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Encyclopedia > Tuamotus
A Satellite photo of the Acteon Group, 4 atolls in the southeastern Tuamotus. (The top of this image is southeast).

The Tuamotus are the largest chain of atolls in the world, spanning an area of the Pacific Ocean roughly the size of Western Europe. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Atoll in the western Pacific Ocean Photo: www. ... World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ...

Contents

Politics

Together with the Gambier Islands, the Tuamotus form a primary administrative division of French Polynesia The Gambier Islands (Îles Gambier in French) are a small group of islands in French Polynesia, located at the southeast terminus of the Tuamotu archipelago. ...


Demography

At the 2002 census, the Tuamotus (including the Gambier Islands) had a population of 15,862 inhabitants. The Gambier Islands (Îles Gambier in French) are a small group of islands in French Polynesia, located at the southeast terminus of the Tuamotu archipelago. ...


Only 769 inhabitants live in a 400 kilometer (250 mile) radius around Moruroa and Fangataufa, the sites of the French nuclear tests. Moruroa (Mururura, Mururoa) (21°50S., 138°55W.) is an atoll in which forms part of the Tuamoto archipelago in French Polynesia in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... Fangataufa (Fangatafoa) (22°15S., 138°45W.) is a small, low, narrow, barrier reef. ...


The language spoken in the Tuamotus is Tuamotuan, a collection of Polynesian dialects, except for in Puka-Puka and the Gambier Islands, where Puka-Pukan and Mangarevan are spoken, respectively. The Polynesian languages are a group of related languages spoken in the region known as Polynesia. ... This article refers to the language of Puka-Puka in French Polynesia. ... Mangarevan is the East Central Polynesian language spoken in the Gambier Islands of French Polynesia. ...


Economy

Today the most important source of income in the Tuamotus is from the cultivation of black pearls and the preparation of copra. Agriculture in the islands is predominantly subsistence in nature. For other things called pearl, see pearl (disambiguation). ... Copra is the dried meat, or kernel, of the coconut. ...


Tourism-related income remains meager, especially by comparison to the tourism industry of the neighboring Society Islands. A modest tourism infrastructure is found on the atolls of Rangiroa and Manihi, two favorite scuba-diving and snorkeling destinations. A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... The Society Islands (Îles de la Société in French) are a group of islands in the south Pacific, administratively part of French Polynesia. ... Rangiroa, which means Far Sky in Tuamotuan, is the largest atoll in the Tuamotus, and one of the largest in the world (larger than Kwajalein in the Marshall Islands). ... Manihi is a coral atoll in the Tuamotu Archipelago. ... SCUBA is an acronym for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus. ... Snorkeling is the practice of swimming at the surface of a body of water equipped with a mask and a short tube called a snorkel. ...


Geography

Map of the Tuamotu Archipelago

Despite the vast spread of the archipelago, it covers a total land area of only about 885 km² (345 sq. mi.). Download high resolution version (1534x1074, 124 KB)Map of the Tuamotu Archipelago, modified from the original found at http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1534x1074, 124 KB)Map of the Tuamotu Archipelago, modified from the original found at http://www. ...


The climate is warm tropical, without pronounced seasons. The annual average temperature is a relatively continuous 26°C (79°F). Water sources such as lakes or rivers are absent, leaving the only source of fresh water as catchments of rain water. The annual average rainfall is 1400 mm (about 55 in.). Rainfall is not markedly different throughout the year, although it is lowest during the months between September and November.


Important Islands

The group encompasses 78 coral atolls and islands, including: Orders see Anthozoa zsnobordinkid505@aol. ... Fanning Atoll (Tabuaeran) is a typical, small to moderate-sized atoll located in the central Pacific Ocean. ...

Rangiroa, which means Far Sky in Tuamotuan, is the largest atoll in the Tuamotus, and one of the largest in the world (larger than Kwajalein in the Marshall Islands). ... Kwajalein Atoll - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kwajalein Atoll is part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), 2,100 nautical miles (3900 km) southwest of Honolulu, Hawaii, at 8°43′ N 167°44′ E. Kwajalein is one the worlds largest coral atolls (not by... Manihi is a coral atoll in the Tuamotu Archipelago. ... For other things called pearl, see pearl (disambiguation). ... Fangataufa (Fangatafoa) (22°15S., 138°45W.) is a small, low, narrow, barrier reef. ... Moruroa (Mururura, Mururoa) (21°50S., 138°55W.) is an atoll in which forms part of the Tuamoto archipelago in French Polynesia in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945 lifted nuclear fallout some 18 km (60,000 feet) above the epicenter. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...

Island Groups

Several of the atolls are grouped together and known by group names:


Acteon Group (Groupe Actéon)

  • Matureivavao
  • Tenararo
  • Tenarunga
  • Vahanga

Disappointment Islands (Îles du Désappointement)

Geography The Disappointment Islands (French: Îles du Désappointement) are a small group of coral atolls located in the northeastern part of the Tuamotu Archipelago. ... Tepoto, a coral island, is the northwesternmost of the Disappointment Islands, in the Tuamotu Archipelago, located at 14° 8 S. lat. ... Napuka is a coral atoll in the Disappointment Islands, in the northeastern part of the Tuamotu Archipelago. ... Puka-Puka, is a coral atoll in the northeastern Tuamotu Archipelago, sometimes included as a member of the Disappointment Islands. ...

Duke of Gloucester Islands (Îles du Duc de Gloucester)

  • Anuanuraro
  • Anuanurunga
  • Hereheretue
  • Nukutepipi

King George Islands (Îles du Roi Georges)

Ahe is an almost entirely-enclosed coral atoll, located in the King George group of the northern Tuamotu Archipelago, just to the southwest of Manihi. ... Manihi is a coral atoll in the Tuamotu Archipelago. ...

Palliser Islands (Îles Palliser)

Numerous atolls comprising the northwestern Tuamotus, including Mataiva

Mataiva is a coral atoll in the Tuamotu Archipelago. ...

Raeffsky Islands (Îles Raéffsky)

Numerous atolls in the central Tuamotus, including Tepoto

Tepoto is the name given to three small uninhabited coral atolls in the Raeffsky Islands, in the central Tuamotus. ...

Other Islands and Atolls

Fangataufa (Fangatafoa) (22°15S., 138°45W.) is a small, low, narrow, barrier reef. ... Hao is a large coral atoll in the central part of the Tuamotu Archipelago. ... Pukarua, sometimes also listed as Pukaruha (especially on French maps), is a coral atoll in the eastern Tuamotu Archipelago. ...

Flora and Fauna

The sparse soil of the coral islands does not permit a diverse vegetation. The coconut palm, which forms the basis for copra production, is of special economic importance. On a few islands, vanilla is also cultivated. Agriculture is generally otherwise limited to simple subsistence. Binomial name Cocos nucifera L. Also a song by Harry Nilsson The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera), is a member of the Family Arecaceae (palm family). ... Copra is the dried meat, or kernel, of the coconut. ... Vanilla is a flavouring, in its pure form known as vanillin, derived from orchids in the genus Vanilla. ...


Fruit and vegetable staples include yams, taro, and breadfruit, as well as a wide range of other tropical fruits. For the Levantine god of the untamed sea (sometimes called Yam), see Yaw (god). ... This Taro is the Tahitian word. ... Binomial name Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg The breadfruit is a tree (and its fruit) native to the East Indian and Pacific islands, which has also been widely planted in tropical regions elsewhere. ...


Pandanus leaves are traditionally woven together as roof thatch (although nowadays there are a great number of corrugated sheet-metal roofs instead), as well as for other items, such as mats and hats. Species Pandanus tectorius etc. ... Thatching is the art or craft of covering a roof with vegetative materials such as straw, reed or sedge. ...


The animal life on the islands is limited to primarily birds (mostly seabirds), insects and lizards. The underwater fauna however, is diverse. The beautiful and species-rich reefs make the Tuamotus one of the most scenic scuba-diving destinations in the world. Orders Subclass Apterygota Symphypleona - globular springtails Subclass Archaeognatha (jumping bristletails) Subclass Dicondylia Monura - extinct Thysanura (common bristletails) Subclass Pterygota Diaphanopteroidea - extinct Palaeodictyoptera - extinct Megasecoptera - extinct Archodonata - extinct Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Blattodea (cockroaches) Mantodea (mantids) Isoptera (termites) Zoraptera Grylloblattodea Dermaptera (earwigs) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Orthoptera   (grasshoppers, crickets... This page is about Lizards, the order of reptile. ...


Geology

All of the islands of the Tuamotus are coral "low islands": essentially high sand bars built upon coral reefs. A reef surrounding an islet. ...


Makatea, southwest of the Palliser Islands, is one of three great phosphate rocks in the Pacific Ocean. The others are Banaba in Kiribati, and the island nation of Nauru. In chemistry, a phosphate is a polyatomic ion or radical consisting of one phosphorus atom and four oxygen. ... Banaba can have the following meanings: Banaba (Lagerstroemia speciosa) is a type of tree that grows in Thailand. ...


Although geographically part of the Tuamotus, the Gambier Islands, at the southeastern extreme of the archipelago, are geologically and culturally distinct. Physical map of the Earth ( Medium) ( Large 2 MB) Geography is the scientific study of the locational and spatial variation in both physical and human phenomena on Earth. ... The Gambier Islands (Îles Gambier in French) are a small group of islands in French Polynesia, located at the southeast terminus of the Tuamotu archipelago. ... An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... The word culture comes from the Latin root colere (to inhabit, to cultivate, or to honor). ...


History

The early history of the Tuamotu islands is generally shrouded in mystery. Archaeological findings lead to the conclusion that the western Tuamotus were settled from the Society Islands by c. 700 A.D. On the islands of Rangiroa, Manihi and Mataiva, there are flat ceremonial platforms (called marae) made of coral blocks, although their exact age is unknown. The Society Islands (Îles de la Société in French) are a group of islands in the south Pacific, administratively part of French Polynesia. ... Rangiroa, which means Far Sky in Tuamotuan, is the largest atoll in the Tuamotus, and one of the largest in the world (larger than Kwajalein in the Marshall Islands). ... Manihi is a coral atoll in the Tuamotu Archipelago. ... Mataiva is a coral atoll in the Tuamotu Archipelago. ...


The Tuamotus were first "discovered" for Europeans by the navigator Ferdinand Magellan, during his circumglobal voyage in 1521. His visit was followed by: World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... For the WWW browsers of the same name, see Netscape Navigator and Mozilla. ... Ferdinand Magellan (Spring 1480 – April 27, 1521; Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães; Spanish: Fernando/Hernando de Magallanes) was a Portuguese sea explorer who sailed for Spain. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther. ...

None of these visits were of political consequence, the islands being in the sphere of influence of the Pomare dynasty of Tahiti. Pedro Fernández de Quirós (1565 - 1614), was a Portuguese seaman and explorer. ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill pretender Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... Willem Cornelis Schouten (1567?-1625) was a Dutch navigator. ... Jacob Le Maire (about 1585 to 1616), the Dutch mariner, born in Antwerp, circumnavigated the earth in 1615 to 1616. ... Events Dirk Hartog lands on an island off the Western Australian coast Pocahontas arrives in England War between Venice and Austria Collegium Musicum founded in Prague Nicolaus Copernicus De revolutionibus is placed on the Index of Forbidden Books by the Roman Catholic Church Births May 18 - Johann Jakob Froberger, German... Louis-Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811) Louis Antoine de Bougainville (November 11, 1729–August 31, 1811) was a French navigator and military commander. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... British explorer James Cook, portrait by Nathaniel Dance, c. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jacob Roggeveen (January 1659 - 31 January 1729) was a Dutch explorer who was sent to find Terra Australis, but he instead discovered Easter Island by chance. ... Easter Island and its location Easter Island (Polynesian: Rapa Nui (Great Rapa), Spanish: Isla de Pascua) is an island in the south Pacific Ocean belonging to Chile. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Otto von Kotzebue ( December 30, 1787 - February 15, 1846), was a Russian navigator. ... Tsar, (Bulgarian цар�, Russian царь; often spelled Czar or Tzar in English), was the title used for the autocratic rulers of the First and Second Bulgarian Empires since 913, in Serbia in the middle of the 14th century, and in Russia from 1547 to 1917. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Tahiti is the largest island in French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean, at 17°40′ S 149°30′ W. The island had a population of 169,674 inhabitants at the 2002 census. ...


At the beginning 18th century the first Christian missionaries arrived. The islands' pearls penetrated the European market in the late 1800s, making them a coveted possession. Following the forced abdication of King Pomare V of Tahiti, the islands were annexed as an overseas territory of France. The term Christian means belonging to Christ and is derived from the Greek noun Χριστός Khristós which means anointed one, which is itself a translation of the Hebrew word Moshiach (Hebrew: משיח, also written Messiah), (and in Arabic it is pronounced Maseeh مسيح). ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... Pomare V (3 November 1839 - 12 June 1891) was the last king of Tahiti from 1877 until his abdication in 1880. ... Tahiti is the largest island in French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean, at 17°40′ S 149°30′ W. The island had a population of 169,674 inhabitants at the 2002 census. ... A territory is a defined area (including land and waters), usually considered to be a possession of an animal, person, organization, or institution. ...


The Tuamotus made headlines around the world in 1947, when archaeologist Thor Heyerdahl, sailing from South America reached Raroia on his raft, Kon-Tiki. A headline is text at the top of a newspaper article, indicating the nature of the article below it. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Thor Heyerdahl (October 6, 1914 in Larvik, Norway–April 18, 2002 in Colla Micheri, Italy) was (originally) a Norwegian marine biologist with a great interest in anthropology, who became famous for his Kon-Tiki Expedition in which he sailed by raft 4,300 miles from South America to the Tuamotu... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Kon-Tiki raft is shown on the cover of the DVD of the documentary. ...


More recently the islands have made headlines for a darker reason: French nuclear weapons testing on the atolls of Mururoa (sometimes called also Moruroa) and Fangataufa. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tuamotus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (928 words)
The Tuamotus (French: Îles Tuamotu or officially Archipel des Tuamotu) are the largest chain of atolls in the world, spanning an area of the Pacific Ocean roughly the size of Western Europe.
The islands/communes in the western part of the Tuamotus form the electoral circumscription of the Islands Tuamotu-West (circonscription électorale des Îles Tuamotu Ouest), a separate electoral district for the Assembly of French Polynesia, with the 5 communes Arutua, Fakarava, Manihi, Rangiroa and Takaroa in the western part of the Tuamotus.
The language spoken in the Tuamotus is Tuamotuan, a collection of Polynesian dialects, except for in Puka-Puka and the Gambier Islands, where Puka-Pukan and Mangarevan are spoken, respectively.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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