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Encyclopedia > Truso

Truso, situated on Lake Druzno, was an Old Prussian (Pomesanian) town near the Baltic Sea just east of the Vistula River. It was one of the trading posts on the Amber Road, and is thought to be the antecedent of the city of Elbląg. In the words of Marija Gimbutas, "the name of the town is the earliest known historically in the Baltic Sea area".[1] The main goods of Truso were amber, furs, and slaves. ... The Prussian people, or (old) Prussians, were Indo-European Balts inhabiting the area around the Curonian and Vistula Lagoons (i. ... Pomesania is the former name of an area now in northern Poland, in the vicinity of the cities of Elblag (Elbing) and Malbork (Marienburg), to the east of the lower Vistula river. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Vistula river basin Vistula (Polish Wisła), is the longest river in Poland. ... The Amber Road (in Lithuanian: Gintaro kelias; Polish: Szlak Bursztynowy, Jantarowy Szlak; in German: Bernsteinstraße; in Hungarian: Borostyán út, in Russian: Янтарный путь) was an ancient trade route for the transfer of amber. ... ElblÄ…g (IPA: ; German: ) is a city in northern Poland with 130,000 inhabitants. ... Marija Gimbutas by Kerbstone 52, at the back of Newgrange, Co. ... For other uses, see Amber (disambiguation). ...


History

Truso was situated in a central location upon the Eastern European trade routes, which led from Birka in the north to the island of Gotland and to Visby in the Baltic Sea and later included the Hanseatic city of Elbing (Elbląg). From there, traders continued further south to Carnuntum in the Alps. This was called the Amber Road. The ancient amber roads led further south-west and south-east to the Black Sea and eventually to Asia. ""For East Prussia, Truso played the same role as Hedeby for north-western Germany or Slavic Vineta for Pomerania", Gimbutas has observed.[2] Location in Sweden During the Viking Age, Birka or Birca  , on the island of Björkö (also Bierkø, literally: Birch Island) in Sweden, was an important trading center which handled goods from Scandinavia as well as Central and Eastern Europe and the Orient. ...   is a county and province of Sweden and the largest island in the Baltic Sea. ... Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland;it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a UNESCO World Heritage Site. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... // Heidentor (pagan gate). ... The West face of the Petit Dru above the Chamonix valley near the Mer de Glace. ... The Amber Road (in Lithuanian: Gintaro kelias; Polish: Szlak Bursztynowy, Jantarowy Szlak; in German: Bernsteinstraße; in Hungarian: Borostyán út, in Russian: Янтарный путь) was an ancient trade route for the transfer of amber. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Hedeby (Haithabu in Old Norse; Heidiba in Latin; in Germany the name Haithabu is frequently used) was a Danish settlement and trading centre on the southern Baltic Sea coast of the Jutland Peninsula at the head of a narrow, navigable inlet, the Schlei (Danish: Slien) in the province of Schleswig... Vineta or Wineta is an ancient and possibly legendary town believed to have been on the German or Polish coast of the Baltic Sea. ... Duchy of Pomerania ruled by the slavic dynasty of Griffits (Polish: Gryfici, German: Greiffen) was a semi-independent state in the 17th century. ...


East-west trade route went from Truso and Wiskiauten (a rival centre which sprang up at the south-western corner of the Courish Lagoon), along the Baltic Sea to Jutland, and from there inland by river to Hedeby, a large trading center in Jutland. Hedeby, which lay near the modern city of Schleswig in Schleswig-Holstein, was pretty centrally located and could be reached from all four directions over land as well as from the North Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Baltic Sea. Mokhovoye (Russian: ; German: ; Lithuanian: ) is a rural settlement in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located at the south-western corner of the Curonian Lagoon, near Zelenogradsk. ... Curonian Spit and Lagoon The Curonian Lagoon (or Bay, Gulf, Lithuanian: , German: , Russian: ) is sundered from the Baltic Sea by the Curonian Spit (German: ). Landsat photo In the 13th century, the area around the lagoon was part of the ancestral lands of the Curonians and old Prussian people. ... Jutland Peninsula Jutland (Danish: Jylland; German: Jütland; Frisian Jutlân; Low German Jötlann) is a peninsula in northern Europe that forms the only non-insular part of Denmark and also the northernmost part of Germany, dividing the North Sea from the Baltic Sea. ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ...


Around the year 890, Wulfstan of Hedeby (by his own account) undertook a seven-days boat journey from Hedeby to Truso at the behest of king Alfred the Great. One possible reason for this expedition was because Alfred needed aid in his defense against the Danes or Vikings, who had taken over most of England. The reasons for this journey are fundamentally unclear, since Truso was at the time little more than a trading center, and Alfred the Great, the West Saxon ruler, already kept in close contact with the continental Saxons and the Franks. Wulfstan of Hedeby (Latin Haithabu) was a late 9th century traveller and trader. ... Alfred (also Ælfred from the Old English: Ælfrēd) (c. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ...


Archaeology

Archaeological finds in 1897 and excavations started in the 1920s had placed the location of Truso around Gut Hansdorf (now Janów Pomorski) in the south-eastern suburb of Elbląg. These artifacts, dating from the 7th to the 12th century, are now on exhibit at the Elbląg Museum. In the 1980s, a Polish archaeologist Marek F. Jagodziński resumed excavations and cleared an approximately 20 hectar site, which was burnt down around the year 1000, whereupon the inhabitants found it prudent to disperse. ElblÄ…g (IPA: ; German: ) is a city in northern Poland with 130,000 inhabitants. ...


Whether the site excavated near Elbląg should be identified with Truso is open to questions. "To the present no true town has been found and excavated. Instead there have been finds of Norse weapons, and there is a large Viking Age cemetery near the modern town's railway station containing many Scandinavian graves, these, too, showing a Sweden-Gotlandic pattern".[3]


References

  1. ^ Gimbutas M. The Balts. London: Thames and Hudson, 1963.
  2. ^ Ibidem.
  3. ^ Gwyn Jones. A History of the Vikings. Oxford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-19-280134-1. Page 244. This statement is contrary to the Museum at Elbląg broschure Truso-Discovered Legend, by Marek F Jagodziński, which talks about a large number of building sites found during the recentmost excavations, with remains of burned posts from buildings about 5 x 10 m and long houses about 6 x 21 m.



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Truso (245 words)
Von dort aus zogen Händler weiter südlich bis Carnuntium in den Die alten Bernstein straßen gingen dann noch weiter bis ans Mittelmeer zum Schwarzen Meer und bis nach Asien.
Ost-West-Handel zog von Truso entlang der bis Jütland und weiter Inland bis Haithabu damals eins der größten Handelszentren.
Ausgrabungen der 90er Jahre des 20.Jahrhunderts gezeigt dass Truso einen multiethnischen Charakter hatte die Bewohner waren neben den Pruzzen auch Esten Skandinavier Slawen und Friesen.
Truso (272 words)
Truso, situated on Lake Druzno[?], was an Old Prussian town near the Baltic Sea just east of the Vistula River.
Truso was situated in a central location upon the Eastern European trade routes, which led from Birka in the north to the island of Gotland and to Visby in the Baltic Sea and later included the Hanseatic League city of Elblag.
The reasons for this journey are fundamentally unclear, since Truso was at the time little more than a trading center, and Alfred the Great, the West Saxon ruler, already kept in close contact with the continental Saxons and the Franks.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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