Tuscaloosa County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. It is named is in honor of the Choctaw chief Tuskalusa. As of 2000 the population was 164,875.
The county is the second-largest in the state in terms of area (trailing only Baldwin County) and fifth-largest in terms of popuation (behind Jefferson, Mobile, Madison, and Montgomery counties).
Its seat and largest city is Tuscaloosa.
Tuscaloosa County was established on February 6, 1818.
Tuscaloosa County is located in the west central part of the state, in the region commonly known as West Alabama. The county straddles the boundry between the Applalachian Highlands and the Gulf Coastal Plain and consequently boasts a diverse geography. The county is forrested and hilly to the northwest and low-lying and occasionally swampy to the southwest.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,500 km˛ (1,351 mi˛). 3,430 km˛ (1,324 mi˛) of it is land and 70 km˛ (27 mi˛) of it is water. The total area is 1.99% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 164,875 people, 64,517 households, and 41,677 families residing in the county. The population density is 48 persons/km˛ (124 persons/mi˛). The population core of the county lies in Tuscaloosa-Northport conurbation (including Coaling, Coker, and Holt CDP). The combined 2000 Census population of this area (not including their undesignated suburban census areas) is 103,367, accounting for 62.7% of the county in population, while only accounting for 6.9% in area. Consequently, the population density of the central population core is 439 persons/km˛ (1137 persons/mi˛), while the density of the county outside the central population core is 17 persons/km˛ (44 persons/mi˛).
There are 71,429 housing units at an average density of 21/km˛ (54/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county is 68.12% White, 29.31% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 1.29% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 64,517 households out of which 30.30% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.20% are married couples living together, 14.00% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.40% are non-families. 28.40% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.30% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.42 and the average family size is 3.00.
In the county the population is spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 16.50% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $34,436, and the median income for a family is $45,485. Males have a median income of $34,807 versus $24,128 for females. The per capita income for the county is $18,998. 17.00% of the population and 11.30% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 19.50% of those under the age of 18 and 13.20% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Municipalities and census-designated places
note: populations are from 2000 Census
- Brookwood, 1,483
- Coaling, 1,115
- Coker, 808
- Holt CDP, 4,103
- Lake View, 1,357
- Moundville, 229 (partial - part of Moundville is in Hale County)
- North Bibb, 0 (partial - part of North Bibb is in Bibb County)
- Northport, 19,435
- Tuscaloosa, 77,906
- Vance, 464 (partial - part of Vance is in Bibb County)
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