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Encyclopedia > Tula, Russia

Coordinates: 54°12′39″N 37°36′32″E / 54.21085, 37.60891 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Coat of arms of Tula

Tula (Russian: Ту́ла) is an industrial city in the European part of Russia, located 165 km south of Moscow, on the river Upa. Population: 481,216 (2002 Census); 543,000 (1990 est.). Tula is the administrative center of Tula Oblast. Dialing code: +7 4872. Places named Tula include: Tula, Tula Oblast, Russia Tula, Hidalgo, Mexico Tula, Tamaulipas, Mexico Tula, Mississippi, USA Tula, Sardinia, Italy Tula, Kenya Other uses: Tula is the professional name of transsexual model/actress Caroline Cossey. ... Image File history File links Tula_gerb. ... Image File history File links Tula_gerb. ... Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Upa (Упа́) is a river in Russia, right tributary of Oka River. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Tula Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ...


The town has existed at least since the 14th century. Some historians assume that Tula should be identified with Taidula, an obscure locality mentioned in a chronicle under the year 1146.


In the Middle Ages, Tula was a minor fortress at the border of the Principality of Ryazan. As soon as it passed to Muscovy, a brick citadel, or kremlin, was constructed in 1530. It was a key fortress of the Great Abatis Belt and successfully resisted a siege by the Tatars in 1552. In 1607, Ivan Bolotnikov and his supporters seized the citadel and withstood a 4-months siege by the tsar's army. In the 18th century some parts of the kremlin walls were demolished. Despite its archaic appearance, the 5-domed Assumption Cathedral in the kremlin was built as late as 1764. Middle age is that stage in life when physical decline has started but a person cannot be called old. ... Ryazan Principality existed from 1129 when it was separated from the Murom-Ryazan Principality. ... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское)) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ... Moscow Kremlin in the 19th century. ... Great Abatis Border is a chain of fortification lines, created by Muscovy to protect it from the rides of the Mongolo-Tatars. ... Bolotnikovs Battle with the Tsars army at Nizhny Kotly Ivan Isayevich Bolotnikov (Иван Исаевич Болотников) (?—1608) was the leader of the uprising of 1606-1607 (Bolotnikov rebellion, Восстание Ивана Болотникова), which was part of the Time of Troubles in Russia. ...

Demidov memorial church (1730-34).
Demidov memorial church (1730-34).

In 1712, Tula was visited by Peter the Great, who commissioned the Demidov blacksmiths to build a first armament factory in Russia. Several decades later, Tula was turned by the Demidovs into the greatest ironworking centre of Eastern Europe. The oldest museum, that of history of weapons, was inaugurated by the Demidovs in 1724. The first factory to produce samovars industrially was also established there in the course of the 18th century. After the Demidovs moved the centre of their manufacture to the Urals, the city continued as a center of heavy industry, particularly the manufacture of matériel. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Peter the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (Russian: Пётр I Алексеевич Pyotr I Alekséyevich) (9 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.][1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his weak and sickly... Coat of arms of Prince Anatole Demidoff. ... The famous Tula Arsenal was originally founded by the Russian Tsar Peter the Great in 1712. ... A samovar   (Russian: самова́р, IPA: literally self-brewer) is a heated metal container traditionally used to brew tea in and around Russia, as well as in other Slavic nations, Iran and Turkey. ... The Ural Mountains, (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры = Ура́л) also known simply as the Urals, are a mountain range that run roughly north and south through western Russia. ... Heavy industry does not have a single fixed meaning compared to light industry. ... Matériel (from the French for equipment or hardware, related to the word material) is a term used in English to refer to the equipment and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management. ...


During the Great Patriotic War of 1941 to 1945, the city was important in production of armaments. Tula became the target of a German offensive to break Soviet resistance in the Moscow area between October 24 and December 5, 1941. The heavily fortified city held out. In particular, Guderian's Second Panzer Army was defeated near Tula. The city secured the Southern flank during the Soviet defence of Moscow and the subsequent counter-offensive. Tula was awarded the title Hero City in 1976. It is home to Klokovo air base. The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... General Heinz Guderian Heinz Wilhelm Guderian (17 June 1888-14 May 1954) was a military theorist and General of the German Army during the Second World War. ... The Second Panzer Army was a German tank army that fought during World War II. Initially it was formed under the name Panzergruppe Guderian, under the command of Heinz Guderian. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Hero City (город-герой or gorod-geroy in Russian) is an honorary title awarded to twelve cities and one city-fortress in the Soviet Union for outstanding heroism during the Great Patriotic War of 1941 to 1945. ... Klokovo (also Tula North) (ICAO: UUBT) is an air base in Russia located 4 km north of Tula. ...


A musical instrument, the Tula accordion, is named for this city, which is a center of manufacture for such instruments sold throughout Russia and worldwide. Tula is also reputed for traditional Russian pryaniki, cookies made with honey and gingerbread. In the West, Tula is perhaps best-known as the center of samovar production: hence, the Russian proverb, "You don't take a samovar to Tula." Garmon The word garmon (Russian: гармонь) literally means accordion, in Russian although it usually usually refers to a specific class of Russian accordions that have two rows of buttons on the right side, which play the notes of a diatonic scale, and at least... A samovar   (Russian: самова́р, IPA: literally self-brewer) is a heated metal container traditionally used to brew tea in and around Russia, as well as in other Slavic nations, Iran and Turkey. ...


The most popular tourist attraction in Tula Oblast is Yasnaya Polyana, the home and burial place of the writer Leo Tolstoy. It is situated just fourteen kilometers to the south-west from the city. It was there that Tolstoy wrote his celebrated novels War and Peace and Anna Karenina. Tula Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... The city of Yasnaya Polyana in the Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, (formerly Trakehnen in Prussia) was home to the world famous warmblood Trakehner horse breed stables. ... Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (September 9 [O.S. August 28] 1828 – November 20 [O.S. November 7] 1910) (Russian: , IPA:  ), commonly referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer – novelist, essayist, dramatist and philosopher – as well as pacifist Christian anarchist and educational reformer. ... War and Peace (Russian: Voyna i mir; in original orthography: Война и миръ) is an novel by Leo Tolstoy, first published from 1865 to 1869 in Russki Vestnik, which tells the story of Russian society during the Napoleonic Era. ... Anna Karenina (Анна Каренина) is a novel by the Russian writer Leo Tolstoy, published in serial installments from 1873 to 1877 in the periodical Ruskii Vestnik (Russian: Русский Вестник, Russian Messenger). Tolstoy clashed with its editor Mikhail Katkov over issues that arose in the final installment. ...

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Тула

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Sister cities

Tula has the following sister-cities: [1]

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location in Albany County and the State of New York Coordinates: , Country United States State New York County Albany Founded 1614 Incorporated 1686 Government  - Mayor Gerald D. Jennings (D) Area  - City  21. ... NY redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia. ... Kutaisi (Georgian: ; ancient names: Aea/Aia, Kutatisi, Kutaïssi ) is Georgias second largest city in the western province of Imereti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Banská Bystrica (German: Neusohl, Hungarian: Besztercebánya) is a town in central Slovakia, in the Hron river valley, surrounded by the mountains Nízke Tatry, Veľká Fatra, and Kremnické vrchy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Mogilev, or Mahilyow (Belarusian: ; Russian: , translit. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Villingen-Schwenningen is the largest city of the Schwarzwald-Baar district located in the south of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ...

Gallery

External links

  • Official Site of the City of Tula
  • Map of the City of Tula on Yandex


The Yandex logo. ...

Coat of arms of Tula Oblast Cities and towns in Tula Oblast Flag of Russia
Administrative center: Tula

Aleksin | Belyov | Bogoroditsk | Bolokhovo | Chekalin | Donskoy | Kimovsk | Kireyevsk | Lipki | Novomoskovsk | Plavsk | Shchyokino | Sokolniki | Sovetsk | Suvorov | Uzlovaya | Venyov | Yasnogorsk | Yefremov Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Tula Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Aleksin (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia. ... Belyov (Russian: Белёв) is a town in Tula Oblast in Russia, located on the left bank of the Oka River. ... Bogoroditsk (Russian: Богородицк) is a town in Tula Oblast in Russia, located on the Upyorta River (Upas tributary). ... Bolokhovo (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia. ... Chekalin (Russian: ), formerly known as Likhvin () is a small town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Oka River. ... Coat of arms of Donskoy Donskoy (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located in the upper streams of the Don River, 65 km south-east of Tula. ... Kimovsk (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located at the watershed of the Don and Volga Rivers some 77 km southeast of Tula. ... Kireyevsk (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located on the Olen River, 40 km southeast of Tula. ... Coat of arms of Novomoskovsk Novomoskovsk (Russian: ), called Bobriki () before 1934 and Stalinogorsk () between 1934 and 1961, is a city in Tula Oblast, Russia, located at the source of the Don and Shat Rivers some 230 km south of Moscow, at . ... Plavsk (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia. ... Shchyokino railway station. ... Sokolniki (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located 83 km east of Tula. ... Sovetsk (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located on the Upa River (Okas basin), 43 km south of Tula. ... Suvorov (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located 90 km west of Tula. ... Uzlovaya (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia. ... Coat of arms of Venyov Venyov (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located on the Venyovka River, 52 km north of Tula. ... Coat of arms of Yasnogorsk Yasnogorsk (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located on the Vashana River (Okas tributary), 35 km north of Tula. ... Coat of arms of Yefremov Yefremov (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located on the Krasivaya Mecha River (Dons tributary), 149 km south of Tula. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tula, Russia - Definition, explanation (225 words)
Tula (Ту́ла) is an industrial city in the European part of Russia located 165 km to the south of Moscow, on the river Upa, at {{coor{
Tula is the administrative center of Tula Oblast.
Tula became the target of a German offensive to break Soviet resistance in the Moscow area between 24 October and 5 December 1941.
Tula, Russia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (488 words)
Tula (Russian: Ту́ла) is an industrial city in the European part of Russia, located 165 km to the south of Moscow, on the river Upa, at 54°13′N 37°36′E.
In the Middle Ages, Tula was a minor fortress at the border of the Principality of Ryazan.
Tula became the target of a German offensive to break Soviet resistance in the Moscow area between October 24 and December 5, 1941.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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