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Encyclopedia > Trust Operation

Trust or Trest Operation (операция "Трест") was an operation presented as a spectacular counterintelligence success of OGPU in 1921-1926. Counterintelligence or counter-espionage is the act of seeking and indentifying espionage activities. ... Obedinennoe Gosudarstvennoe Politicheskoe Upravlenie (or OGPU) (Combined State Political Directorate, also translated as All Union State Political Board) was the name of the secret police in the Soviet Union in one of the stages of its development. ... 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...

"Trest" was an operation to set up a fake anti-Bolshevik underground organization, "Monarchist Union of Central Russia", MUCR (Монархическое объединение Центральной России, МОЦР). The "head" of the MUCR was Alexander Yakushev (Александр Александрович Якушев), a former bureaucrat of Ministry of Communications of Imperial Russia, who after the Russian Revolution joined the Narkomat of External Trade (Наркомат внешней торговли), when the Soviets had to allow the former specialists (called "specs", "спецы") to take positions of their expertise. This position allowed him to travel abroad and contact Russian emigrants. Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... Underground as an adjective commonly refers to something that is either below the ground or outside of public consciousness. ... A bureaucrat is a member of a bureaucracy, usually within an institution of the government. ... Big Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire, adopted in 1882 Central element from the Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire Flag of Russian Empire Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion... The phrase Russian Revolution can refer to the following events in the history of Russia. ... From 1919 to 1946, functions of ministers in the government of Russia and, later, the Soviet Union were performed by Peoples Commissars (Russian title: Narodny Komissar, or Narkom). ...

MUCR kept the monarchist general Alexander Kutepov (Александр Кутепов), head of a major emigrant force, Russian All-Military Union ( Русский общевоинский союз), from active actions, who was convinced to wait for the development of the internal anti-Bolshevik forces. Alexander Pavlovich Kutepov (Александр Павлович Кутепов in Russian) (9. ... The Russian All-Military Union (in Russian Русский Обще Воинский Союз, abbreviated as РОВС) was founded by White Army General Pyotr Wrangel in Yugoslavia on September 1st, 1924. ...

Among the successes of "Trest" was the luring of Boris Savinkov and Sidney Reilly into the Soviet Union to be arrested. Boris Viktorovich Savinkov (1879-1925), a famous writer and terrorist, one of the leaders of the Fighting Organisation of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party, was responsible for the most spectacular assassinations of imperial officials in 1904 and 1905. ... Sidney Reilly (1874?-1925) was a Russian-born adventurer who worked for British SIS for a time. ...

Some modern researchers say that there are reasons to believe that both persons had doubts in MUCR, and they went illegally into the Soviet Union for their own reasons, using MUCR as a pretext.

For my Plevitskaya book I have read many espionage reference books. The Soviets did not organise Trest from scratch. The White Army had left agents behind who were sleepers and there were also Royalist Russians who did not leave after the Civil War. These people cooperated to the point of having a loose organisational structure. When the OGPU discovered them, they did not liquidate them, but expanded the organisation for their own use.

Still another episode of the operation was an "illegal" trip (in fact, monitored by OGPU) of a notable emigree Vasily Shulgin into the Soviet Union. After his return he published a book "Three Capitals" with his impressions. In the book he wrote, in part, that contrary his expectations, Russia was reviving, and bolsheviks would probably be removed from power.

In 1970s a Soviet adventure TV sequel, Operation "Trest" (Операция "Трест") was created.

See Also

The Inner Line The Inner Line (in Russian Внутренная Линия) was a secret intelligence organization started in the 1920s within the Russian emigre community living in Europe and controlled from within by the Soviet OGPU intelligence agency. ...


  • Richard B. Spence Trust no One: The Secret World of Sidney Reilly, Feral House publ., 2003, ISBN 0922915792
  • Gordon Brook-Shepherd Iron Maze. The Western Secret Services and the Bolsheviks, Macmillan 1998

  Results from FactBites:
TLC: Insurance Code Proposed Chapters (1671 words)
A self-insurance trust created under this article is not engaged in the business of insurance under this code and under other laws of this state, and the provisions of any chapters or articles of this code, including Article 21.28-C, are declared inapplicable to a trust organized and operated under this article.
A self-insurance trust approved by the board under the provisions of this article is subject to the continuing supervision of the board relating to its solvency and to approval of its policy forms, and the board may set certain minimum requirements to ensure the capability of the trust to satisfy its contractual obligations.
A trust whose plan is approved by the board under this article is subject to the continuing supervision of the board relating to its solvency and to approval of its policy forms.  The board may set certain minimum requirements to ensure the capability of the trust to satisfy its contractual obligations.
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