Turfan has long been the centre of a fertile oasis and an important trade centre. It was historically located along the Silk Road's northern route, at which time it was adjacent to the kingdoms of Korla and Karashahr to the southwest.
Turfan is located about 150 km southeast of Urumqi, in a mountain basin, on the northern side of the Turfan Depression.
Categories: China geography stubs | Cities in China
Turpan basin is the Flaming Mountains which extends a hundred kilometers from east to west and dozens of kilometers from north to south.
During the past 30 years the Turpan people have undertaken large scale forestation, planting trees at the desert frontier and around their fields to break the wind and protect the crops.
The Flaming Mountains, lying in the middle of the Turpan Depression and running from east to west, are one of the branch ranges of the Tianshan Mountains and were formed in the organic movements of the Himalayas fifty million years ago.
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