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Encyclopedia > Tshwane

The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan area contained mostly in the province of Gauteng, South Africa, that includes the city of Pretoria. The municipality came into existence on 5 December 2000. ImageMetadata File history File links Tshwane. ... When the word metropolitan (from the Greek metera = mother and polis = town) is used as an adjective, as in metropolitan bishop, metropolitan France, or metropolitan area it can mean: of or characteristic of a metropolis; see also metropolitan area, Metropolitan Police, Metropolitan Railway of or belonging to the home territories... Capital Johannesburg Largest city Johannesburg Area  - Total Ranked 9th 17,010 km² Premier (List) Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 2nd 8,837,172 7,348,423 520/km² (Ranked 1st) Languages isiZulu (21. ... City motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Province Gauteng Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...


It is made up of 13 former city and town councils and is managed by means of an executive mayoral system. The size of the area is more than 3,200 square kilometres and it has a population of about 2,2 million people.


The name is derived from the original name given by the first (Nguni-speaking) settlers (who later became known as the Ndebele) to the main river that flows through the area, today called the Apies River (Afrikaans: Little Monkey river). They named it after one of their chiefs, Tshwane (from the Ndebele word for "little ape"). Interestingly the Tshwane City Council claims Tshwane means "We are one". Whether this meaning is aspirational and will become accepted is an open question. For the cattle breed see Nguni cattle. ... The Ndebele people are three tribes or nations of people living in South Africa and Zimbabwe; there are three main groups of Ndebele: The Southern Transvaal Ndebele, who live around Bronkhorstspruit The Northern Transvaal Ndebele, who live in Limpopo Province (formerly Northern Transvaal or Northern Province) around the towns of... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia with smaller numbers of speakers in Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe and Zambia. ...

Contents


Controversy

The name Tshwane is sometimes also used as an alternative name for the city of Pretoria itself, and following the city council's vote of March 8, 2005, could become the city's new name if approved by the central government. Should the change take place, "Pretoria" would continue to refer to the city's central business district. The date for the renaming, estimated to cost 1.5 billion rand (US$250m), had not yet been set by early January 2006. Even should the process of renaming the city go ahead early in 2006, the legal processes and various steps involved would make it unlikely for the change to be finalised within the year. March 8 poster from Portugal March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in Leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The old R1 and new R10 bank notes The Rand is the currency of South Africa. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


The renaming issue has evoked a strong negative reaction from some South Africans, particularly those of Afrikaner origin, but also business men and women who will be forced to change their business names and expected to carry the costs themselves. It is argued by those against the name change, that South African tax payers money should be spent on dealing with the countries high poverty rates and current Aids crisis, instead of what they perceive to be populist political measures aimed at increasing votes. A further argument opponents hold against the name change is that the name Pretoria is already an established brand, well known world wide, and that building a new brand for the City of Tshwane would further increase the costs involved. Various groups have vowed to keep the process tied up in court for as long as possible, should the name change be approved. The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The Red Ribbon is the global symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (or acronym AIDS or Aids), is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by infection...


Road signs erected at the boundaries of the Tshwane Metropolitan area, have been consistently defaced, with the word Tshwane replaced with the word Pretoria, presumably by those opposed to the name. The Sunday Times used the word Tshwane to refer to the Pretoria area for a short period in 2005. The state-controlled SABC also started using the term in its evening news broadcasts, although private media outlets continued to refer to the metropolitan area as Pretoria. The Pretoria News newspaper, the main paper in the metropolitan area did not appear to have plans to change its name as of early 2006, although it has adopted the slogan The paper for the people of Tshwane. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... SABC is an abbreviation for either South African Broadcasting Corporation - in South Africa or Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council - in the United Kingdom ...


On 21 May 2005, the Pretoria Civil Action Committee, a group consisting of business, labour, cultural, civil and political leaders opposed to the name change organised a protest against the name change in the Pretoria city centre. [1] They marched to the office of Arts and Culture Minister Pallo Jordan and handed him a petition signed by 3000 University of Pretoria students as well as various other petition documents. Notable politicians such as Nobel Peace Prize winning ex President FW De Klerk also raised concerns about the name change. [2]. Strangely, some Ndebele kings claim to have never heard of a chief named "Tshwane" [3] Zweledinga Pallo Jordan (22 May 1942) is the South African Arts and Culture Minister. ... The University of Pretoria is a university in South Africa, with a total of about 38 499 students being enrolled in 2005. ... The Nobel Peace Prize Medal featuring a portrait of Alfred Nobel The Nobel Peace Prize is one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... President F.W. de Klerk Frederik Willem de Klerk (born March 18, 1936) is a former President of South Africa, serving from September 1989 to May 1994. ...


In November 2005, the Advertising Standards Authority found that advertising proclaiming that Tshwane, rather than Pretoria, was the capital of South Africa was misleading. [4] The reason being that no city named Tshwane has yet been registered as a geographic place name, and Pretoria has not yet been renamed. A similar complaint was lodged against the SABC, who maintained they were referring to events taking place in the municipal area called Tshwane, and therefore were not misleading the public. Though the Broadcasting Complaints Commission of South Africa found that the tactic was "unhelpful" they saw no reason to prevent the SABC from using the name. [5] Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) is a British regulatory body which monitors advertising, ensuring each advert does not breach the Advertising Code, which requires accuracy and decency in advertising. ...


Tshwane is a cross-border municipality, which includes parts of North West Province, such as Ga-Rankuwa. This has caused administrative problems, and as of late 2004, there were plans to change the provincial boundaries to include these areas in Gauteng Province. Categories: South Africa stubs | North West Province | Provinces of South Africa ... Ga-Rankuwa is a small town situated in North West Province of South Africa that was formed out of forced removals during the apartheid era. ...


The Pretoria Name Change Process

On 5 December 2000 a number of old Pretoria municipalities as well as others that fell outside the then Pretoria area were combined into one metropolitan area called The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality. The city of Pretoria remained largely in tact within this municipality. The debate around the possible name change of the city of Pretoria raged ever since.


On the 26 May 2005 the South African Geographical Names Council unanimously approved a recommendation by the Tshwane Metro Council that the name Pretoria be changed to Tshwane. [6] May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The South African Geographical Names Council is the official government body of South Africa that advises the executive branch of the central government (in the form of the Minister of Arts and Culture) on new geographical names as well as the changing of existing geographical names. ...


The legal process involved is as follows:

  1. Recommendation to the Geographical Names Council.
  2. Council approves / rejects recommendation (Approved - 26 May 2005).
  3. Council gives its recommendation to Arts and Culture Minister Pallo Jordan.
  4. Minister approves / rejects recommendation.
  5. Approved / rejected name is published in the Government Gazette.
  6. Any person or body unhappy with the name change can complain within 1 month of above.
  7. The minister can consult the Geographical Names Council with concerns raised.
  8. The minister's decision, along with the reasons for it, are published
  9. The minister will then take the matter before parliament where the central government will decide on whether to change the name or not based on the information before it.

Several groups such as the trade union Solidarity [7], South Africa's largest independent trade union, and the Pretoria Civil Action Committee have threatened legal action should the name change be recommended by the minister. As is obvious from the above, the name change still has a lengthy and complicated road ahead. As of January 2006 the name change has not yet been approved or rejected by the minister (step 4 above). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Thaba Tshwane Military Base

Although the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality was only created in 2000, prior to that a military base in the city (formerly called Voortrekkerhoogte after the Voortrekkers and before that Roberts Heights after Lord Roberts), was renamed Thaba Tshwane (or Thaba Tswane). The Voortrekker Monument built in 1949. ... Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts of Kandahar, Pretoria and Waterford, VC, KG, KP, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, PC (September 30, 1832 - November 14, 1914) was a distinguished British soldier and one of the most successful commanders of the Victorian era. ... Thaba Tshwane is a military base (or military area), in Pretoria, South Africa. ...


Areas

The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality consists of the following areas:

  • Ga-Rankuwa (Established in 1961 after forced removals to the area. It is named after one of the Bakgatla headmen, Rankuwa Boikhutso.)
  • Centurion (Formerly called Verwoerdburg.)
  • Temba (Established in 1940 after forced removals.)
  • Mabopane (Established in 1969.)
  • Winterveld
  • The area of the Northern Pretoria Metropolitan Substructure. This area includes the industrial area known as Rosslyn as well as a township, Soshanguve, which was established to accommodate non-Tswana-speaking people when Bophuthatswana became an independent homeland. (Soshanguve is an acronym that was created to reflect the township's cosmopolitan character: Sotho, Shangaan, Nguni (Swazi, Zulu, Xhosa) and Venda.)
  • Pretoria
  • Pienaarsrivier (Named after the Pienaars River that runs through it, this is the smallest of Tshwane`s former councils.)
  • Crocodile River (This area stretches from Rosslyn/Ga-Rankuwa in the north to Lanseria Airport in the south and from the western side of Pretoria towards the Hartbeespoort Dam.)
  • The area formerly known as the Greater Pretoria Metropolitan Council. This council was one of the four local authorities in Gauteng province. It consisted of three local councils: the City Council of Pretoria, the Council of Centurion and the Northern Pretoria Metropolitan Substructure.
  • Wallmannsthal
  • Hammanskraal
  • Akasia
  • Soshanguve
  • Mamelodi

Ga-Rankuwa is a small town situated in North West Province of South Africa that was formed out of forced removals during the apartheid era. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Centurion is a residential and commercial area in Gauteng Province, South Africa, located between Pretoria and Johannesburg on the intersection of the motorway N1 and N14. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ... Tswana, also known as Setswana, is a Bantu language. ... Flag of Bophuthatswana Bophuthatswana was a former Bantustan (homeland) in the north of South Africa. ... City motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Province Gauteng Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... Lanseria Airport is a privately owned international airport that is situated in the north west of Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa. ... Hartbeespoort Dam (officially the Hartbeespoort Dam Reservoir) is a dam situated in the North West Province of South Africa at the latitude 25. ... Hammanskraal is a small town in northern Gauteng, South Africa which serves a large rural community. ... Soshanguve is a township situated about 45 km north of Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa. ... Mamelodi is black township set up by the then apartheid government northeast of Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa. ...

Education

This sub-sections provides a list of educational establishments found within the City of Tshwane:

  • Tshwane University of Technology, formed by the merger of Technikon Northern Gauteng, Technikon North-West and Technikon Pretoria.
  • University of Pretoria
  • University of South Africa

Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) is a higher education institution in South Africa that came into being through a merger of three technikons — Technikon Northern Gauteng, Technikon North-West and Technikon Pretoria. ...

Recent Developments

Residents of townships in the Tshwane area, including Soshanguve and Olievenhoutbosch [8] staged violent protests in 2005 and 2006 against foreigners and poor service delivery [9]. In South Africa, the term township usually refers to the (often underdeveloped) urban residential areas that, under Apartheid, were reserved for non-whites (Africans, Coloureds and Indians) who lived near or worked in areas that were designated white-only. Soweto (actually a group of townships) and Alexandra are two of... Soshanguve is a township situated about 45 km north of Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa. ... Riots in Newark, New Jersey. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Xenophobia denotes a phobic attitude toward strangers or of the unknown and comes from the Greek words ξένος (xenos), meaning foreigner, stranger, and φόβος (phobos), meaning fear. ...


External links

  • Official Tshwane Website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tshwane - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1309 words)
The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan area contained mostly in the province of Gauteng, South Africa, that includes the city of Pretoria.
Tshwane is a cross-border municipality, which includes parts of North West Province, such as Ga-Rankuwa.
Tshwane University of Technology, the name of a higher education institution located in the heart of the metropolitan city of Tshwane.
Tshwane - definition of Tshwane in Encyclopedia (383 words)
The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality is (as of 5 December 2000) a metropolitan area mostly in Gauteng province, South Africa, that includes the city of Pretoria.
The name is derived from the original name given by the first (Nguni-speaking) settlers (who later became known as the Ndebele) to the main river that flows through the area, today called the Apies River.
The name Tshwane is sometimes also used as an alternative name for the city of Pretoria itself, although Pretoria had not been renamed as of 2004, and a renaming is unlikely.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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