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Encyclopedia > Turion 64 X2
The Turion 64 X2 logo

Turion 64 X2 is AMD's 64-bit dual-core mobile CPU, intended to compete with Intel's Core and Core 2 CPUs. The Turion 64 X2 was launched on May 17, 2006, after several delays. These processors use Socket S1, and feature DDR2 memory. They also include AMD Virtualization Technology and more power-saving features. Turion ( from Latin turio=shoot) is a specialised overwintering bud produced by aquatic herbs, especially in the genera Potamogeton, Aldrovanda and Utricularia. ... Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... In computing, a 64-bit component is one in which data are processed or stored in 64-bit units (words). ... Diagram of an Intel Core 2 dual core processor, with CPU-local Level 1 caches, and a shared, on-die Level 2 cache. ... A notebook processor is a CPU optimized for notebook computers. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... This article is about the Intel mobile processor family. ... The Core 2 brand refers to a range of Intels consumer 64-bit dual-core and MCM quad-core CPUs with the x86-64 instruction set, and based on the Intel Core microarchitecture, which derived from the 32-bit dual-core Yonah laptop processor. ... Socket S1 is the new type of CPU socket predicted to be used by AMD for their new Turion and Athlon 64 Mobile processors. ... x86 virtualization is the method by which x86-based guest operating systems are run under another host x86 operating system, with little or no modification of the guest OS. The x86 processor architecture did not originally meet the Popek and Goldberg virtualization requirements. ...


AMD first produced the Turion 64 X2 on IBM's 90 nm Silicon on insulator (SOI) process (cores with the Taylor codename). As of May 2007, they have switched to a 65 nm Silicon-Germanium stressed process[citation needed], which was recently achieved through the combined effort of IBM and AMD, with 40% improvement over comparable 65 nm processes[citation needed]. The earlier 90 nm devices were codenamed Taylor and Trinidad, while the newer 65 nm cores have codename Tyler. For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Since 2002 and up to 2004, the 90 nanometer (90 nm) process has been a buzzword in the electronic, the LSI and semiconductor manufacturing, and fabrication industries. ... Silicon on insulator technology (SOI) refers to the use of a layered silicon-insulator-silicon substrate in place of conventional silicon substrates in semiconductor manufacturing, especially microelectronics, to reduce parasitic device capacitance and thereby improve performance. ... The 65 nanometer (65 nm) process is the next milestone as of 2005 in semiconductor manufacturing and fabrication. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with SiGe. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used clandestinely to refer to another name or word. ...

Contents

Cores

Taylor & Trinidad (90 nm SOI)

Turion64-X2 for Socket S1
Turion64-X2 for Socket S1
  • Dual AMD64 core
  • L1 cache: 64 + 64 KiB (data + instructions) per core
  • L2 cache: 256 KiB (Taylor) or 512 KiB (Trinidad) per core, fullspeed
  • Memory controller: dual channel DDR2-667 MHz
  • MMX, Extended 3DNow!, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, AMD64, PowerNow!, NX bit, AMD-V (except TL-50 needs confirmation)
  • Socket S1, HyperTransport (800 MHz, 1600 MT/s, 10.7 GB/s CPU-RAM + 6.4 GB/s CPU-I/O transfer rate)[1]
  • Power consumption (TDP): 31, 33, 35 watt max
  • First release: May 17, 2006
  • Clock rate: 1600, 1800, 2000, 2200 MHz
    • 31W TDP:
      • TL-50: 1600 MHz (256 KiB L2-Cache per core)
      • TL-52: 1600 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)
    • 33W TDP:
      • TL-56: 1800 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)
    • 35W TDP:
      • TL-60: 2000 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)
      • TL-64: 2200 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)

AMD64 Logo AMD64 (also x86-64 or x64) is a 64-bit microprocessor architecture and corresponding instruction set designed by Advanced Micro Devices. ... Diagram of a CPU memory cache A CPU cache is a cache used by the central processing unit of a computer to reduce the average time to access memory. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... In Computer Science, data is often distinguished from code, though both are represented in modern computers as binary strings. ... In computer science, an instruction typically refers to a single operation of a processor within a computer architecture. ... The first 3DNow! CPU 3DNow! is the name of a multimedia extension created by AMD for its processors, starting with the K6-2 in 1998. ... SSE (Streaming SIMD Extensions, originally called ISSE, Internet Streaming SIMD Extensions) is a SIMD (Single Instruction, Multiple Data) instruction set designed by Intel and introduced in 1999 in their Pentium III series processors as a reply to AMDs 3DNow! (which had debuted a year earlier). ... SSE2, Streaming SIMD Extensions 2, is one of the IA-32 SIMD (Single Instruction, Multiple Data) instruction sets. ... SSE3, also known by its Intel code name Prescott New Instructions (PNI), is the third iteration of the SSE instruction set for the IA-32 architecture. ... AMD64 Logo AMD64 (also x86-64 or x64) is a 64-bit microprocessor architecture and corresponding instruction set designed by Advanced Micro Devices. ... PowerNow! is a feature of AMDs K6-2+, K6-III+, mobile Athlon, and Turion 64 processors used in laptops. ... The NX bit, which stands for No eXecute, is a technology used in CPUs to segregate areas of memory for use by either storage of processor instructions (or code) or for storage of data, a feature normally only found in Harvard architecture processors. ... x86 virtualization is the method by which the x86 processor architecture is virtualized. ... Socket S1 is the new type of CPU socket predicted to be used by AMD for their new Turion and Athlon 64 Mobile processors. ... HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ... Megatransfer is a term used in computer technology, referring to a number of data transfers (or operations). ... This article is about the unit of measurement. ... The Thermal Design Power (TDP) represents the maximum amount of power the thermal solution in a computer system is required to dissipate. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Thermal Design Power (TDP) represents the maximum amount of power the thermal solution in a computer system is required to dissipate. ... The Thermal Design Power (TDP) represents the maximum amount of power the thermal solution in a computer system is required to dissipate. ... The Thermal Design Power (TDP) represents the maximum amount of power the thermal solution in a computer system is required to dissipate. ...

Tyler (65 nm SOI)

  • Dual AMD64 core
  • L1 cache: 64 + 64 KiB (data + instructions) per core
  • L2 cache: 512 KiB per core, fullspeed
  • Memory controller: dual channel DDR2-800 MHz (12.8 GB/s full-duplex CPU/RAM bandwidth)
  • 100 MHz granularity (Dynamic P-state Transitions)
  • MMX, Extended 3DNow!, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, AMD64, PowerNow!, NX Bit, AMD-V
  • Socket S1, HyperTransport (800 MHz / 1600 MT/s)
  • Power consumption (TDP): 31, 35 watt max.
  • First release: 2007
  • Clock rate: 1700, 1800, 1900, 2000, 2200, 2300, 2400 MHz
    • 31W TDP:
      • TK-53 1700 MHz (256 KiB L2-Cache per core)
      • TK-55 1800 MHz (256 KiB L2-Cache per core)
      • TL-56 1800 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)
      • TK-57 1900 MHz (256 KiB L2-Cache per core)
      • TL-58 1900 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)
      • TL-60 2000 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)
    • 35W TDP:
      • TL-62 2100 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)
      • TL-64 2200 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)
      • TL-66 2300 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)
      • TL-68 2400 MHz (512 KiB L2-Cache per core)

The first 3DNow! CPU 3DNow! is the name of a multimedia extension created by AMD for its processors, starting with the K6-2 in 1998. ... SSE (Streaming SIMD Extensions, originally called ISSE, Internet Streaming SIMD Extensions) is a SIMD (Single Instruction, Multiple Data) instruction set designed by Intel and introduced in 1999 in their Pentium III series processors as a reply to AMDs 3DNow! (which had debuted a year earlier). ... SSE2, Streaming SIMD Extensions 2, is one of the IA-32 SIMD (Single Instruction, Multiple Data) instruction sets. ... SSE3, also known by its Intel code name Prescott New Instructions (PNI), is the third iteration of the SSE instruction set for the IA-32 architecture. ... AMD64 Logo AMD64 (also x86-64 or x64) is a 64-bit microprocessor architecture and corresponding instruction set designed by Advanced Micro Devices. ... PowerNow! is a feature of AMDs K6-2+, K6-III+, mobile Athlon, and Turion 64 processors used in laptops. ... The NX bit, which stands for No eXecute, is a technology used in CPUs to segregate areas of memory for use by either storage of processor instructions (or code) or for storage of data, a feature normally only found in Harvard architecture processors. ... x86 virtualization is the method by which the x86 processor architecture is virtualized. ... Socket S1 is the new type of CPU socket predicted to be used by AMD for their new Turion and Athlon 64 Mobile processors. ... HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ... The Thermal Design Power (TDP) represents the maximum amount of power the thermal solution in a computer system is required to dissipate. ... The Thermal Design Power (TDP) represents the maximum amount of power the thermal solution in a computer system is required to dissipate. ... The Thermal Design Power (TDP) represents the maximum amount of power the thermal solution in a computer system is required to dissipate. ...

Roadmap

In the first half of 2007, Hawk will update the current Turion 64 X2, adding support for DDR2-800, based on 65 nm process. AMD will launch Hawk processors together with Kite refresh platform, with Turion Ultra processor in 2008. The 65 nanometer (65 nm) process is the next milestone as of 2005 in semiconductor manufacturing and fabrication. ... The AMD mobile platform is an open platform for laptops from AMD. Though little marketing was done on this platform, it has been competing with the Centrino platform in the segment to gain more marketshare. ...


See also

The AMD mobile platform is an open platform for laptops from AMD. Though little marketing was done on this platform, it has been competing with the Centrino platform in the segment to gain more marketshare. ... For other uses, see Turion. ... . ... . ... The Sempron is AMDs newest low-end CPU, replacing the Duron processor. ...

References

External links

AMD redirects here. ... This article gives a list of Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) microprocessors, sorted by generation and release year. ... AMD Am2901 - 4-Bit-Slice ALU Am2900 is a family integrated circuits (ICs) created in 1975 by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). ... AMD 29000 Microprocessor The AMD 29000, often simply 29k, was a popular family of RISC-based 32-bit microprocessors and microcontrollers from Advanced Micro Devices. ... AMD Am9080. ... AMD started in the x86 business as a second-source manufacturer for Intels chip designs. ... AMD Am386DX-40 CPU The Am386 central processing unit microprocessor was released by AMD in 1991. ... AMD Am486 Microprocessor The Am486 was a 80486-class family of computer processors that were produced by AMD in the 1990s. ... AMD 5x86-P75 The AMD 5x86 processor is an x86-compatible CPU introduced in 1995 by AMD for use in 486-class computer systems. ... K5 core diagram AMD 5K86-P90 (SSA/5) AMD K5 PR166 The K5 was AMDs first in-house processor, developed to compete with Intels Pentium microprocessor range. ... History 1997 saw the arrival of AMDs K6 microprocessor. ... The K6-2 was an x86 microprocessor manufactured by AMD, available in speeds ranging from 266 to 550 MHz. ... K6-III+/450 The image above is proposed for deletion. ... The AMD Duron was an x86-compatible computer processor manufactured by AMD. It was released on June 19, 2000 as a low-cost alternative to AMDs own Athlon processor and the Pentium III and Celeron processor lines from rival Intel. ... Athlon is the brand name applied to a series of different x86 processors designed and manufactured by AMD. The original Athlon, or Athlon Classic, was the first seventh-generation x86 processor and, in a first, retained the initial performance lead it had over Intels competing processors for a significant... . ... The Alchemy processor is a low power processor family from Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... National Semiconductor Geode GX1, 233 MHz Geode is a series of x86-compatible microprocessors and I/O companions produced by AMD targeted at the embedded computing market. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Sempron is AMDs newest low-end CPU, replacing the Duron processor. ... The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64 architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003. ... Athlon 64 X2 Logo Athlon 64 X2 E6 3800+ The Athlon 64 X2 is the first dual-core desktop CPU manufactured by AMD. It is essentially a processor consisting of two Athlon 64 cores joined together on one die with additional control logic. ... This article is about series of dual-core processors based on K10 microarchitecture. ... The term K9 represents a microarchitecture by AMD to replace the K8 chips, and has had various definitions. ... The Athlon 64 FX is an AMD K8 series processor targeted at enthusiasts. ... Phenom (pronounced as IPA:, as in the word phenomenon) is the AMD desktop processor line based on the K10 (not K10h) microarchitecture [1], or Family 10h Processors, as AMD calls them. ... The AMD K10 is AMDs next generation of processors. ... For other uses, see Turion. ... The Opteron is AMDs x86 server processor line, and was the first processor to implement the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64). ... The AMD FireStream (previously branded as ATI FireStream, also AMD Stream Processor [1]) is a stream processor developed by ATI Technologies. ... Codenamed Bobcat, is a processor designed by AMD, which was revealed during the a speech address from AMD executive vice-president Henri Richard in Computex 2007 held in Taiwan, no specific release dates was given but rumours and speculations forecast a post-2008 launch [1]. The Bobcat processor was a... Bulldozer is the codename AMD has given to one of the next-generation CPU cores after K10 microarchitecture for the companys M-SPACE design methodology, with the core specifically aimed at 10 Watts to 100 Watts TDP computing products. ... AMD Fusion is the codename for a future next-generation microprocessor design and the product of the merger between AMD and ATI, combining general processor execution as well as 3D geometry processing and other functions of todays GPUs into a single package. ... The Socket 370 processor socket, a ZIF type PGA socket A CPU socket or CPU slot is a connector on a computers motherboard that accepts a CPU and forms an electrical interface with it. ... This is a comparison of chipsets sold under the brand AMD, manufactured before May 2004 by the company itself, before the adoption of open platform approach as well as chipsets manufactured by ATI Technologies (ATI) after July 2006 as the completion of the ATI acquisition. ...

 
 

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