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Encyclopedia > Tulu language
Tulu
Tulu
Spoken in: India 
Region: Coastal Karnataka and parts of northern Kerala. (historically known as Tulu Nadu)
Total speakers: 1,949,000 (1997 survey)[1]
Language family: Dravidian
 Southern
  Tulu 
Writing system: Kannada script, Tigalari
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: dra
ISO 639-3: tcy
This page contains Indic text. Without rendering support you may see irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts. More...

Tulu is a Dravidian language of India with fewer than two million speakers, known as Tuluvas. Most Tuluvas live in the districts of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi in the west of the state of Karnataka. It is also spoken in the Kasaragod taluk of Kerala. The original written script of the language, similar to Malayalam script, is rarely used today. It is normally written in the Kannada script now. Map of Tulu Nadu with respect to the rest of Karnataka. ... A language family is a group of languages related by descent from a common proto-language. ... For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ... This is a sub-classification of the Dravidian family of languages. ... Writing systems of the world today. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Tulu script Not very long ago, Tulu had its own written script. ... ISO 639-1 is the first part of the ISO 639 international-standard language-code family. ... ISO 639-2 is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages. ... ISO 639-3 is an international standard for language codes. ... Image File history File links Example. ... The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas (writing systems) used in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet, Mongolia, Manchuria, descended from the Brāhmī script of Mauryan India. ... For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ... The Tuluvas (Tulu: ತುಳುವ) are speakers of the Tulu language. ... Location of Dakshina Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... , For other uses, see Udupi (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Indian region. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The Malayalam script is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used to write the Malayalam language. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...

Contents

Geographic distribution

There are indications in a few Malayalam works that the region stretching from the Chandragiri river, now part of the Kasaragod district of Kerala, to Gokarna, now part of Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka, was called Tulu Nadu.[citation needed] However, the present day Tulu linguistic boundary is confined to Dakshina Kannada and the Udupi district. Northern Kasaragod, Dakshina Kannada and the Udupi district (except Kundapur) are the major Tulu cultural regions. Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Payaswini (Chandragiri puzha) is a river in Kasargode district of Kerala state, south India. ... , For the district with the same name, see Kasaragod district. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Gokarna meaning Cows Ear is a small town situated in North Kannada district coastal Karnataka, India. ... Location of Uttara Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... Map of Tulu Nadu with respect to the rest of Karnataka. ... Tulu is one of the minor languages of India with under 2,000,000 speakers. ... , For other uses, see Udupi (disambiguation). ... Kundapur, the headquarter town of the Kundapura taluk is about 36 kilometres from Udupi, Karnataka, India. ...


Tuluvas have a saying: "Oorudu nanjaanda paarad badkodu". A loose translation would be: "If it's tough at home; run away and survive". Tuluvas are true to this character and have migrated to other places in great numbers. Mumbai and Thane in Maharastra state has a sizable population of Tuluvas. Tulu is widely spoken in the Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Uttara Kannada districts of Karnataka state. Efforts are also being made to get Tulu included in the list of national languages of India[2]. The Tuluvas (Tulu: ತುಳುವ) are speakers of the Tulu language. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ... The Tuluvas (Tulu: ತುಳುವ) are speakers of the Tulu language. ... Location of Dakshina Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... , For other uses, see Udupi (disambiguation). ... Location of Uttara Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ...


Script

19th century missionaries used the Kannada script to transcribe Tulu works, but it soon fell out of use. Tulu is mostly written in the Kannada script since most people study Kannada in schools. Attempts are being made to revive the original script Tulu Script. Tulu Script is similar to Malayalam script A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Tulu script Not very long ago, Tulu had its own written script. ... Tulu script Not very long ago, Tulu had its own written script. ... The Malayalam script is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used to write the Malayalam language. ...


Mandara Ramayana is a modern epic written in Tulu by Mandara Keshav Bhat.


Some inscriptions in Tulu languages may be found in and around the village of Barkur. Barkur is a village in Udupi district of the Karnataka state in South India. ...


Tulu Films

Tulu has small film industry, with an average of about one Tulu film being released in a year. These movies are played in movie theatre all around South Canara and Udupi Districts. The first Tulu film was Yenna Thangadi (My Sister) released in 1971. The latest Tulu flick is Kadala Mage (Son of the sea) released 2006. Some of the more popular films released are Koti Chennaye, Bollidota, Bisatti Babu, Adrushtavanthedi, Bangaar Patler, and Satya Volundu.

No. Year Film Translation
1 1971 Ennatangadi My Sister
2 Daredha budadhi
3 Pagetta Puge Fumes of Revenge
4 Bisatti Babu' Knife Babu
5 Koti Chennaiia
6 Kaasdaya Kandane Wealthy Husband
7 Udalda Todar
8 Yaan Sanyasi aape I Will Become a Saint
9 Bayya mallige Dusk Jasmine
10 Yer malthina tappu Whose mistake was it?
11 Saaviradorti saavithri Saavithri - the one in a Thousand
12 Inquilab zindabad
13 Tulu naada siri The richness of Tulu land'
14 Sangama saakshi Proof of Union
15 Nyaayogaad enna baduku My life is for Justice
16 Bollidota
17 Kariyani kattandi kandane
18 Bhagyavatemdi Lucky lady
19 Badkera budle Let Live
20 Daareda seere
21 Raathri pagel Day & Night
22 Pettayi pili Wounded Tiger
23 Badkomji kavite Life is a Song
24 Satya olumdu Where's the truth?
25 1991 Bangar patler Gold hearted Patel
26 Badk da bille Value of Life
27 1993 September 8 The eight day of September
28 Kaala Time
29 Maribale Evil Trap
30 Omte edjast malpi Please adjust a Bit
31 2005 Suddha The Cleansing Rites
32 2006 Kadala Mage Son of the Sea

Suddha is the first ever tulu language film shot on the digital format. ...

The language

The paucity of literary works has rendered the precise dating of the origin of this language very difficult. It is considered to be the oldest Dravidian language by some scholars.


Spoken Tulu changes as we move from South to North. There is a common perception that there are only two Tulu dialects, namely Shivalli and Common. But a study of the language and pronunciation suggests there are four distinct dialects of this language: Shivalli, Jain, Common, and Tribal.

Brahmin dialect
Spoken by Tulu Brahmins ( Sthanika Brahmins and Shivalli Brahmins ). [3]
Jain dialect
Spoken by the Jains in the northern part of Tulu Nadu.
Common dialect
Spoken by the majority of people of Tulu Nadu; the dialect of commerce, entertainment and art.
Tribal dialect
Spoken by tribal people; closely resembles the Common dialect.

Tulu is not taught in schools. Schedule 8B of the Constitution of India does not recognize it as an official language. STHANIKA BRAHMIN COMMUNITY Sthanika Brahmin Community, are basically Pancha-Dravida Brahmins, who are Smartha Brahmins,and come under the Classification of Tulluva Brahmins,thus they have there origins in Costal Karnataka (Karwar to Kasargod now a part of Kerala State) Region of Karnataka State. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Constitution of India lays down the framework on which Indian polity is run. ...


References

  1. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=tcy Ethnologue
  2. ^ WHY TULU LANGUAGE DESERVES RECOGNITION FROM KENDRA SAHITHYA ACADEMY AND WHY IT SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN SCHEDULE 8B OF THE CONSTITUTION
  3. ^ Tulunadu and Tulu community around the world - www.tuluver.com - Home

See also

languages redirects here. ... Madhava is another name for Vishnu and appears as the 72nd, 167th and 735th names in the Vishnu sahasranama. ... Kanakana Kindi or Kanakas Window is a small peephole in the Udupi Sri Krishna temple through which the great Indian saint Kanaka Dasa was given darshan by lord Krishna. ... Indian constitution recognizes 22 languages as National languages 1. ... Indian languages spoken by more than ten million people are given below. ... The Tuluvas (Tulu: ತುಳುವ) are speakers of the Tulu language. ... Tulu spoken in northern Kasaragod i. ... Beary bashe or Nakknik baase is a Dravidian language spoken by a religious minority of Muslim community called Bearys in a region known as Tulunadu in the state of Karnataka. ...

External links

For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Letters unique to Arwi. ... It has been suggested that Moribund language be merged into this article or section. ... The Badaga language is a southern Dravidian language (Tamil-Kannada branch) spoken by approximately 250,000 people (the Badagas) in the Nilgiri Hills in Southern India. ... Irulas is a scheduled tribe of India. ... “Kannada” redirects here. ... Kodava Takk, often called Coorgi or Coorg language in English, is the original language of the south Karnataka district of Kodagu. ... Kota is a language of the Dravidian language, spoken by 1,400 native speakers and 2,000 total speakers in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu state, India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Kuruma. ... Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Toda is a Dravidian language well known for its many fricatives and trills. ... Abujmaria is a language spoken in Hill Maria, a sub-group of Gond tribes, the largest tribal group in India. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Koya (also Koi, Koi Gondi, Kavor, Koa, Koitar, Koyato, Kaya, Koyi, Raj Koya) is a South Central Dravidian language of the Kui-Gondi subgroup. ... Telugu redirects here. ... Kolami is a tribal Dravidian language used in Andhra Pradesh and Orissa states of India. ... The Gutob or Gadaba language is a Munda language of India. ... The Brahui (بروہی) or Bravi (براوِ) language, spoken by the Brahui, is mainly spoken in Balochistan, Pakistan, although it is also spoken in Afghanistan and Iran. ... Kurukh belongs to the Dravidian family, and is most closely related to Brahui and Malto (Paharia). ... Indo-Aryan Mal Paharia Dravidian: Sauria Paharia Kumarbhag Paharia Category: ... It has been suggested that Moribund language be merged into this article or section. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tulu Language : Its Script and Dialects by Neria Harish Hebbar, MD (849 words)
The four major languages spoken today are dominantly spoken in their respective states (Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala), whereas Tulu is spoken in a small niche, mainly in coastal Karnataka and Northern Karala (Kasaragod district).
Tulu, derived from proto-Dravidian is the predominant language spoken by Hindus of various castes and by the Jains of Tulu Nadu.
However, Tulu language with its near extinct script has been generating much enthusiasm amongst the linguists, as it is now believed to be one of the oldest Dravidian languages.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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