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Encyclopedia > Turkish Resistance Organization

The Turkish Resistance Organization (Türk Mukavemet Teskilati – TMT) was a Turkish Cypriot nationalist group formed by Rauf Denktaş to counter the Greek Cypriot Fighter's Organization EOKA and to bring partition in Cyprus. In response to the growing demand for Enosis (union of Cyprus with Greece), a number of Turkish Cypriots became convinced that this was the only way to protect the interests and identity of the Turkish Cypriot population against a militant Greek Cypriot threat. An expert is someone widely recognized as a reliable source of knowledge, technique, or skill whose judgment is accorded authority and status by the public or their peers. ... Rauf R. Denktash Rauf Raif Denktash (Rauf Raif DenktaÅŸ in Turkish; born January 27, 1924) is a Turkish-Cypriot political leader. ... EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston, in English National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s. ... Prominent issues in Greek foreign policy include a dispute over the name of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the enduring Cyprus problem, Greek-Turkish differences over the Aegean, and relations with the USA. The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Greek refusal to recognize the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia...

The TMT was active mainly between 1957 and 1974, promoting partition (in Turkish: Taksim) of Cyprus. It has been accused by the Republic of Cyprus Government of numerous acts of terrorism against Greek Cypriots. It also killed or intimidated Turkish Cypriots who did not agree with their views. TMT claims that their efforts were simply in response to a real threat against their community by EOKA, and after 1963 the Cypriot Government (which by then was almost exclusively Greek Cypriot in makeup). Cumhuriyet Aniti located in Taksim Square Taksim Square is in Istanbul, Turkey and is a major shopping, tourist and leisure district famed for its restaurants, shops and hotels. ... It has been suggested that Political terrorism be merged into this article or section. ...

The TMT was supported logistically and militarily by the Government of Turkey. While not as well-armed as EOKA and the Greek Cypriot government forces (both supported militarily and logistically by Greece), TMT members managed to hold their own during the 1963-64 inter-communal violence (see Erenköy). Map of NW Cyprus showing the Kokkina/Erenköy Exclave Kokkina (Greek: Κόκκινα, Turkish: Erenköy) is an exclave of the de facto Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Cyprus dispute - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (7932 words)
In December, the UN General Assembly announced the decision "not to consider the problem further for the time being, because it does not appear appropriate to adopt a resolution on the question of Cyprus." Reaction to the setback at the UN was immediate and violent, resulting in the worst rioting in Cyprus since 1931.
(The Greek Cypriots represented 78% of the population and the Turkish Cypriots 18%.
Although the ‘Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus’ (TRNC) was soon recognised by Turkey, the rest of the international community condemned the move.
Ottoman Empire: History (1028 words)
The Ottoman state began as one of many small Turkish states that emerged in Asia Minor during the breakdown of the empire of the Seljuk Turks.
Turkish expansion reached its peak in the 16th cent.
With the victory of the Turkish nationalists, who had refused to accept the peace terms and overthrew the sultan in 1922, modern Turkey's history began.
  More results at FactBites »



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