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Encyclopedia > Turtle Dove
Turtle Dove

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Streptopelia
Species: S. turtur
Binomial name
Streptopelia turtur
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur) is a member of the bird family Columbidae, which includes the doves and pigeons. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x840, 1709 KB) Foto taken end of august in southern Istria Author: Ulrich Prokop (Scops) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Turtle Dove Talk:Twelve Days of... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species remaining extant either in the present day or the near future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn3. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to extant species or lower taxa which have been evaluated but do not qualify for any other category. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... Subfamilies see article text Feral Rock Pigeon beside Weiming Lake, Peking University Dove redirects here. ... Subfamilies see article text Feral Rock Pigeon beside Weiming Lake, Peking University Dove redirects here. ... Species See text Streptopelia is a genus of birds in the dove family. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... Dove and Pigeon redirect here. ... Subfamilies see article text Feral Rock Pigeon beside Weiming Lake, Peking University Dove redirects here. ... Pigeon redirects here. ...

It is a migratory species with a southen Palearctic range, including Turkey and north Africa, though it is rare in northern Scandinavia and Russia; it winters in southern Africa. Flock of Barnacle Geese during autumn migration Bird migration refers to the regular seasonal journeys undertaken by many species of birds. ... The Palearctic or Palaearctic is one of the eight ecozones dividing the Earth surface (see map). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...

In the British Isles, France, and elsewhere in northwestern Europe it is in severe population decline. This is partly because changed farming practices mean that the weed seeds and shoots on which it feeds, especially Fumitory, are scarcer, and partly due to shooting of birds during migration in Mediterranean countries. This article describes the archipelago in north-western Europe. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Species See text Fumaria is a genus of annual herbaceous flowering plants in the family Fumariaceae, native to temperate Europe and Asia. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...

Smaller and slighter in build than other doves, the Turtle Dove may be recognised by its browner colour, and the black and white striped patch on the side of its neck, but it is its tail that catches the eye when it flies from the observer; it is wedge shaped, with a dark centre and white borders and tips. When viewed from below this pattern, owing to the white under tail coverts obscuring the dark bases, is a blackish chevron on a white ground. This is noticeable when the bird stoops to drink, raising its spread tail.

A young turtle dove photographed in Nynäshamn, Sweden.
A young turtle dove photographed in Nynäshamn, Sweden.

The mature bird has the head, neck, flanks, and rump blue grey, and the wings cinnamon, mottled with black. The breast is vinaceous, the abdomen and under tail coverts are white. The bill is black, the legs and eye rims are red. The black and white patch on the side of the neck is absent in the browner and duller juvenile bird, which also has the legs brown. Nynäshamn Municipality is a Municipality in Stockholm County, in central Sweden with the town Nynäshamn (pop. ...

The Turtle Dove, one of the latest migrants, rarely appears in Northern Europe before the end of April, returning south again in September.

It is a bird of open rather than dense woodlands, and frequently feeds on the ground. It will occasionally nest in large gardens, but is usually extremely timid, probably due to the heavy hunting pressure it faces on migration. The flight is often described as arrowy, but is not remarkably swift.

The nuptial flight, high and circling, is rather like that of the Wood Pigeon, but the undulations are less decided; it is accompanied by the whipcrack of the downward flicked wings. The arrival in spring is heralded by its purring song, a rather deep, vibrating “turrr, turrr”, from which the bird's name is derived. For the New Zealand Wood Pigeon see Kereru. ... A purr is a sound made by some species of felines and is a part of cat communication. ...

The nest is even more flimsy looking than that of the Wood Pigeon, being built of more slender twigs, usually at no great height, in a tree or old untrimmed hedge. The two white eggs are laid late in May or in June, often with a second clutch in July or August. For the New Zealand Wood Pigeon see Kereru. ... In most birds and reptiles, an egg (Latin ovum) is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum. ...

A few other doves in the same genus are also called turtle doves:

S. senegalensis and S. chinensis have been introduced into Australia. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Streptopelia orientalis (Latham, 1790) The Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis) is a member of the bird family Columbidae, doves and pigeons. ... Binomial name Streptopelia chinensis (Scopoli, 1768) The Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) is a pigeon which is a resident breeding bird in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to south China and Southeast Asia. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... pigeons are fundont you think? ... Binomial name Streptopelia senegalensis Linnaeus, 1766 The Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis) is a small pigeon which is a resident breeding bird in the tropics in Africa south of the Sahara, the Middle East and southern Asia east to India. ...

A New World dove of similar appearance and behavior to that of the Turtle Dove is the Mourning Dove. Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Winter only (blue), summer only (light green), and year-round (dark green) range Subspecies See text The Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) is a member of the dove family Columbidae. ...

Biblical references

"The Turtle Dove" by Sophie Anderson.

Turtle doves are mentioned in the Bible, and their migratory habits had clearly been noted: Image File history File links SophieAnderson_TheTurtleDoveSmall. ... Image File history File links SophieAnderson_TheTurtleDoveSmall. ... Sophie Gengembre Anderson (1823, Paris – March 10, 1903, Falmouth, Cornwall) was a French-born British artist who specialised in genre painting of children and women, typically in rural settings. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ...

"Even the stork in the heavens knows its times; and the turtledove, swallow, and crane observe the time of their coming" (Jeremiah 8:7).
"For now the winter is past, the rain is over and gone. The flowers appear on the earth; the time of singing has come, and the voice of the turtledove is heard in our land" (Song of Songs 2:11-12). Based on this passage a Jewish theological text has based its title 'Kol HaTor', or The Voice of the Turtledove.

However, although the same Hebrew word is used to describe them, the doves allowed to be used in sacrifices (cf. Leviticus, e.g. 1:14; Luke 2:24) were presumably not Turtle Doves, but the domesticated Rock Doves: The Book of Jeremiah, or Jeremiah (יִרְמְיָהוּ Yirməyāhū in Hebrew), is part of the Hebrew Bible, Judaisms Tanakh, and later became a part of Christianitys Old Testament. ... Song of Solomon is also the title of a novel by Toni Morrison. ... Kol HaTor - קוֹל הַתּוֹר or The Voice of the Turtledove (a reference to Song of Songs 2:12) was written by Rabbi Hillel Rivlin of Shaklov a disciple of the Vilna Gaon . ... Hebrew redirects here. ... Leviticus is the third book of the Hebrew Bible, also the third book in the Torah (five books of Moses). ... The Gospel of Luke (literally, according to Luke; Greek, Κατά Λουκαν, Kata Loukan) is a synoptic Gospel, and the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament. ... Binomial name Columba livia Gmelin, 1789 The Rock Dove (Columba livia), or feral pigeon, is a member of the bird family Columbidae, doves and pigeons. ...

"Jesus entered the temple area and drove out all who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those selling doves."

Emblems of love

Perhaps because of these biblical references (especially the well known verse from the Song of Songs), but also because of its mournful voice and the fact that it forms strong pair bonds, Turtle Doves have become emblems of devoted love. In Renaissance Europe the Turtle Dove was envisaged as the devoted partner of the phoenix. Robert Chester's poem Love's Martyr is a sustained exploration of this symbolism. It was published along with other poems on the subject, including William Shakespeare's poem "The Phoenix and the Turtle" (turtle = turtle dove). In biology, a pair bond is the strong affinity that develops in some species between the male and female in a breeding pair. ... For other mythic firebirds, see Fire bird (mythology). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Phoenix and the Turtle is a poem by William Shakespeare. ...

The Turtle Dove also features in a number of folk songs about love and loss. One of these is well known in a setting by Ralph Vaughan Williams.[citation needed] The turtle dove is was also often mentioned as one's object of love in later popular song lyrics, most commonly in the 1950s and 60s, such as "The way I walk" by Jack Scott; ("Come on and be my little turtle dove"), "Woman Love" by Gene Vincent ("I want a loving baby to call me turtle dove") and "Bachelor Boy" by Cliff Richard ("Then I'll get married have a wife and a child, And they'll be my turtle doves"). Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the people. ... A statue of Ralph Vaughan Williams in Dorking. ... Jack Scott (born Giovanni Sacfone Jr. ... Gene Vincent, real name Vincent Eugene Craddock, (February 11, 1935 - October 12, 1971) was an American rocknroll pioneer musician, best known for his hit Be-Bop-A-Lula. // His parents, Ezekiah Jackson and Mary Louise Craddock, were shop owners in Norfolk, Virginia. ... Sir Cliff Richard OBE (born Harry Rodger Webb on 14 October 1940) is an English singer, actor and businessman. ...

Turtle Doves also feature in the song "The Twelve Days of Christmas", as the gift "my true love gives to me" on the second day of Christmas. The Twelve Days of Christmas is an English Christmas carol which enumerates a series of grandiose gifts given on each of the twelve days of Christmas. ...


  • BirdLife International (2004). Streptopelia turtur. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...



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