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Encyclopedia > Tseung Kwan O

Tseung Kwan O (Chinese: 將軍澳, Cantonese Jyutping: zoeng1 gwan1 ou3; Cantonese IPA: /tsœŋ55 kwɐn55 əʊ33/; Mandarin Pinyin: Jiāngjūn Aò; formerly Junk Bay) is a new town in Hong Kong, mainly built on reclaimed land in the northern half of the bay after which it is named. Cantonese (Traditional Chinese: 粵語; Simplified Chinese: 粤语, Cantonese: Yuet6yue5; Mandarin pinyin: Yueyu, Yụet (Guangdong) language) is one of the major dialect groups or languages of the Chinese language or language family. ... Jyutping (Traditional Chinese: 粵拼; Simplified Chinese: 粤拼; pinyin: yuèpÄ«n; Yale: yuhtpÄ«ng; sometimes spelled Jyutpin) is a romanization system for Standard Cantonese developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK) in 1993. ... Cantonese (Traditional Chinese: 粵語; Simplified Chinese: 粤语, Cantonese: Yuet6yue5; Mandarin pinyin: Yueyu, Yụet (Guangdong) language) is one of the major dialect groups or languages of the Chinese language or language family. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... Mandarin, or Guanhua (Traditional Chinese: 官話; Simplified Chinese: 官话; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally official speech), or Beifanghua (Chinese: 北方方言; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally Northern Dialect(s)) is a category of related Chinese dialects spoken across most of northern and southwestern China. ... HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), often shortened to pinyin (Chinese: 拼音, pÄ«nyÄ«n), which literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese, is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin. ... A New town or planned community or planned city is a city, town, or community that was designed from scratch, and grew up more or less following the plan. ... Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. ...

Contents


Geography

Tseung Kwan O is a bay near the eastern mouth of Hong Kong's Victoria Harbour. The new town is within Sai Kung District in the eastern New Territories, but it is often incorrectly regarded as part of Kowloon due to its close proximity to the city. Victoria Harbour Part of the harbour being engulfed by reclamation off the shore of Central. ... Sai Kung (西貢; pinyin: Xi1gong4; Cantonese: sai1 gung3) is the second-largest of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... A major road, Kwong Fuk Road in Tai Po, a town in the New Territories. ... Location within China In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon (九龍; Cantonese IPA:; Jyutping: gau2 lung4; Mandarin Pinyin: JiÇ”lóng; lit. ...


Name

In Cantonese, Tseung Kwan (將軍) means "General", and O (澳) means "bay". Therefore, Tseung Kwan O literally means "General's Bay". Cantonese (Traditional Chinese: 粵語; Simplified Chinese: 粤语, Cantonese: Yuet6yue5; Mandarin pinyin: Yueyu, Yụet (Guangdong) language) is one of the major dialect groups or languages of the Chinese language or language family. ...


The exact origin of the name Tseung Kwan O is unknown, but it is said to be named in honour of a Ming Dynasty general who visited Tseung Kwan O at some point. Another theory is that the name was chosen in the 17th Century, when naval battles were fought against pirates from Japan at Tseung Kwan O. The Ming Dynasty (Chinese: 明朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ) was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ... The French battleship Orient burns, 1 August 1798, during the Battle of the Nile A naval battle is a battle fought using ships or other waterborne vessels. ... A pirate is one who robs, pillages, or plunders at sea, or sometimes the shore, without a commission from a recognized sovereign nation. ...


History

Before new town development, the area around the bay was occupied by a number of fishing towns and villages. The Tseung Kwan O Village in the northern tip of the bay is about 600 years old. Other towns and villages include Rennie's Mill, Hang Hau and Yau Yu Wan. Rennie's Mill was where Kuomintang loyalists were settled following the end of the Chinese civil war, and Hang Hau had a ship building industry. Tiu Keng Leng (調景嶺, also Rennies Mill) is an area of Hong Kong adjacent to Tseung Kwan O (Junk Bay). ... Hang Hau is a residential area in Hong Kong. ... The Chinese Nationalist Party (Traditional: 中國國民黨; Simplified: 中国国民党; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang), commonly known as the Kuomintang (KMT), is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ... The Chinese Civil War (Traditional: 國共内戰; Simplified: 国共内战; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally Nationalist-Communist Civil War) was a conflict in China between the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party; KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CCP). ...


The Hong Kong Government had been interested in developing a new town at Hang Hau because of its proximity to the urban area. The project was postponed for a long time owing to the extensive scale of reclamation in the bay, which is rather deep. It finally started under the name of Tseung Kwan O. On July 1, 1997, the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) resumed its exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, ending more than 150 years of British colonial control. ... Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. ...


The New Town was developed in three phases:

  • Phase I - Hang Hau, Po Lam, Siu Chik Sha, Tsui Lam
  • Phase II - Town Centre North
  • Phase III - Pak Shing Kok, Tiu Keng Leng, Tai Chik Sha, Town Centre South

Hang Hau is a residential area in Hong Kong. ... The outside of Po Lam station. ... Tiu Keng Leng (調景嶺, also Rennies Mill) is an area of Hong Kong adjacent to Tseung Kwan O (Junk Bay). ...

Population and Constituent Areas

According to statistics from the 2001 Census, the population of Tseung Kwan O New Town is around 290,095.


As Tseung Kwan O is not considered a formal entity in the census, the above population figure takes into account residents of the following areas in Sai Kung District which comprise Tseung Kwan O New Town: Hang Hau, Sheung Tak, Tsui Lam, Hong King, Po Lam, Yan Ying, Wan Hang, King Lam, Hau Tak, Fu Yu, Tung Ming, On Hong, and Kwon Ming.


The other three census areas in Sai Kung District- namely Sai Kung Central, Pak Sha Wan, and Sai Kung Islands- are not part of Tseung Kwan O. Sai Kung (西貢; pinyin: Xi1gong4; Cantonese: sai1 gung3) is the second-largest of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... The position of Sai Kung District within the Hong Kong S.A.R. Sai Kung (西貢; pinyin: Xi1gong4; Cantonese: sai1 gung3) is the second-largest of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ...


Facilities

Tseung Kwan O Hospital is located on Po Ning Lane in the Hang Hau area. A public sports centre and a library are situated by the roundabout at the end of Tseung Kwan O Tunnel Road. Tseung Kwan O lacks a performing arts centre.


Transport

Rail

Tseung Kwan O is served by the MTR metro systems's Tseung Kwan O Line, which currently has four stations in the district: Logo of the MTR corporation Causeway Bay station on the Island Line. ... The Tseung Kwan O Line is one of the six lines of the MTR system in Hong Kong. ...

All stations are either connected to or in the proximity of shopping centres and large private housing developments. Tiu Keng Leng station, terminus of the Kwun Tong Line For the town area, see Tiu Keng Leng. ... Concourse of Tseung Kwan O Station This article is about Tseung Kwan O Station of the MTR, for the line of the same name, see Tseung Kwan O Line. ... Hang Hau Stations concourse Hang Hau (坑口, Jyutping: haang1 hau2) is an MTR station located in the Hang Hau. ... The outside of Po Lam station. ...


Bus

The new town is also connected by a well-covered public bus and minibus network. Hong Kong's three major bus operators all have routes with termini in Tseung Kwan O: TheBus, established by Mayor Frank Fasi, is Honolulus only public transit system. ... Volksvagen minibus A minibus is a motor vehicle that is designed to carry fewer people than a full-size bus. ... The following is a list of current bus routes in Hong Kong, sorted according to bus companies. ...

The Kowloon Motor Bus Company (1933) Limited (KMB) is the largest of the three franchised bus operators in the urban area of Hong Kong, and one of the largest privately-owned public bus operators in the world. ... The outside of Po Lam station. ... Hang Hau is a residential area in Hong Kong. ... New World First Bus Services Limited (First Bus, or NWFB) was established in 1998, taking over China Motor Buss franchise in 1 September 1998 to provide bus services on Hong Kong Island together with Citybus. ... Tiu Keng Leng (調景嶺, also Rennies Mill) is an area of Hong Kong adjacent to Tseung Kwan O (Junk Bay). ... Citybus is one of the three major bus operators in Hong Kong. ...

Roads

Several main roads are connected to Tseung Kwan O, including:

The 900-metre Tseung Kwan O Tunnel is a tunnel in Hong Kong. ... Route 7 (七號幹綫) is an arterial road through New Kowloon with Tseung Kwan O and Kwai Chung as its termini. ... Kwun Tong (觀塘; originally 官塘; Jyutping: gwun1 tong4; Cantonese IPA: ) is an area in Kwun Tong District, New Kowloon, Hong Kong. ... Po Lam Road (寶琳路) is a road in Hong Kong that links Sau Mau Ping in New Kowloon and the new town of Tseung Kwan O in the New Territories. ... The position of Sai Kung District within the Hong Kong S.A.R. Sai Kung (西貢; pinyin: Xi1gong4; Cantonese: sai1 gung3) is the second-largest of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Clear Water Bay is an area of Sai Kung District, in Hong Kong. ...

Industrial Estate

Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate is located in the southeast of the town. It is the site of an MTR depot, TVB City, and the future mass housing development Dream City. Bus routes 797M (NWFB) and 298E (KMB) connect the industrial estate to the new town. Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate is located at the southeast of Tseung Kwan O, Sai Kung in Hong Kong. ... Logo of the MTR corporation Causeway Bay station on the Island Line. ... A Depot is usually a centralised store or operating base for logistical use by commercial or governmental bodies. ... REDIRECT Television Broadcasts Limited ... New World First Bus Services Limited (First Bus, or NWFB) was established in 1998, taking over China Motor Buss franchise in 1 September 1998 to provide bus services on Hong Kong Island together with Citybus. ... The Kowloon Motor Bus Company (1933) Limited (KMB) is the largest of the three franchised bus operators in the urban area of Hong Kong, and one of the largest privately-owned public bus operators in the world. ...


Shopping

Tseung Kwan O has several major shopping complexes:


The largest shopping centre is Metro City (Chinese: 新都城) located by Po Lam MTR Station. Metro City is divided into three phases and contains most of Hong Kong's major chains such as Park'n Shop (supermarket) and Fortress (electronics) in addition to a selection of restaurants ranging from Maxim's Chinese Restaurant to McDonald's and everything in between.


Hang Hau MTR Station is surrounded by an extensive network of mid-sized shopping arcades linked by footbridges. The mainstay of this multifarious complex is the Jusco department store at East Point City (Chinese: 東港城). JUSCO (Japanese: ジャスコ, Chinese: 吉之島) is the acronym for Japan United Stores Company, a chain of General Merchandise Stores (similar to hypermarkets). ...


Southern Tseung Kwan O is home to Park Central (Chinese: 將軍澳中心) and Tseung Kwan O Plaza (Chinese: 將軍澳廣場). Both complexes are very new and relatively underdeveloped with little more than a handful of restaurants and small shops.


See also

The following is a list of buildings, sites and areas in Hong Kong: List of the 18 districts of Hong Kong, with a partial list of their sub-areas and streets Hong Kong Island Central and Western Central Admiralty Kennedy Town Mid-levels Sai Ying Pun Shek Tong Tsui Sheung...

References

  • Census and Statistics Department: Statistical Tables

External links

  • District Council website
  • Electoral Boundary Map 1
  • Electoral Boundary Map 2
  • Tseung Kwan O New Town
  • The Website of Tseung Kwan O (Informal) - Chinese Version Only


New towns in Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong
Tsuen Wan (Tsuen Wan, Kwai Chung and Tsing Yi) | Sha Tin (Sha Tin and Ma On Shan) | Tuen Mun | Tai Po | Fanling-Sheung Shui (Fanling and Sheung Shui) | Yuen Long | Tseung Kwan O | Tin Shui Wai | North Lantau (Tung Chung and Tai Ho)

  Results from FactBites:
 
HKMTIC Past -> Tseung Kwan O Extension (401 words)
The public transportation between East Kowloon and Tseung Kwan O is mainly bus, minibus and taxi.
The Tseung Kwan O Extension (TKE) was one of the railway projects that were given the highest priority in the Government's Railway Development Strategy (RDS) 1994.
The population in Tseung Kwan O and nearby areas fulfilled TKE's requirements and was still increasing, and the TKE could provide an alternative means of cleaner and more efficient transportation to and from those areas.
Tseung Kwan O - West Coastal Road - (formerly Junk Bay) (426 words)
There is a piece of news about the Tseung Kwan O development in today's newspaper.
Any remaining natural shoreline at Tseung Kwan O is very precious.
We are therefore very concerned with the fate of natural shorelines around the tunnel portal at Tseung Kwan O. We urge Government to minimise any reclamations at this location.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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