FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Tuoba" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Tuoba
Sixteen Kingdoms.
16 Kingdoms
Cheng Han
Han Zhao
Later Zhao
Former Liang
Later Liang
Western Liang
Northern Liang
Southern Liang
Former Qin
Later Qin
Western Qin
Former Yan
Later Yan
Northern Yan
Southern Yan
Xia
Not included
in the 16 Kingdoms
Ran Wei
Western Shu
Western Yan
Duan
Yuwen
Chouchi
Wei (Dingling)
Dai
Huan Chu
This box: view  talk  edit

Tuoba (拓拔; pinyin Tuòbá) or T'o-pa in Wade-Giles was a clan of the Xianbei people. Some scholars regard them as a proto-Mongolic ethnic group. They established the State of Dai and the Northern Wei Dynasty. The name was originally Tabgach, as attested in the Orhun inscriptions in the Göktürk language. It most likely meant "earth-origined" (as in toprak), or "round" (as in Topkapi) in Turkish. The Chinese surname Yuan, later adopted by the Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei to replace Tuoba, approximates the meanings of "origin" or "round" in the Chinese language. The Tuoba states of Dai and Northern Wei also claims to possess the quality of earth in the Chinese five element analogy. The Sixteen Kingdoms, or less commonly the Sixteen States, were a collection of numerous short-lived sovereignities in the China proper and neighboring areas from AD 304 to 439 after the retreat of the Jin Dynasty (265-420) to South China and before the establishment of the Northern Dynasties. ... The Cheng Han (Simplified Chinese character: 成汉, Traditional Chinese character: 成漢, pinyin Chénghàn) (303 or 304-347) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. ... The Han Zhao (Simplified Chinese script: 汉赵, Traditional Chinese script: 漢趙, pinyin: Hànzhào) (304-329) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Chinese Jin Dynasty (265-420). ... The Later Zhao (Simplified Chinese character: 后赵, Traditional Chinese character: 後趙, Hanyu pinyin Hòuzhào) (319-351) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. ... The Former Liang (Chinese character: 前凉, Hanyu pinyin Qián Liáng) (320-376) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. ... The Later Liang (Simplified Chinese character: 后凉, Traditional Chinese character: 後凉, Hanyu pinyin Hòu Liáng) (320-376) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. ... The Western Liang (Chinese character: 西凉, Hanyu pinyin Xī Liáng) (400-421) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Northern Liang (Chinese character: 北凉, Hanyu pinyin BÄ•i Liáng) (397-439) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Southern Liang (Chinese character: 南凉, Hanyu pinyin Nánliáng) (397-414) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. ... The Former Qin (Chinese character: 前秦, Hanyu pinyin Qiánqín) (351-394) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Later Qin (Simplified Chinese character: 后秦, Traditional Chinese character: 後秦, pinyin Hòuqín) (384-417) was a state of Qiang ethnicity of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. ... The Western Qin (Simplified Chinese character: 西秦, Traditional Chinese character: 西秦, pinyin Xīqín (385-400, 409-431)) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Former Yan (Simplified Chinese character: 前燕, Traditional Chinese character: 前燕, pinyin Qiányàn) (337-370) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Later Yan (Simplified Chinese character: 后燕, Traditional Chinese character: 後燕, pinyin Hòuyàn) (384-407 or 409) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Northern Yan (Simplified Chinese character: 北燕, Traditional Chinese character: 北燕, pinyin Bĕiyàn) (407 or 409-436) was a state of Han Chinese during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Southern Yan (Simplified Chinese character: 南燕, Traditional Chinese character: 南燕, pinyin Nányàn) (398-410) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Tiefu (Simplified Chinese character: 铁弗, Traditional Chinese character: 鐵弗, pinyin: TiÄ›fú) was a pre-state Xiongnu tribe during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... Ran Min (Simplified Chinese character: 冉闵; Chinese character: 冉閔, pinyin: RÇŽn Mǐn) was a Han Chinese military leader during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... Qiao Zong (d. ... The Western Yan (Simplified Chinese character: 西燕, Traditional Chinese character: 西燕, pinyin Xīyàn) (384-394) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Duan (Simplified Chinese character: 段, Traditional Chinese character: 段, pinyin Duàn) was a pre-state tribe of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... The Yuwen (Simplified Chinese character: 宇文, Traditional Chinese character: 宇文, pinyin Yǔwén) was a pre-state tribe of Xianbei and Hun ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... Related Topics Di Wu Hu List of past Chinese ethnic groups ... Wei (Chinese: 魏; pinyin: Wèi) was a state of Dingling ethnicity that existed during Chinas Sixteen Kingdoms period -- specifically, from 388 to 392. ... Dai (Chinese character: 代, pinyin: Dài) was a state of the Tuoba clan of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... Huan Xuan (桓玄) (369-404), courtesy name Jingdao (敬道), nickname Lingbao (靈寶), formally Emperor Wudao of Chu, was a Jin Dynasty (265-420) warlord who briefly took over the imperial throne from Emperor An of Jin and declared his own state of Chu in 403, but was defeated by an uprising led by... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... A clan is a group of people united by kinship and descent, which is defined by perceived descent from a common ancestor. ... The Xianbei (Simplified Chinese: 鲜卑; Traditional Chinese: 鮮卑; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsien-pei) were a significant nomadic people residing in modern Manchuria and eastern Mongolia, or Xianbei Shan, a historic term for Greater Khingan, before migrating into areas of the modern Chinese provinces of Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Hebei, Inner Mongolia... The Mongolic languages are a group of thirteen languages spoken in Central Asia. ... Dai (Chinese character: 代, pinyin: Dài) was a state of the Tuoba clan of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. ... Northern Wei Buddha Maitreya, 443 AD. A Buddhist stela from the Northern Wei period, build in the early 6th century. ... Tabgach was a central Asian name for China, derived from Tuoba (拓跋), a powerful Xianbei tribe. ... Orhon (or Orkhon) inscriptions are the oldest known Turkic writings, which were erected near the Orhon River between 732 and 735 in honour of two Kokturk princes named Kul and Bilge. ... The Göktürks or Kök-Türks were a Turkic people of ancient Central Asia and China. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The character Yuan, in small seal style, circa 2nd century. ... Xiaowen (孝文帝) (467–499) was the emperor of the Northern Wei dynasty from 471 to 499. ... Dai or DAI can mean: DAI, the IATA airport code of Darjeeling airport in India Dai people, one of the 56 recognized ethnic minorities of China Dai (midwife), a traditional midwife in India, belonging to a lower caste Da`i (داعي or داع) in Arabic is a missionary or caller to Islam... The Northern Wei Dynasty (北魏 386-534) is most noted for the unification of northern China in 440, it was also heavily involved in funding the arts and many antiques and art works from this period have survived. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water In traditional Chinese philosophy, natural phenomena can be classified into the Five Elements (Chinese: ; pinyin: ): wood, fire...


Chieftains of Tuoba Clan ¹ 219-377 (as Princes of Dai 315-377)

Posthumous names Chinese family names and first names Period of Reigns Era names and their according range of years
Chinese convention: family name and first names
Shenyuan 神元 pinyin (py.) shén yuán Tuoba Liwei ³ 拓拔力微 py. Tuòbá Lìwéi 219-277 Did not exist
Zhang 章 py. Zhāng Tuoba Xilu 拓拔悉鹿 py. Tuòbá Xīlù 277-286 Did not exist
Ping 平 py. Píng Tuoba Chuo 拓拔綽 py. Tuòbá Chuò 286-293 Did not exist
Si 思 py. Sī Tuoba Fu 拓拔弗 py. Tuòbá Fú 293-294 Did not exist
Zhao 昭 py. Zhāo Tuoba Luguan 拓拔祿官 py. Tuòbá Lùguān 294-307 Did not exist
Huan 桓 py. Huán Tuoba Yituo 拓拔猗㐌 py. Tuòbá Yītuō 295-305 Did not exist
Mu 穆 py. Mù Tuoba Yilu 拓拔猗盧 py. Tuòbá Yīlú 295-316 Did not exist
Did not exist Tuoba Pugen 拓拔普根 py. Tuòbá Pǔgēn 316 Did not exist
Did not exist 拓拔? Tuòbá ? 316 Did not exist
Pingwen 平文 py. Píngwén Tuoba Yulü 拓拔鬱律 py. Tuòbá Yùlǜ 316-321 Did not exist
Hui 惠 py. Huì Tuoba Heru 拓拔賀傉 py. Tuòbá Hèrǔ 321-325 Did not exist
Yang 煬 py. Yáng Tuoba Hena 拓拔紇那 py. Tuòbá Hénǎ 325-329 and 335-337 Did not exist
Lie 烈 py. Liè Tuoba Yihuai 拓拔翳槐 py. Tuòbá Yìhuaí 329-335 and 337-338 Did not exist
Zhaocheng 昭成 py. Zhaōchéng Tuoba Shiyijian 拓拔什翼健 py. Tuòbá Shíyìjiàn 338-377 Jianguo (建國 py. Jiànguó) 338-377

A posthumous name (Traditional Chinese: 諡號/謚號 Simplified Chinese: 谥号; Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ... A Chinese surname, also called a clan name or family name (姓, pinyin: x ng; or 氏, shi), is one of the over seven hundred family names used by Han Chinese and Sinicized Chinese ethnic groups. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... An era name was assigned as the name of each year by the leader (emperor or king) of the East Asian countries of China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam during some portion of their history. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Tuoba Liwei (Chinese: 拓拔力微; py. ... Events Legio III Gallica and IV Scythica are disbanded by Roman Emperor Elagabalus after their leaders, Verus and Gellius Maximus, rebel. ... Events Births Deaths Bahram I, king of Persia Categories: 277 ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Events Births Deaths Bahram I, king of Persia Categories: 277 ... This article is about the year 286. ... Tuoba Chuo (Chinese: 拓跋綽; pinyin: Tuòbá Chuò) (?-293), chieftain of the Tuoba 286-293. ... This article is about the year 286. ... Events March 1 - Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. ... Tuoba Fu (Chinese: æ‹“è·‹å¼—; pinyin: Tuòbá Fú) (?-294), chieftain of the Tuoba (293-294). ... Events March 1 - Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. ... Events Tuoba Lu Guan succeeds Tuoba Fu as chieftain of the Chinese Tuoba tribe. ... Tuoba Luguan (Chinese: 拓跋祿官; pinyin: Tuòbá Lùguān) (? — 307), chieftain of the Tuoba, from 294-307. ... Events Tuoba Lu Guan succeeds Tuoba Fu as chieftain of the Chinese Tuoba tribe. ... March 31 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Emperor Maximian. ... Tuoba Yituo (Chinese: 拓跋猗㐌(æ‹– without 手); pinyin: Tuòbá YÄ«tuō) (?-305) was the chieftain of the central Tuoba territory from 295-305. ... Events Roman Empire Diocletian beseiges Achilleus in Egypt, capturing him. ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Tuoba Yilu (Chinese: 拓跋猗盧; pinyin: Tuòbá YÄ«lú) (?-316) was the chieftain of the western Tuoba territory from 295-307, supreme chieftain of the Tuoba from 307-316, Duke of Dai from 310-315, first prince of the Tuoba Dai from 315-316. ... Events Roman Empire Diocletian beseiges Achilleus in Egypt, capturing him. ... Events Huns sack Changan, capital of the Chinese Western Jin Dynasty. ... Tuoba Pugen (Chinese: 拓跋普根; pinyin: Tuòbá PÇ”gÄ“n) (?—316) was the chieftain of the central Tuoba territory from 305 to 316, and in 316 ruled as prince of the Tuoba Dai as the supreme chieftain of the Tuoba clan. ... Events Huns sack Changan, capital of the Chinese Western Jin Dynasty. ... Events Huns sack Changan, capital of the Chinese Western Jin Dynasty. ... Tuoba Yulü (Chinese: 拓跋鬱律; pinyin: Tuòbá YùlÇœ) (?-321) ruled as prince of the Tuoba Dai 316 to 321. ... Events Huns sack Changan, capital of the Chinese Western Jin Dynasty. ... Events Publication of the first blue law by Constantine I of the Roman Empire: trade is forbidden on Sundays; agriculture is allowed The Roman Catholic church is allowed to hold property Births Deaths Categories: 321 ... Tuoba Heru (Chinese: 拓跋賀傉; pinyin: Tuòbá HèrÇ”) (?-325) ruled as prince of the Tuoba Dai 321 to 325. ... Events Publication of the first blue law by Constantine I of the Roman Empire: trade is forbidden on Sundays; agriculture is allowed The Roman Catholic church is allowed to hold property Births Deaths Categories: 321 ... Events May 20 - First Council of Nicaea - first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church: The Nicene Creed is formulated, the date of Easter is discussed. ... Events May 20 - First Council of Nicaea - first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church: The Nicene Creed is formulated, the date of Easter is discussed. ... Events End of the Han Zhao state. ... Events November 7 - Athanasius is banished to Trier, on the charge that he prevented the corn fleet from sailing to Constantinople. ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... Tuoba Yihuai (Chinese: 拓跋翳槐; pinyin: Tuòbá YÄ«huái) (?-338) ruled as prince of the Tuoba Dai 329-335 and 337-338. ... Events End of the Han Zhao state. ... Events November 7 - Athanasius is banished to Trier, on the charge that he prevented the corn fleet from sailing to Constantinople. ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... Events Eusebius of Nicomedia becomes Patriarch of Constantinople after Paul I is banished. ... Tuoba Shiyijian (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (320-376) was the last prince of the Tuoba Dai and ruled from 338 to 376 when Dai was conquered by the Former Qin. ... Events Eusebius of Nicomedia becomes Patriarch of Constantinople after Paul I is banished. ... Events Battle of the Willows, Roman troops fight an inconclusive battle against the Visigoths under Fritigern Births Deaths Tuoba Shi Yi Jian King of Dai Categories: 377 ... Events Eusebius of Nicomedia becomes Patriarch of Constantinople after Paul I is banished. ... Events Battle of the Willows, Roman troops fight an inconclusive battle against the Visigoths under Fritigern Births Deaths Tuoba Shi Yi Jian King of Dai Categories: 377 ...

Footnotes

¹ Tuoba Family was the ruling family of Northern Wei Dynasty, founded by Tuoba Gui, then Emperor Daowu. Hence the rulers of Northern Wei Dynasty will start with him, not as a continuation of this table. Northern Wei Buddha Maitreya, 443 AD. A Buddhist stela from the Northern Wei period, build in the early 6th century. ... Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei ((北)魏道武帝) (371-409), personal name Tuoba Gui (拓拔珪), was the founding emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei. ...


² All chieftains were revered as emperors in Weishu and Beishi but they never were in reality. They were denoted here as 王 pinyin Wáng (literary meaning: King or Prince), which was inherited by all successors of Tuoba Yilu. Refer to Chinese nobility#wang. The Book of Wei (Chinese: 魏書/魏书; Pinyin: WèishÅ«) is a classic Chinese historical writing compiled by Wei Shou from 551 to 554, and serves as an important historical text describing the Northern Wei from 386 to 535. ... The History of Northern Dynasties (Chinese: 北史; Pinyin: BÄ›ishǐ) is one of the official Chinese historical works in the Twenty-Four Histories canon. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... // The King or Wang (Chinese: 王 or 國王; wáng) was the title of the Chinese head of state until the Qin dynasty. ...


³ His temple name was Shizu (Chinese characters: 始祖, py. Shízǔ). Another column was not created since only he was the only chieftain before Tuoba Gui revered with a temple name. Temple names (Traditional Chinese: 廟號 Simplified Chinese: 庙号 Pinyin: miào hào;), are commonly used when naming most Chinese, Vietnamese (such dynasties as Tran,Anterior Lê and Nguyen Dynasty) and most Korean rulers of the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasties. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ...


4 Upon the reign of Emperor Xiao Wen , The Tuoba clan started the sinification process by changing their clan name to the Han Chinese surname yuan(元)。


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Creepy Tradition during Northern Wei - China History Forum, chinese history forum (1599 words)
Another son named Tuoba Ke (or Yuan Ke - by this time the imperial surname had been changed to Yuan) was made Crown Prince, and his mother Lady Gao (who was of Koguryo origin) was called back to the new capital (Luoyang)from where she was living, in the old Wei capital at Pingcheng.
Tuoba Gui explained to him that Han Wudi did the same to protect the Han dynasty from the potential rise of an Empress Dowager's clan.
Tuoba Gui heard of this and summoned his son, but Tuoba Si's attendants advised him to go into hiding for a while lest his father killed him in a rage.
Tuoba - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (184 words)
Tuoba (拓拔 pinyin Tuòbá) or T'o-pa in Wade-Giles was a clan of the Xianbei people.
¹ Tuoba Family was the ruling family of Northern Wei Dynasty, founded by Tuoba Gui, then Emperor Daowu.
Another column was not created since only he was the only chieftain before Tuoba Gui revered with a temple name.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m