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Encyclopedia > Turban
Not to be confused with Türban, the semantically changed Turkish word for Hijab
A Sikh man wearing a turban
A Sikh man wearing a turban

The turban (from Persian دلبند or دولبند, dulband via the Turkish tülbent) is a headdress consisting of a long scarf-like single piece of cloth wound round the head or an inner hat. In Hindi, a turban is called a pagṛī (पगड़ी) or sāfā (साफ़ा). The word "turban" is a common umbrella term used in English to refer to any sort of head wrap regardless of region or culture. Genera and species See text. ... “Higab” redirects here. ... In diachronic (or historical) linguistics, semantic change is a change in one of the meanings of a word. ... “Higab” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Turbanned_man. ... Image File history File links Turbanned_man. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Iraqi wearing a keffiyeh. ... This article is about the article of clothing. ... For other uses, see Head (disambiguation). ... A hat is an item of clothing which is worn on the head; a kind of headgear. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... An umbrella term is a word that provides a superset or grouping of related concepts, also called a hypernym. ...


The long strip of cloth was soaked in water at a well, and then wrapped around the head. The layers of wet cloth kept wet all day in the hot dry air.


Contemporary turbans come in many shapes, sizes, and colors.

  • Middle Eastern, Central Asian, South Asian, and Sikh turban wearers usually wind their turban anew for each wearing, using long strips of cloth. The cloth is usually five meters or less. However, some elaborate South Asian turbans may be permanently formed and sewn to a foundation. Turbans can be very large or quite modest dependent upon region, culture, and religion.
  • Turbans are worn as women's hats in Western countries. They are usually sewn to a foundation, so that they can be donned or removed easily. Now that fewer Western women wear hats they are less common. However, turbans are still worn by female cancer patients who have lost their hair to chemotherapy and wish to cover their heads. Some women use wigs; others prefer scarves and turbans.
  • Women of the West Indies often cover their heads with intricately tied scarves which may be called scarves, head wraps, or turbans.

In Western countries such as the United States, Canada, Europe, etc., men seen wearing turbans in public are likely to be Sikhs, who wear turbans to cover the long uncut hair worn as a sign of their commitment to the Sikh faith. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Central Asia is a region of Asia. ... Map of South Asia South Asia is a subregion of Asia comprising the modern states of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, . It covers about 4,480,000 km², or 10 percent of the continent, and is also known as the Indian subcontinent. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Chemotherapy is the use of chemical substances to treat disease. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ...

Contents

Contemporary turbans

Sikh turbans

Unlike any other religion, the turban is closely associated with the Sikh faith. Those who undergo initiation, Khande di Pahul (a type of baptism), to join the Khalsa are forbidden to cut their hair as well as non-baptised Sikhs. Such men are required to wear a turban to manage their long hair. Mostly baptised women also wear turban however non-baptised sikh women usually do not wear turban. Un-initiated Sikhs are still required to leave their hair unshorn. The vast majority of people who wear turbans in Western countries are Sikhs. In India, a turban is commonly called pagṛī (ਪਗੜੀ). Sikhs often call it dastār (ਦਸਤਾਰ), a more respectful Punjabi word for 'turban'. This article is about the Christian religious act of Baptism. ...


Rajasthani turbans

Wearing Rajasthani turban
Wearing Rajasthani turban

Jats and Rajputs from the Indian state of Rajasthan wear distinctive turbans. Rajputs traditionally wear coloured turbans where as Jats wear white turbans. The Marwaris wear light coloured turbans. Many styles of turbans are found in Rajasthan; it is said that the style (and smell) of the turban changes with every 15 km you travel. In some areas, especially in Rajasthan the turban's size may indicate the position of the person in society. 'Royalty' in different parts of India have distinctly different styles of turbans, as do the 'peasants', who often just wear a towel wound around the head. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 592 × 599 pixels Full resolution (790 × 800 pixel, file size: 193 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Turban ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 592 × 599 pixels Full resolution (790 × 800 pixel, file size: 193 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Turban ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Rajput constitute one of the major Hindu Kshatriya groups from India. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Marwari may refer to: Marwari Site, Connecting Marwaris :TheMarwari. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ...


Mysori turbans

The people of the Indian districts of Mysore and Kodagu wear turbans called Mysore peta. Distinguished people are honoured by the award of a Mysore peta in a formal ceremony. In Kodagu district people wear it with traditional dress on special occasions such as marriages. , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... Location of the Kodagu district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ...


Turbans as hats in Western countries

Turbans have been worn by men and women since the 17th century, without ever becoming very common. Now that hats are infrequently worn, turbans too are relatively uncommon. They are worn primarily by women of West Indian descent and by female cancer patients.


Some African-American men wear scarves on their heads, and sometimes these scarves are elaborated to the point that they might be called turbans. Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...


Headdress in Muslim majority countries

The 17th century Muslim Mogul Emperor Shah Jahan
The 17th century Muslim Mogul Emperor Shah Jahan

The men of many Islamic cultures have worn or wear a headdress of some sort that may be considered a turban. Islam however does not require any sort of head wrap or headdress except for a woman's Headscarf. Head wraps that men wear are called several names and worn in different ways dependent on region and culture. Examples include Umamah (Arabic: عمامة) in Arabic, and dastār (Persian: دستار) in Persian. Headgear, headwear or headdress is the name given to any element of clothing which is worn on ones head. ... Image File history File links Shahjahan. ... Image File history File links Shahjahan. ... Mogul may mean: a bump in the snow in alpine skiing, a Mongolian the Mughal empire, or any member of its ruling dynasty by extension, any ruler or powerful person, such as a industrial mogul or media mogul a railroad steam locomotive type called the Mogul the largest size light... Shahabuddin Mohammed Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jehan, Shahjehan. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Headgear, headwear or headdress is the name given to any element of clothing which is worn on ones head. ... Turkish women in eastern Turkey wearing the non-Islamic yemeni headscarfs. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Farsi redirects here. ...

  • Many types of head wrap are worn by Islamic scholars in many Muslim countries. Islamic scholars meaning specifically Muslim scholars who study the religion of Islam, most likely being Sheikhs or Imams.
  • In Shi'a Islam, wearing a black head wrap is a claim to status as a descendant of Muhammad.
  • In Sudan, large white headdress is worn; they generally connote high social status.

In modern Persian Gulf countries, the head wrap has been replaced by the plain or checkered scarf (called keffiyeh, ghutrah or shumagh), though the Arabic Umamah tradition is still strong in Oman (see Sultan Qaboos of Oman). For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shī‘a Islam, also Shi‘ite Islam, or Shi‘ism (Arabic ) is the second largest denomination of the Islamic faith. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... An Iraqi man wearing a predominantly red keffiyeh in a Charraweyya (جراوية) style. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Sayyed Qaboos bin Sa’id Al ‘Bu Sa’id GCB GCMG GCVO (Arabic: قابوس بن سعيد آل سعيد born November 18, 1940 in Salalah) is the current Sultan of Oman. ...


History of turbans

Al-Kindi, the Arab polymath, depicted on a Syrian Post stamp.
1600s painting by Jan Vermeer
1600s painting by Jan Vermeer

Humans have been wearing cloth on their heads since the invention of cloth. Texts and art that survive from many past cultures mention turbans. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the Christian theologian, see Abd al-Masih ibn Ishaq al-Kindi. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Leonardo da Vinci, a polymath, is seen as the epitome of the related term, Renaissance Man A polymath (Greek polymathÄ“s, πολυμαθής, having learned much)[1][2] is a person with encyclopedic, broad, or varied knowledge or learning. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1256x1478, 128 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Suleiman the Magnificent Turban ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1256x1478, 128 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Suleiman the Magnificent Turban ... Ottoman redirects here. ... Suleiman II (April 15, 1642 – 1691) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1687 to 1691. ... Download high resolution version (815x990, 99 KB)1600s painting by Johannes Vermeer The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Download high resolution version (815x990, 99 KB)1600s painting by Johannes Vermeer The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... View of Delft, 1660-1661 Johannes Vermeer (1632 - December 15, 1675) was a Dutch painter. ...

  • The ancient Persians wore a conical cap sometimes encircled by bands of cloth.
  • It is believed that the Arabs of the time of Muhammad, the Islamic prophet, wore Umamah (Arabic: عمامة). They were very useful for fending off the desert sand and protecting the head and face from very high temperatures and strong sunlight. When the great Islamic empires were established, under the first four caliphs, the Umayyads, and the Abbasids, the new rulers wore Umamah. Head wraps then diffused to populations under Islamic rule, even in countries where they were not previously worn.
  • Probably the largest-ever Turbans were worn by high-ranking Turks of the Ottoman period, including soldiers. These were enormous round turbans, wrapped around a hollow cone or framework, that often projected at the top. From the 19th century the Turks mostly gave up the turban for the fez at the same time as they abandoned their kaftan tunics for more Western dress. Broad-rimmed Western hats did not meet the Islamic requirement that the forehead touch the ground during prayer and the Sultan issued a decree enforcing the wearing of the fez, applicable to all religious groups. Suleiman the Magnificent was renowned for the size of his turban.
  • Many contemporary images show European men of the Middle Ages and Renaissance wearing headgear that looks like turbans. These hats are actually chaperons, which could look very similar. [2] Men in Europe were expected to take off their headgear in church, and in the presence of a person of much higher rank, like a king. This is not easy with a turban. Turbans also appear in European religious art, especially in scenes picturing the Holy Land, then inhabited by turban-wearers. Turbans did not become a regular part of European headgear until the late 17th century. Men then shaved their heads and wore heavy wigs; when relaxing at home, they removed the wigs and covered their heads with caps or sometimes turbans.
  • European women wore an amazing variety of headresses, some of which appear to be wrapped scarves or turbans. If they were turbans, they do not seem to have been all that common. In the late 18th century and early 19th, turbans became fashionable headgear for women. [5] The first recorded use of the English word "turban" for a Western female headress is in 1776 (OED). As with all styles, they have waxed and waned in popularity. Later Victorians wore wrapped toques; turbans were fashionable in the early 20th century. [6] , [7]. The French couturier Poiret was known for his Orientalist designs featuring turbans. Turbans were fashionable in the 1940s and 1950s [8], [9]; one name given them was cache-misère (French, "hide misery"), a chic solution to a bad-hair day. [10] After a precipitous decline in hat-wearing during the 1960s, turbans are rarely seen.

Veda redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... edit Geographical extent of Iranian influence in the 1st century BCE. The Parthian Empire (mostly Western Iranian) is shown in red, other areas, dominated by Scythia (mostly Eastern Iranian), in orange. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Anglicized/Latinized version of the Arabic word خليفة or Khalifah, is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... The Umayyad Dynasty (Arabic الأمويون / بنو أمية umawiyy; in Turkish, Emevi) was the first dynasty of caliphs of the Prophet Muhammad who were not closely related to Muhammad himself, though they were of the same Meccan tribe, the... Abbasid provinces during the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid Abbasid was the dynastic name generally given to the caliphs of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Muslim empire. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... A Fez The Fez (also known as the Checheya or Tarboosh) is a red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone; a black tassel hangs from the crown. ... This kaftan was a gift from Venetians to Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th century. ... Suleiman I (Ottoman Turkish: Sulaymān, Turkish: ; formally Kanuni Sultan Süleyman in Turkish) (November 6, 1494 – September 5/6, 1566), was the tenth and longest‐serving Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from 1520 to 1566. ... Portrait presumed to be of Giovanni Arnolfini by Jan van Eyck, late 1430s. ... For other uses, see Holy Land (disambiguation). ... A wig or toupee is a head of hair - human, horse-hair or synthetic - worn on the head for fashion or various other aesthetic and stylistic reasons, including cultural and religious observance. ... OED stands for Oxford English Dictionary Office of Enrollment & Discipline This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Categories: People stubs | 1879 births | 1944 deaths | French people ...

Harassment of turban-wearers

In some western countries a number of turban-wearers have been attacked or abused on the mistaken assumption that Muslims wear turbans. Sikh men wearing turbans have been harassed or even killed because of their headgear. [3][4] [5][6] One widely publicized incident was the murder of Balbir Sodhi. In fact, North American and European Muslims almost never wear head wraps, instead they may wear the small skullcap often called a kufi, or other forms of headdress according to the cultural background of the wearer. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... A kufi is a short rounded cap, traditionally worn by Muslims, although within the US it has become more commonly identified with persons of African descent, who wear it to show pride in their history and their religion. ... Headgear, headwear or headdress is the name given to any element of clothing which is worn on ones head. ...


References

  1. ^ Terence Dukes. The Boddhisattva Warriors: The Origin, Inner Philosophy, History and Symbolism of the Buddhist Martial Art Within India and China (p. 3, 158-174, 242).
  2. ^ S. W. Reed, From Chaperones to Chaplets:Aspects of Men’s Headdress 1400–1519, M.S. Thesis, 1992, University of Maryland, available online
  3. ^ "Turbans Make Sikhs Innocent Targets", by Larry B. Stammer, The Los Angeles Times, 20 September 2001, reprinted at WackyIraqi.com, retrieved 8 June 2006[1]
  4. ^ "California woman charged with intimidating Sikhs in Oregon", by Steven Du Bois, Berkeley Daily Planet, 18 September 2001, retrieved 8 June 2006[2]
  5. ^ "Immigrants fear backlash to terror attacks", by Suhasini Haidar, CNN, 19 September, 2001, retrieved 8 June 2006[3]
  6. ^ "Hate crime victim recounts assault in his liquor store", by Cadonna M. Peyton, Associated Press. Berkeley Daily Planet, 8 December 2001, retrieved 8 June 2006[4]

See also

A hat is an item of clothing which is worn on the head; a kind of headgear. ... This article is about the article of clothing. ... Millinery is womens hats and other articles sold by a milliner, or the profession or business of designing, making, or selling hats for women. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Turbans

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Turbans - general

  • Short survey of contemporary male turbans, with pictures
  • www.RateMyTurban.com - photos

Turbans for cancer patients

Sikh turbans

  • The Sikh on the Street - Short video challenging perceptions and stereotypes to who the Sikhs are.
  • Understanding Turbans
  • The Sikh Turban
  • Why Sikhs Wear a Turban
  • Instructional videos on how to tie a Sikh Style Turban
  • Rate My Turban Promoting the positive image of the turban
  • Information on why Sikhs wear Turbans

European turbans

  • The Regency turban

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chéchias and Turbans of the Zouaves (499 words)
When, in 1852, the 3 Battalions were the nucleus of 3 new Regiments of Zouaves, each Regiment adopted the color is its Battalion turban as the color of it's tombeaux and ALL 3 regiments wore a green turban until 1867 when white turbans were officially adopted.
The official removal of the turban from dress was in 1903, but many men continued to wear turbans for full dress long afterwards.
The turban was made of cotton cloth with a weft of 31-32 threads per centimeter, and a waft of 21-22 threads per centimeter.
Why do Sikhs wear Turbans? (3079 words)
People who take their turban off in public when it is not convenient are not relating to the spiritual power of this form.
Turbans come in every color and pattern but there are three colors most commonly worn: white, deep blue, and saffron orange.
White turbans are worn to extend the aura and the person’s projection.
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