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Encyclopedia > Tupolev

Tupolev (Russian: Туполев) is a Russian aerospace and defence company. Officially known as PSC Tupolev, it is the successor of the famed Tupolev OKB or Tupolev Design Bureau (OKB-156, design office prefix Tu) headed by the renowned Soviet aerospace engineer A.N. Tupolev. The company celebrated its 80th anniversary on October 22, 2002. Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev (Russian: ; November 10, 1888 – December 23, 1972) was a pioneering Russian aircraft designer. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


Introduction

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The Tupolev Design Bureau is involved in the Russian space program. The space shuttle Buran is shown here.

The capabilities of PSC Tupolev include development, manufacturing and overhaul for both civil and military aerospace products such as aircraft and weapons systems. It is also active in missile and naval aviation technologies. Throughout its existence more than 300 projects have been completed. More than 18,000 Tupolev aircraft were produced for the USSR and the Eastern Bloc. Image File history File links Originally uploaded to ru: by Участник:Дирл at June 4, 2005, with the following description: космический корабль Буран File links The following pages link to this file: Shuttle Buran List of space shuttle missions Tupolev ... Image File history File links Originally uploaded to ru: by Участник:Дирл at June 4, 2005, with the following description: космический корабль Буран File links The following pages link to this file: Shuttle Buran List of space shuttle missions Tupolev ... From World War II until its breakup, the Soviet Union undertook projects to build rockets, craft, and instruments for war and exploration of space. ... The Space Shuttle Columbia seconds after engine ignition, 1981 (NASA). ... Illustration of the Buran Shuttle on an Energiya booster rocket Buran-Energia on the launch pad at Baikonur Buran-Energia on the pad Buran on liftoff Buran on touchdown Buran piggybacked on an An-225 carrier Buran shuttle before liftoff. ... A missile (British English: miss-isle; U.S. English: missl) is, in general, a projectile—that is, something thrown or otherwise propelled. ... An aircraft carrier is a warship whose main role is to deploy and recover aircraft. ... During the Cold War,the Eastern Bloc (or Soviet Bloc) comprised the following Central and Eastern European countries: Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, East Germany, Poland, Albania (until the early 1960s, see below), the Soviet Union, and Czechoslovakia. ...


History

Tupolev OKB was founded by Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev in 1922. Its facilities are tailored for aeronautics research and aircraft design only, manufacturing is handled by other firms. It undertook research on all-metal airplanes in the 1920s. Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev (Russian: ; November 10, 1888 – December 23, 1972) was a pioneering Russian aircraft designer. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Aeronautics is the science and practice of aircraft navigation. ... Fixed-wing aircraft is a term used to refer to what are more commonly known as aeroplanes in Commonwealth English (excluding Canada) or airplanes in North American English. ... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America as the Roaring Twenties. // Events and trends Technology John T. Thompson invents Thompson submachine gun, also known as Tommy gun John Logie Baird invents the first working mechanical television system (1925) Charles Lindbergh becomes the first person to...

Tupolev ANT-20 "Maxim Gorky", the largest airplane of the 1930s, it was used for Stalinist propaganda purposes and was often flown over Moscow.
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Tupolev ANT-20 "Maxim Gorky", the largest airplane of the 1930s, it was used for Stalinist propaganda purposes and was often flown over Moscow.

Among its notable results during the period was the heavy bomber, where Tupolev's design approach defined for many years the trends of heavy aircraft development, civil and military. ANT-20 Maxim Gorky 1930s. ... ANT-20 Maxim Gorky 1930s. ... The Tupolev ANT-20 (also known as the Maxim Gorky) (Туполев АНТ-20 Максим Горький in Russian) was a Soviet 8-engine airplane, the largest in the 1930s. ... Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov (In Russian Алексей Максимович Пешков) (March 28; March 16 Old Style, 1868–June 14, 1936), better known as Maxim Gorky (Максим Горький), was a Soviet/Russian author, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist. ... // Events and trends The 1930s were spent struggling for a solution to the global depression. ... Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system implemented by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. ... North Korean propaganda showing a soldier destroying the United States Capitol building. ... Saint Basils Cathedral and Spasskaya Tower of Moscow Kremlin at Red Square. ...


In World War II, the twin-engined, all-metal Tu-2 was one of the best front-line bombers of the Soviets. Several variants of it were produced in large numbers from 1942. During the war it used wooden rear fuselages due to a shortage of metal. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was by far the bloodiest, most expensive, and most significant war in... The Tupolev Tu-2 (Development names ANT-58 and 103, NATO reporting name Bat) was a twin-engine Soviet light bomber aircraft of WW2 vintage. ... This article is about the year. ...


In 1945, four Boeing B-29 Superfortresses landed in Soviet territory after a mission in Japan. They were quickly copied by the design bureau and formed the basis of the first Soviet intercontinental strategic bomber, the Tu-4 (NATO reporting name 'Bull'), which first flew in 1947 and was produced in substantial numbers. The Tu-4 proved critical to Tupolev's postwar development, with many of its most important subsequent aircraft leveraging off of the reverse-engineering of the Boeing aircraft. 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Boeing Company NYSE: BA is the leading American aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities in Everett, Washington, near Seattle, Washington. ... The Boeing B-29 Superfortress (Boeing Model 341/345) was a four-engine heavy bomber flown by the United States Army Air Force. ... The Tupolev Tu-4 was a piston-engined Soviet strategic bomber which served the Soviet Air Force from the late 1940s to mid 1960s. ... NATO reporting names were code names for Soviet and Chinese military equipment. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Boeing Company NYSE: BA is the leading American aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities in Everett, Washington, near Seattle, Washington. ...

Tu-16s being visited by an F-14 during the Cold War
Tu-16s being visited by an F-14 during the Cold War

This was followed by the development of the jet-powered Tu-16 Badger bomber, based on an enlarged version of the B-29/Tu-4 fuselage, which used a sweptback wing for good subsonic performance. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Tupolev Tu-16 (NATO codename: Badger) was a twin-engine jet bomber used by the Soviet Union. ...


As turbojets were not fuel efficient enough to provide truly intercontinental range, the Soviets elected to design a new bomber, the Tu-20 'Bear', more commonly referred to as the Tu-95. It, too, was based on the fuselage and structural design of the Tu-4, but with four colossal turboprop engines providing a unique combination of jet-like speed and long range. It became the definitive Soviet intercontinental bomber, with intercontinental range and jet-like performance. In many respects the Soviet equivalent of the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, it served as a strategic bomber and in many alternate roles, including reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare. Jet engine diagram Turbojets are the simplest and oldest kind of jet engine. ... InterContinental is a brand of upscale luxury hotels owned by InterContinental Hotels Group. ... The Tupolev Tu-95 (NATO reporting name Bear) is the most successful Tupolev strategic bomber and missile carrier from the times of the Soviet Union. ... A diagram showing how a turboprop works. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A strategic bomber is a large aircraft designed to drop large amounts of ordnance on a distant target for the purposes of debilitating an enemys capacity to wage war. ... Mixed reconaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Anti-submarine warfare is a term referring to warfare directed against submarines. ...


The Tu-16 was developed into the civil Tu-104, which was for some time the only jet-powered airliner flying following the temporary grounding of the De Havilland Comet. The Tu-95 became the basis of the unique Tu-114 medium-to-long-range airliner, the fastest turboprop aircraft ever. The Tupolev Tu-104 (NATO reporting name: Camel) was a twin-engined medium-range turbojet-powered Soviet airliner. ... This article deals with the de Havilland Comet jet airliner. ...


Even before the first flights of the Tu-16 and Tu-20/Tu-95, Tupolev was working high-speed supersonic bombers, culminating in the unsuccessful Tu-98 (NATO reporting name 'Backfin'). Although that aircraft never entered service, it became the basis for the prototype Tu-102 (later developed into the Tupolev Tu-28 interceptor) and the Tu-105, which evolved into the supersonic Tu-22 'Blinder' bomber in the mid-1960s. Intended as a counterpart to the Convair B-58 Hustler, 'Blinder' proved rather less capable, although ironically it remained in service far longer than the American aircraft. Meanwhile the ?K? Department was formed in the Design Bureau, with the task of designing unmanned aircraft such as the Tu-139 and the Tu-143 unmanned reconnaissance aircraft. NATO reporting names were code names for Soviet and Chinese military equipment. ... The Tupolev Tu-28 (NATO reporting name Fiddler) was developed by the Soviet Union in the 1960s as a long-range interceptor. ... Interceptor has several meanings: Interceptor aircraft are a type of fighter aircraft designed specifically to intercept and destroy enemy aircraft. ... The Tupolev Tu-22 (NATO reporting name Blinder) is a Soviet jet supersonic bomber and reconnaissance aircraft. ... The 1960s, or The Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... The Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation, universally known as Convair, was the result of a 1943 merger between Consolidated Aircraft and Vultee Aircraft, resulting in a leading aircraft manufacturer of the United States. ... B-58 Hustler The Convair B-58 Hustler was a high-speed jet bomber developed for the Strategic Air Command during the late 1950s. ...

Tu-144 supersonic airliner
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Tu-144 supersonic airliner

The 1960s also saw the ascendence of A. N. Tupolev's son, A. A. Tupolev. His role includes the development of the world's first supersonic airliner, the Tu-144, the popular Tu-154 airliner and the Tu-22M 'Backfire' strategic bomber, a swing-wing development of the Tu-22. All these developments enabled the Soviet Union to achieve strategic military and civil aviation parity with the West. Tu-144. ... Tu-144. ... Alexei Andreyevich Tupolev (May 20, 1925 _ May 12, 2001) was a Soviet aircraft designer who led the development of the first Soviet supersonic passenger jet, the Tupolev Tu_144. ... The Tupolev Tu-22M (NATO reporting name Backfire) was a supersonic, swing-wing, long-range strategic bomber developed by the Soviet Union. ... A strategic bomber is a large aircraft designed to drop large amounts of ordnance on a distant target for the purposes of debilitating an enemys capacity to wage war. ... A swing-wing is a type of pivoted wing planform that attempts to combine the advantages of a swept wing at high speeds, while avoiding its problems at lower speeds. ... The Tupolev Tu-22 (NATO reporting name Blinder) is a Soviet jet supersonic bomber and reconnaissance aircraft. ...


In the 1970s, Tupolev concentrated its efforts on improving the performance of the Tu-22M bombers, whose variants included maritime versions. It is the presence of these bombers in quantity that brought about the SALT I and SALT II treaties. Also the efficiency and performance of the Tu-154 was improved, culminating in the efficient Tu-154M. This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ... SALT I is the common name for the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks fromthe talks. ... SALT II was a second round of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks from 1972-1979 between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which sought to curtail the manufacture of strategic nuclear weapons. ...

Tu-160, the last of the Soviet bombers
Tu-160, the last of the Soviet bombers

In the 1980s the design bureau developed the supersonic Tu-160 strategic bomber. Features include variable-geometry wings. The Tu-160 is much more capable than its western equivalent, the Rockwell B-1 Lancer, but the disintegration of the Soviet Union slowed its development, and many early problems were never adequately corrected. public domain image This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... public domain image This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 60s and 70s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... Tupolev Tu-160 The Tupolev Tu-160 (NATO reporting name Blackjack) is a supersonic, swing-wing heavy bomber designed in the Soviet Union. ... A swing-wing is a type of pivoted wing planform that takes advantage of the aerodynamics of a swept wing at high speeds while avoiding the drawbacks of such a design at lower speeds. ... Rockwell can refer to: Rockwell International - a defense company in the United States Rockwell Automation - an industrial automation company that descended from Rockwell International Rockwell Collins - a communications and aviation electronics company that also descended from Rockwell International Willard Rockwell - businessman who helped shape and name what became Rockwell International... The B-1 Lancer The Boeing IDS (formerly Rockwell) B-1B Lancer is a long-range strategic bomber in service with the USAF. Together with the B-52 Stratofortress, it is the backbone of the United States long-range bomber force. ...


Post Soviet times

With the end of the Cold War, research work was concentrated on subsonic civil aircraft, mainly on operating economics and alternative fuels. The developments include fly-by-wire, use of efficient high-bypass turbofans and advanced aerodynamic layouts for the 21st century transport aircraft such as the Tu-204/214, Tu-330 and Tu-334. For the generic term for a high-tension rivalry between countries, see cold war (war). ... A flight control system consists of the flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkage, and necessary operating mechanisms to control aircraft in flight The basic fundamentals of aircraft controls has been explained in aeronautics. ... CFM56-3 turbofan, lower half, side view. ...


Among current Tupolev projects:

  • further development of TU-204/214 and TU-334 aircraft family
  • development of cargo aircraft TU-330, regional and executive TU-324 aircraft
  • research on practical aspects of aircraft operation using alternative fuels
  • modernization of Russian Naval Aviation and Air Force

Directors

  • Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev was a leading designer at the Moscow-based Central Aero-Hydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI) from 1929 until his death in 1972. This design bureau produced mostly bombers and airliners.
  • Alexei Tupolev, son of Andrei Tupolev, was also a famous aircraft designer. His most famous design was the supersonic airliner Tupolev Tu-144. He led Tupolev until his death in 2001.

Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev (Russian: ; November 10, 1888 – December 23, 1972) was a pioneering Russian aircraft designer. ... TsAGI is a transliteration of the Russian abbreviation for Центра́льный аэрогидродинами́ческий институ́т (ЦАГИ) or Tsentralniy Aerogidrodinamicheskiy Institut, the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... A bomber is a military aircraft designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft (an aeroplane/airplane) initially designed for the transport of paying passengers, and usually operated by an airline company (which owns or leases the aircraft). ... Alexei Andreyevich Tupolev (May 20, 1925 _ May 12, 2001) was a Soviet aircraft designer who led the development of the first Soviet supersonic passenger jet, the Tupolev Tu_144. ... Tupolev Tu-144LL The Tupolev Tu-144 (NATO reporting name: Charger) was a supersonic airliner constructed under management of the Soviet Tupolev design bureau headed by Alexei Tupolev (1925–2001). ...

Tupolev aircraft

Many designs have come out from the design bureau. Those in production series may have runs up to 4,500 as in Tu-2. However many are also dead-ends or experimental, with as little as a single copy being produced. They were killed by changing military or political situations. Many of these experimental variants pave the way for series production versions. In the West, Soviet aircraft are better known by their NATO code-names. The code-names are shown where applicable.


Early piston-powered series

  • Tupolev ANT-4
  • Tupolev ANT-20 Maxim Gorky
  • Tupolev ANT-25
  • Tupolev Tu-2 "Bat"
  • Tupolev Tu-4 "Bull"
  • Tupolev Tu-10

The Tupolev TB-1 (Тяжелый бомбардировщик - Tyazholy Bombardirovschik - heavy bomber, development name ANT-4) was a Soviet bomber aircraft, an angular monoplane that served as the backbone of the Soviet bomber force for many years. ... The Tupolev ANT-20 (also known as the Maxim Gorky) (Туполев АНТ-20 Максим Горький in Russian) was a Soviet 8-engine airplane, the largest in the 1930s. ... The Tupolev Tu-2 (Development names ANT-58 and 103, NATO reporting name Bat) was a twin-engine Soviet light bomber aircraft of WW2 vintage. ... The Tupolev Tu-4 was a piston-engined Soviet strategic bomber which served the Soviet Air Force from the late 1940s to mid 1960s. ...

Experimental types and dead-ends

  • Tupolev Tu-1
  • Tupolev Tu-6
  • Tupolev Tu-8
  • Tupolev Tu-12
  • Tupolev Tu-70
  • Tupolev Tu-72
  • Tupolev Tu-73
  • Tupolev Tu-74
  • Tupolev Tu-75
  • Tupolev Tu-80
  • Tupolev Tu-82
  • Tupolev Tu-85 "Barge"
  • Tupolev Tu-91 "Boot"
  • Tupolev Tu-93
  • Tupolev Tu-96
  • Tupolev Tu-98 "Backfin"
  • Tupolev Tu-107
  • Tupolev Tu-110
  • Tupolev Tu-116
  • Tupolev Tu-119
  • Tupolev Tu-125
  • Tupolev Tu-155
  • Tupolev Tu-156
  • Tupolev Tu-206
  • Tupolev Tu-216

The Tupolev Tu-70 was a passenger variant of the Tu-4 bomber, using a new pressurized fuselage designed for 72 passengers, first flying 27 November 1946. ... The Tupolev Tu-4 was a piston-engined Soviet strategic bomber which served the Soviet Air Force from the late 1940s to mid 1960s. ... The Tupolev Tu-75 was a transport variant of the Tu-4 bomber, using a new, purpose-designed fuselage. ... The Tupolev Tu-80 was a modernized version of the Tu-4 bomber with improvements on aerodynamics such as wing area increase, aircraft systems, weapon and equipment. ... The final refinement of Tu-4, the Tu-85 The Tupolev Tu-85 (NATO reporting name: Barge) was a final refined version of the Tu-4, overcoming the shortcomings of the aircraft especially with regards to range, creating a true intercontinental strategic bomber. ... The Tupolev Tu-91 (NATO reporting name Boot) was a Soviet naval attack bomber. ... The Tupolev Tu-98 (NATO reporting name Backfin) was a prototype swept wing jet bomber developed for the Soviet Union. ... The Tupolev Tu-107 was a prototype Soviet military transport aircraft developed from the Tu-104. ... The Tupolev Tu-110 (NATO reporting name: Cooker) was a prototype Soviet airliner, a four-engined variant of the Tu-104 powered by Lyulka AL-5 turbojets rated at 53. ... Aeroflot Tu-114, with Japan Air Lines cooperative service markings The Tupolev Tu-114 Rossiya is a turboprop powered medium-range airliner designed by the Tupolev design bureau. ... The Tupolev Tu-125 was an unrealized project to develop a new long-range supersonic bomber for the Soviet Air Force. ... The Tupolev Tu-154 is a Russian medium-range trijet airliner. ... The Tupolev Tu-154 is a Russian medium-range trijet airliner. ... The Tupolev Tu-204 is a twin-engined medium range Russian airliner capable of carrying 212 passengers. ... The Tupolev Tu-204 is a twin-engined medium range Russian airliner capable of carrying 212 passengers. ...

Series bombers and other military types

  • Tupolev Tu-14 "Bosun"
  • Tupolev Tu-16 "Badger"
  • "Bear" line
    • Tupolev Tu-20 (erroneous name for Tu-95)
    • Tupolev Tu-95 ("Bear A") and modifications
    • Tupolev Tu-142 ("Bear F"), anti-submarine
  • Tupolev Tu-22 "Blinder"
  • Tupolev Tu-22M/Tu-26 "Backfire"
  • Tupolev Tu-126 "Moss"
  • Tupolev Tu-160 "Blackjack"

The Tupolev Tu-14 (NATO reporting name Bosun) was a Soviet twin-turbojet light bomber designed as a competitor to the Ilyushin Il-28 Beagle. ... The Tupolev Tu-16 (NATO codename: Badger) was a twin-engine jet bomber used by the Soviet Union. ... The Tupolev Tu-95 (NATO reporting name Bear) is the most successful Tupolev strategic bomber and missile carrier from the times of the Soviet Union. ... Tupolev Tu-95 Bear The Tupolev Tu-95 (NATO reporting name Bear) is the most successful Tupolev strategic bomber and missile carrier from the times of the Soviet Union. ... The Tupolev Tu-22 (NATO reporting name Blinder) is a Soviet jet supersonic bomber and reconnaissance aircraft. ... The Tupolev Tu-22M (NATO reporting name Backfire) is a supersonic, swing-wing, long-range strategic bomber developed by the Soviet Union. ... Aeroflot Tu-114, with Japan Air Lines cooperative service markings The Tupolev Tu-114 Rossiya is a turboprop powered medium-range airliner designed by the Tupolev design bureau. ... Tupolev Tu-160 The Tupolev Tu-160 (NATO reporting name Blackjack) is a supersonic, swing-wing heavy bomber designed in the Soviet Union. ...

Series fighters

  • Tupolev Tu-28/Tu-102/Tu-128P "Fiddler"

The Tupolev Tu-28 (NATO reporting name Fiddler) was developed by the Soviet Union in the 1960s as a long-range interceptor. ...

Series airliners/transport

  • Tupolev Tu-104 "Camel"
  • Tupolev Tu-114 "Cleat"
  • Tupolev Tu-124 "Cookpot"
  • Tupolev Tu-134 "Crusty"
  • Tupolev Tu-144 "Charger"
  • Tupolev Tu-154 "Careless"
  • Tupolev Tu-204
  • Tupolev Tu-214
  • Tupolev Tu-330
  • Tupolev Tu-334

The Tupolev Tu-104 (NATO reporting name: Camel) was a twin-engined medium-range turbojet-powered Soviet airliner. ... Aeroflot Tu-114, with Japan Air Lines cooperative service markings The Tupolev Tu-114 Rossiya is a turboprop powered medium-range airliner designed by the Tupolev design bureau. ... The Tupolev Tu-124 is a Russian short range twinjet airliner capable of carrying 56 passengers. ... An Aeroflot Tu-134 sits on the tarmac The Tupolev Tu-134 (NATO reporting name Crusty) was a Russian twin-engined airliner, similar to the American Douglas DC-9. ... Tupolev Tu-144LL The Tupolev Tu-144 (NATO reporting name: Charger) was a supersonic airliner constructed under management of the Soviet Tupolev design bureau headed by Alexei Tupolev (1925–2001). ... Overhead view of Tu-154 airliner, operated by Aeroflot at Moscow airport. ... Tu 204 at MACS 1999 The Tupolev Tu-204 is a twin-engined medium range Russian airliner capable of carrying 212 passengers. ... Tupolev Tu-214 is a medium range twin-engined Russian airliner. ... Tupolev Tu-334 The Tupolev Tu-334 is a Russian airliner currently under development to replace the aging Tu-134s in service around the world. ...

Unmanned aircraft

  • Tupolev Tu-121 "C"
  • Tupolev Tu-123 "Yastreb-1"
  • Tupolev Tu-139 "Yastreb-2"
  • Tupolev Tu-141 "Strizh"
  • Tupolev Tu-143 "Reis"
  • Tupolev Tu-243 "Reis-D"
  • Tupolev Tu-300

See also


This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker Attack Ilyushin Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik Ilyushin Il-10 Sukhoi Sukhoi Su-2 Sukhoi Su-7 Sukhoi Su-24 Sukhoi Su-25 Yakovlev Yakovlev Yak-38 Bomber Ilyushin Ilyushin DB-3 Ilyushin Il-4 Ilyushin Il-28 Myasishchev Myasishchev M-4 Myasishchev M-50/M-52...

Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. ...


Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation This is a list of airlines in operation. ... This is a list of Air Forces, sorted alphabetically by country. ... This is a list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ...

External links

  • Company web site http://www.tupolev.ru/English/ (in English)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Andrei Tupolev - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (273 words)
Of the military aircraft he designed, the Tupolev Tu-95 (an intercontinental bomber) is probably the most famous.
Tupolev was arrested in 1937 together with another famous aircraft designer, Vladimir Petlyakov, charged with the creation of "Russian Fascist Party".
Officially Tupolev was convicted in 1940 for 10 years, but released in 1944 "for carrying out important defense works".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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