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Encyclopedia > Turkish Airlines
Turkish Airlines
Türk Hava Yolları
IATA
TK
ICAO
THY
Callsign
TURKAIR
Founded 1933
Hubs Atatürk Int'l Airport
Focus cities Esenboga Int'l Airport
Sabiha Gokçen Int'l Airport
Frequent flyer program Miles & Smiles
Alliance Star Alliance
(Joining 1 April 2008)
Fleet size 100 (29 ordered)
Destinations 139 (32 dom + 107 intl)
Headquarters Istanbul, Turkey
Key people Temel Kotil (CEO)
Website: http://www.turkishairlines.com/

Turkish Airlines, Inc. (Turkish Türk Hava Yolları Anonim Ortaklığı) (THY) is the national airline of Turkey based in Istanbul. It operates a network of scheduled services to 107 international and 32 domestic cities, serving a total of 139 airports, in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the United States. The airline's main base is Atatürk International Airport (IST), Istanbul, with secondary hubs at Esenboga International Airport (ESB), Ankara, and Sabiha Gokcen International Airport (SAW), Istanbul. In 2006, it carried 17 million passengers with total revenues of US$3 billion. [1] The airline has around 12,000 employees. Image File history File links Turkish_Airlines_logo. ... IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... Atatürk International Airport (IATA: IST, ICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: Atatürk Uluslararası Havalimanı) is the major international airport in Istanbul, Turkey. ... In the airline industry, a focus city is a location that is not a hub, but from which the airline has flights to at least several destinations other than its hubs. ... Esenboga International Airport http://www. ... Sabiha Gökçen International Airport (IATA: SAW, ICAO: LTFJ) is one of the airports serving Istanbul, Turkey. ... Membership cards of FFP This article is about airline frequent flyer programs. ... An airline alliance is an agreement between two or more airlines to cooperate for the foreseeable future on a substantial level. ... All Nippon Airways aircraft with Star Alliance livery seen in 2006 A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 in Star Alliance livery while still maintaining its corporate logo on the tail, the only Star Alliance member to do so. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Dr. Temel Kotil (born 1959) is the President and CEO of Turkish Airlines and Member of the Board of Governers at the International Air Transport Association. ... For other uses, see Flag carrier (disambiguation). ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... Atatürk International Airport (IATA: IST, ICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: Atatürk Uluslararası Havalimanı) is the major international airport in Istanbul, Turkey. ... Esenboga International Airport http://www. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Sabiha Gokcen International Airport is one of the airports serving Istanbul, Turkey. ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ...

Contents

History

The airline was established on May 20, 1933, as the State Airlines Administration - Hava Yolları Devlet Işletmesi Idaresi (DHY). It began operations with an Istanbul, Eskişehir, Ankara service in August 1933. In September 1937, the airline received three De Havilland D.H. 86B biplane airliners. The following December, DHY received the fourth plane. These planes enlarged the domestic routes of DHY to the destination of Istanbul, Eskisehir, Izmir, Ankara, Adana, Kayseri and Diyarbakir.[1] The name was changed to Devlet Hava Yolları Umum Müdürlüğü (DHY) in June 1938. The first international flight was launched in 1947 to Athens but it was another 40 years before the introduction of long-haul flights to the Far East and across the Atlantic. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 683 pixel, file size: 99 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 683 pixel, file size: 99 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... Zurich Kloten Unique Airport Zurich International Airport, also called Kloten International Airport, is located in Kloten, canton of Zurich, Switzerland and managed by Unique Airport. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... EskiÅŸehir (eskÄ“shehÄ“r, Latin: Dorylaeum, Greek: Δορύλαιον, Dorylaion) is a city in northwest Turkey and the capital of EskiÅŸehir Province. ... For other uses, see De Havilland (disambiguation). ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... shows the Location of the Province EskiÅŸehir EskiÅŸehir (literal meaning: old town) is a province in northwestern Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Ä°zmir Izmir from space, June 1996 Izmir (Turkish spelling Ä°zmir, contraction of its former name Smyrna), the second-largest port (after Ä°stanbul) and the third most populous city (2,409,000 in 2000) of Turkey, is located on the Aegean Sea near the Gulf... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Adana (Turkish: }) (the ancient Antioch in Cilicia or Antioch on the Sarus)) is the capital of Adana Province in Turkey. ... Kayseri (Greek: Καισάρεια), in the antiquity Mazaka and later Caesarea, is an industrialized city in Turkey. ... Diyarbakir (Syriac: ܐܡܝܕ; Greek: Amida; Turkish spelling: Diyarbakır) is a city in Turkey, situated on the banks of the River Tigris. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ...


In a major reorganisation, the state company DHY was replaced with a mixed corporation, Türk Hava Yolları AO (THY) on 20 February 1956. The airline's shares were passed to the Prime Ministry Public Participation Administration in 1990, which took the company public first in December 1990 selling 5% of the shares. The government later sold about 23.0% of the shares to the public in December 2004 and a further 28.75% in May 2006. The airline is owned by TC Privatisation Administration (49%) and private shareholders (51%). It also has a 50% holding in affiliated airline SunExpress, the other half of which owned by Thomas Cook of Germany. It has set up in September 2006 an airline catering JV with Do&Co Restaurants & Catering of Austria. Turkish Airlines quit the Qualiflyer group in 1999, due to incompatibilites with Swissair and Delta. A request to join the Star Alliance has been accepted in December 2006; Turkish Airlines is expected to join in late 2008 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... SunExpress (Turkish: is an airline based in Antalya, Turkey. ... For other uses, see September (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... All Nippon Airways aircraft with Star Alliance livery seen in 2006 A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 in Star Alliance livery while still maintaining its corporate logo on the tail, the only Star Alliance member to do so. ...


Cultural References in Popular Media

In the film "Snatch", the narrator played by Jason Statham is named "Turkish". He explains in his initial monologue that he is named in honour of a Turkish Airlines disaster. Snatch is a 2000 film by British writer-director Guy Ritchie. ... Jason Statham (born on 12 September 1972, in Sydenham, Lewisham, London) is an English actor, known for his roles in the Guy Ritchie crime films Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels, Revolver and Snatch. ...


Destinations

Further information: Turkish Airlines destinations

A list of airports that Turkish Airlines flies to. ...

Code Share

Turkish Airlines have code share agreements with the follwoing carriers:

Not to be confused with China Airlines, the national airline of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... Air India (formerly Air-India, Hindi: ) is the national flag carrier of India with a worldwide network of passenger and cargo services. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Pakistan International Airlines Corporation, more commonly known as Pakistan International Airlines or PIA (Urdu: پی آئی اے يا پاکستان انٹرنیشنل ایرلاینز), is the flag carrier airline of Pakistan, based in Karachi. ... American Airlines, Inc. ...

Cargo

Turkish Airlines Cargo is the freight branch of Turkish Airlines, operating to Asia, Middle East and Europe.

Turkish Airlines Cargo Fleet
Aircraft Total Capacity
(Max.Weight)
Routes Notes
Airbus A310-300F 2 Europe and Asia More to be added
after conversion from passenger fleet

The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ...

Fleet

The Turkish Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft as of November 2007: Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Turkish Airlines Fleet
Aircraft Total Passenger Capacity
(Business/Economy)
Routes Notes
Airbus A310-200/300 7 208 (18/190)
210 (18/192)
Airbus A319-100 2 124 (12/112)
Airbus A320-200 15 150 (0/150)
156 (0/156)
Airbus A321-200 12
186 (15/171)
195 (15/180)
202 (15/187)
Airbus A330-200 5 250 (22/228)
Airbus A340-300 7 271 (34/237) North America and the Far East
Boeing 737-400 11 150 (12/138)
Boeing 737-800 41 165 (90/75)
Total number of aircraft 100
Updated: 09 November 2007
  • The average age of the Turkish fleet is 7.1 Years
  • The airline has ordered 59 planes (Boeing and Airbus)in 2004 which will be delivered gradually until 2008.
  • Total Fleet as of November 2007 is 100 aircraft.
Airbus A321-200
Airbus A321-200

The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... Air Canada Airbus A330 The Airbus A330 is a large_capacity medium_to_long_range commercial passenger airplane manufactured by Airbus. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... 737 in new Boeing Colors. ... 737 in new Boeing Colors. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 523 pixelsFull resolution (2293 × 1500 pixel, file size: 229 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Turkish Airlines A321-200 (TC-JRE) landing at London Heathrow Airport. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 523 pixelsFull resolution (2293 × 1500 pixel, file size: 229 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Turkish Airlines A321-200 (TC-JRE) landing at London Heathrow Airport. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ...

Affinity programs

Miles & Smiles is the frequent flyer program of Turkish Airlines, started after the airline left Qualiflyer. The earned miles can be used in Turkish Airlines' flights, as well as flights on partner carriers (American Airlines and Lufthansa), including the entire Star Alliance once the airline joins in 2008. Qualifler was the name of Swissair frequent flyer program created in April of 1992. ... American Airlines, Inc. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... All Nippon Airways aircraft with Star Alliance livery seen in 2006 A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 in Star Alliance livery while still maintaining its corporate logo on the tail, the only Star Alliance member to do so. ...


Livery

Turkish Airlines's livery is a Eurowhite scheme, composed of white with red accents. Eurowhite is a term used in the aviation industry to describe airline aircraft paint schemes which are predominantly white, usually adorned only with the airlines name along the forward fuselage, and its logo on the vertical tail. ...

Airbus A330-200
Airbus A330-200

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (2022 × 1349 pixel, file size: 177 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Turkish Airlines Airbus A330-200 (TC-JND) landing at London Heathrow Airport. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (2022 × 1349 pixel, file size: 177 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Turkish Airlines Airbus A330-200 (TC-JND) landing at London Heathrow Airport. ... Air Canada Airbus A330 The Airbus A330 is a large_capacity medium_to_long_range commercial passenger airplane manufactured by Airbus. ...

Maintenance center

Turkish Airlines has a maintenance centre at its hub Atatürk International Airport, (IST) in Istanbul. Turkish Airlines Maintenance Center (THY Technic) is responsible for the maintenance, repair and overhaul of THY's all aircraft, engines, APUs and components. Atatürk International Airport (IATA: IST, ICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: Atatürk Uluslararası Havalimanı) is the major international airport in Istanbul, Turkey. ... Turkish Airlines Maintenance Center (THY Technics), is the maintenance center of Turkish Airlines -flag carrier and national airline of Turkey- based in Istanbul, Turkey. ...


Incidents and accidents

During its 72 year history, Turkish Airlines had three accidents on its international flights, and 18 on domestic flights. The most disastrous was Turkish Airlines Flight 981, which crashed in France on 3 March 1974 due to explosive decompression, killing all 346 people aboard. The main cause of this event was a design fault on the cargo doors of DC-10 aircraft. Before the Tenerife disaster, it was the worst aircraft disaster. Turkish Airlines Flight 981, registration TC-JAV, was a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 which crashed just outside of Senlis, France on March 3, 1974. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Explosive decompression (ED) is a sudden drop in pressure that occurs in 0. ... The Tenerife collision took place on March 27, 1977, at 17:06:56 local time (also GMT), when two Boeing 747 airliners collided at Los Rodeos (TCI) on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, killing 583 people. ...


See also

SunExpress (Turkish: is an airline based in Antalya, Turkey. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... Onur Air (Onur Air Taşımacılık AŞ) is an airline based in İstanbul, Turkey. ... Pegasus Airlines (Pegasus Hava Tasimaciligi AS) is an airline based in Istanbul, Turkey. ... Atlasjet Boeing 757-200 Atlasjet Airbus A320-232 refilling at Valladolid Airport Atlasjet is an airline based in Istanbul, Turkey. ... aircraft with nazar at Sabiha Gokcen International Airport Fly Air (Turkish: ) is an airline based in Istanbul, Turkey. ... İzair is a private airliner based in Izmir, Turkey, established in 2005 by 114 businessmen from Izmir. ...

References

  1. ^ Commercial Aircraft and Airline Markings edited by Christopher Chant
  • Accident report on Turkish Airlines

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Turkish Airlines
  • Official website
  • Maintenance Center
  • Fleet Age
  • Fleet Detail
  • SunExpress

  Results from FactBites:
 
News - TK | Turkish Airlines | International (904 words)
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Turkish Airlines reported, on 16th June 2005, a Memorandum of Understanding signed with ST Aerospace in the $200mn HABOM technical maintenance centre.
Turkish Airlines Inc., real and legal persons related with Turkish Airlines Inc, its personnel, agents and/or advisors cannot be held responsible for any results or for any material or moral damages arising from the use of such information.
Turkish Airlines (264 words)
Based in Istanbul, Turkish Airlines are the national airline of Turkey, and boast a fleet of modern Airbus and Boeing aircraft.
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Turkish Airlines reward regular passengers with their Miles and Miles scheme along with other Star Alliance members, so you can save towards a number of rewards.
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