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Encyclopedia > Tryggve Gran

Jens Tryggve Herman Gran (January 20, 1889 - January 8, 1980) was a Norwegian aviator, explorer and author.


Biography

Tryggve Gran was born in Bergen, Norway, growing up in an affluent family dominant in the shipbuilding industry. His father died when Tryggve was only five years old. In 1900, Gran was sent to a school in Switzerland for a year, where he learned some German and French. Three years later, he met the German emperor, William II, a common guest with the families of his friends. Meeting the emperor made an impact on the then 14-year old boy, who from that moment on wanted to become a naval officer. At this time, he had several years behind him as a member of the Nygaards Batallion, one of Bergen's buekorps. Gran's took interest in science and exploration the following years, which in 1910 led to Fridtjof Nansen recommending his services to Robert Falcon Scott, who was in Norway at the time preparing for an expedition to the Antarctic. Scott was impressed with Gran, who was also a good skier, and convinced him to take part in the Terra Nova Expedition. Gran was later to be part of the search party that recovered Scott's body, and his skis were used to form a cross over Scott's grave. Gran was awarded the Polar medal by King George V. County Hordaland District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2004) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... William II can refer to several European monarchs : William II, German Emperor, King of Prussia (1859-1941) King William II of England (1056-1100) King William II of the Netherlands (1792-1849) King William II of Württemberg King William II of Sicily King William II of Scotland (1650-1702... One of Bergens buekorps Buekorps (literally Bow Corps or Archery Brigade) are traditional marching youth organizations in Bergen, Norway. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Fridtjof Nansen Fridtjof Nansen (born October 10, 1861 in Store Frøen, near Christiania - died May 13, 1930 in Lysaker, outside Oslo) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist and diplomat. ... Robert Falcon Scott Robert Falcon Scott (6 June 1868 – 29 March 1912) was a Royal Naval officer and Antarctic explorer. ... Greek ἀνταρκτικός, opposite the arctic) is a continent surrounding the Earths South Pole. ... Terra Nova Expedition (1910 – 1913) was an Antarctica expedition led by Robert Falcon Scott sailing on the ship Terra Nova to Ross Island for a sledge journey to the South Pole. ... King George V King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Emperor of India His Majesty King George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert) (3 June 1865–20 January 1936) was the last British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, changing the name to the House...

1944 Norwegian commemmorative stamp
1944 Norwegian commemmorative stamp

On his return voyage, Tryggve Gran met the Irish aviator Robert Lorrain, and immediately took interest in aviation. Gran became a skilled pilot at Louis Blériot's aviation school in Paris, and on July 30, 1914, Gran became the first pilot to cross the North Sea. He took off from Cruden Bay, Scotland, and landed about 4 1/2 hours later at Jæren, Norway, flying a Blériot XI-2 monoplane. Louis Blériot Louis Blériot (July 1, 1872 – August 2, 1936) was a French inventor and engineer, who performed the first flight over a large body of water in a heavier-than-air craft. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Cruden Bay is the name of a village in Scotland, on the north coast of the Bay of Cruden in Aberdeenshire. ... A monoplane is an aircraft with one main set of wing surfaces, in contrast to a biplane or triplane. ...


Only five days later, Great Britain entered the World War I. Gran, now a first lieutenant in the Norwegian airforce, volunteered for service with the Royal Air Force. He was rejected, because of Norway's neutrality. However, the rejection didn't stop Gran. Under the identity of "Captain Teddy Grant" of Canada, he was admitted to the RAF, serving in London, the Western Front and Arkhangelsk. Gran himself claimed to have shot down German ace Herman Goering in a dogfight on the 8th or 9th of September 1917. He discovered this when he became acquainted with Goering after the war, and compared his flight logs with Goering's. It could however not be verified that it was Gran who shot down Goering's plane. During the war, RAF promoted Gran to the rank of Major, and awarded him the Military Cross for distinguished war service. Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Casualties Military dead: 5 million Military dead: 4 million The First World War, also known as The Great War, The War to End All Wars, and World War I (abbreviated WWI) was... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Hermann Göring Hermann Wilhelm Göring (also spelled Hermann Goering in English) (January 12, 1893–October 15, 1946) was a prominent and early member of the Nazi party, founder of the Gestapo, and one of the main architects of Nazi Germany. ...


After the war, Gran started holding lectures on aviation and his journeys to the polar areas, as well as writing books. In 1928, he was leading a search party to find Roald Amundsen. 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


During World War II, Gran was reportedly a member of NS, Vidkun Quisling's Nationalist Party. The NS used Gran's hero-like status in their war propaganda, and in 1944, a commemmorative stamp was issued to mark the 30th anniversary of Gran's flight across the North Sea. It has been speculated Gran feared reprisals from the pro-German nationalist party because of his commitment to the Royal Air Force in World War I. Others have speculated that his friendship with Goering and bitterness over not being offered a full-time job in the Norwegian airforce may have been reasons for Gran to support the NS during the nazi occupation of Norway. After a trial in 1948, Gran was found guilty of treason and sentenced to a prison term of 18 months. Combatants Allies: Poland, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, France/Free France, United States, China, Canada, India, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Greece, Norway, Honduras, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma, Slovakia Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military... Vidkun Quisling Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling (July 18, 1887–October 24, 1945) was a Norwegian fascist politician and officer. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ...


Tryggve Gran died in his home in Grimstad, Norway, on January 8, 1980.


On a side note, Gran was also a gifted football player, earning 1 cap for Norway in 1908. This was Norway's first ever international match, and was played in Gothenburg. Sweden beat Norway and Tryggve Gran 11-3. Gothenburg (Swedish: ) ) is a city and municipality in the province Västergötland on the west-coast of Sweden. ...


Bibliography

  • Hvor sydlyset flammer – (1915)
  • Under britisk flagg: krigen 1914-18 – (1919)
  • Triumviratet – (1921)
  • En helt: Kaptein Scotts siste færd – (1924)
  • Mellom himmel og jord – (1927)
  • Heia - La Villa – (1932)
  • Stormen på Mont Blanc – (1933)
  • La Villa i kamp – (1934)
  • Slik var det: Fra kryp til flyger – (1945)
  • Slik var det: Gjennom livets passat – (1952)
  • Kampen om Sydpolen – (1961)
  • Første fly over Nordsjøen: Et femtiårsminne – (1964)
  • Fra tjuagutt til sydpolfarer – (1974)
  • Mitt liv mellom himmel og jord – (1979)
1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ...

 
 

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