces. The demographics of Tuzla after minor displacings: Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ...


Demographics in Tuzla municipality:


1971 Census

total: 107,293

Languages Serbo-Croat(Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian) Macedonian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups South Slavs Muslims by nationality (Muslimani, Муслимани) was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe mainly native Slavic Muslims. ... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) is an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ...

1981 Census

total: 121,717

Languages Serbo-Croat(Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian) Macedonian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups South Slavs Muslims by nationality (Muslimani, Муслимани) was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe mainly native Slavic Muslims. ... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) is an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ...

1991 Census

total: 131,618

Languages Serbo-Croat(Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian) Macedonian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups South Slavs Muslims by nationality (Muslimani, Муслимани) was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe mainly native Slavic Muslims. ... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) is an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ...

Contemporary Tuzla

The glass façade of a post-war business complex in Tuzla

The city has Europe's only salt lake as part of its central park; more than 100,000 people visit its shores every year. One of the most influential writers in the Balkans, Meša Selimović hails from Tuzla. In addition, Tuzla hosts the annual Meša Selimović book festival (in July), where an award for the best novel written in the languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia and Montenegro is presented. The first professional theatre in Tuzla, Narodno Pozorište u Tuzli, was founded by the brothers Mihajlo and Živko Crnogorčević in 1944. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (683x1024, 415 KB) Summary Photo from: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (683x1024, 415 KB) Summary Photo from: http://www. ... Mehmed Meša Selimović, Bosnian prose writer who lived in Bosnia was one of the greatest 20th century novelists of Southeastern Europe. ...


Tuzla is the seat of the Tuzla Canton, which is a canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as of Tuzla Municipality, which is one of the 13 municipalities that together constitute the Tuzla Canton. Administratively, Tuzla is divided into 39 mjesne zajednice (local districts). Main city Tuzla Head of Canton Bajazit Jašarević Municipalities Banovići, Čelić, Doboj Istok, Gračanica, Gradačac, Kalesija, Kladanj, Lukavac, Sapna, Srebrenik, Teočak, Tuzla, Živinice Area 2,649. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ...


Apart from Tuzla, the municipality incorporates several other adjacent settlements, including the town of Gornja Tuzla (Upper Tuzla), as well as the villages of Husino, Par Selo, Simin Han, Obodnica, Kamenjaši, Plane, Šići, Slavinovići, and others.


The Mayor of Tuzla Municipality is Jasmin Imamović, a writer and lawyer born in 1957, of the Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina. He was reelected to a second term in 2004. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Jasmin Imamović (born October 8, 1957) is a writer and politican from Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Socialdemocrats (Socijaldemokratska Partija BiH - Socijaldemokrati / Социјалдемократска Партија БиХ - Социјалдемократи), is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


The City council of Tuzla has 30 members, of the following parties:

The Chairwoman of the City Council, Nada Mladina, is a member of the SDP. Tuzla is twinned with Bologna in Italy, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat in Spain, Pécs in Hungary and Osijek in Croatia, as well as with Ravenna province in Italy. The Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Socialdemocrats (Socijaldemokratska Partija BiH - Socijaldemokrati / Социјалдемократска Партија БиХ - Социјалдемократи), is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) is a Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Bosnian Party (Bosanska Stranka) is a multi-ethnic political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian: Stranka za Bosnu i Hercegovinu) is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Peoples Party Work for Betterment (Croatian:Narodna Stranka Radom za Boljitak) is a multi-ethnic party in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which enjoys support from all ethnic groups in Bosnia, but most of its members and voters are Croats. ... The Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine, HDZ BiH) is a political party of Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... For the food product, see Bologna sausage. ... Location Coordinates : 41°21′50″N, 2°06′0″E Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name LHospitalet de Llobregat (Catalan) Spanish name Hospitalet de Llobregat Nickname LH Founded 12th century Website http://canal-h. ... Pécs   (Latin: Quinque Ecclesiae, Croatian: Pečuh, German: Fünfkirchen, Serbian: Pečuj or Печуј, Slovak: Päťkostolie, Turkish: Peçuy, Italian: Cinquechiese) is the fourth largest city of Hungary, located in the south-west of the country. ... Osijek (pronounced: []) is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 114,616 in 2001. ... Province of Ravenna Ravenna is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. ...


Extractions of the city's salt deposits, particularly in the 20th century, have caused sections of the city center to sink. Structures in the "sinking area" either collapsed or were demolished, and there are few structures in the city that predate the 20th century, despite the fact that the city was founded over 1000 years ago.


Tuzla has an international airport located at Dubrave (IATA code: TZL), and an effective and well developed public bus network. There are plans to introduce a trolleybus network in the city soon. The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Further information: electric bus A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ...


The airport was opened to civilian aircraft only recently. The airport had comprised a portion of "Eagle Base", an American military base that has been home to NATO troops serving in SFOR, Bosnia's stabilization force.


Several sports teams from Tuzla have participated in international competitions. Almost all of Tuzla's sports teams are named Sloboda, meaning freedom. The most popular sports in Tuzla include football (FK Sloboda); basketball (KK Sloboda-Dita[3]), karate (KBS Tuzla-Sinalco) and many others. The women's basketball team KK Jedinstvo-Aida were European club champions in the late eighties, with the most famous sportswoman from Tuzla in their midst - Razija Mujanović. First and oldset sport in Tuzla is gymnastics. Fudbalski Klub Sloboda or simply FK Sloboda is a football club from the city of Tuzla, in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Razija Mujanović (born on 15 April 1967 in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina) is a former basketball player. ...


Tuzla is home to the University of Tuzla, with more than 10,000 students. University of Tuzla (Bosnian:Univerzitet u Tuzli) is a public university located in the city of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Also existing in Tuzla is the Cardiovascular Clinic, a part of the Clinical Center and the top institution for cardiology and cardiac surgery in the country.


On September 1, 2007, 6980 couples kissed for 10 seconds in Tuzla, Bosnia erasing the previous Guinness World kissing Records of the Philippines and Hungary (for synchronised osculation in 2004 with 5327 Filipino couples, overtaken by Hungary in 2005 with 5875 couples; Filipinos came back in February this year with 6124 couples but the Hungarians responded in June with 6613 couples). The record now awaits official certification.[1] Guinness logo Guinness is Good for You — Irish language advertisement. ...


Twin cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For the food product, see Bologna sausage. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Osijek (pronounced: []) is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 114,616 in 2001. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Pécs   (Latin: Quinque Ecclesiae, Croatian: Pečuh, German: Fünfkirchen, Serbian: Pečuj or Печуј, Slovak: Päťkostolie, Turkish: Peçuy, Italian: Cinquechiese) is the fourth largest city of Hungary, located in the south-west of the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : 41°21′50″N, 2°06′0″E Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name LHospitalet de Llobregat (Catalan) Spanish name Hospitalet de Llobregat Nickname LH Founded 12th century Website http://canal-h. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

 
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Coordinates: 44°32′17, N°18′40 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tuzla - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1141 words)
Tuzla is the seat of the Tuzla Canton, which is a canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as of Tuzla Municipality, which is one of the 13 municipalities that together constitute the Tuzla Canton.
The Mayor of Tuzla Municipality is Jasmin Imamović, a writer and lawyer born in 1957, of the Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Tuzla is twinned with Bologna in Italy, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat in Spain, Pécs in Hungary and Osijek in Croatia, as well as with Ravenna province in Italy.
Tuzla - definition of Tuzla in Encyclopedia (711 words)
Tuzla is a city in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The town itself, however, was not spared of the atrocities of war, on May 25, 1995, a mortar killed 72 youngsters in the single most deadly incident of the war.
In addition, Tuzla hosts the annual Meša Selimović; book festival (in July), where an award for the best novel written in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia and Montenegro is presented.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m