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Encyclopedia > Tucson
Tucson, Arizona
Tucson with the Catalinas in background
Official seal of Tucson, Arizona
Seal
Nickname: "The Old Pueblo"
Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona
Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 32°12′52″N, 110°55′05″W
Country United States
State Arizona
Counties Pima
Mayor Bob Walkup (R)
Area  
 - City 505.3 km²  (195.1 sq mi)
 - Land 504.2 km²  (194.7 sq mi)
 - Water 1.1 km² (0.4 sq mi)
Elevation 728 m  (2389 ft)
Population  
 - City (2005) 515,526[1]
 - Density 1,022.5/km² (2,647.8/sq mi)
 - Metro 931,210
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
Website: http://www.tucsonaz.gov

Tucson (pronounced /ˈtusɑn/, Spanish: Tucsón) is a city and the seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, located 118 miles (188 km) southeast of Phoenix. As of July 1, 2005, a Census Bureau estimate put the city's population at 515,526[1], and the metropolitan population at 931,210. By 2008 the city population is expected to exceed 610,000.[citation needed] In 2005 Tucson ranked as the 32nd-largest city and 52nd-largest metropolitan area in the U.S. It is the largest city in southern Arizona, and the second largest in the state after Phoenix, Arizona. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2240x1548, 711 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Tucson, Arizona ... The Santa Catalina Mountains are located north of Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Image File history File links Tucson_city_seal. ... // A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Bob, Rob, Robby, Robbie, Robi, Bobby, Rab, Bert, Bertie, Butch, Bobbers, Bobert, Beto, Bobadito, and Robban (in Sweden), are all short for Robert). ... Adapted from Wikipedias AZ county maps by Catbar. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... The political units and divisions of the United States include: the fifty states, which units are typically divided into counties and townships, and incorporate cities, villages, towns, and other types of municipalities, and other autonomous or subordinate public authorities and institutions; and the federal state, which unit is the United... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... Portrait of Tucson, Arizona Mayor Bob Walkup. ... // The Republican Party (often referred to as the GOP, for Grand Old Party) is one of the two major political organizations in the United States two party system; the Democratic Party is the other. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... MST is UTC-7 The Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-7. ... Mountain Standard Time ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Nickname: Valley of the Sun Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area    - City 1,230. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... This is a list of the 200 largest incorporated places in the United States. ... There are two official definitions of metropolitan area used today in the United States, metropolitan statistical areas, and combined statistical areas, the former restrictive, the latter more extensive. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Nickname: Valley of the Sun Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area    - City 1,230. ...


Major incorporated suburbs of Tucson include Oro Valley and Marana northwest of the city, South Tucson (surrounded by Tucson), and Sahuarita south of the city. Communities in the vicinity of Tucson (some within or overlapping the city limits) include Casas Adobes, Catalina, Catalina Foothills, Flowing Wells, Green Valley, Tanque Verde, and Vail. The town of Oro Valley, AZ as seen from the Oro Valley Public Library. ... Marana is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ... South Tucson is a city located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Sahuarita is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Casas Adobes is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Catalina is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Catalina Foothills is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Flowing Wells is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Green Valley is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Tanque Verde is a suburban census-designated place located northeast of Tucson, Arizona in Pima County. ... Vail is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ...


The name Tucson originates via Spanish from the O'odham, Cuk Ṣon (pronounced [ʧʊk ʂɔn]; roughly, "chuk shon"), meaning "Black Base," a reference to the mostly volcanic mountains on the west side of the city. The most notable of these mountains is Sentinel Peak, better known as "A Mountain" because it sports a large letter A in honor of the nearby University of Arizona, situated in west central Tucson. Tucson is sometimes referred to as "The Old Pueblo." Oodham (often referred to by the names of its two nearly-identical main dialect groupings, Papago (Tohono) and Pima (Akimel)) is an Uto-Aztecan language of Southern Arizona and northern Sonora where the Tohono Oodham and Pima reside. ... Sentinel Peak, or more commonly known as A Mountain, is a prominent ridge in the Tucson Mountains west of Tucson, Arizona. ... The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ...

Contents

History

Stone Avenue in Tucson, 1880
Stone Avenue in Tucson, 1880

Tucson was probably first visited by Paleo-Indians, known to have been in southern Arizona by about 12,000 years ago. Recent archaeological excavations near the Santa Cruz River have located a village site dating back 4,000 years ago. The floodplain of the Santa Cruz River was extensively farmed by people during the Early Agricultural period, circa 1200 B.C. to A.D. 150. These people constructed irrigation canals and grew corn, beans, and other crops while gathering wild plants and hunting animals. The Early Ceramic period occupation of Tucson saw the first extensive use of pottery vessels for cooking and storage. The groups designated by archaeologists as the Hohokam lived in the area from A.D. 600-1450 and are known for their red-on-brown pottery. Image File history File links Tucson_Stone_Ave_year_1880. ... Image File history File links Tucson_Stone_Ave_year_1880. ... Paleo-Indians is an English term used to refer to the ancient peoples of America who were present at the end of the last Ice Age. ... The Santa Cruz River is a river in southern Arizona, United States. ... Hohokam is the name applied to one of the four major prehistoric archaeological traditions of the American Southwest. ...


Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino visited the Santa Cruz River valley in 1692, and founded the Mission San Xavier del Bac about 7 miles (12 km) upstream from the site of the settlement of Tucson in 1700. The Spanish established a presidio (fort) in August 18, 1775 and the town came to be called "Tucson." Tucson became a part of Mexico after Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821. Following the Gadsden purchase in 1853, Tucson became a part of the United States of America. From August 1861, until mid-1862, Tucson was the capital of the Confederate Territory of Arizona. Until 1863, Tucson and all of Arizona was part of the New Mexico Territory. From 1867 to 1879, Tucson was the capital of the Arizona Territory. The University of Arizona, located in Tucson, was founded in 1885. By 1900 7,531 people lived in Tucson. At about this time, the US Veterans Administration had begun construction on the present Veterans Hospital. Many lung ailment afflicted veterans started coming to Tucson at this time. The population increased gradually to 13,913 in 1910, 20,292 in 1920, and 36,818 in 1940. Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... Bronze by Suzanne Silvercruys. ... San Xavier del Bac San Xavier del Bac is a historic Spanish mission about 10 miles (16 km) south of downtown Tucson, Arizona on the Tohono Oodham San Xavier Indian Reservation, also known as the white dove of the desert or place where the water appears because the Santa... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Gadsden Purchase (shown with present-day state boundaries and cities) The Gadsden Purchase is a 29,640 mi² (76,770 km2) region of what is today southern Arizona and New Mexico that was purchased by the United States from Mexico in 1853. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (April 3–April 10, 1865) Largest city New Orleans... The New Mexico Territory became an organized territory of the United States on September 9, 1850, and it existed until New Mexico became the 47th state on January 6, 1912. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is a Cabinet department of the United States government responsible for administering programs of veterans benefits for veterans, their families, and survivors. ...


Geography and climate

Geography

Tucson as seen from space
Enlarge
Tucson as seen from space

Tucson is located at 32°12′52″N, 110°55′5″W (32.214476, -110.918192)GR1. Image File history File links TucsonAZ_ISS009-E-10382. ... Image File history File links TucsonAZ_ISS009-E-10382. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 505.3 km² (195.1 mi²). 504.2 km² (194.7 mi²) of it is land and 1.1 km² (0.4 mi²) of it (0.22%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


The city's elevation is 2,389 ft (728 m) above sea level. Tucson is situated on an alluvial plain, surrounded by five minor ranges of mountains: the Santa Catalina Mountains and the Tortolita Mountains to the north, the Santa Rita Mountains to the south, the Rincon Mountains to the east, and the Tucson Mountains to the west. The Santa Catalina Mountains feature 9,157-foot-high Mount Lemmon, the southernmost ski destination in the continental U.S., while the Tucson Mountains include 4,687-foot Wasson Peak. An alluvial plain is a relatively flat and gently sloping landform found at the base of a range of hills. ... The Santa Catalina Mountains are located north of Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... The Tortolita Mountains are a mountain range in the northern suburbs of Tucson, Arizona. ... The Santa Rita Mountains is a mountain range extending 42 km (26 mi) from northwest to southeast, located 65 km (40 mi) southeast of Tucson, Arizona. ... The Rincon Mountains are a significant mountain range east of Tucson, Arizona. ... The Tucson Mountains are a significant mountain range west of Tucson, Arizona. ... View of the telescopes on the Mount Lemmon summit. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ...

The view of Tucson from Windy Point, at elevation 6,580 feet on Mt. Lemmon.
The view of Tucson from Windy Point, at elevation 6,580 feet on Mt. Lemmon.

The city is located on the Santa Cruz River, a dry river bed much of the year that floods during significant seasonal rains. (The Santa Cruz becomes a subterranean stream part of the year although it may appear dry.) Image File history File linksMetadata Windy600. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Windy600. ... View of the telescopes on the Mount Lemmon summit. ... The Santa Cruz River is a river in southern Arizona, United States. ...


Tucson is located along I-10, which runs through Phoenix toward Santa Monica, California in the northwest, and through El Paso, Texas toward Jacksonville, Florida in the east. I-19, runs south from Tucson toward Nogales and the U.S.-Mexico border. Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Nickname: Valley of the Sun Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area    - City 1,230. ... Location of Santa Monica in California and Los Angeles County Coordinates: Country United States State California County Los Angeles Incorporated November 30, 1886 Mayor Robert Holbrook City Council Bobby Shriver Ken Genser Kevin McKeown Herb Katz Pam OConnor Richard Bloom Area    - City 41. ... Ordinal directions are the four compass directions: northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest, located halfway between the cardinal directions. ... A panoramic view of El Paso, Texas from the north. ... Motto: Where Florida Begins Location in the state of Florida Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Duval Mayor John Peyton (R) Area    - City 2,264. ... The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internally called HT-7U) is a project being undertaken to construct an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. ... Interstate 19 (abbreviated I-19) is an intrastate interstate highway located entirely within the state of Arizona, United States. ... Nogales, Santa Cruz Co. ... The international border between Mexico and the United States runs a total of 3,141 km (1,951 miles) from San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. ...


Environmental impact

In 2006 the City of Tucson was ranked overall number 20 of 50 U.S. cities by the organization SustainLane on quality of life and economic factors that affect personal sustainability. The complete study is available online at www.sustainlane.com [1].


Tucson can point with pride to numerous public/private projects which have made the Tucson metro area a national leader in conservation/sustainable living evolution.


While Tucson is a "natural" for development into a solar community, there is a long way to go. Perhaps the biggest sustainability problem is potable water supply: although agriculture in Arizona uses far more water than the city itself, and Tucsonans find lawns and swimming pools less acceptable than their neighbours in Phoenix, massive drawing down of groundwater resources over the last 100 years has occurred, visible as subsidence in some residential areas.


Tucson's new reliance on the CAP canal, passing more than 300 miles across the desert from the Colorado River, cast doubt over "sustainability" claims even at current population levels. This points to the need for further efforts at re-use and recycling, prompted by Pima County and the city in numerous outreach campaigns, and halt to urban growth into the fragile ecosysems of the surrounding Sonoran Desert.


Water

While the Santa Cruz river once flowed nearly year-round through Tucson less than 100 years ago, the city's water has been slowly disappearing since then, causing Tucson to seek alternative sources.


Until 1887, Tucson residents purchased water for a penny a gallon from vendors who transported it in bags draped over burros' backs. After that, water was sold by the bucket or barrel and delivered door-to-door in wagons.


In 1881 water was pumped from a well on the banks of the Santa Cruz River and flowed by gravity through pipes into the distribution system.


Tucson currently draws water from three main sources: Central Arizona Project (CAP) water, effluent (treated wastewater), and groundwater. In 1992, Tucson Water delivered CAP water to some customers that was referred to as being unacceptable. This problem led Tucson to modify its water resources plan to allow more study of the best use of CAP water. While currently dependent on groundwater, Tucson is making use of CAP water by selling it to local farmers, and is developing several recharge projects to augment groundwater supply.[2] The Central Arizona Project Aqueduct (CAP) is a 336 mi (541 km) diversion canal in Arizona in the United States. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of geologic formations. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of geologic formations. ...


Cityscape

Similar to many cities in the Western U.S., Tucson was developed on a grid plan, with the city center at Stone Avenue and Broadway Boulevard. While this intersection was initially near the geographic center of Tucson, due to urban development the intersection is presently located in the west-central part of town. As an expansive city covering substantial area, Tucson features many distinct neighborhoods. This article deals with the western United States. ... A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ... In a Euclidian space the geographic center, or mean center, is the calculated mean of coordinate values. ...


Earliest neighborhoods

Tucson's early neighborhoods (some of which are covered by the Tucson Convention Center) include Barrio Libre; Barrio Anita, named for an early settler; Barrio Tiburón (in the present Fourth Avenue arts district), designated in territorial times as a "(red light) district"; El Jardín, named for an early recreational site, Levin's Gardens; and El Ollo, named for a lake that was part of the gardens. Up until the building of the Tucson Convention Center (or TCC), El Ollo referred to this part of the city, which was inhabited mainly by Mexican-American citizens and immigrants from Mexico. Other historical neighborhoods include Armory Park, south of downtown, the Sam Hughes neighborhood (named after an instigator-hero of the Camp Grant Massacre), located east of the University of Arizona, and Menlo Park, situated adjacent to Sentinel Peak. The Tucson Convention Center is a 9,275-seat multi-purpose arena in Tucson, Arizona. ... (April 30, 1871). ... Sentinel Peak, or more commonly known as A Mountain, is a prominent ridge in the Tucson Mountains west of Tucson, Arizona. ...


Downtown

Downtown Tucson is undergoing a revitalization effort by city planners and the business community. The primary project is Rio Nuevo, a large retail and community center. Downtown is generally classified as north of 12th Street, east of I-10, and southwest of Toole Avenue and the Southern Pacific Railroad. Downtown is divided into the Presidio District, Convention District, and the Congress Street Arts & Entertainment District. Interstate 10, or I-10, is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark SP) was an American railroad. ...

UniSource Energy Tower (center) as seen from midtown looking west

Tucson's tallest building, the 23-story UniSource Energy Tower (also called the Bank Building) is situated downtown and was completed in 1986. The proposed Century Tower for downtown would surpass the Bank Building at 27 stories. Other high-rise buildings downtown include Bank of America Plaza, and the Pioneer (completed in 1914). Tucson, Arizona downtown city street. ... Tucson, Arizona downtown city street. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ...


Attractions downtown include the historic Hotel Congress designed in 1919, the Art Deco Fox Tucson Theatre designed in 1929, the Rialto Theatre opened in 1920, and St. Augustine Cathedral completed in 1896. Included on the National Register of Historic Places is the old Pima County Courthouse, completed in 1927 [3]. Asheville City Hall. ... Fox Theatre is the name given to several large movie theaters dating from the late 1920s either built by movie mogul William Fox or subsequently purchased by the Fox West Coast theater chain. ... The Rialto Theatre is a performance theatre and concert venue located in downtown Tucson, Arizona. ... For the first Archbishop of Canterbury, see Saint Augustine of Canterbury. ... The National Register of Historic Places is the USAs official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects worthy of preservation. ...


Central or Midtown

As one of the oldest parts of town, Central Tucson is anchored by the intersection of Campbell Avenue and Grant Road. The University of Arizona, chartered in 1885, is located in midtown and includes Arizona Stadium and McKale Center. Historic Tucson High School (designed in 1924), and the Arizona Inn (built in 1930) are also located in Central Tucson. The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Arizona Stadium is an open-air stadium located on the campus of the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona. ... McKale Center is an athletic arena located on the campus of the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona. ...


Tucson's largest park, Reid Park is located in midtown and includes a zoo and Hi Corbett Field. Local retail in Central Tucson is concentrated along Fourth Avenue and also Main Gate Square on University Boulevard near the UA campus. The El Con Mall is also located in midtown. The Reid Park Zoo, founded in 1975, is a city-owned and operated non-profit zoo in Tucson, Arizona. ... Hi Corbett Field is a baseball field located in Tucson, Arizona. ... El Con Mall is the oldest and first enclosed shopping mall in Tucson, Arizona, USA. Located in midtown Tucson, El Con Mall has historical significance as the citys first major retail center located outside of downtown. ...


South Side

South Tucson is administered largely by the city that shares its name. The South Side of Tucson is generally defined as the area north of Los Reales Road, east of I-19 and southwest of Aviation Parkway. While the South Side has lower real estate values than most other Tucson neighborhoods, it supports a vibrant culture influenced by Mexico. The Tucson International Airport and Tucson Electric Park are also located on the South Side. South Tucson is a city located in Pima County, Arizona. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Tucson International Airport (IATA: TUS, ICAO: KTUS) is the second largest commercial airport in Arizona. ... It is home to the Tucson Sidewinders, the AAA affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks. ...


West Side

West Tucson is a combination of urban and suburban development. Generally defined as the area west of I-10, West Tucson encompasses the banks of the Santa Cruz River and the foothills of the Tucson Mountains. Attractions in West Tucson include Saguaro National Park West, Sentinel Peak, the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Old Tucson Studios, and the Marriott Starr Pass Resort & Spa. Look up urban in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... Interstate 10, or I-10, is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... The Santa Cruz River is a river in southern Arizona, United States. ... The Tucson Mountains are a significant mountain range west of Tucson, Arizona. ... Entrance to the Visitors Center, Saguaro National Park, West. ... Sentinel Peak, or more commonly known as A Mountain, is a prominent ridge in the Tucson Mountains west of Tucson, Arizona. ... The Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum is one of the most visited attractions in Tucson, Arizona. ... Old Tucson Studios is a movie studio and theme park just outside of Tucson, Arizona. ... JW Marriott Hotels is an upper-upscale brand of hotels operated by Marriott International. ...


North Side

North Tucson includes the urban neighborhoods of Amphitheater and Flowing Wells. Usually considered the area north of Fort Lowell Road, North Tucson includes some of Tucson's primary commercial zones (Tucson Mall and the Oracle Road Corridor). Many of the city's most upscale boutiques, restaurants, and art galleries are also located on the North Side including St. Philip's Plaza. The Plaza is directly adjacent to the historic St. Philip's in the Hills Episcopal Church (built in 1936). Flowing Wells is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Commerce is the trading of something of economic value such as goods, services, information or money between two or more entities. ... Tucson Mall is the largest shopping mall in Tucson, Arizona. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... A typical restaurant in uptown Manhattan A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to be consumed on the premises. ... An art gallery or art museum is a space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art, and usually primarily paintings and sculpture. ...


Also on the North Side is the suburban community of Catalina Foothills, located in the foothills of the Santa Catalina Mountains just north of the city limits. This community includes among the area's most expensive homes, commonly multi-million dollar estates. The Foothills area is generally defined as north of River Road, east of First Avenue, and west of Sabino Creek. Some of the Tucson area's major resorts are located in the Catalina Foothills, including the Westin La Paloma Resort, Loews Ventana Canyon Resort and Canyon Ranch Spa. La Encantada, an upscale outdoor shopping mall is also in the Foothills. Catalina Foothills is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... The Santa Catalina Mountains are located north of Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Sabino Canyon is located in the Coronado National Forest north of Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Loews Hotels is a luxury hotel brand based in New York City, and a wholly owned subsidy of Loews Corporation. ... La Encantada is the largest upscale shopping mall and lifestyle center in the Tucson, Arizona metropolitan area. ... A shopping mall (or simply mall), shopping center, or shopping arcade is a building or set of buildings that contain stores, and has interconnecting walkways enabling visitors to easily walk from store to store. ...


East Side

East Tucson is relatively new compared to other parts of the city, developed between the 1950s and the 1970s. East Tucson is generally classified as the area of the city east of Swan Road, with above average real estate values relative to the rest of the city. The area includes urban and suburban development near the Rincon Mountains. East Tucson includes Saguaro National Park East. Tucson's Restaurant Row is also located on the East Side, along with a significant corporate and financial presence. Tucson's largest office building is 5151 East Broadway in East Tucson, completed in 1975. Park Place, a recently renovated shopping center, is also located on the East Side. The Rincon Mountains are a significant mountain range east of Tucson, Arizona. ... Entrance to the Visitors Center, Saguaro National Park, West. ... Corporate may refer to either A corporation, a type of legal entity, often formed to conduct business Corporate (film), a 2006 Bollywood film starring Bipasha Basu. ... Finance addresses the ways in which individuals, business entities and other organizations allocate and use monetary resources over time. ... Park Place is a large indoor shopping mall located on the East Side of Tucson, Arizona, USA. Park Place originally opened as Park Mall circa 1970, but was renovated beginning in 1998 to appeal to the upscale consumer, and renamed Park Place at that time. ...


Situated between the Santa Catalina Mountains and the Rincon Mountains near Redington Pass northeast of the city limits is the community of Tanque Verde. The Arizona National Golf Club, Forty-Niners Country Club, and the historic Tanque Verde Guest Ranch are also in Northeast Tucson. The Santa Catalina Mountains are located north of Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... The Rincon Mountains are a significant mountain range east of Tucson, Arizona. ... The view from Redington Pass looking South West over the Sonoran Desert and the eastern parts of the city of Tucson, Arizona. ... Tanque Verde is a suburban census-designated place located northeast of Tucson, Arizona in Pima County. ...


Southeast Side

Southeast Tucson continues to experience rapid residential development. The area includes the Davis-Monthan Air Force Base. The area is classified as south of Golf Links Road. The suburban community of Vail is also located on the Southeast Side. Davis-Monthan Air Force Base (IATA: DMA, ICAO: KDMA), also referred to as D-M, is a key US Air Combat Command installation, located within the city limits of Tucson, in Pima County, Arizona. ... Vail is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ...


Northwest Side

Much of the Northwest Side is single-family residential areas, as seen from the northeastern foothills of the Tucson Mountains.
Enlarge
Much of the Northwest Side is single-family residential areas, as seen from the northeastern foothills of the Tucson Mountains.

The expansive area northwest of the city limits is known as the Northwest Side. The Northwest Side includes significant economic diversity ranging from the rural communities of Catalina and parts of the town of Marana, to the affluent town of Oro Valley in the western foothills of the Santa Catalina Mountains, and residential areas in the northeastern foothills of the Tucson Mountains. The community of Casas Adobes is also on the Northwest Side, with the distinction of being Tucson's first suburb, established in the late 1940s. Casas Adobes is centered around the historic Casas Adobes Plaza (built in 1948). The Foothills Mall is also located on the Northwest Side. Image File history File links Panorama-nw. ... Image File history File links Panorama-nw. ... The Tucson Mountains are a significant mountain range west of Tucson, Arizona. ... Rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas (also referred to as the country, countryside) are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities. ... Catalina is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Marana is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ... A tributary (or affluent or confluent) is a contributory stream, a river that does not reach the sea, but joins another major river (a parent river), to which it contributes its waters, swelling its discharge. ... Oro Valley, incorporated in 1974, is a suburban town situated six miles north of Tucson, Arizona, USA in Pima County. ... The Santa Catalina Mountains are located north of Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... The Tucson Mountains are a significant mountain range west of Tucson, Arizona. ... Casas Adobes is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Foothills Mall is an indoor regional shopping mall located on the Northwest Side of Tucson, Arizona in the community of Casas Adobes. ...


Many of the Tucson area's golf courses and resorts are located in this area, including the Hilton El Conquistador Golf & Tennis Resort in Oro Valley, the Omni Tucson National Resort & Spa, and Westward Look Resort. Catalina State Park and Tortolita Mountain Park are also on the Northwest Side. Hilton is the flagship brand of Hilton Hotels Corporation (but not the luxury brand - see Conrad Hotels) and is based in Beverly Hills, California. ... Omni Hotels is a privately owned upscale hotel company based in Irving, Texas. ... Catalina State Park is located within the Coronado National Forest in the Santa Catalina Mountains north of Tucson, Arizona. ... The Tortolita Mountains are a mountain range in the northern suburbs of Tucson, Arizona. ...


Climate

Snow on Wasson Peak
Snow on Wasson Peak

Tucson has two major seasons, summer and winter; plus three minor seasons: autumn, spring, and the monsoon (Tucson's primary "rainy season"). Image File history File linksMetadata Wasson. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Wasson. ...


Summer is characterized by low humidity, clear skies, and daytime high temperatures that exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit. The average overnight temperature ranges between 68°F and 85°F. For other senses of this word, see Summer (disambiguation). ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ...

Monsoon clouds blanket the Catalina Mountains, August 2005
Monsoon clouds blanket the Catalina Mountains, August 2005

The monsoon can begin anytime from mid-June to late July, with an average start date around July 3. It typically continues through August and sometimes into September.[4] During the monsoon the humidity is much higher than the rest of the year. It begins with clouds building up from the south in the early afternoon followed by intense thunderstorms and rainfall, which can cause flash floods. Large areas of the city do not have storm sewers, so monsoon rains flood the main thoroughfares but usually only for a few hours. A few underpasses in Tucson have "feet of water" scales painted on their supports to indicate whether they can be safely forded by an automobile during a rainstorm.[2] The evening sky at this time of year is often pierced with dramatic lightning strikes. Image File history File linksMetadata Tucsonmonsoon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tucsonmonsoon. ... Monsoon in the Vindhya mountain range, central India A monsoon is a wind pattern that reverses direction with the seasons. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Flash flooding is rapid flooding of low-lying areas, rivers and creeks that is caused by the intense rainfall associated with a thunderstorm, or multiple training thunderstorms. ... A storm drain, storm sewer, or stormwater drain (in Australia) system is designed to drain excess rain and ground water from an area. ...


Autumn lasts from late October to November or December. It is much like summer, and similarly dry, with days above 100 degrees typical into early October. Average daytime highs of 84°F, with overnight lows of 55°F, constitute typical fall weather. Fall redirects here. ...


Winters in Tucson are mild relative to other parts of the United States. Daytime highs in the winter range between 64°F and 75°F, with overnight lows between 30°F and 44°F. Although quite rare, snow has been known to fall in Tucson, usually a light dusting that melts within a day. The photo, left, shows snow on 4,687-foot Wasson Peak on Tucson's northwest side. For other senses of this word, see winter (disambiguation). ...


Spring begins in late February or March, and is characterized by rising temperatures and several weeks of vivid wildflower blooms. Daytime average highs range from 72°F in March to 88°F in May with average overnight lows in March of 45°F and in May of 59°F. Look up spring in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Extreme High °F 87 92 99 104 107 117 114 112 107 102 90 84
117
Avg High °F 64 68 73 81 90 100 99 97 94 84 73 65
86
Avg Low °F 39 41 44 51 58 64 74 72 67 57 45 39
55
Extreme Low °F 16 20 20 33 38 47 59 61 44 26 24 16
16
Avg Rainfall in. 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 0.9 0.6 1.0
11.7
Source: Weatherbase

Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 486,699 people, 192,891 households, and 112,455 families residing in the city. The population density was 965.3/mi² (2,500.1/km²). There were 209,609 housing units at an average density of 415.7/mi² (1,076.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 70.15% white, 4.33% black or African-American, 2.27% Native American, 2.46% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 16.85% from other races, and 3.79% from two or more races. 35.72% of the population were Hispanic of any race. The Native American inhabitants in the area include primarily Tohono O'odham (formerly called the Papago), living in the city, on the nearby San Xavier reservation, and in the Tohono O'odham Nation, who may be descendants of the prehistoric inhabitants, as well as 6,800 Yaqui, living in the city (largely in the Old Pascua and Barrio Libre neighborhoods), on the nearby Pascua Yaqui reservation, and in the Yoem Pueblo in the town of Marana. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget, is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The Tohono Oodham are a Native American tribe formerly known as the Papago who reside primarily in the Sonoran Desert of the southwest United States and northwest Mexico. ... A Native American tribe formerly known as the Papago, the Tohono Oodham live on four reservations in southern Arizona, west of Tucson. ... The Yoeme or Yaqui are a border Native American people who live in the Sonoran Desert region, comprising part of the northern Mexican state of Sonora and the southwestern U.S. state of Arizona. ... Marana is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ...


There were 192,891 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.12. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the inner-city, the population has 24.6% under the age of 18, 13.8% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older.


The median income for a household in the city was $30,981, and the median income for a family was $37,344. Males had a median income of $28,548 versus $23,086 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,322. About 13.7% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Tucson Police logo
Tucson Police logo

Tucson follows the "weak mayor" model of municipal government (see Mayor-Council government). The 6-member city council holds exclusive legislative authority, and shares executive authority with the mayor, who is elected by the voters independently of the council. An appointed city manager, meanwhile, is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the city. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2290x3000, 282 KB)[edit] Summary Tucson, Arizona Police Department [edit] Licensing This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2290x3000, 282 KB)[edit] Summary Tucson, Arizona Police Department [edit] Licensing This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ...


Both the council members and the mayor serve 4-year terms, and none face term limits. Council members are nominated by their wards via a ward-level primary held in September. The top vote-earners from each party then compete at-large for their ward's seat on the November ballot. In other words, come election day, the whole city votes on all the council races up for that year. Council elections are severed: Wards 1, 2, and 4 (as well as the mayor) are up for election in the same year (most recently 2003), while Wards 3, 5, and 6 share another year (most recently 2005). More than one country has a day called Election Day. ...


Tucson is well-known for being a trailblazer in voluntary partial campaign finance. Since 1985, both mayoral and council candidates have been eligible to receive matching public funds from the city. To become eligible, council candidates must receive 200 donations of $10 or more (300 for a mayoral candidate). Candidates must then agree to spending limits equal to $.33 for every registered Tucson voter, or $79,222 in 2005 (the corresponding figures for mayor are $.64 per registered voter, or $142,271 in 2003). In return, candidates receive matching funds from the city at a 1:1 ratio ($1 in public money for every $1 in private donations). The only other limitation is that candidates may not exceed 75% of the limit by the date of the primary. Many cities, such as San Francisco and New York City, have copied this system, albeit with more complex spending and matching formulas. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Nickname: Big Apple, City that never Sleeps Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ...


Tucson is divided between the 7th and 8th congressional districts of Arizona. The city center is in the 7th District, while the more affluent residential areas to the north and east are in the 8th District.


Economy

Much of Tucson's economic development has been centered around the development of the University of Arizona, which is currently the second largest employer in the city. Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, located on the southeastern edge of the city, also provides many jobs for Tucson residents. Its presence, as well as the presence of a US Army Intelligence Center (Fort Huachuca, the largest employer in the region in nearby Sierra Vista), has led to the development of a significant number of high-tech industries, including government contractors, in the area. Today, there are more than 1,200 businesses employing over 50,000 people in the high-tech industries of Southern Arizona. The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Davis-Monthan Air Force Base (IATA: DMA, ICAO: KDMA), also referred to as D-M, is a key US Air Combat Command installation, located within the city limits of Tucson, in Pima County, Arizona. ...


The City of Tucson, Pima County, the State of Arizona and the private sector have all made commitments to create a growing, healthy economy with high-tech industries as its foundation. Advanced technology companies like Raytheon Missile Systems, Texas Instruments, IBM, Intuit, Inc., America Online, Universal Avionics, Misys Healthcare Systems, Sanofi-Aventis, Ventana Medical Systems, Inc., and Bombardier all have a significant presence in Tucson. Roughly 150 Tucson companies are in the optics industry, earning Tucson the nickname "Optics Valley".[5] Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) is a major United States military contractor based in Waltham, Massachusetts. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... now. ... Intuit Inc. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Sanofi-aventis (Euronext: SAN, NYSE: SNY), headquartered in Paris, France, is the worlds third largest company in the pharmaceutical industry behind Pfizer and GlaxoSmithKline but above Johnson & Johnson, Merck, AstraZeneca and Novartis. ... Bombardier Inc. ...


Tourism is another major industry in Tucson, which has many resorts, hotels, and attractions. A reckonable economic force is middle-class and upper-class Sonorans, who travel to Tucson to purchase goods that are not readily available in Mexico. In addition to vacationers, a significant number of winter residents, or "snowbirds", are attracted by Tucson's mild winters and contribute to the local economy. Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... The term Snowbird is used to describe Canadians and people from the Northern or Midwestern United States who spend a large portion of winter in warmer locales such as Arizona, Florida or elsewhere along the Sunbelt region of the southern United States, areas of the Caribbean and even as far...


Education

Post-secondary education

The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Pima Community College is a primarily two-year institution of higher education in Pima County, Arizona, USA. It has many campuses around the Tucson, Arizona, metropolitain area, including: Downtown Campus Desert Vista Campus East Campus Northwest Campus West Campus PCC is between the fifth and 10th largest community college in... University of Phoenix (UOP) is a for-profit educational institution specializing in adult education, with campuses located throughout the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico. ...

Primary and secondary public education

Primarily, students of Tucson residents attend public schools in the Tucson Unified School District (TUSD). TUSD encompasses the central Tucson valley, including the lower Catalina Foothills and segments of the Tanque Verde Valley. Tucson Unified School District (TUSD) is the largest school district of Tucson, Arizona in terms of enrollment. ... Catalina Foothills is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Tanque Verde is a suburban census-designated place located northeast of Tucson, Arizona in Pima County. ...


Other school districts in the Tucson metropolitan area include:

Three Points is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Amphitheater Public Schools, also known as Amphi or District 10, is the second largest public school district in Tucson, Arizona in terms of enrollment. ... Casas Adobes is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Catalina Foothills is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Oro Valley, incorporated in 1974, is a suburban town situated six miles north of Tucson, Arizona, USA in Pima County. ... Tortolita is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Catalina is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Catalina Foothills is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Sahuarita is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Interstate 10, or I-10, is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Marana Unified School District (MUSD) is an Arizona school district comprised of 17 schools in Pima County, Arizona. ... Marana is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Picture Rocks is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Avra Valley is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Tortolita is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Sahuarita is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Arivaca, Arizona is an unincorporated community thirty miles north, and twenty-three miles west of the Mexican border at Nogales, Arizona. ... Sunnyside Unified School District is a school district covering an area of some 100 square miles in Arizona, USA. As of 2006 it has 13 elementary schools, five middle schools and three high schools, with a certified teaching staff of some 1,000 and a student body of 16,000. ... Tanque Verde is a suburban census-designated place located northeast of Tucson, Arizona in Pima County. ... Vail is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ...

People and culture

Annual cultural events and fairs

Tucson Gem and Mineral Show

The Tucson Gem & Mineral Show is held every year in February for two weeks. It is one of the largest gem and mineral shows in the world, and features many of the finest mineral specimens. There is no single location for display of minerals, but rather dozens of locations spread across town. The show has an estimated attendance of more than 50,000 people from over twenty countries. Attendees frequently include the general public, experts, beginning collectors, museum employees, dealers, retailers, and researchers. Many museums and universities, including the Smithsonian Institution and the Sorbonne, have displayed materials at the show. The Tucson Gem & Mineral Show is held every year in February for three weeks (two open to the public, one open only to professionals). ... A selection of gemstone pebbles made by tumbling rough rock with abrasive grit, in a rotating drum. ... Minerals are natural compounds formed through geological processes. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganized as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ...


Tucson Folk Festival

For the past 21 years the Tucson Folk Festival has taken place the first Saturday and Sunday of May in downtown Tucson. In addition to nationally known headline acts each evening, the Festival highlights over 100 local and regional musicians on four stages in one of the largest free festivals in the country. Organized by the Tucson Kitchen Musicians Association, volunteers make this festival possible. Arizona's only community radio station KXCI 91.3-FM, is a major partner, broadcasting from the Plaza Stage throughout the weekend. In addition, there are numerous workshops, events for children, sing-alongs, and a popular singer/songwriter contest. Musicians typically play 30-minute sets, supported by professional audio staff. A variety of food and crafts are available at the festival, as well as local micro-brews. All proceeds from sales go to fund future festivals.


Fourth Avenue Street Fair

There are also two Fourth Avenue Street Fairs, in December and March, staged between 9th Street and University Boulevard, that feature arts and crafts booths, food vendors and street performers. The fairs began in 1970 when Fourth Avenue, which at the time had half a dozen thrift shops, several New Age bookshops and the Food Conspiracy Co-Op, was a gathering place for hippies, and a few merchants put tables in front of their stores to attract customers before the holidays.


The Tucson Rodeo (Fiesta de los Vaqueros)

Team Roping competition at Tucson's Fiesta de los Vaqueros.
Team Roping competition at Tucson's Fiesta de los Vaqueros.

Another popular event held in February, which is early spring in Tucson, is the Fiesta de los Vaqueros, or rodeo week. While at its heart the Fiesta is a sporting event, it includes what is billed as the world's largest non-mechanized parade. The Rodeo Parade is a popular event as most schools give two rodeo days off instead of Presidents Day. Western wear is seen throughout the city as corporate dress codes are cast aside during the Fiesta. The Fiesta de los Vaqueros marks the beginning of the rodeo season in the United States. Fiesta de los Vaqueros, the premier event of the rodeo year, is held at the beginning of the rodeo season. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (750x601, 181 KB) Summary Team Roping at the Fiesta de los Vaqueros (Tucson Rodeo) in Tucson, Arizona. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (750x601, 181 KB) Summary Team Roping at the Fiesta de los Vaqueros (Tucson Rodeo) in Tucson, Arizona. ... Steer roping Fiesta de los Vaqueros, Tucson, AZ. Rodeo is a traditional North American sport with influences from the history of Mexican vaqueros (cowboys) and American cowboys. ...


Tucson Meet Yourself

Every October for the past 30 years, Tucson Meet Yourself has presented the faces of Tucson's many ethnic groups. For one weekend, dancing, singing, artwork, and food from more than 20 different ethnic heritages are featured in the Downtown area. Anthropology professor "Big" Jim Griffith and a few friends came up with the idea and it has grown steadily over the years. All performers are from Tucson, in keeping with the idea "meet yourself".


All Souls Procession

One of the largest festivals celebrated is the All Souls Procession, held since 1989 on the first Sunday in November. Modeled on the Mexican holiday Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead), it combines elements of African, Anglo, Celtic, and Latin American culture. At sundown, thousands of people garbed in myriad costumes, mostly of the deceased, gather near the corner of Fourth Avenue and University Boulevard. In 2005, the Tucson Police Department estimated that 7,500 people participated in this event. The organization Many Mouths One Stomach (see website) hosted the gathering to acknowledge, mourn and celebrate deceased loved ones, and the "grand mystery" of death. Starting in 2006, the All Souls Procession will become a weekend-long event. Sugar skull given for the Day of the Dead, also made with chocolate and amaranto The Day of the Dead (Día de los Muertos, Día de los Difuntos or Día de Muertos in Spanish) is an ancient Aztec celebration in memory of deceased ancestors, celebrated on November...


Museums, art collections, and other attractions

The Arizona Historical Society, founded as the Pioneer Historical Society by early settlers, has a collection of artifacts reflecting the city's history--many focusing on the era before statehood was attained in 1912--as well as a fine collection of original documents in its library, including many interviews with early residents. AHS Logo(alchemists symbol for copper) The Arizona Historical Society (AHS) is a non-profit organization whose goal is to collect, preserve, interpret, and disseminate the history of Arizona, the West, and Northern Mexico as it pertains to Arizona. ...


The Fremont House is an original adobe house in the Tucson Community Center that was saved while one of Tucson's earliest barrios was razed as urban renewal. Originally named the Fremont House after Gov. John C. Fremont, who rented it for his daughter, it is now known as the Sosa-Carrillo-Fremont House to more accurately reflect its Latin heritage John C. Frémont John Charles Frémont (January 21, 1813-July 13, 1890), birth name John Charles Fremon [Harvey, p. ...


Fort Lowell Museum is located on the grounds of a military fort, established in 1873 during the "Indian Wars" period and abandoned in 1891.


The Tucson Museum of Art was established as part of an art school. It contains nearly 6,000 objects concentrating on the art of the Americas and its influences. The museum also operates several historic buildings in the neighborhood, including La Casa Cordova, the J. Knox Corbett House, the Edward Nye Fish House and the Stevens/Duffield House.


The University of Arizona Art Museum includes works by Franz Kline, Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko as part of the Edward J. Gallagher Memorial Collection, a tribute to a young man who was killed in a boating accident. The museum also includes the Samuel H. Kress Collection of European works from the 14th to 19th centuries and the C. Leonard Pfeiffer Collection of American paintings. The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Franz Klines Painting Number 2, 1954 Franz Kline (May 23, 1910 - May 13, 1962) was an American painter mainly associated with the Abstract Expressionist group which was centered, geographically, around New York, and temporally, in the 1940s and 1950s; but not limited to that setting. ... Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956) was an influential American painter and a major force in the abstract expressionist movement. ... Mark Rothkos painting 1957 # 20 (1957) Mark Rothko (born Marcus Rothkowitz) (September 25, 1903 – February 25, 1970) was a Latvian-born American painter who is classified as an abstract expressionist, although he rejected not only the label but even being an abstract painter. ...


The UA campus also features the Center for Creative Photography, a leading museum with many works by major artists such as Ansel Adams and Edward Weston. The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... The Tetons - Snake River (1942) by Ansel Adams Ansel Easton Adams (February 20, 1902 – April 22, 1984) was an American photographer, best known for his black and white photographs of Californias Yosemite Valley. ... Edward Weston (March 24, 1886 - January 1, 1958) was an American photographer, and co-founder of Group f/64. ...


The Mission San Xavier del Bac is a historic Spanish mission, located 10 miles (16 km) south of the city. It was founded by Father Kino in the 1660's as a mission which included a chain of other missions, many of which are located south of the border. The present building dates from the late 1700's. The mission, which still actively functions, is located in the Tohono O'odham nation reservation southwest of Tucson off of I-19. San Xavier del Bac San Xavier del Bac is a historic Spanish mission about 10 miles (16 km) south of downtown Tucson, Arizona on the Tohono Oodham San Xavier Indian Reservation, also known as the white dove of the desert or place where the water appears because the Santa...


Old Tucson Studios, built as a set for the movie Arizona, is a movie studio and theme park for classic Westerns. It was partly destroyed in 1995, allegedly by arson, but has since been rebuilt. Old Tucson Studios is a movie studio and theme park just outside of Tucson, Arizona. ... A movie studio is a controlled environment for the making of a film. ... Theme Park is a simulation computer game designed by Bullfrog Productions, released in 1994, in which the player designs and operates an amusement park. ... Broncho Billy Anderson, from The Great Train Robbery The Western movie is one of the classic American film genres. ...


The Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum is a non-traditional zoo devoted to animals and plants of the Sonoran Desert. It is located west of the Tucson Mountains. The Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum is one of the most visited attractions in Tucson, Arizona. ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo Zoo redirects here. ... Phyla Placozoa (trichoplax) Orthonectida (orthonectids) Rhombozoa (dicyemids) Subregnum Parazoa Porifera (sponges) Subregnum Eumetazoa Radiata (unranked) (radial symmetry) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anemones) Bilateria (unranked) (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Myxozoa (slime animals) Superphylum Deuterostomia (blastopore becomes anus) Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... u fuck in ua ... Sonoran Desert wildlife Mountains in the Sonoran Desert 3D photograph of Saguaro National Park at dusk. ... The Tucson Mountains are a significant mountain range west of Tucson, Arizona. ...


The Pima Air & Space Museum, featuring over 250 modern and historical aircraft, is located to the southeast of the city near Davis-Monthan Air Force Base. The Pima Air & Space Museum is the worlds largest non-government funded aerospace museum. ... Davis-Monthan Air Force Base (IATA: DMA, ICAO: KDMA), also referred to as D-M, is a key US Air Combat Command installation, located within the city limits of Tucson, in Pima County, Arizona. ...


The Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Center (AMARC) is a facility where the federal government stores out-of-service aircraft. Bus tours are conducted regularly from the Pima Air & Space Museum. Welcome sign at AMARC. Airplanes being used for salvage parts at AMARC. The Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Center (AMARC) is an aircraft storage and maintenance facility at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base in Tucson, Arizona. ... The Pima Air & Space Museum is the worlds largest non-government funded aerospace museum. ...


Titan Missile Museum is located about 25 miles (40 km) south of the city on I-19. This is a Cold War era Titan nuclear missile silo (billed as the only remaining intact post-Cold War Titan missile silo) turned tourist stop. The Titan Missile Museum is run by the Pima Air & Space Museum and is located in Green Valley, AZ. It is located roughly 20 km south of Tucson and features a Titan II intercontinental ballistic missile still in its silo. ... Interstate 19 (abbreviated I-19) is an intrastate interstate highway located entirely within the state of Arizona, United States. ... Titan was a family of U.S. expendable rockets used between 1959 and 2005. ... A missile silo is a underground vertical cylindrical container for the storage and launching of ICBMs. ...


Tucson Rodeo Parade Museum has an inventory of 150 vehicles, ranging from small buggies to wagons, surries, and coaches. Historic artifacts from pioneer days and a re-created Western Main Street represent what early Wild West Tucson looked like, and what it offered in terms of businesses and services.


The Museum of the Horse Soldier includes artifacts and ephemera detailing Western cavalry and dragoon military units. Trail Dust Towns sign on Tanque Verde Road, in Tucson, Arizona A view of th interior of Trail Dust Town The 1920s Allan Herschell carousel within the complex Slim-gauge railway with a picture of the Museum of the Horse Soldier in the far left background Trail Dust Town... Kircholm, a 1925 painting by Wojciech Kossak. ... A light dragoon from the American Revolution French dragoon, 1745. ...


Parks and outdoor attractions

The road up the "back side" of Mt. Lemmon is a favorite for riders of off-road motorcycles
The road up the "back side" of Mt. Lemmon is a favorite for riders of off-road motorcycles

The city is home to more than 120 parks, including Reid Park Zoo. There are five public golf courses located throughout the area. Several scenic parks and points of interest are also located nearby, including the Tucson Botanical Gardens, Saguaro National Park, Sabino Canyon, and Biosphere 2 (just north of the city, in the town of Oracle). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 557 KB)Scene in Saguaro National Park. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 557 KB)Scene in Saguaro National Park. ... Entrance to the Visitors Center, Saguaro National Park, West. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Backside. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Backside. ... View of the telescopes on the Mount Lemmon summit. ... The Reid Park Zoo, founded in 1975, is a city-owned and operated non-profit zoo in Tucson, Arizona. ... The Tucson Botanical Gardens is a collection of 16 botanical gardens located at 2150 North Alvernon Way, Tucson, Arizona, USA. Although the Garden property dates back to the 1920s, when it was the home of Bernice and Rutger Porter, the Tucson Botanical Gardens were founded in 1964 by horticulturist and... Entrance to the Visitors Center, Saguaro National Park, West. ... Sabino Canyon is located in the Coronado National Forest north of Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Biosphere 2 is a structure built to be a artificial closed ecological system in Oracle, Arizona by John Polk Allen, Space Biosphere Ventures and others. ... Oracle is a census-designated place located in Pinal County, Arizona. ...


Tucson is a popular winter haven for cyclists, and is one of only eight cities in the U.S. to receive a gold rating or higher for friendliness to cycling from the League of American Bicyclists. Both road and mountain biking are popular in and around Tucson with popular trail areas including Starr Pass and Fantasy Island. Maps can be found online for both road and mountain bikers. Tucson is the home to the Tour de Tucson, a famous cycling event held annually in November.[3][4] The League of American Bicyclists (LAB), a cyclists advocacy group was founded in 1880 as the League of American Wheelmen to improve riding conditions within the United States of America. ...


Fourth Avenue, located near the University of Arizona, is home to many shops, restaurants, and bars, and hosts the annual 4th Avenue Street Fair every December and March. University Boulevard, leading directly to the UA Main Gate, is also the center of numerous bars, retail shops, and restaurants most commonly frequented by the large student population of the UA. The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ...


El Tiradito is a religious shrine in the downtown area. The Shrine dates back to the early days of Tucson. It's based on a love story of revenge and murder. People stop by the Shrine to light a candle for someone in need, a place for people to go give hope. El Tiradito is a shrine and popular local spot in the Old Barrio area of downtown Tucson, Arizona. ...


Trail Dust Town is an outdoor shopping mall and restaurant complex that was built from the remains of a 1950 western movie set. Trail Dust Town contains a number of historical artifacts, including a restored 1920s merry-go-round and a museum dedicated to Western cavalry and dragoon military units. Trail Dust Towns sign on Tanque Verde Road, in Tucson, Arizona A view of th interior of Trail Dust Town The 1920s Allan Herschell carousel within the complex Slim-gauge railway with a picture of the Museum of the Horse Soldier in the far left background Trail Dust Town... This article is about the fairground ride. ... Kircholm, a 1925 painting by Wojciech Kossak. ... A light dragoon from the American Revolution French dragoon, 1745. ...


Mt. Lemmon, 5 miles north and over 6,700 feet above Tucson, is located in the Coronado National Forest. Outdoor activities in the summer include hiking, birding, rock climbing, picnicking, camping, sky rides at Ski Valley, fishing and touring. In the winter, skiing and/or sledding is sometimes available at the southernmost ski resort in the continental U.S. Summerhaven, a community near the top of Mt. Lemmon, is also a popular destination. Shops in Summerhaven offer such items as jewelry and other gifts, pizza, and fresh-fruit pies. The legacy of the Aspen Fire can be seen in charred trees, rebuilt homes, and melted beads incorporated into a sidewalk. Mount Lemmon is in the Santa Catalina Mountains located in the Coronado National Forest north of Tucson, AZ. It is 9,157 feet above sea-level. ... The Coronado National Forest includes an area of about 1. ... Summerhaven is a small village on Mount Lemmon in the Santa Catalina Mountains north of Tucson, Arizona. ... The Aspen Fire burned from June 16, 2003 for about a month on Mount Lemmon, part of the Santa Catalina Mountains located in the Coronado National Forest north of Tucson, Arizona, and in the surrounding area. ...


Performing arts

Musical groups include the Tucson Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1921, the Arizona Opera Company, founded as the Tucson Opera Company in 1971, the Tucson Boys Chorus, Tucson Girls Chorus, Southern Arizona Symphony and Civic Orchestra of Tucson. The Tucson Symphony Orchestra, or TSO, is the primary professional orchestra of Tucson, Arizona. ...


Theater groups include the Arizona Theatre Company, which performs in the Temple of Music and Art, a mirror image of the Pasadena Playhouse; the Invisible Theatre; and the Gaslight Theatre, which performs melodramas. Additionally, many bands perform at the numerous local clubs. The Arizona Theatre Company is a professional regional theatre company operating in both Tuscon and Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Pasadena Playhouse is a historic theatre located in Pasadena, California. ... A melodrama, in the broadest sense, is a serious drama that can be distinguished from tragedy by the fact that it is open to having a happy ending. ...


Tucson is home to the Tucson Arizona Boys Chorus. They have been Arizona's "Ambassadors in Levi's" since 1930. A chorus of mostly pre teen boys with exceptional singing skills, they have toured the USSR, China, Japan, Singapore, and all over the world. Levis is a brand of riveted denim jeans manufactured by Levi Strauss & Co. ...


Sports

The University of Arizona Wildcats sports teams, most especially the men's basketball and women's softball teams, are often the subject of national attention as well as strong local interest. The athletic teams at the University of Arizona are known as the Arizona Wildcats, a name derived from a 1914 football game with then California champions Occidental College, where the L.A. Times asserted that Arizona showed the fight of wildcats. ...


Tucson is home to the Tucson Electric Park, the spring training location of the Arizona Diamondbacks (NL), and the Chicago White Sox (AL). The Colorado Rockies (NL) practice at nearby Hi Corbett Field. These teams, along with the nine that practice in nearby Phoenix, make up the Cactus League. It is home to the Tucson Sidewinders, the AAA affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) also known as Bank One Ballpark (1998-2005) Major league titles World Series titles (1) 2001 NL Pennants (1) 2001 West Division titles (3) 2002 â€¢ 2001 â€¢ 1999... The National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, or simply the National League, is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2,3,4,9,11,16,19,72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) White Stockings <no city in official name, but based in Chicago> (1901-1903) Ballpark U.S. Cellular Field (1991–present) Comiskey... American League The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993-present) West Division (1993-present) Current uniform Ballpark Coors Field (1995-present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) {{{WORLD CHAMPIONS}}} NL Pennants (0) West Division titles (0) n/a Wild card berths (1) 1995 The Colorado Rockies are a Major League Baseball team... The National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, or simply the National League, is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada. ... Hi Corbett Field is a baseball field located in Tucson, Arizona. ... Nickname: Valley of the Sun Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area    - City 1,230. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida Spring training in Major League Baseball is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ...


The Tucson Sidewinders, a triple-A affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks, won the Pacific Coast League championship and unofficial AAA championship in 2006. The Sidewinders play in Tucson Electric Park and are in the Pacific Conference South of the PCL. Categories: Baseball stubs | Minor league baseball teams | Arizona sports ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) also known as Bank One Ballpark (1998-2005) Major league titles World Series titles (1) 2001 NL Pennants (1) 2001 West Division titles (3) 2002 â€¢ 2001 â€¢ 1999... The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor league baseball league operating in the West and Midwest of the United States. ... It is home to the Tucson Sidewinders, the AAA affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks. ...


Tucson Raceway Park hosts NASCAR-sanctioned auto racing events and is the only asphalt short track in Arizona. The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ...


The English Premiership soccer of Charlton Athletic club recently opened a youth academy in Tucson in May 2005. The FA Premier League (often referred to as the Barclays Premiership in the UK and the Barclays English Premier League internationally) is a league competition for football clubs located at the top of the English football league system (above The Football League), making it Englands primary football competition. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Charlton Athletic Football Club are a Football club from southeast London. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Media

  • Tucson Citizen: an afternoon daily paper. The Tucson Citizen is the oldest continuosly published newspaper in Arizona, established in 1870 as the Arizona Citizen. It is owned by Gannett.
  • Tucson Weekly: an alternative publication that is distributed free at numerous locations around Tucson. Other alternative weeklies from the past include the Frumious Bandersnatch, published in the 1960s and 70s by Hugh Holub, and the defunct Mountain Newsreal.
  • Explorer: a free weekly newpaper for residents of the suburban communities north of Tucson, including Oro Valley, Marana, Catalina Foothills, Tortolita and Catalina. The Explorer attempts to cover many aspects of suburban Tucson life, including high-school sports and preformances, cultural events, and stories of political interest.
  • Downtown Tucsonan: A free monthly magazine published by the Tucson Downtown Alliance. Editorial coverage focuses on issues pertinent to downtown - including revitalization efforts, arts, entertainment, history and events.
  • The DesertLeaf A free monthly publication serving primarily the Catalina Foothills. Founded in 1987, it has a circulation of 50,000.

The Arizona Daily Star is a daily newspaper that serves Tucson, Arizona, and southern Arizona. ... Founded by legendary yellow-journalist Joseph Pulitzer (who also funded the Pulitzer Prizes, which are not affiliated with the company), Pulitzer, Inc. ... The Tucson Citizen is a daily newspaper in Tucson, Arizona. ... Gannett Company, Inc. ... The Tucson Weekly is an alternative newsweekly that was founded in 1984 and serves a metropolitan area of nearly 900,000 residents. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ...

Television

Tucson is served by the major television networks: KVOA 4 (NBC), KGUN 9 (ABC), KOLD 13 (CBS), KMSB 11 (local news broadcast from KTVK-TV in Phoenix) (FOX), KTTU 18 (My Network TV), and KWBA 58 (The CW). KUAT 6 is a PBS affiliate run by the University of Arizona. The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... 2002 identity of the ABC Circle logo, designed by Paul Rand in 1962. ... CBS (an abbreviation for Columbia Broadcasting System, its former legal name) is one of the largest television networks, and formerly one of the largest radio networks, in the United States. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... My Network TV (sometimes written MyNetworkTV, and unofficially abbreviated MNT or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... The CW Television Network is a television network in the United States launched during the 2006-07 television season. ... Note: Public Broadcasting Services is a broadcaster in Malta. ...


Transportation

  • Sun Tran is Tucson's public bus system. It was awarded Best Transit System in 1988 & 2005 and serves part of the metropolis of Tucson. The city remains largely dependent on automobiles for transportation.
  • Old Pueblo Trolley operates weekend heritage streetcar service between the Fourth Avenue Business District and the University of Arizona. There are plans to extend it downtown, but no funds are currently allocated
  • Tucson has a substantial population of cyclists, created in part by significant parking problems around the University of Arizona, a commitment to bike lanes and educational work by the City, and the compatible climate for cycling. BICAS, a community bike co-op and repair center near the University, is a Tucson landmark.

Tucson International Airport (IATA: TUS, ICAO: KTUS) is the second largest commercial airport in Arizona. ... Sun Tran is the public transit system serving the city of Tucson, Arizona. ... The American Public Transportation Association is a Washington, DC based non-profit organization that serves as an advocate for the advancement of public transportation programs and initiatives in the United States since the organizations founding in 1882. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Sunset Limited (eastbound) at the Houston train station. ... Nickname: The City Beautiful, O-Town Location in Orange County and the state of Florida. ... Nickname: City of Angels Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa Area    - City 1,290. ... The Old Pueblo Trolley is a heritage railway streetcar system operating in Tucson in the U.S. state of Arizona. ... The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ...

Miscellany

A cover of Life Magazine from 1911 Life has been the name of two notable magazines published in the United States. ... Jack Kerouac (pronounced ) (March 12, 1922 – October 21, 1969) was an American novelist, writer, poet, artist, and part of the Beat Generation. ... On the Road book cover On the Road is a novel by Jack Kerouac, published by Viking Press in 1957. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film &#8212; also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, &#8212; is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Alice is a 1974 film which tells the story of a widow who moves with her young son to Tucson, Arizona to start her life over again, and finds a job working at a diner. ... Boys On The Side is a 1995 US drama film directed by Herbert Ross and written by Don Roos. ... Cant Buy Me Love is a 1987 teen comedy film directed by Steve Rash. ... Harley Davidson and the Marlboro Man is a 1991 action film,starring Mickey Rourke, Don Johnson, Tom Sizemore, Chelsea Field, Branscombe Richmond, Daniel Baldwin, Tia Carrere, Giancarlo Esposito, and the late Big John Studd. ... How the West Was Won is How the West Was Won (movie) a 1962 film by James R. Webb. ... The film Jesus Son (1999) was adapted from the collection of short stories of the same name by Denis Johnson. ... A Kiss Before Dying is a novel by Ira Levin. ... Lilies of the Field is a 1962 book by William E. Barrett, which was made into a 1963 film. ... Major League is a 1989 movie starring Tom Berenger, Charlie Sheen and Corbin Bernsen. ... The Postman (1985) is a post-apocalyptic novel by David Brin. ... Revenge of the Nerds is a 1984 comedy film starring Robert Carradine and Anthony Edwards, with Curtis Armstrong, Ted McGinley, Julia Montgomery, Brian Tochi, Larry B. Scott, and Donald Gibb. ... Revenge of the Nerds II: Nerds in Paradise was the sequel to the 1984 film Revenge of the Nerds. ... Rio Bravo (1959) is a western movie, directed by Howard Hawks. ... Video cover showing Kris Kristofferson and Barbra Streisand The 1976 version, helmed by Frank Pierson and starring Barbra Streisand and Kris Kristofferson, updated the story by bringing it into the rock era. ... Stir crazy may mean: Stir Crazy (movie) Stir crazy (condition) Stir Crazy (restaurant) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Terminal Velocity is a 1994 action movie starring Charlie Sheen as a daredevil skydiver who become mixed up with Russian spies. ... ¡Three Amigos! is a 1986 comedy western film, produced by George Folsey, Jr. ... Tin Cup is a 1996 romantic comedy starring Kevin Costner and Rene Russo. ... Tombstone is a 1993 Western movie written by Kevin Jarre and directed by George P. Cosmatos. ... The Big Valley was a television Western which ran on ABC from 1965 through 1969. ... The High Chaparral was a Western-themed television series which aired on NBC from 1967 to 1971. ... Petrocelli was a legal drama which ran on NBC from September 11, 1974 to March 3, 1976. ... Summer Breeze is an annual event at the University of Chicago. ... Hey Dude was a television program that was aired in the United States from 1989 to 1991. ... Route 66 was an American TV series in which two young men traveled across America. ... Julie Newmar as Catwoman Julie Newmar (born August 16, 1933 as Julia Charlene Newmeyer) is an American actress, dancer, and singer. ... Nagles Mercy is a novel written by Adam Kargman. ... Get Back sessions, see Let It Be (album). ... The Beatles, an English musical group from Liverpool, are the most critically acclaimed, commercially successful popular music artists in history. ... Melissa Lou Etheridge (born May 29, 1961 in Leavenworth, Kansas) is an American rock musician. ... 10,000 Maniacs is a U.S. alternative rock band, formed in 1981 and active with various line-ups since that time. ... Steve Miller is a blues and rock and roll guitarist and performer. ... The Grateful Dead were an American psychedelia-influenced rock band formed in 1965 in San Francisco. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Linda Maria Ronstadt (born July 15, 1946) is an American singer most closely associated with the country rock genre prevalent in the 1970s. ... Pretenders album cover, 1980. ... Merle Ronald Haggard (nicknamed The Hag; born April 6, 1937 in Bakersfield, CA) is an American country music singer, guitarist and songwriter. ... George Harvey Strait (born May 18, 1952 – ), is an American country music artist. ... Bone Thugs -N- Harmony Bone Thugs n Harmony is a US rap group from Cleveland, Ohio. ... This article is about the contemporary musician. ... Christopher Wallace (May 21, 1972 - March 9, 1997), also known as Biggie Smalls (after a stylish gangster in the 1975 comedy, Lets Do it Again), but best known as The Notorious B.I.G. (Business Instead of Game). ... The cover of the album The Essential Dan Fogelberg Daniel Grayling Fogelberg (b. ... Hoyt Wayne Axton (March 25, 1938 – October 26, 1999) was an American country music singer-songwriter, and a film and television actor. ... Newsboys are a Christian pop/rock band. ... Sentinel Peak, or more commonly known as A Mountain, is a prominent ridge in the Tucson Mountains west of Tucson, Arizona. ... The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Francis Anthony Drexel (June 20, 1824 – February 15, 1885) was a Philadelphia banker. ... Katharine Drexel (November 26, 1858 - March 3, 1955) is a Catholic Saint. ... Howard Robard Hughes, Jr. ... Gilda DVD cover Rita Hayworth (October 17, 1918 – May 14, 1987), was an American actress of Spanish and English descent who reached fame during the 1940s as the eras leading sex symbol. ... The 1950s was the decade spanning the years 1950 to 1959. ... The Santa Rita Mountains is a mountain range extending 42 km (26 mi) from northwest to southeast, located 65 km (40 mi) southeast of Tucson, Arizona. ... USN redirects here. ... Two vessels of the United States Navy have been named USS Tucson, after the city of Tucson, Arizona. ... The gold medal awarded for Public Service in Journalism The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical compositions. ... Sacha Baron Cohen as Borat Borat Sagdiyev (Cyrillic: Борат Сагдиев) is a fictional character of a Kazakh journalist invented and portrayed by the British comedian provocateur Sacha Baron Cohen for Da Ali G Show, an unstaged and unscripted show in which Borat interviews people who believe that he is a real Kazakh... Da Ali G Show is the name of two related satirical and socratically ironic TV programs starring British comedian Sacha Baron Cohen and featuring the character Ali G. The first season was made by Channel 4, the second by HBO. The first was not shown in the US, the second...

See also

This is a listing of famous people who were born in, or lived in, Tucson, Arizona. ... The Tucson Garbage Project is an archaeological and sociological study instituted in 1973 by Dr. William Rathje in the city of Tucson in the Southwestern American state of Arizona. ...

Sister cities

Tucson has nine sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc.: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places over 100,000 (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 21, 2006). Retrieved on November 14, 2006.
  2. ^ Two underpasses leading towards downtown Tucson from the north, at Sixth Avenue and Stone Avenue, have such "feet of water" scales.
  3. ^ Tucson Bicycle & Pedestrian Program. City of Tucson Department of Transportation (2006).
  4. ^ Tucson Mountain Biking Trails. Tucson Mountain Biking Trails Wiki.
  5. ^ "In My Country West There Is Problem", Tucson Weekly, August 26, 2004.

Further reading

  1. John Bret Harte: Tucson: Portrait of a Desert Pueblo ; American Historical Press; ISBN 1-892724-25-1 (hardcover, reissued 2001).
  2. Evelyn S. Cooper: Tucson in Focus: The Buehman Studio ; Arizona Historical Society; ISBN 0-910037-35-3 (hardcover, 1995). A sample of the Buehman Collection, which includes 250,000 glass plate and nitrate negatives from the 1870s to the 1950s.
  3. Roy P. Drachman: From Cowtown to Desert Metropolis: Ninety Years of Arizona Memories; Whitewing Press; ISBN 1-888965-02-9 (hardcover, 1999); ISBN 1-888965-03-7 (paperback, 1999).
  4. Bernard L. Fontana: Biography of a Desert Church: The Story of Mission San Xavier del Bac; Tucson Corral of the Westerners; ASIN B0006RHO88 (paperback, 1996)
  5. George Hand: The Civil War in Apacheland ; (Part 1 of George Hand's diary) High Lonesome Books; ISBN 0-944383-36-X (paperback, 1996).
  6. George Hand: Whiskey, Six-Guns and Red-Light Ladies; (Part 2 of George Hand's diary) High Lonesome Books; ISBN 0-944383-30-0 (paperback, 1995).
  7. Bonnie Henry: Another Tucson; Arizona Daily Star; ISBN 0-9607758-2-X (hardcover, 1992).
  8. Rosalio Moisés: The Tall Candle: The Personal Chronicle of a Yaqui Indian ; University of Nebraska Press; ISBN 0-8032-0747-6 (paperback, 2001).
  9. Muriel Thayer Painter: A Yaqui Easter; University of Arizona Press; (paperback, 1971) Read online.
  10. Federico Jose Maria Ronstadt: Borderman, the Memoirs of Federico Jose Maria Ronstadt; University of New Mexico Press. (hardback, 1993) Read online.
  11. Don Schellie: Vast Domain of Blood: The Story of the Camp Grant Massacre; Westernlore Press; ASIN B0006BW3N0 (paperback, 1968).
  12. Jack Sheaffer and Steve Emerine: Jack Sheaffer's Tucson, 1945-1965 Arizona Daily Star; ISBN 0-9607758-1-1 (hardback, 1985).
  13. Thomas E. Sheridan: Del rancho al barrio: The Mexican legacy of Tucson; Arizona Historical Society (paperback, 1983)
  14. Thomas E. Sheridan: Los Tucsonenses: The Mexican Community in Tucson, 1854-1941; University of Arizona Press; ISBN 0-8165-1298-1 (paperback, reissued 1992)
  15. C. L. Sonnichsen: Tucson: The Life and Times of an American City; The classic book on Tucson's history; University of Oklahoma Press; ISBN 0-8061-2042-8 (paperback, reissued 1987)
  16. Arizona Daily Star: Star 200 Trend Tracker
  17. Bancroft: History of New Mexico and Arizona, San Francisco, 1880

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  • Official government website
  • Metropolitan Tucson Convention & Visitors Bureau
  • Metropolitan Tucson Chamber of Commerce
  • Tucson Wikicity
  • Tucson Rodeo - La Fiesta de los Vaqueros
  • Tucson Rodeo Parade Committee and Museum
  • Access Tucson - Tucson's public access cable
  • Tucson Vous Accueille - Francophones
  • Maps and aerial photos Coordinates: 32.214476° -110.918192°
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Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Cities, Towns, and Unincorporated communities of Pima County, Arizona
Seal of Pima County
Population
over 100,000
Tucson (County seat)
Population
over 50,000
Casas Adobes | Catalina Foothills
Population
over 25,000
Oro Valley | Marana
Population
over 10,000
Drexel Heights | Flowing Wells | Green Valley | Sahuarita | Tanque Verde | Tucson Estates
Population
under 10,000
Ajo | Avra Valley | Catalina | Corona de Tucson | Drexel Alvernon | East Sahuarita | Littletown | Lukeville | Picture Rocks | Pisinemo | Santa Rosa | Sells | South Tucson | Summerhaven | Summit | Three Points | Tortolita | Vail | Valencia West
State of Arizona
Phoenix (Capital)
Regions

Grand Canyon | Mojave Desert | North Central Arizona | Northeast Arizona | Northern Arizona | Phoenix Metropolitan Area | Southern Arizona | Arizona Strip Chicago from the air. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... In United States law, a region of land is unincorporated if it is not a part of any municipality. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Image File history File links This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Casas Adobes is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Catalina Foothills is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Oro Valley, incorporated in 1974, is a suburban town situated six miles north of Tucson, Arizona, USA in Pima County. ... Marana is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Drexel Heights is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Flowing Wells is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Green Valley is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Sahuarita is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Tanque Verde is a suburban census-designated place located northeast of Tucson, Arizona in Pima County. ... Tucson Estates is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Ajo is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Avra Valley is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Catalina is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Corona de Tucson is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Drexel-Alvernon is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... East Sahuarita is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Littletown is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Lukeville is a small border town in southern Arizona, USA. The city consists of the international border crossing into Sonoyta, Sonora, Mexico, together with a gas station, a duty free shop, a few outlets that sell Mexican autmobile insurance, and a terminal for busses that are bound for Phoenix and... Picture Rocks is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Pisinemo is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Kaij Mek, or Santa Rosa, is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Sells (Papago Komkceḍ e Wa:osidk) is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... South Tucson is a city located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Summerhaven is a small village on Mount Lemmon in the Santa Catalina Mountains north of Tucson, Arizona. ... Summit is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Three Points is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Tortolita is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Vail is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Valencia West is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Arizona. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Minor parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal • • A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Nickname: Valley of the Sun Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area    - City 1,230. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... The Grand Canyon is a very colorful, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Looking across from Emigrant Pass towards the Kingston Range in the eastern Mojave. ... North Central Arizona is a geographical region of Arizona. ... Northeast Arizona, sometimes referred to by local people as The Rez, is a region of the U.S. state of Arizona commonly including Apache County and Navajo County. ... Northern Arizona is dominated by the Colorado Plateau, the southern border of which in Arizona is called the Mogollon Rim. ... The Phoenix metropolitan area, locally known as the Valley of the Sun (or just The Valley), is a metropolitan area that includes Phoenix, Arizona, and all of the rest of Maricopa County, Pinal County, and Yavapai County. ... Southern Arizona is a region of the United States. ... The Arizona Strip is that part of the US state of Arizona lying north of the Colorado River and south of the state of Utah. ...

Counties

Apache | Cochise | Coconino | Gila | Graham | Greenlee | La Paz | Maricopa | Mohave | Navajo | Pima | Pinal | Santa Cruz | Yavapai | Yuma List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... Apache County is located in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Location in the state of Arizona Formed 1881 Seat Bisbee Area  - Total  - Water 16,107 km² (6,219 mi²) 128 km² (49 mi²) 0. ... Coconino County is located in the north central part of the state of Arizona. ... Location in the state of Arizona Formed 1881 Seat Globe Area  - Total  - Water 12,421 km² (4,796 mi²) 73 km² (28 mi²) 0. ... Graham County is located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Greenlee County is located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... La Paz County is located in the western part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Location in the state of Arizona Formed 1864 Seat Kingman Area  - Total  - Water 34,886 km² (13,470 mi²) 409 km² (158 mi²) 1. ... Location in the state of Arizona Formed March 21, 1895 Seat Holbrook Area  - Total  - Water 25,795 km² (9,959 mi²) 16 km² (6 mi²) 0. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Location in the state of Arizona Formed 1875 Seat Florence Area  - Total  - Water 13,919 km² (5,374 mi²) 12 km² (4 mi²) 0. ... Santa Cruz County is located in the south of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Yuma County is located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ...

Cities

Chandler | Flagstaff | Gilbert | Glendale | Lake Havasu City | Mesa | Peoria | Phoenix | Prescott | Scottsdale | Tempe | Tucson | Yuma A list of cities in Arizona (by population*) is below. ... Chandler (Pima: Canli) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 176,582. ... Nickname: City of Seven Wonders Location in Coconino County the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona County Coconino County Mayor Joseph C. Donaldson Area    - City 63. ... Gilbert is a town located in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. Gilbert was the fastest-growing incorporated place of over 100,000 people in the US from 1990 to 2000, as well as in the 2002, 2003, and 2004 Census estimates. ... Glendale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Lake Havasu City is a city in Mohave County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 41,938. ... Mesa is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona and part of the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale Metropolitan Area. ... Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Nickname: Valley of the Sun Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area    - City 1,230. ... Prescott Gurley Street in 1918 Prescott by night Prescott is a city in Yavapai County, Arizona, USA. The population was 33,938 at the 2000 census. ... Scottsdale is a satellite city of Phoenix in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. Named by the New York Times as The Beverly Hills of the Desert,[1] Scottsdale has become internationally recognized as a premiere (and posh) tourist destination, while maintaining its own identity and culture as The Wests Most... Downtown Tempe and Arizona State University Tempe (pronounced by local residents) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, with a 2004 population estimate of 160,676. ... Yuma Crossing and RR bridge in 1886. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tucson, Arizona Travel & Vacation Guide (191 words)
We'll Leave the Light On Tucson is Arizona's second largest city and is the hub of activity and commerce for southern Arizona.
Tucson is located in a valley at the base of 4 different mountain ranges.
Tucson is located in southern Arizona about 120 miles southeast of Phoenix It lies at the junction of I-10 and I-19.
Tucson, Arizona - DesertUSA (688 words)
Tucson is the seat of the University of Arizona, which was founded in 1885, home to Pima Community College and is near a number of Indian reservations.
Tucson lay in the territory that was acquired from Mexico by the United States in the Gadsden Purchase of 1854, and the town served as the territorial capital of Arizona from 1867 to 1877.
Tucson's growth was further stimulated by the arrival of the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1880, the discovery of silver at nearby Tombstone and copper at Bisbee and irrigation developments.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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