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Encyclopedia > Tudor style
Ascott House designed by George Devey in the 1880s in what is often known as Tudor style
Ascott House designed by George Devey in the 1880s in what is often known as Tudor style

The Tudor style (neo-Tudor) is loosely based on the Tudor architecture built during the reigns of members of the Tudor dynasty which ruled England from 1485 to 1603. The style which originates from the mid 19th century was a result of a reaction to the harsh realities of the industrial age that was the 19th century. The Tudor style represented all things peaceful, traditional and tranquil synonymous with Merry England. However it never fully replaced in popularity the Gothic or Neoclassical styles for which the 19th century was known. Ascott House, Bucks. ... Ascott House, Bucks. ... The centre of the entrance front. ... George Devey was born in London in 1820, the second son of Frederick and Ann Devey. ... Tudor architecture is the architecture of the Tudor period, ie. ... The Tudor dynasty or House of Tudor (Welsh Tudur) is a series of five monarchs of Welsh origin who ruled England from 1485 until 1603. ... Events August 22 - Battle of Bosworth Field is fought between the armies of King Richard III of England and rival claimant to the throne of England Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond. ... Events March 24 - Elizabeth I of England dies and is succeeded by her cousin King James VI of Scotland, uniting the crowns of Scotland and England April 28 – Funeral of Elizabeth I of England in Westminster Abbey July 17 or July 19 - Sir Walter Raleigh arrested for treason. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Merry England, or in more jocular, half-timbered spelling Merrie England, refers to a semi-mythological, idyllic, and pastoral way of life that the lucky inhabitants of England allegedly enjoyed at some poorly-defined point between the Middle Ages and the completion of the Industrial Revolution. ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic revival was a European architectural movement with origins in mid-18th century England. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ...

Contents


Identifying the Tudor style

On order for a building to qualify for the term Tudor style it needs to contain some of the elements of Tudor architecture, the most commonly associated features are half-timbering; mullioned and oriel windows with latticed, leaded lights; arches with a low shallow pitch; tall chimneys sometimes with ornamental brickwork; and gables of brick or half timbered. More rarely the Tudor style building may have hexagonal or many faceted towers, mock battlements or even a thatched roof. Timber framing is the modern term for the traditional half-timbered construction in which timber provides a visible skeletal frame that supports the whole building. ... Double-hung vinyl replacement window with a decorative grille resembling mullions sandwiched between the panes of the insulated glass. ... Oriel College (in full: The House of Blessed Mary the Virgin in Oxford commonly called Oriel College, of the Foundation of Edward the Second of famous memory, sometime King of England) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ... A cherry lattice pastry A mathematical lattice is a type of partially ordered set. ... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish white Atomic mass 207. ... Simple arch bridge Close-up of a semi-circular arch in Barcelona, Spain. ...


"Queen Anne" architecture

Cragside designed by Norman Shaw in what he called a "Free Tudor" style
Cragside designed by Norman Shaw in what he called a "Free Tudor" style

The Tudor style made one of it's first appearances in Britain at Cragside a hilltop mansion of eclectic architectural styles, but incorporating certain Tudor features designed by the architect Norman Shaw. However Shaw also designed at aproximatly the same time Leyswood near Withham, in Sussex a large mansion around a courtyard, complete with mock battlements, towers, half timbered upper facades and tall chimneys - all features more readily associated with Tudor architecture - this less fantastical style achieved immediate adulthood. Confusingly it was then promptly named Queen Anne style when in reality it combined a revival of Elizabethan and Jacobean design details including mullioned and oriel windows. Only later did the style begin to evolve and incorporate the pre-Georgian features generally understood to mean "Queen Anne" in Britain. The term "Queen Anne" for this style of architecture tends to be more commonly used in the USA than in Britain, in the USA it evolved into a form of architecture not instantly recognisable as that constructed in either the Tudor, or Queen Anne period. In Britain the style remained closer to its Tudor roots. Photo of Cragside from valley bottom, taken by me. ... Photo of Cragside from valley bottom, taken by me. ... Cragside is a country house near Rothbury in Northumberland, England. ... Richard Norman Shaw (1831 - 1913) was a successful Victorian architect. ... Cragside is a country house near Rothbury in Northumberland, England. ... Richard Norman Shaw (1831 - 1913) was a successful Victorian architect. ... Sussex as a traditional county. ... The Buttermans, the historic home of John Newman, the butter king, is one of several Queen Anne mansions in Elgin, Illinois The Queen Anne style of British and American architecture reached its greatest popularity in the last quarter of the 19th century, manifesting itself in a number of different ways... Anne Queen of Great Britain and Ireland Anne (6 February 1665–1 August 1714) became Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702. ...


Late 19th century

Built circa 1870 two semi-detached cottages at Mentmore masquerade as one Tudor style house.
Built circa 1870 two semi-detached cottages at Mentmore masquerade as one Tudor style house.

Towards the end of the 19th century, architects such as George Devey began to design informal, non symmetrical houses. often using half timbering reminiscent of the English 16th century styles, Devey was in fact a forerunner of the arts and crafts movement led by such designers as William Morris, this movement advocated a return to natural materials in design and architecture, and a genuinely less structured approach to design. It is the buildings from this period which are most frequently known as Tudor style architecture. A great example of this is Liberty's Department store in London, which was built in the style of a vast half timbered Tudor mansion, the store specialised in fabrics and furnishings by the leading designers of the movement. Cottages at Mentmore circa 1950 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cottages at Mentmore circa 1950 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Semi-detached housing (usually abbreviated to semi, as in three-bedroom semi) consists of pairs of houses built side by side as units sharing a party wall and usually in such a way that each houses layout is a mirror image of its twin. ... Mentmore Village Green. ... George Devey was born in London in 1820, the second son of Frederick and Ann Devey. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... William Morris, socialist and innovator in the arts & crafts movement William Morris, publisher Davids Charge to Solomon (1882), a stained-glass window by Edward Burne-Jones and William Morris in Trinity Church, Boston, Massachusetts. ... Arthur Lasenby Liberty (August 13, 1843 _ May 11, 1917) was born in Chesham, Buckinghamshire, England. ... St Stevens Tower - The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster which contains Big Ben London (see also different names) is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ...


During the later half of the 19th century as some Landlords became more philanthropic and aware of the needs for proper sanitation, and housing for their employees some estate villages were rebuilt to resemble, what was thought to be, an idealistic Elizabethan village, often grouped around a village green and pond, Mentmore in Buckinghamshire is an example of this. The Tudor revival though now concentrated on the picturesque - the "simple" Elizabethan cottage rather than the brick and battlemented splendours of Hampton Court or Compton Wynyates. Large and small houses alike with half timbering in their upper storeys and gables were completed with tall ornamental chimneys, in what was originally a simple cottage style. However, now the first traces of what was to become the arts and crafts movement could be discerned. Estate may have a number of meanings: Estate is a term used in common law to signify the total of a persons property, entitlements and obligations. ... In mathematics, the term ideal has multiple meanings. ... The traditional village green A village green is an common open area which is a part of a settlement. ... Mentmore Village Green. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is a county in South East England. ... The clock tower straddles the entrance between the inner and outer courts Hampton Court Palace is a former royal place on the north bank of the River Thames in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames about 12 miles (19 km) southwest and upstream of Central London, nowadays open to... Compton Wynyates, Warwickshire, circa 1925 Compton Wynyates is a country house in Warwickshire, England. ... The Arts and Crafts movement was a reformist movement, at first inspired by the writings of John Ruskin, that was at its height between approximately 1880–1910. ...


Interiors

The interiors of the Tudor style building have evolved considerably along with the style, often becoming truer to the replicated era than the first examples of the revival style. At Ascott House Devey's great masterpiece constructed throughout the last twenty years if the 19th century, the only internal concessions to the Tudor age are the low ceilings necessitated through the external Tudor theme. There are certainly no beamed ceilings, low narrow doorways or inglenook fireplaces heating small rooms, the large airy rooms are in fact more redolent of the 18th century than the 16th. Cragside is slightly more true to its theme, although the rooms are very large, some contain Tudor style panelling, and the dining room contains are monumental inglenook, but this is more in the style of Italian renaissance meets Camelot than Tudor. While in the cottages at Mentmore the interiors are no different to those of any lower middle-class Victorian small household. The centre of the entrance front. ... A beam of light is a light ray. ... A ceiling is the lower surface of a horizontal slab covering a room or internal space. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Panelling is a wallcovering constructed from interlocking wooden components. ... By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance *French Renaissance *German Renaissance *English Renaissance The Italian Renaissance was the opening phase of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century. ... Camelot is the name of the stronghold of the legendary King Arthur, from which he fought many of the battles that made up his life. ... Mentmore Village Green. ... The middle class refers to people neither at the top nor bottom of a social hierarchy. ...


In some of the larger Tudor style houses the Tudor great hall would be suggested by the reception hall, often furnished as a sitting or dining room. Large wooden staircases of several flights were often prominently positioned, but the prototypes of these staircases were not generally found until the Jacobean period. It is this merging and confusion of styles that has led to the term Jacobethan which resulted in houses such as Harlaxton Manor which bore little if any resemblance to a building from either period. A great hall was the main room of a royal palace, a noblemans castle or a large manor house in the Middle Ages, and in the country houses of the 16th and early 17th centuries. ... Stairs, staircase, stairway, flight of stairs are all names for a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps. ... Prototypes or prototypical instances combine the most representative attributes of a category. ... Jacobethan is a Revival style derived from the English Renaissance (1550 - 1625), with elements Elizabethan and Jacobean. ... Harlaxton is Anthony Salvins masterpiece. ...


More often it is in the Tudor style houses of the late 20th century that a greater devotion to the Tudor period is found, albeit coupled with modern day comforts. Artificially aged and blackened beams are attached to ceilings and walls purely for decoration, while artificial flames leap from wrought iron fire-dogs in an inglenook often a third of the size of the room in which they are situated. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


21st Century Tudor

In 21st century Britain the Tudor style has come to represent a building constructed cheaply of concrete blocks, rendered with cement, generally painted white, this is then covered with an arrangement of timber strips painted black, in imitation of the oak beams which were the supporting frame of a true Elizabethan structure. The windows are usually double glazed and made of plastic, with a lattice pattern between the glazing to represent the original leaded lights. (20th century - 21st century - 22nd century - other centuries) Decades: 2000s 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s 2050s 2060s 2070s 2080s 2090s In calendars based on the Christian Era or Common Era, such as the Gregorian calendar, the 21st century is the current century, as of this writing. ... This article is about the construction material. ... In the general sense, a cement (Latin caementum) is any material with adhesive properties. ... A cherry lattice pastry A mathematical lattice is a type of partially ordered set. ...


In the U.S.A real estate speculators and builders picked up the designation in the late 19th century, to characterize picturesquely massed brick houses with tall dormer windows in steeply-pitched slate roofs, and flat "Tudor" arches, thought to imitate houses built during the Tudor period. In New York's "Tudor City" (1925 - 1928), the revival degenerated into a few design mannerisms applied to high-rise apartment houses, including "Hardwick Hall", an "Elizabethan" penthouse, named after Hardwick Hall in Derbyshire, England. World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west... See also list of house types. ... Categories: Stub ... The Tudorbethan Revival which manifested itself in domestic architecture in the United Kingdom in the20th century, and was also of influence in some other countries. ... Hardwick Hall in Derbyshire is one of the most significant Elizabethan country houses in England. ... Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England, which boasts some of Englands most attractive hill and mountain scenery. ...


References

  • Cropplestone, Trewin (1963). World Architecture. Hamlyn.
  • Jaskson-Stops, Gervase (1990). The Country House in Perspective. Pavilion Books Ltd.

See also

The Tudorbethan Revival which manifested itself in domestic architecture in the United Kingdom in the20th century, and was also of influence in some other countries. ... Jacobethan is a Revival style derived from the English Renaissance (1550 - 1625), with elements Elizabethan and Jacobean. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tudor Artisans - Leaded Glass, Limestone, Tudor Doors, Entrances, Tudor Fireplaces, Hardware, Tudor Design, Restoration (392 words)
Tudor architectural elements are comprised of natural, heavy materials that fit quite naturally into the landscape.
Tudor architecture was a derived form of gothic architecture where many of the same design characteristics exist: changeablility, asymetry, and artistic hand-crafted ornament like wood/stone carvings, painted leaded glass, etc. Tudor architecture, like gothic architecture also both mean high quality, natural materials that seem to be an extension of the earth itself.
Both Tudor period architecture and gothic architecture permit the interior functionality to take priority over the exterior symetry and sensibility.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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