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Encyclopedia > Turkish Army
Turkish Army

Components
Turkish Army
List of current regiments
Structure of the Turkish Army
Administration
Overseas Deployments
Equipment
Modern Equipment
History
History of the Turkish Army
Timeline of the Turkish Army
Personnel
List of senior officers
Officer rank insignia
Other ranks rank insignia

The Turkish Army (Turkish: Türk Kara Kuvvetleri) is a branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. Image File history File linksMetadata Kkbrove_yeni. ... // ^ Leopard 1A1/A1A4 Tanks Improvement Project ^ M60 Tank Modernization Project ^ http://www. ... Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri (TSK)) consists of the Army, the Navy (including Naval Air and Naval Infantry), and the Air Force of the Republic of Turkey. ... Turkish Air Force (Turkish: Türk Hava Kuvvetleri) is a branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. ... Seal of the Turkish Navy Turkish Navy (Turkish: ) is a branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. ... Seal of the Turkish Gendarmerie The Gendarmerie of The Republic of Turkey is a branch of Turkish Armed Forces, which is responsible for the maintenance of Safety and public order as well as carrying out other duties assigned by laws and regulation, is an armed security and law enforcement force... Turkish Coast Guard Branch of the Turkish Armed Forces during war time, the Turkish Coast Guard (Ottoman: Rusumet Emaneti Teskilati, Later Turkish: Sahil Güvenlik Komutanlığı) was established in 1859. ... Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri (TSK)) consists of the Army, the Navy (including Naval Air and Naval Infantry), and the Air Force of the Republic of Turkey. ...


The Turkish Army is one of the largest standing armies in the world and the second largest army of NATO. The total number of troops is around 1,043,550[citation needed] including conscripts drafted for compulsory military service. The Turkish Army can deploy an Army Corps of 100,000 men to conduct joint operations at short notice. The Army can conduct air assault operations with a lift capability of up to 7 battalions at a time, day and night.[citation needed]Chief of the Turkish General Staff: General Yaşar Büyükanıt NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... Joint warfare is a military doctrine which places priority on the integration of the various service branches of a states armed forces into one unified command. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Chief of the Turkish General Staff is a military person of rank general, who presides the general staff of the armed forces - army, navy, air force - of Turkey. ... General YaÅŸar Büyükanıt Shoulder badge of rank Chief of the Turkish General Staff General Mehmet YaÅŸar Büyükanıt [1] is the 25th and current Chief of the Turkish General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces, he has held this post since August 28...


Commander of the Army: General İlker Başbuğ General Ä°lker BaÅŸbuÄŸ Shoulder badge of rank General of the Turkish Armed Forces General Ä°lker BaÅŸbuÄŸ is the current Commander of the Turkish Army since August 30, 2006. ...

Contents

History

See also: Military of the Ottoman Empire

The Military history of Turkey is a listing of ancient or previous history of military actions or information. ... The military of Ottoman Empire was structured in three organizational structures Army, Navy, and Air Force. ...

Foundation of the Republic of Turkey

The Turkish Army has its foundations in remnant Ottoman forces inherited after the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I. The rise of Turkish nationalism in Anatolia, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, led eventually to victory in the Turkish War of Independence, and subsequently to the founding of the Republic of Turkey, at which time these remnant forces were reorganized into the Turkish Army. For other uses, see Ottoman (disambiguation). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ... Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 – November 10, 1938) was an army officer, revolutionary statesman, the founder of the Republic of Turkey and its first President. ... Combatants   Turkish Revolutionaries United Kingdom Greece France Italy Armenia Ottoman Empire Georgia Commanders Mustafa Kemal Ä°smet Ä°nönü Kazım Karabekir Ali Fuat Cebesoy Fevzi Çakmak George Milne Henri Gouraud Papoulas Georgios Hatzianestis Drastamat Kanayan Movses Silikyan Süleyman Åžefik Pasha The Turkish War of Independence (Turkish: KurtuluÅŸ Savaşı or...

Turkish troops during a NATO exercise

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1075x717, 215 KB) Troops of the Turkish Army during a NATO exercise http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1075x717, 215 KB) Troops of the Turkish Army during a NATO exercise http://www. ...

World War II

Turkey remained neutral until the final stages of World War II, and tried to maintain an equal distance between both the Axis and the Allies. However, at the Second Cairo Conference in 1943, Roosevelt, Churchill and Inönü reached an agreement on issues regarding Turkey's possible contribution to the Allies, and it was decided that Turkey should maintain her neutrality and thus block the Axis from reaching the strategic oil reserves of the Middle East. Even though Turkey never fought against the Axis, the Turkish Armed Forces were fully mobilized and remained on alert throughout the war, ready to confront a possible invasion after the Axis forces took control of neighbouring Bulgaria and Greece. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A representation of the changes in territory controlled by Allies and Axis powers over the course of the war. ... Roosevelt, Inönü and Churchill at the Second Cairo Conference on December 4-6, 1943 The Second Cairo Conference (codenamed SEXTANT) of December 4-December 6, 1943, held in Cairo, Egypt, addressed Turkeys possible contribution to the Allies in World War II. The meeting was attended by President Franklin... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... FDR redirects here. ... Churchill redirects here. ... Ä°smet Ä°nönü 1884-1973 Mustafa Ä°smet Ä°nönü (1884 - December 25, 1973) was a Turkish soldier, statesman and the second President of Turkey. ...


Cold War Era

Turkish troops during a NATO exercise

Turkey participated in the Korean War as a member state of the United Nations, suffering 731 deaths in combat. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 572 pixelsFull resolution (1075 × 768 pixel, file size: 260 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Turkish Army troops during a NATO exercise http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 572 pixelsFull resolution (1075 × 768 pixel, file size: 260 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Turkish Army troops during a NATO exercise http://www. ... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


Following its membership of NATO on February 18, 1952, the Republic of Turkey initiated a comprehensive modernization program for its Armed Forces. NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In July 1974, the Turkish Armed Forces intervened against a coup in Cyprus, organized by EOKA-B and led by Nikos Sampson who ousted the democratically elected Cypriot President Archbishop Makarios III in order to establish Enosis (Union) between Greece and Cyprus. The coup was backed by the Greek military junta in Athens. The conflict in Cyprus lasted until August 1974 and resulted in the de-facto division of the island between the Turkish Cypriot controlled north and the Greek Cypriot controlled south. Turkey still maintains troops in Cyprus, since a political solution could not yet be achieved, and since many members of the Turkish Cypriot community fear a return to the intercommunal violence which occurred between 1963 and 1974.[1][2] A referendum in 2004 for the Annan Plan which aimed at reunifying the island was supported by the Turkish Cypriots, but rejected by the Greek Cypriots, on the pretext that it gave too many rights and political power to the Turkish Cypriots who make up 1/5 of the island's population. EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (Greek National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s. ... Nikos Sampson (1935 – May 9, 2001) was the coup détat-installed dictator of Cyprus, after the overthrow of President Makarios in 1974. ... Makarios was the adopted name of Mikhalis Khristodoulou Mouskos (August 13, 1913 - August 3, 1977). ... The word Ένωσις (enosis) is Greek for union. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Modernization

Towards the end of the 1980s, a restructuring and modernization process has been initiated by the Turkish Armed Forces, which still continues today. The final goal of Turkey is to produce indigenous military equipment and to become increasingly self-sufficient in terms of military technologies.


Mission

Turkish Army Paratrooper

Turkey is located in a vitally important and challenging region with various political regimes, religions, economic systems and military powers. Due to its strategic position surrounded by the Black, Aegean and the Mediterranean Seas, as well as the Balkans, the Caucasus and the Middle East, it is a focal point where international geostrategic lines and routes of the three continents of the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) intersect. Turkey, which controls the Turkish Straits, is also well positioned to control the Suez Canal and consequently the maritime traffic in the region. Image File history File links Turkish_Army_5. ... Image File history File links Turkish_Army_5. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The Old World consists of those parts of Earth known to Europeans, Asians, and Africans before the voyages of Christopher Columbus; it includes Europe, Asia, and Africa (collectively known as Africa-Eurasia), plus surrounding islands. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Bosporus - photo taken from International Space Station. ... For other uses, see Suez (disambiguation). ...


Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia are the shortest land and air transport routes to the vast energy resources in the Middle East. Radical changes are taking place in the region around Turkey, and these changes bring great challenges with them. While the uncertainties in the content and duration of these changes continue, Turkey stands firm as an element of stability in the region.

Maroon Beret (Special Forces) of the Turkish Army

In this environment of uncertainty, the threat to the security of Turkey is no longer comprised solely of the various regimes and military powers in the region, but also of political, economic and social instabilities, border disputes, struggles of power and terrorism. Image File history File links Turkish_Army_6. ... Image File history File links Turkish_Army_6. ...


In addition to the regional crises, the Turkish Armed Forces must -based on political decisions- also be prepared to respond to the crises which pose a threat to global peace.


Strictly adhering to Atatürk’s principle, "Peace at Home, Peace in the World", the Armed Forces of the Republic of Turkey is determined not to pursue any aggressive intentions, but will take action when the independence of the Turkish state and the security and honour of the Turkish nation will be attacked; in parallel with the common ideals of international organizations and treaties of which Turkey is a member and signatory. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–November 10, 1938), Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and anti-imperialist statesman, was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. ...


As a member of the NATO Alliance, the Republic of Turkey has ensured an increased sense of security to her allies and has contributed to the protection of global peace as well. Turkey continues to cooperate with NATO countries in the field of defense and fully supports the initiatives towards global disarmament and arms control. In this context, Turkey is committed to a global disarmament plan that is realized under an effective control mechanism, which does not adversely affect the security of any nation. NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ...


In an environment full of hot conflicts, Turkey, having great importance as the last link within the NATO defense chain, must have a powerful national defense capability and a strong Army that's ready to effectively react against potential dangers. NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ...


The main elements of the Turkish Defense Doctrine are the determination for national defense, NATO solidarity and loyalty to the Turkish Armed Forces.


Structure

Turkish Army S-70 Black Hawk carrying Special Operations troops
Turkish Army Paratroopers
Turkish Army Paratroopers
Turkish Army Commandos

Turkish Army is organized into the following commands:[citation needed] Image File history File links Turkish_Army_15. ... Image File history File links Turkish_Army_15. ... Image File history File links Turkish_Army_14. ... Image File history File links Turkish_Army_14. ... Image File history File links Turkish_Army_13. ... Image File history File links Turkish_Army_13. ... Image File history File links Turkish_Army_10. ... Image File history File links Turkish_Army_10. ...

These commands consist of the following structure:[citation needed] The Turkish First Army has its headquarters in Istanbul(Constantinople). ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... The Turkish Second Army was a Turkish field army of World War I. The Second Army was activated upon Turkeys entry into the war in October 1914 under the command of General Vehip Pasha. ... Malatia can also be a misspelling of the medical term Malacia. ... The Turkish Third Army is the the countries largest army. ... Erzincan (also Erzingan or Erzinjan, ÔµÖ€Õ¦Õ¶Õ¯Õ¡ (Erznka) in Armenian) is the capital of Erzincan Province in the eastern Anatolian region of Turkey. ... Turkey has an Aegean Army. ... Ä°zmir, historically Smyrna, is the third most populous city of Turkey and the countrys largest port after Ä°stanbul. ... The cyprus turkish peace forces are the turkish military (troops, marines and airforces) based in the North of Cyprus to stop the Greeks from attacking, declaring a coup, and protecting their land and citizens from what the Greek military and goverment had done in 1974. ... The castle at Kyrenia Kyrenia (Girne in Turkish) is a town in North Cyprus. ... Anthem Ä°stiklâl Marşı(Turkish) Independence March Capital Nicosia Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic1  -  President Mehmet Ali Talat  -  Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Sovereignty from Cyprus   -  Proclaimed November 15, 1983   -  Recognition By Turkey  Area  -  Total 3,355 km² (not ranked) 1,295 sq mi   -  Water (%) 2. ...

  • 10 Army Corps (including II and probably XV Corps(plus III Corps/NATO Rapid Deployment Corps-Turkey[1]))
  • 2 Mechanized Infantry Divisions,
  • 2 Mechanized Infantry Division Headquarters (Tactical),
  • 1 Infantry Division and 1 Training Division,
  • 14 Mechanized Infantry Brigades,
  • 14 Armored Brigades,
  • 12 Infantry/Regional Security Brigades,
  • 5 Commando Brigades,
  • 5 Training Brigades.

Branch Insigna

  • General staff
  • Infantry
  • Cavalry
  • Tank
  • Artillery
  • Bulwark
  • Correspondence
  • Communications
  • Air defence
  • Supplies
  • Medical, dental and pharmaceutical corps
  • Veterinary corps
  • Engineer, chemist and technician corps
  • Military police

Insignia

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF-D- Student Officer
Flag of Turkey Turkey
(Edit)

Mareşal1

Genel Kurmay Başkanı

Orgeneral

Korgeneral

Tümgeneral

Tuğgeneral

Albay

Yarbay

Binbaşı

Yüzbaşı

Üsteğmen

Teğmen

Asteğmen
  • 1 Honorary/War time rank.
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Flag of Turkey Turkey
(Edit)
No Equivalent No Equivalent No Insignia
Kıdemli Başçavuş Başçavuş Kıdemli Üstçavuş Üstçavuş Kıdemli Çavuş Astsubay Çavuş Uzman Çavuş Çavuş Uzman Onbaşı Onbaşı Er

Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links TR-Army-OR9. ... Image File history File links TR-Army-OR8. ... Image File history File links TR-Army-OR7a. ... Image File history File links TR-Army-OR7b. ... Image File history File links TR-Army-OR6a. ... Image File history File links TR-Army-OR6b. ... Image File history File links TR-Army-OR5a. ... Image File history File links TR-Army-OR5b. ... Image File history File links TR-Army-OR4a. ... Image File history File links TR-Army-OR4b. ...

Main Equipment

TURKISH ARMY
Main battle tanks
0 Turkish Tank Project (more than 1000 MBT will be built up to 2015)
298 Leopard 2A4
215 Leopard 1A3T1/TU120
150 Leopard 1A3T1
166 Leopard 1A1A4 (under Volkan Tank Improvement Project)[3]
170 M60T (under M60 Sabra MKIII Modernization Project)[4]
1400 M60A3 TTS
105 M60A1 RISE Passive
700 M 60A1
1200 M 48T5 (in reserve)
Armored personnel carriers
650 FNSS Armored infantry fighting vehicle (AIFV)
1375 FNSS Advanced armored personnel carrier (AAPC)
48 FNSS Armored TOW vehicle (ATV)
170 FNSS Armored mortar vehicle (AMV) (self-propelled 81 mm mortar)
2815 M 113 A1/A2/A3 Armored Personel Carrier
10+ M 125A (self-propelled M-29 81mm mortar)
175 M 106A (self-propelled M-30 107mm mortar)
150 M 113 TOW
260+ Otokar Akrep (4x4)[5]
388+ Otokar Cobra (4x4)[6][7]
240 BTR-80 (8x8)
80+ FNSS Pars (8x8)
0 FNSS Pars (8x8)(+52 ordered)[8]
110+ Otokar Yavuz (8x8)
Helicopters
21 Sikorsky S-70A28 Blackhawk (13 will undergo Aselsan avionics upgrade, 8 SOF)
52 Sikorsky S-70D28 Blackhawk (5 SAR, 2 SOF CSAR, 4 ambulance, 41 utility)
28 Eurocopter AS-532UL Cougar Mk1 (4 SAR, 4 ambulance, 16 utility, 4 VIP)
28 Bell AB206B3 JetRanger
23 Agusta Bell AB205AT/2020
27 Agusta Bell AB205A1
52 Bell UH-1H/2020-ASAM
20 Bell UH-1D
42 Bell UH-1H Iroquois (24 for training)
Attack helicopters
0 Agusta Westland T129 (a total of 50 (+ 41 optional) will be produced in Turkey)[9][10][11]
9 Bell AH-1W Super Cobra
32 Bell AH-1P/S Cobra
1 Bell TAH-1P Cobra (Combat Trainer)
Air-to-ground missiles
215 Hellfire II K2 (Used in the AH-1W Super Cobra helicopters)
n/a TOW II (Used in the AH-1S/P Cobra helicopters)
Anti-aircraft missiles
n/a Atılgan KMS (1x8 FIM-92B/C Stinger)
n/a Zıpkın KMS (1x4 FIM-92 Stinger)
800+ FIM 92B/C Stinger RPM (4875 missiles)
785+ FIM-43A Redeye
40 9M39 Igla (SA-18 Grouse)
Anti-tank missiles
390+ MILAN With MIRA thermal sights
365 BGM-71 TOW I/II/A/B
40000+ M72 A2 LAW (66mm)
5000+ RPG-7 (40mm)
550 ERYX (1200 missiles)
70 9M113M Konkurs (AT5 Spandrel) (420 missiles)
185 Cobra (Used for training purposes only)
Anti-aircraft guns
300 L/70 & L/70T Bofors (40mm) (50 with Officine Galileo P56 optical sight)
600+ L/60 & M1A1 Bofors (40mm)
100+ Oerlikon GDF-001 (2x35mm)
120 Oerlikon GDF-003 (2x35mm)
440 Oerlikon GAI-D01 (2x20mm)
300+ Rheinmetall Mk.20 Rh202 (2x20mm)
110 M42 Duster (2x40mm)
900 M55 (4x12.7mm)
Rocket artillery
5 TR-300 Kasırga WS-1A (4x302mm, 80km)
25 TR-300 Kasırga WS-1B (4x302mm, 180km)
72 ATACMS MGM 140 Block I (165km)
12 M-270 MLRS
50+ T-122 MLRS (40x122mm, 40km)
48 TR-107 MLRS (12x107mm)
24 RA 7040 MLRS (40x70mm)
n/a TOROS 230A (8x230mm, 65km)
n/a TOROS 260A (8x260mm, 110km)
n/a "Yıldırım" B-611 Theater Quasiballistic Missile (250km)
Self-propelled artillery
100+ T 155 Fırtına (K9T) 155/52 SP-2000 (155mm) (a total of 350 will be produced)[12]
219 M110 (203mm)
36 M107 (175mm)
9 M 55 (203mm)
222 M 44T (155mm) (Upgraded)
365 M 52T (155mm) (Upgraded)
26 M 108T (155mm) (Upgraded)
Towed artillery
142 T 155 Panter 155/52 FT-2000 (155mm) (a total of 400 will be produced)[13]
825 M 101 (105mm)
535 M 114 (155mm)
162 M 115 (203mm)
175 M 116 (75mm)
171 M 59 (155mm)
128 Skoda (105mm)
10 M.39 Skoda (105mm) (Used in training)
10 105R Metalgun (105mm) (Used in training)
Recoilless artillery
2135 M 40A (106mm)
1000 M 20 (75mm) (in storage)
850 M 18 (57mm) (in storage)
Mortars
578 HY-12Di (120mm)
325 UT1 (81mm)
3175 M1/M29 (81mm)
1265 M-30 (107mm)
n/a M-19 (60mm)

The US M1A1 Abrams tank is a typical modern main battle tank. ... The Leopard 2 is a German main battle tank built by the German company Krauss-Maffei-Wegmann, developed in the early 1970s and first entering service in 1979, replacing the earlier Leopard 1 as the foremost MBT in the Bundeswehr. ... The Leopard is the primary post-WWII German tank design, a design that has been in use as the primary main battle tank for most European countries in various versions since the early 1960s. ... The Leopard is the primary post-WWII German tank design, a design that has been in use as the primary main battle tank for most European countries in various versions since the early 1960s. ... The Leopard is the primary post-WWII German tank design, a design that has been in use as the primary main battle tank for most European countries in various versions since the early 1960s. ... The M60A1 Sabra tank upgrade program is designed to upgrade 170 Turkish M60A1 (A3?) MBT. The Israeli Military Industries (IMI) is upgrading the M60A1 with a new 120-mm smoothbore gun, Elbit Systems electric gun and turret drive stabilization system with a new fire control system, and a new IMI... The M60 Patton was the fourth and last of the Patton series medium tanks of the U.S Army. ... The M60 Patton was the fourth and last of the Patton series medium tanks of the U.S Army. ... M46, M47, M48 and M60 Patton were the U.S armys principal main battle tanks of the Cold War, with models in service from the late 1940s to the 1990s. ... M46, M47, M48 and M60 Patton were the U.S armys principal main battle tanks of the Cold War, with models in service from the late 1940s to the 1990s. ... East German BRDMs on parade during celebrations of the 40th anniversary of East Germany in 1989 Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are light armoured fighting vehicles for the transport of infantry. ... An M2 Bradley Infantry fighting vehicle. ... Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are armoured fighting vehicles developed to transport infantry on the battlefield. ... The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... The following is an extensive catalogue of the variants and specific unique elements of each variant and/or design stage of the M113 armored personnel carrier. ... The following is an extensive catalogue of the variants and specific unique elements of each variant and/or design stage of the M113 armored personnel carrier. ... The M30 107 mm heavy mortar is an American rifled, muzzle-loading, high-angle-of-fire weapon used for long-range indirect fire support to infantry units. ... The following is an extensive catalogue of the variants and specific unique elements of each variant and/or design stage of the M113 armored personnel carrier. ... The Akrep (scorpion) light reconnaissance vehicle was developed by Otokar Otobus Karoseri Sanayi AS with the first prototypes being completed in May 1993 and the first production vehicles in June 1994. ... Otokar Cobra,Light armoured Vehicle. ... BTR-80 is a 8x8 wheeled armoured personnel carrier (APC) designed in the Soviet Union. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Sikorsky S-70 be merged into this article or section. ... ASELSAN was founded by the Turkish Armed Forces Foundation at the end of 1975 to produce tactical military radios and defense electronic systems for the Turkish Army. ... It has been suggested that Sikorsky S-70 be merged into this article or section. ... AS 532 Cougar The Eurocopter Cougar is a twin-engined, medium-weight, multipurpose helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter. ... Specifications (206) General Characteristics Crew: 1 Capacity: 3-4 Length: 39 ft 1 in (11. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ... A Russian Mil Mi-24 attack helicopter. ... The Agusta A129 Mangusta (Mongoose) is an attack helicopter manufactured by Agusta (part of AgustaWestland) of Italy. ... The Bell AH-1 SuperCobra is a twin-engine attack helicopter based on the US Armys AH-1 Cobra. ... The Bell AH-1 Cobra is an attack helicopter. ... The Bell AH-1 Cobra is an attack helicopter. ... Air-to-ground missiles are missiles launced by military aircraft against targets on the ground. ... Type Air-to-ground and surface-to-surface Missile Nationality United States Era Cold War and through Global War on Terrorism Launch platform Rotary- and fixed-wing platforms, Unmanned aerial vehicle, tri-pods, ships, and ground vehicles Target Three warhead variants defeat an array of targets including tanks, light armored... A TOW missile being fired from a Jeep. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... The FIM-92 Stinger is a man portable infra-red homing surface-to-air missile developed in the United States and used by all the US armed services, with whom it entered service in 1981. ... The FIM-43 Redeye was a man-portable surface-to-air missile system. ... The 9K38 Igla (Russian 9К38 Игла́ - needle) is a Russian/Soviet man-portable infra-red homing surface-to-air missile (SAM) system. ... An Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) is a missile the primary purpose of which is to hit and destroy tanks. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... A TOW missile being fired from a Jeep. ... The M72 LAW (Light Anti-Tank Weapon, also referred to as the Light Anti-Armor Weapon or LAW) is a portable one-shot 66 mm anti-tank weapon, designed in the United States by Talley Defense Systems, produced by Nammo Raufoss AS in Norway. ... An RPG-7 captured by the United States Army. ... ERYX Type anti-tank Nationality France Era Cold War, modern Launch platform Individual, Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder MBDA Date of design Production period 1989 Service duration 1994 Operators Canadian, French, Norwegian armies Variants Number built Specifications Type Diameter 0. ... AT-5 Spandrel missile The AT-5 Spandrel is the NATO reporting name for the 9M113 Konkurs (Contest) SACLOS wire-guided Anti-tank missile of the Soviet Union. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... The Bofors 40 mm gun is a famous anti-aircraft auto-cannon designed by the Swedish firm of Bofors. ... The Bofors 40 mm gun is a famous autocannon designed by the Swedish firm of Bofors. ... The Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon is a towed anti-aircraft gun made by Oerlikon-Contraves. ... The Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon is a towed anti-aircraft gun made by Oerlikon-Contraves. ... The Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon is a towed anti-aircraft gun made by Oerlikon-Contraves. ... The Rh202 is autocannon with a calibre of 20mm designed and produced by Rheinmetall. ... M42 40 mm Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Duster Length : 6. ... M270 MLRS. Rocket artillery is artillery equipped with rocket launchers instead of conventional guns or mortars. ... Categories: Stub | Rocket artillery | Surface-to-surface missiles ... Categories: Stub | Rocket artillery ... A U.S. M109A6 Paladin self-propelled howitzer Self-propelled artillery (also called mobile artillery or locomotive artillery) vehicles are a way of giving mobility to artillery. ... The K-9 Thunder is an indigenous South Korean self-propelled 155 mm howitzer developed by Samsung Techwin. ... The 8 inch (203 mm) Self-Propelled Howitzer M110 was the largest available self-propelled howitzer in the United States Armys inventory. ... The M107 175mm self propelled gun was part of a family of self proppeled combat cannons including the M110A2. ... 19th century 12 pounder (5 kg) mountain howitzer displayed by the National Park Service at Fort Laramie in Wyoming, USA A howitzer is a type of artillery piece that is characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small explosive charges to propel projectiles at trajectories with... The 105 mm Howitzer M2A1(M101) was the standard medium field howitzer for the U.S. in World War II, seeing action in both European and Pacific theatres. ... The M114 howitzer is a towed 155 mm artillery piece produced by United States. ... M115 203 mm howitzer Nationality United States Type Howitzer Date of design 1939 Caliber 203 mm Barrel length 5. ... M67 recoilless rifle. ... The M40 recoilless rifle was a lightweight, portable, crew-served 105mm (N.B. The weapon is commonly described as being 106mm, but it is in fact 105mm, the 106mm designation was designed to prevent confusion with the incompatible 105mm ammunition from the failed M27) weapon intended primarily as an anti... The M20 recoilless rifle was a U.S. 75 mm calibre recoilless rifle used during the last months of the Second World War and extensively during the Korean War. ... Soldier Firing the M224 60-mm Mortar. ... The M30 107 mm heavy mortar is an American rifled, muzzle-loading, high-angle-of-fire weapon used for long-range indirect fire support to infantry units. ... The M19 Mortar is a smoothbore, muzzle loading, very light and simple, high angle of fire weapon for light infantry support developed and produced in the United States. ...

Small Arms

Weapon Caliber Notes
HK MP5 9x19mm NATO Made under license by Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKE)
HK 33 5.56x45mm NATO Made under license by Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKE)
HK G3 7.62x51mm NATO Made under license by Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKE)
G3A7 7.62x51mm NATO Made under license by Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKE)
MG3 7.62x51mm NATO Made under license by Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKE)
HK 69A1 40x46mm Made under license by Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKE)
T40 40x46mm Made under license by Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKE)
Mk 19 grenade launcher 40x53mm Made under license by Roketsan
M203 40x46mm Grenade Launcher
FN MAG 7.62x51mm NATO Machine Gun
FN MINIMI 5.56x45mm NATO Machine Gun
M4 carbine 5.56x45mm NATO Special forces and marines
M16 rifle 5.56x45mm NATO Special forces and marines
CheyTac Intervention M200[14] .408 CheyTac Special forces and marines sniper rifle
Kalekalıp .308 7.62x51mm NATO Special forces and marines sniper rifle
Kalekalıp Avunya .50 BMG Special forces and marines sniper rifle
Gepard anti-materiel rifle 12.7 x 107 mm Special forces and marines Anti-materiel rifle
SVD (Dragunov) 7.62x54mm R WP Used by some units of the Gendarmerie.
AK-47 (Kalashnikov) 7.62x39mm WP Used by some units of the Gendarmerie.

It has been suggested that Heckler & Koch MP5K be merged into this article or section. ... Ball and hollowpoint 9mm Luger rounds The 9 mm Luger pistol cartridge (9 x 19 mm Parabellum, 9 x 19 mm NATO) was designed by firearms designer Georg Luger. ... The Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (The Machinery and Chemical Industry Institution, or MKEK) was a reorganization in 1950 of a Turkish government-controlled group of factories that supplied the Turkish Army with supplies, munitions, and equipment. ... This article is about an automatic rifle. ... U.S. Military 5. ... The Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (The Machinery and Chemical Industry Institution, or MKEK) was a reorganization in 1950 of a Turkish government-controlled group of factories that supplied the Turkish Army with supplies, munitions, and equipment. ... The G3 (which stands for Gewehr 3, or Rifle #3) is a family of select fire battle rifles manufactured by Heckler & Koch. ... NATO 7. ... The Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (The Machinery and Chemical Industry Institution, or MKEK) was a reorganization in 1950 of a Turkish government-controlled group of factories that supplied the Turkish Army with supplies, munitions, and equipment. ... Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) (pronounced [1]) is a German weapons manufacturing company famous for various series of small firearms, notably the MP5 submachine gun, the MP7 personal defense weapon, USP series of handguns, high-precision PSG1 sniper rifle, and the G3 and G36 assault rifles. ... NATO 7. ... The Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (The Machinery and Chemical Industry Institution, or MKEK) was a reorganization in 1950 of a Turkish government-controlled group of factories that supplied the Turkish Army with supplies, munitions, and equipment. ... The MG3 is an air-cooled, belt-fed general purpose machine gun manufactured by the German firm Rheinmetall. ... NATO 7. ... The Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (The Machinery and Chemical Industry Institution, or MKEK) was a reorganization in 1950 of a Turkish government-controlled group of factories that supplied the Turkish Army with supplies, munitions, and equipment. ... The HK 69 is a breech-loading grenade launcher with a pistol grip and a telescoping stock. ... A non-lethal 40 mm round is loaded into an M79 grenade launcher The 40 mm grenade is a military grenade caliber for grenade launchers. ... The Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (The Machinery and Chemical Industry Institution, or MKEK) was a reorganization in 1950 of a Turkish government-controlled group of factories that supplied the Turkish Army with supplies, munitions, and equipment. ... A non-lethal 40 mm round is loaded into an M79 grenade launcher The 40 mm grenade is a military grenade caliber for grenade launchers. ... The Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (The Machinery and Chemical Industry Institution, or MKEK) was a reorganization in 1950 of a Turkish government-controlled group of factories that supplied the Turkish Army with supplies, munitions, and equipment. ... Mk19 40mm grenade launcher MK-19 40mm grenade launcher during MIL-EX 2003 Mk19 40mm grenade launcher with cover open and training ammunition loaded The Mk 19 Grenade Launcher is a belt-fed automatic 40mm grenade launcher or grenade machine gun entered U.S. military service during the Cold War... A non-lethal 40 mm round is loaded into an M79 grenade launcher The 40 mm grenade is a military grenade caliber for grenade launchers. ... M203 generally refers to the United States Army designation for a single shot 40 mm grenade launcher that attaches to the M16 assault rifle or the M4 Carbine. ... A non-lethal 40 mm round is loaded into an M79 grenade launcher The 40 mm grenade is a military grenade caliber for grenade launchers. ... A grenade launcher is weapon that fires or launches a grenade to longer distances than a soldier could throw by hand. ... The FN MAG (or MAG-58) is a machine gun manufactured by Fabrique Nationale (FN), Belgium. ... NATO 7. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... The M240, formally United States Machine Gun, 7. ... U.S. Military 5. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... The M4 Carbine is a family of firearms tracing its lineage back to earlier carbine versions of the M16, all based on the original AR-15 made by ArmaLite. ... U.S. Military 5. ... M16 (more formally United States Rifle, Caliber 5. ... U.S. Military 5. ... The CheyTac Intervention is an American-made heavy sniper rifle designed by CheyTac LLC. for long range soft target interdiction (i. ... The . ... The M40, United States Army standard-issue sniper rifle. ... NATO 7. ... The M40, United States Army standard-issue sniper rifle. ... .50 BMG rounds and 20MM Vulcan round, with a golf ball and a stick of RAM posed to provide scale. ... The M40, United States Army standard-issue sniper rifle. ... The Gepard anti-materiel rifles are a family of Hungarian weapons designed to destroy unarmored and lightly armored targets. ... The 12. ... An anti-materiel rifle is a rifle that is designed for use against military equipment (Matériel) rather than against other combatants (anti-personnel). Generally speaking, they are large-caliber rifles chambered for a powerful cartridge. ... The Dragunov (Драгунов) is a Russian sniper rifle, more formally known as the Snaiperskaya Vintovka Dragunova (Снайперская винтовка Драгуно&#1074... The 7. ... Avtomat Kalashnikova model 1947 g. ... This article or section should include material from Soviet M1943 The Soviet 7. ...

Source

References and notes

  1. ^ http://www.country-studies.com/cyprus/intercommunal-violence.html
  2. ^ http://countrystudies.us/cyprus/13.htm
  3. ^ Leopard 1A1/A1A4 Tanks Improvement Project
  4. ^ M60 Tank Modernization Project
  5. ^ http://www.tau.ac.il/jcss/balance/Turkey.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.tau.ac.il/jcss/balance/Turkey.pdf
  7. ^ Referans: Otokar 167.5 milyon YTL'lik ihale kazandı
  8. ^ http://gbulten.ssm.gov.tr/arsiv/2007/01/31/01.htm
  9. ^ Attack and Tactical Reconnaissance Helicopter Procurement Program
  10. ^ International Herald Tribune: Italy's Agusta Aerospace wins Turkish attack helicopter contract
  11. ^ http://www.agustawestland.com/communication_det.asp?id_news=310&yy=2007
  12. ^ http://www.koreaherald.co.kr/SITE/data/html_dir/2007/03/05/200703050025.asp
  13. ^ http://www.tau.ac.il/jcss/balance/Turkey.pdf
  14. ^ http://world.guns.ru/sniper/sn63-e.htm

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