FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Tuva" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Tuva
Tuva Republic (English)
Республика Тыва (Russian)
Тыва Республика (Tuvan)

Location of Tuva in Russia
Coat of Arms Flag

Coat of arms of Tuva

Flag of Tuva
Anthem: Tooruktug Dolgay Tangdym
Capital Kyzyl
Established October 13, 1944
Political status
Federal district
Economic region
Republic
Siberian
East Siberian
Code 17
Area
Area
- Rank
170,500 km²
21st
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
- Urban
- Rural
305,510 inhabitants
77th
1.8 inhab. / km²
51.5%
48.5%
Official languages Russian, Tuvan
Government
Chairman of the Government Sholban Kara-ool
First Vice-Chairman of the Government Sholban-ool Irgit
Legislative body Great Khural
Constitution Constitution of the Tuva Republic
Official website
http://gov.tuva.ru/

Tyva Republic IPA: [təˈvɑː] (Russian: Респу́блика Тыва́ IPA: [rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə tɨˈva]; Tuvan: Тыва Республика), or Tuva (Тува́), is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... For other uses, see Flag (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tuva. ... The Flag of Tuva (Tyva) is a design with light blue trapezoids and stripes surrounding white stripes; both border a yellow triangle. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogising the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognised either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Flag of Tuva Tooruktug Dolgay Tangdym (Russian:Пуща полна ек кедра, The Forest is Full of Pine Nuts; also translated as The Forest is Full of Cedar Nuts or The Taiga is Full of Cedar Nuts) is the national anthem of the republic of Tuva (a republic of the Russian Federation). ... Music-Drama Theatre in Kyzyl Kyzyl (Tuvan and Russian: Кызы́л) is a city in Russia, capital of Tyva Republic. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... Russia is divided into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономические районы, sing. ... The Russian Federation is divided into 88 federal subjects (constituent units), 21 of which are republics. ... Siberian Federal District (Russian: Сиби́рский федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... East Siberian economic region (Russian: ; tr. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Here is a list of the 88 federal subjects of Russia in order of size. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Here is a list of the 85* federal subjects of Russia in order of population according to the 2002 Census. ... Tuvan (Tuvan: Тыва дыл Tyva dyl), also known as Tuvinian, Tyvan, or Tuvin, is one of the Turkic languages. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Tuvan (Tuvan: Тыва дыл Tyva dyl), also known as Tuvinian, Tyvan, or Tuvin, is one of the Turkic languages. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... The Russian Federation is divided into 88 federal subjects (constituent units), 21 of which are republics. ...

Contents

Geography

The Republic is situated in extreme southern Siberia, with the capital city of Kyzyl being located at the geographic "center of Asia". The eastern part of the republic is forested and elevated, and the west is a drier lowland. This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... Music-Drama Theatre in Kyzyl Kyzyl (Tuvan and Russian: Кызы́л) is a city in Russia, capital of Tyva Republic. ...

Khakassia or Khakasiya (Russian: or ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic) located in south central Siberia. ... Krasnoyarsk Krai (Russian: ) (2002 pop. ... Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... The Buryat Republic (Russian: ; Buryat: Буряад Республика) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... The Altai Republic (Russian: ; Altay: Алтай Республика) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ...

Time zone

Tuva is located in the Krasnoyarsk Time Zone (KRAT/KRAST). UTC offset is +0700 (KRAT)/+0800 (KRAST). Image File history File links RTZ6. ... Krasnoyarsk Time (KRAT) is the time zone 7 hours ahead of UTC (UTC+7) and 4 hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK+4). ... UTC redirects here. ...

Rivers

Map of the Tyva Republic, formerly the Tuvinian People's Republic
Map of the Tyva Republic, formerly the Tuvinian People's Republic

There are over 8,000 rivers in the republic. The area includes the upper course of the Yenisei River. Most of the republic's rivers are Yenisei tributaries. There are also numerous mineral springs in the republic. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1206x844, 543 KB) Karte von Tannu-Tuwa, einem Teil Russlands Lizenz: Das Bild wurde von Roger Zenner gezeichnet und wurde unter der CC-by-sa veröffentlicht. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1206x844, 543 KB) Karte von Tannu-Tuwa, einem Teil Russlands Lizenz: Das Bild wurde von Roger Zenner gezeichnet und wurde unter der CC-by-sa veröffentlicht. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Yenisei (Енисе́й) is the greatest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean, and the fifth longest river in the world. ... Look up tributary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mineral water is water containing minerals or other dissolved substances that alter its taste or give it therapeutic value. ...


Major rivers include:

  • Bolshoy Yenisei River (also called Biy-Khem or Bii-Khem)
  • Kantegir River
  • Khemchik River
  • Maly Yenisei River (also called Ka-Khem or Kaa-Khem)
  • Upper Yenisei River (also called Ulug-Khem)

Lakes

There are numerous lakes on the republic's territory, many of which are glacial and salt lakes. Major lakes include: A salt lake or saline lake is a landlocked body of water which has a concentration of salts (mostly sodium chloride) and other minerals significantly higher than most lakes (often defined as at least 3,000 milligrams of salt per liter). ...

  • Todzha Lake, a.k.a. Azas Lake (100 km²)—the largest in the republic
  • Uvs Nuur - shared with Mongolia and a World Heritage Site
  • Kadysh Lake
  • Many-Khol Lake

Satellite shot of the Uvs Nuur Basin. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Mountains

The area of the republic is a mountain basin, ca. 600 m high, encircled by the Sayan and Tannu-Ola ranges. Mountains cover over 80% of the republic's territory. Mount Mongun-Tayga (3,970 m) is the highest point in Siberia. Lake Gornyh Duhov Western Sayan, Ergaki mountains The Sayan Mountains (Russian: , Sayany) are a mountain range in southern Siberia, Asia. ... The Tannu-Ola mountains, more properly called the Tangdy-Uula mountains (Tuvan Таңдь-Уула), are a range of mountains making the border between Tuva and Mongolia. ...


Natural resources

Major natural resources of Tuva include coal, iron ore, gold, and more. Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal (pronounced ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ...


Climate

  • Average January temperature: -32°C
  • Average July temperature: +18°C
  • Average annual precipitation: 150 mm (plains) to 1,000 mm (mountains)

History

For the history of the Tuvan people before 1860, see History of the Tuvan People

The historic region of Tannu Uriankhai (Chinese: 唐努乌梁海), which Tuva is part of, was controlled by the Mongols from the thirteenth (1207) to eighteenth centuries. In 1757 it was brought under Manchu rule (Qing Dynasty, the last dynasty of China) until 1911. Tuvans or Tuvinians (Tuvan: Тывалар, Tyvalar) are a group of Turkic people who make up about two thirds of the population of Tuva, Russia. ... Tuva or Tyva (Russian: Республика Тыва [Тува], Respublika Tyva [Tuva]) (pop. ... For other uses, see Mongols (disambiguation). ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ...


During the 19th century, Russians began to settle in Tuva, resulting in an 1860 Chinese-Russian treaty, in which the Qing Dynasty allowed Russians to settle providing that they lived in boats or tents. In 1881 Russians were allowed to live in permanent buildings. By that time a sizeable Russian community had been established, whose affairs were managed by an official in Russia. (These officials also settled disputes and checked on Tuvan chiefs.) Russian interests in Tuva continued into the twentieth century. Beijing Treaty can also refer to the 1860 China and Great Britain. ...


During the 1911 revolution in China, tsarist Russia formed a separatist movement among the Tuvans. Tsar Nicholas II ordered Russian troops into Tuva in 1912, as Russian settlers were being attacked. Tuva became nominally independent as the Urjanchai Republic before being brought under Russian protectorate as Uryanay Kray under Tsar Nicholas II on 17 April 1914. This move was apparently requested by a number of prominent Tuvans, including the High Lama, although it is possible they were actually acting under the coercion of Russian soldiers[citation needed]. A Tuvan capital was established, called Belotsarsk (Белоца́рск; literally, "Town of White Tsar"). Meanwhile, in 1911, Mongolia became independent, though under Russian protection. The Wuchang Uprising (武昌起義, pinyin: WÇ”chāng Qǐyì) of October 10, 1911, started the Xinhai Revolution, which triggered the collapse of the Qing Dynasty and establishment of the Republic of China (ROC). ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... “Separatists” redirects here. ... Nicholas II redirects here. ... This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... Krai (Russian: край; British English transliteration: kray), is a term used to refer to several of Russias 89 administrative regions (federal subjects). ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Music-Drama Theatre in Kyzyl Kyzyl (Tuvan and Russian: ) is a city in Russia, capital of the Tuva Republic. ...


Following the Russian Revolution of 1917 which ended the imperial autocracy, most of Tuva was occupied from 5 July 1918 to 15 July 1919 by Kolchak's "White" Russian troops (governor was Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov), though in the autumn of 1918 the southwestern part was occupied by Chinese troops and the southern part by Mongol troops led by Khatan Bator Maksarzhab. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political and social upheavals in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the tsarist autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal and moderate-socialist Provisional Government, resulting in the establishment of Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Admiral Kolchak Aleksandr Vasiliyevich Kolchak (Russian: Александр Васильевич Колчак, November 16 [O.S. November 4] 1874 – February 7, 1920) was a Russian naval commander and later head of part of the anti-Bolshevik White forces during the Russian Civil War. ...


From July 1919 to February 1920 the communist Red Army entered Tuva, but from 19 February 1920 to June 1921 it was occupied by China (governor was Yan Shichao aka Yan Shi-chao). On August 14, 1921 the Bolsheviks (supported by Russia) established a Tuvinian People's Republic, popularly called Tannu-Tuva. In 1926, the capital (Belotsarsk; Khem-Beldyr since 1918) was renamed Kyzyl, meaning "Red"). Tuva was de jure an independent state between the World Wars. For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... For other uses, see Bolshevik (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Music-Drama Theatre in Kyzyl Kyzyl (Tuvan and Russian: Кызы́л) is a city in Russia, capital of Tyva Republic. ...


The state's first ruler, Prime Minister Donduk, sought to strengthen ties with Mongolia and establish Buddhism as the state religion. This unsettled the Kremlin, which orchestrated a coup carried out in 1929 by five young Tuvan graduates of Moscow's 'Communist University of the Toilers of the East'. In 1930 the pro-Soviet region discarded the state's Tibetan-Mongol script in favor of a Latin alphabet designed for Tuva by Russian linguists, and in 1943 Cyrillic script replaced the Latin. Under the leadership of Party Secretary Toka, ethnic Russians were granted full citizenship rights and Buddhist and Mongol influences on the Tuvan state and society were systematically reduced.[1]


The USSR annexed Tuva outright in 1944, apparently with the approval of Tuva's Little Khural (parliament), though there was no Tuva-wide vote on the issue. The exact circumstances surrounding Tannu-Tuva's incorporation into the USSR in 1944 remain obscure. Salchak Toka, the leader of Tuvan communists, was given the title of First Secretary of the Tuvan Communist Party, and became the de-facto ruler of Tuva until his death in 1973. Tuva was made the Tuvan Autonomous Oblast and then became the Tuva ASSR on October 10, 1961. The Soviet Union kept Tuva closed to the outside world for nearly fifty years. Salchak Kolbakkhorekovitsj Toka (Russian: , December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1901 1901–May 11, 1973) was a Tuvan politician. ... Tuvan Autonomous Oblast was created 1944-10-11 by annexion of Tuvinian Peoples Republic. ... The Tuva Republic (Tuvan: Тыва Республика; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In February of 1990, the Tuvan Democratic Movement was founded by Kaadyr-ool Bicheldei, a philologist at Kyzyl University. The party aimed to provide jobs and housing (both were in short supply), and also to improve the status of Tuvan language and culture. Later on in the year there was a wave of attacks against Tuva's sizeable Russian community, resulting in 88 deaths. Russian troops eventually were called in. Many Russians moved out of the republic during this period. To this day, Tuva remains remote and difficult to access.[2]


Tuva was a signatory to the March 31, 1992 treaty that created the Russian Federation. A new constitution for the republic was drawn up on October 22, 1993. This created a 32-member parliament (Supreme Khural) and a Grand Khural, which is responsible for foreign policy, ensuring that Tuvan law is given precedence and any possible changes to the constitution. The constitution also allowed for a referendum if Tuva ever sought independence. This constitution was passed by 62.2% of Tuvans in a referendum on December 12, 1993. At the same time the official name was changed from Tuva (Тува) to Tyva (Тыва). is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


The Republic of China (Taiwan) has never officially recognized the Russian claim, and maps made in Taiwan have often included Tuva (along with Outer Mongolia) as part of China. This claim, along with the Taiwanese claim to mainland China, has been largely ignored since the early 1990s. For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Outer Mongolia makes up Mongolia (presently a sovereign state) and Tannu Uriankhai (the majority of which is the modern-day Tuva Republic, a federal subject of the Russian Federation), while Inner Mongolia (内蒙古; Nèi Měnggǔ) is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... ...


Politics

The head of the government in Tuva is the Chairman of the Government, who is elected for a four-year term. The first Chairman of the Government was Sherig-ool Oorzhak. As of 2007, the Chairman of the Government is Kara-ool Sholban. Tuva's legislature, the Great Khural, has 162 seats; each deputy is elected to serve a four-year term. Sherig-ool Oorzhak Sherig-ool Dizizhikovich OORZHAK [ʃærɪɡɔːl] [dɪzɪʒɪɡovɪtʃ] [ɔːrÊ’ÊŒk], born July 24, 1942 in the village of Shekpeer [ʃækpæːr] in independent Peoples Republic of Tuva. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ...


The present flag of Tuva - yellow for prosperity, blue for courage and strength, white for purity - was adopted on September 17, 1992. See below under Religion. is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


The republic's Constitution was adopted on October 23, 1993. is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


On April 3rd, 2007, Russian president Vladimir Putin nominated Sholban Kara-ool, 40, a former champion wrestler, as the Chairman of the Government of Tuva.[2] Sholban's candidature was approved by the Khural on April 9, 2007.[3] April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Economy

Tuva has a developed mining industry (coal, cobalt, gold, and more). Food processing, timber, and metal working industries are also well-developed. Most of the industrial production is concentrated in the capital Kyzyl and in Ak-Dovurak. For other uses, see Cobalt (disambiguation). ... Ak-Dovurak (Russian: ) is a town in the Tuva Republic, Russia, located on the Khemchik River (left tributary of the Yenisei), 301 km west of Kyzyl. ...


Culture

The Tuvan people are famous for their throat singing. Tuvan people live in the republic of Tuva, one of the Federal subjects of Russia. ... Throat singing, also known in the western world as overtone singing, harmonic singing, or harmonic chant; and many other regional names, is a type of singing that manipulates the harmonic resonances (or formants) created as air travels through the human vocal folds and out the lips. ...


Khuresh, the Tuvan form of wrestling, is a very popular sport. Competitions are held at the annual Naadym festival at Tos-Bulak. Khuresh competition in Tos-Bulak at the Naadym festival of 2005. ... Naadam (Наадам) is the national festival of Mongolia held from July 11th to 13th. ... Khuresh competition at the Naadym festival of 2005. ...


Sainkho Namtchylak is one of the few singers from Tuva to have an international following. She is also very involved with Tuvan culture. Every year she invites western musicians to perform in Kyzyl and to learn about the country, its culture and its music. In recent years Kongar-ool Ondar has become well-known in the West as well, in large part because of the film Genghis Blues featuring Ondar and American blues singer Paul Pena. Sainkho Namtchylak is a singer originally from Tuva, a small autonomous Russian republic just north of Mongolia. ... Kongar-ool Ondar Kongar-ool Ondar is a master Tuvan throatsinger and a member of the Tuvan Parliament. ... Genghis Blues (1999) is a documentary film about the people of Tuva and features singer/guitarist Paul Pena and Tuvan throatsinger Kongar-ol Ondar. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Paul Pena on the cover of his album New Train Paul Pena (born January 26, 1950 in Hyannis, Massachusetts, died October 1, 2005, in San Francisco) is a multi-genre singer, pianist, and guitarist, performing Mississippi Delta blues, jazz, flamenco, folk, rock and roll and Tuvan throat-singing. ...


Oral traditions

The Tuvan people have a rich tradition of orally transmitted folklore, including many genres, ranging from very brief riddles and aphorisms, to tongue twisters, magical tales, hero tales, scary stories, and epics that would take many hours to recite. A few examples and excerpts of the epic genres, such as Boktu-Kirish, Bora-Sheelei have been published. This art form is now endangered as the traditional tale-tellers grow old and are not replaced by younger practitioners. Tuvan people live in the republic of Tuva, one of the Federal subjects of Russia. ...


Religion

Three religions are widespread among the people of Tuva: Tibetan Buddhism, Orthodox Christianity and shamanism. Tibetan Buddhism's present-day spiritual leader is Tenzin Gyatso, the fourteenth Dalai Lama. In September 1992, the fourteenth Dalai Lama visited Tuva for three days.[3][4] On September 20, he blessed and consecrated the new yellow-blue-white flag of Tuva, which had just been officially adopted three days previously, on the seventeenth. (See The World Encyclopedia of Flags, ISBN 1840384158). Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      The... This article is about the practice of shamanism; for other uses, see Shaman (disambiguation). ... Tenzin Gyatso (born 6 July 1935) is the fourteenth and current Dalai Lama. ... This article is about the Dalai Lama lineage. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The people are mainly adherents to Tibetan Buddhism, combined with native Shamanism.[5] During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries Tibetan Buddhism gained increasing popularity in Tuva. Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ... This article is about the practice of shamanism; for other uses, see Shaman (disambiguation). ...


Religious practice declined under the restrictive policies of the Soviet period but revived somewhat in the early 1990s.[6] Tuva is also the only country in the world to have shamanism as an official religion.


The Tuvans' higher than average syphilis infection rate (according to the Moscow Times, 2.5% of the population) has been blamed on a Shamanist tradition of the Republic, which says a woman is more fertile if she has had a large number of sexual partners before marriage.[citation needed] Syphilis is a curable sexually transmitted disease caused by the Treponema pallidum spirochete. ...


Some human rights groups report problems with religious freedom for Christians and Muslims.[citation needed] Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...


Education

The most important facilities of higher education include the Tuvan State University and the Tuvan Institute of Humanitarian Research, both located in the capital Kyzyl.


Administrative divisions

Cities and towns under republics jurisdiction: Kyzyl (Кызыл) (capital) Ak-Dovurak (Ак-Довурак) Kozhuuns: Barun-Khemchiksky (Барун-Хемчикский) with 9 sumons under the kozhuuns jurisdiction. ...

Demographics

Tuvan family in traditional clothing
Tuvan family in traditional clothing
  • Population: 305,510 (2002)
    • Urban: 157,299 (51.5%)
    • Rural: 148,211 (48.5%)
    • Male: 144,961 (47,4%)
    • Female: 160,549 (52.6%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,108
  • Average age: 25.5 years
    • Urban: 26.4 years
    • Rural: 24.5 years
    • Male: 25.2 years
    • Female: 27.6 years
  • Number of households: 82,882 (with 299,510 people)
    • Urban: 47,073 (with 152,542 people)
    • Rural: 35,809 (with 146,968 people)
  • Vital statistics (2005)
    • Births: 5,979 (birth rate 19.4)
    • Deaths: 4,326 (death rate 14.0)

For the first half of 2007, the birth rate was 21.7 [4] Image File history File links Tuvan_Family. ...


Ethnic groups

According to the 2002 Census, Tuvans, a group of Turkic people, make up 77.0% of the republic's population. Other groups include Russians (20.1%), Komi (1,404, or 0.5%), and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population. Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Tuvans or Tuvinians (Tuvan: Тывалар, Tyvalar) are a group of Turkic people who make up about two thirds of the population of Tuva, Russia. ... The Turkic people are any of various peoples whose members speak languages in the Turkic family of languages. ... Komi (obsolete: Komi-Zyrians) live in Komi Republic, Murmansk Oblast, Khanty-Mansi autonomous district, and Yamal-Nenets autonomous district of Russia. ...

census 1959 census 1970 census 1979 census 1989 census 2002
Tuvans 97,996 (57.0%) 135,306 (58.6%) 161,888 (60.5%) 198,448 (64.3%) 235,313 (77.0%)
Russians 68,924 (40.1%) 88,385 (38.3%) 96,793 (36.2%) 98,831 (32.0%) 61,442 (20.1%)
Khakas 1,726 (1.0%) 2,120 (0.9%) 2,193 (0.8%) 2,258 (0.7%) 1,219 (0.4%)
Others 3,282 (1.9%) 5,053 (2.2%) 6,725 (2.5%) 9,020 (2.9%) 7,526 (2.5%)

Official languages are Tuvan and Russian. Tuvans or Tuvinians (Tuvan: Тывалар, Tyvalar) are a group of Turkic people who make up about two thirds of the population of Tuva, Russia. ... The Khakas, or Khakass, are a Turkic people, who live in Russia, in the republic of Khakassia in the southern Siberia. ... Tuvan (Tuvan: Тыва дыл Tyva dyl), also known as Tuvinian, Tyvan, or Tuvin, is one of the Turkic languages. ...


Miscellaneous

  • In the 1920s and 1930s, postage stamps from Tuva were issued. Many philatelists, including famous physicist Richard Feynman, have been fascinated with the far-away and obscure land of Tuva because of these stamps. The stamps were issued mainly during the brief period of Tuvan independence, and had many philatelists in a furor, as they did not conform to various standards. Feynman's efforts to reach Tuva are chronicled in the book Tuva or Bust!.
  • Tuva was featured prominently in the award-winning documentary Genghis Blues.
  • Tuvan stamps are mentioned in a line of Gregory Corso's poem Marriage.
  • Sergey Shoygu, Russia's Emergencies minister, is Tuvan.
  • According to Ilya Zakharov of Moscow's Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, genetic evidence suggests that the modern Tuvan people are the closest genetic relatives to the native peoples of North and South America. [7]

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (500x655, 114 KB) Scan of Tannu Tuva 2-kopeck stamp of 1927, made by User:Stan Shebs File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tuvinian Peoples Republic... A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... Close examination of the Penny Red, left, reveals a 148 in the margin, indicating that it was printed with plate #148. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... This article is about the physicist. ... Tuva or Bust!, by Ralph Leighton, is a book about the author and his friend Richard Feynmans attempt to travel to Tuva. ... Genghis Blues (1999) is a documentary film about the people of Tuva and features singer/guitarist Paul Pena and Tuvan throatsinger Kongar-ol Ondar. ... Gregory Corso (illustration) Gregory Nunzio Corso (March 26, 1930 – January 17, 2001) was an American poet, the fourth member of the canon of Beat Generation writers (with Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, and William Burroughs). ... Sergei Kuzhugetovich Shoigu (Серге́й Кужуге́тович Шо́йгу) (born May 21, 1955 in Chadan, Tuva, Russia, USSR) is a Russian political figure. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Native Americans redirects here. ...

See also

Tuvans or Tuvinians (Tuvan: Тывалар, Tyvalar) are a group of Turkic people who make up about two thirds of the population of Tuva, Russia. ... Tuvan (Tuvan: Тыва дыл Tyva dyl), also known as Tuvinian, Tyvan, or Tuvin, is one of the Turkic languages. ... Ethnic Tuvans: Subutai, general of Genghis Khan, 13th century Donduk Kuular Tuvas first prime-minister Solchak Toka Tuvas second prime-minister Sherig-ool Oorzhak Tuvas current president Sergey Shoygu Russias Emergencies minister Maxim Munzuk, actor Kongar-ol Ondar, singer Albert Kuvezin, singer Gennadi Tumat, singer Kaigal... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tuva is a part of Russia, inhabited by a people related to the nearby Mongolians. ... Sherig-ool Oorzhak Sherig-ool Dizizhikovich OORZHAK [ʃærɪɡɔːl] [dɪzɪʒɪɡovɪtʃ] [ɔːrʒʌk], born July 24, 1942 in the village of Shekpeer [ʃækpæːr] in independent Peoples Republic of Tuva. ...

Notes

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Tuva and Sayan Mountains. Geographic Bureau — Siberia and Pacific. Retrieved on 2006-10-26.
  3. ^ Dalai Lama, Avant Art.
  4. ^ Fotuva.
  5. ^ Kommersant.
  6. ^ World Heritage.
  7. ^ "Central Asian Origins of the Ancestor of First Americans", by I. Zakharov (Russian)

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • DONAHOE, Brian 2002. "Hey, you! Get offa my taiga!": Comparing the sense of property rights among the Tofa and Tozhu-Tyva. Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology working papers, nº 38. Halle/Saale: Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. ISSN 1615-4568.

Sources and external links

Coordinates: 51°30′N 95°5′E / 51.5, 95.083 This article is about the autonomous region. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more states, or over the possession/control of land by one state after it has conquered it from a former state no longer currently recognized by the occupying power. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... China - India western border showing Aksai Chin Aksai Chin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: , Hindi: अकसाई चिन) is a region located at the juncture of China, Pakistan, and India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... , Assam (  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... East Turkestan (also transliterated: East Turkistan; Uyghur: Sherqiy Türkistan), also known as Uyghurstan, is the part of greater Turkistan in Xinjiang, China and far eastern Central Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Xinjianj_uigur. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Heixiazi / Bolshoy Ussuriysky Island is depicted in the inset map on the lower right. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Heixiazi / Bolshoy Ussuriysky Island is depicted in the inset map on the lower right. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... The India-Bangladesh border in the Indian state of West Bengal has about 51 exclaves of Bangladesh, and 111 exclaves of India are within Bangladeshi soil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... This article is about the geographical region of greater Kashmir. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Kachin State (Jingphaw Mungdan), is the northernmost state of Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links KNOFLAG.PNG‎ Summary Flag of Kachin National Organization (KNO News and Info, http://kachinland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Kayin State is an administrative division of Myanmar and also known as Karen State. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Karen_National_Union_Flag. ... The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mongolia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mongolia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... A photograph of Ismail Samani Peak (then known as Peak Communism) taken in 1989. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tajikistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tajikistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... A photograph of Ismail Samani Peak (then known as Peak Communism) taken in 1989. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Image File history File links Patani-unitat. ... The status of the territory of Sabah, previously known as North Borneo, is currently disputed. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Shan State is a state located in Myanmar (Burma), which takes its name from the Shan people, the majority ethnic group in the Shan State. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Shan_State. ... The Sixty-Four Villages East of the Heilongjiang River (Traditional Chinese: 江東六十四屯; Simplified Chinese: 江东六十四屯; Pinyin: Jiāngdōng Liùshísì Tún) are located on the left bank (north bank) of the Amur River (known as HÄ“ilóng Jiāng in Chinese) opposite of Heihe and on the east... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Tuva or Tyva (Russian: Республика Тыва [Тува], Respublika Tyva [Tuva]) (pop. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tibet. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Political division of Kashmir The Trans-Karakoram Tract is an area of nearly 5,800 sq. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kinmen (Traditional Chinese: 金門; Hanyu Pinyin: JÄ«nmén; Tongyong Pinyin: Jinmén; Wade-Giles: Chin-men; POJ: Kim-mnÌ‚g; also romanized Quemoy from Southern Min (in early Spanish romanization); literally Golden Door or Golden Gate), located at 24. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Dokdo redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... MacClesfield Bank or Zhongsha Islands (Chinese 中沙群島 Pinyin: Zhongsha Qundao, literally Central Sand Islands) is an elongated atoll of underwater reefs and shoals in South China Sea and part of the disputed South China Sea Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... The Matsu Islands (Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) are a minor archipelago of 19 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait administered as Lienchiang County (連江 Pinyin: Liánjiāng), Fukien Province of the Republic of China (ROC, now based on Taiwan). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Pedra Branca or Pulau Batu Puteh is an outcrop of rocks situated where the Singapore Strait meets the South China Sea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... The Pratas Islands (or Dongsha Islands) are located in the middle of the South China Sea (see South China Sea Islands). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... The Scarborough Shoal, more correctly described as a group of islands, atolls, and reefs then a shoal, is located in the Luzon Sea (South China Sea). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... // Aerial view of Uotsuri-jima / Diaoyu-dao Kuba Jima (久場島) or Huangwei Yu (黃尾嶼 Yellow Tail) is located at has an area of 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Location of Sir Creek The Sir Creek is a 96 km (60 mile) strip of water disputed between India and Pakistan in the Rann of Kutch marshlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Socotra Rock ( ) is a submerged rock 4. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... The Kuril Islands with the disputed islands highlighted The Kuril Island conflict is a dispute between Japan and Russia over sovereignty over the southernmost Kuril Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brunei. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... The Pescadores (Traditional Chinese: 澎湖群島; Hanyu Pinyin: Pénghú Qúndăo; Tongyong Pinyin: Pénghú Cyúndăo; Wade-Giles: Peng-Hu Chün-Tao; Taiwanese POJ: Phêⁿ-ô·-kōan, from Portuguese, fishermen, pron. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tuva - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1324 words)
The Tuva Republic /təˈvɑː ɹɪˈpʌblɪk/ (Russian: Респу́блика Тыва́; Tuvan: Тыва Республика) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic).
Tuva was made the Tuvan Autonomous Oblast and then became the Tuva ASSR on October 10, 1961.
Tuva was a signatory to the March 31, 1992 treaty that created the Russian Federation.
Tuva - definition of Tuva in Encyclopedia (359 words)
Tuva, also known as Tannu Uriankhai, was controlled by the Mongols from the 13th to 18th centuries, then under Manchu rule from 1757 to 1911.
During the 1911 revolution in China, tsarist Russia fomented a separatist movement among the Tuvans, whose territory became nominally independent before being made a Russian protectorate in 1914.
It was annexed by the USSR in 1944 as an autonomous region and became an autonomous republic in 1961.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m