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Encyclopedia > Turkistan

Türkistan (also spelled Turkistan or Turkestan) is a region in Central Asia, largely inhabited by Turkic people.


It is subdivided into West Türkistan and East Türkistan.


West Türkistan was conquered by the Russian Empire, thus sometimes called Russian Türkistan or Turkistan Krai. After the Russian Revolution, a Turkistan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union was created, which was eventually split into the Kazakh SSR (Kazakhstan), Kyrgyz SSR (Kyrgyzstan), Tajik SSR (Tajikistan), Turkmen SSR (Turkmenistan) and Uzbek SSR (Uzbekistan). After the collapse of the Soviet Union, these republics gained their independence.


East Türkistan, often called Chinese Türkistan, was conquered by the Manchu Empire and was named Ice Jecen or Xinjiang (new frontier). It was taken over by the People's Republic of China by which it is now administered as the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region.


There is also a town named Turkestan in southern Kazakhstan.


Notable References

The fictional character Arslan, in a novel by the same name, was the ruler of Turkistan before taking over the rest of the world.


External links

  • Welcome to Turkistan (http://geocities.com/ai320/turkistan.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Turkistan. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (888 words)
Western, or Russian, Turkistan extended from the Caspian Sea in the west to the Chinese frontier in the east and from the Aral-Irtysh watershed in the north to the borders of Iran and Afghanistan in the south.
Turkistan may be regarded as a single region, however, because a combination of geographical and historical factors made it the bridge linking the Eastern and Western worlds and the route taken by many of the great conquerors and migrating peoples.
All of Turkistan fell to the Mongols in the late 13th cent., and the territory was mostly bestowed upon the khan Jagatai.
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