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Encyclopedia > Tuition

Tuition means instruction, teaching or a fee charged for educational instruction especially at a formal institution of learning.

Tuition is charged by educational institutions to assist with funding of staff and faculty, course offerings, lab equipment, computer systems, libraries, facility upkeep and to provide a comfortable student learning experience.

Some methods students use to pay tuition include:

Most students who pay for tuition have fees that are greater than their savings. Thus, some students have to take part time jobs and/or take out loans. Those who take part time jobs worry about handling both the course load and working. Those who take out loans have to ensure they are able to repay or else risk bad credit ratings. Scholarship is the pursuit of academic research, whether in the arts and humanities or sciences, and in all such fields means deep mastery of a subject, often through study at institutions of higher education. ... The New Zealand University Bursary or Bursary was New Zealands standard secondary school leaving qualification gained at the end of NZ Form VII (= UK Upper Sixth Form). ... A grant is money given to an individual or an organization that does not hold an obligation of repayment. ... A parent is a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian // Mother This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Student loans are loans offered to students to assist in payment of the costs of professional education. ... In Financial economics, a financial institution acts as an agent that provides financial services for its clients. ... Students in Rome, Italy. ...

Historical and social content

It is interesting to understand the historical basis for tuition. In ancient times, many teachers were self-employed philosophers who offered their wisdom to those willing to listen to them. Students were then asked to offer money for the teacher's subsistence. For example, Confucius is reputed to have been the first among the Chinese to support himself by teaching. On the other hand, Plato strongly criticized the sophists of his time for charging tuition. According to Plato, it was unworthy to charge for the teaching which practically meant that the teacher should be either a person of means or employed by some benefactor. A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Plato (ancient Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, wide, broad-shouldered) (c. ... Sophism was originally a term for the techniques taught by a highly respected group of philosophy and rhetoric teachers in ancient Greece. ...

Confucius's view is also in contrast to customs in tribal people where it was usual for elders to undertake education of children. In modern times, many developed countries have adopted a dual scheme for education: while basic (i.e. high school) education is supported by taxes rather than tuition, higher education is usually given for a fee or tuition. http://www. ...

In medieval Europe, the universities were institutions of Roman Catholic Church. As they mainly trained clergy, these universities did not have any need to exact tuition from the students. Their situation was comparable with the modern corporate universities and military academies. Later in protestant countries and in Russia, the main duty of the universities was the training of future civil servants. Again, it was not in the interest of the state to charge tuition, as this would have decreased the quality of civil servants. On the other hand, the number of students from lower-classes was usually kept in check by the expenses of living during the years of study, although as early as in the middle 19th century there were calls for limiting the university entrance by middle-class persons. However, a typical family could not afford educating a son, let alone a daughter, even if the education itself was free. A similar situation exists in many Third World countries, where the expenses of "free" school (e.g. food, books, school uniform) prevent a lot of children from attending even primary school. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven continents of the Earth. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see Terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins and sees itself as the same Church founded by Jesus of Nazareth and maintained through Apostolic Succession from the Twelve... Corporate Universities (CUs) are a growing trend in companies. ... There are three types of military academies: High school level institutions (up to age 19), university level institutions, and those only serving to prepare officer cadets for commissioning into the armed services of a state ( such as RMA Sandhurst ). United States usage The term Military School primarily refers to (middle... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...

After the World War II, the enhanced standard of living and free university education present in many countries enabled an enormous amount of working-class youths to receive a degree, resulting in the inflation of education and enlarged middle classes. In countries with tuition, similar progress was effected with state study loans, grants and scholarships, with the G.I. Bill and other financial instruments. It has been proposed that the strong class separations visible in the British society result from the fact that the expansion of education there has been less efficient than in the Continental Europe. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... The Servicemens Readjustment Act of 1944 (better known as the G.I. Bill) provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans (commonly referred to as GIs or G.I.s) as well as one year of unemployment compensation. ...

Tuition raises interesting questions about the divisions between the rich and poor. It is well-known that high tuitions are a deterrent to students wishing to undertake higher education. This level of deterrence is not unfamiliar with the financial capacities of the student and his family; effectively, students from richer families will be able to afford more expensive education. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up Poor in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Finance addresses the ways in which individuals, business entities and other organizations allocate and use monetary resources over time. ...

There is also substantial evidence that education levels are primordial in determining salary. This leads to the natural conclusion that higher tuition rates are an important factor of the low permeability between social classes: children of rich parents tend to be rich themselves, and poorer families yield poor children. This in turn can cause class tensions and an increasing gap between rich and poor. Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ...

Recently, processes such as the FAFSA (Free Application for Student Aid), have allowed poorer students to gain a college education through government subsidies designed to eliminate the difference between the rich and poor. The process allocates a portion of tuition as expected family contribution, which is derived from family savings and income, the rest of which is presumptively met by a financial aid package, generally a portfolio of federal, state, and private loans and grants. The program has allowed many poor students to attend colleges and universities that would otherwise be unaffordable. Criticism of the government program, however, has arisen from those who believe that the expected family contributions are too high for most middle-class families to afford. These people often claim that, in order to attend an expensive university, one has to be "either very rich, or very poor." FAFSA, the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, is a form that must be filled out annually by college students and their parents in the United States to determine their eligibility for federal financial aid (including grants, loans, and work-study programs). ...

Even in countries where tuition fees have generally been much lower than average, the general trend has been towards marked increases in tuition. For example, Canada has seen its tuition fees more than double in the last ten years. Tuition in Canada Facts and figures In 2003, undergraduate arts students paid roughly around $4,000 CAD in tuition. ...

See also

College tuition increases in the United States have caused chronic controversy since shortly after World War II. Except for its military academies, the U.S. national government does not directly support higher education. ... ... A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity. ... Free education is a policy stance in politics that ensures education for its citizens up to a certain level. ... Tuition center (Malay: Pusat Tuisyen) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ...


  Results from FactBites:
Tuition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1143 words)
Tuition is charged by educational institutions to assist with funding of staff and faculty, course offerings, lab equipment, computer systems, libraries, facility upkeep and to provide a comfortable student learning experience.
This leads to the natural conclusion that higher tuition rates are an important factor of the low permeability between social classes: children of rich parents tend to be rich themselves, and poorer families yield poor children.
This rise was initiated by the British Columbia Liberal government having lifted the tuition freeze, and as a consequence, institutions have increased tuition.
Tuition - definition of Tuition in Encyclopedia (683 words)
Tuition is a fee tuition by educational institutions around the world.
Tuition is charged by educational institutions to assist with funding of staff and faculty, course offerings, lab equipment, computer systems, libraries, facility upkeeping, and to provide a comfortable learning experience for its students.
The largest average tuition hike in Canada occurred in British Columbia from 2002/03 to 2003/04 with an massive increase of 30.4 percent.
  More results at FactBites »



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