FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Truck system

A truck system is an exploitative form of employment — or, more specifically, unfree labour — under which workers are: paid in a form of limited direct credit or tokens, which may only be used at a company store, owned by their employers, or; paid in unexchangeable goods and/or services. These systems have usually only been enforceable in small and geographically/culturally-isolated rural areas, especially mining, woodcutting and plantation communities. This article discusses the economic concept of exploitation. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Unfree labour is a generic or collective term for forms of work, especially in modern or early modern history, in which adults and/or children are employed against their will by the threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), or other extreme hardship to themselves, or to members of their... The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually (but not always) from an ore body, vein, or (coal) seam. ... A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is an organic material found as the primary content of the stems of woody plants, especially trees, but also shrubs. ... // Forestry plantations A plantation of Douglas-fir in Washington, USA; note the trees of uniform size and planted in straight lines, and the lack of diversity in the ground flora In forestry, plantations of trees are typically grown as an even-aged monoculture for timber production, as opposed to a...


Truck systems and company stores are sometimes identified with debt bondage, although the latter works through advances on wages; by contrast, truck systems exploit workers and their families by controlling consumption of essential items, such as food and accommodation. Often, the only alternative to accepting a truck system is destitution for the workers and their families. Debt bondage or bonded labor is a means of paying off a familys loans via the labor of family members or heirs. ... In economics, consumers are individuals or households that consume goods and services generated within the economy. ...


It should be noted, however, that in some limited historical circumstances, such as settler colonies, the use of truck wages — a form of payment in kind — may be convenient simply because of a poor or unreliable supply of cash. In such unusual cases, payment may be in large quantities of both tradeable and/or desirable goods, and is not in any way exploitative. Settlers are people who have travelled of their own choice, from the land of their birth to live in new lands or colonies. ... In politics and in history, a colony is a territory under the immediate political control of a geographically-distant state (or city, in ancient times). ... Cash usually refers to money in the form of currency, such as bills or coins. ...


In the developed world, most truck systems died out in the early 20th century, as workers and unions became better organized. In some countries, truck systems have been formally outlawed under a Truck Act. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


One kind of truck system was immortalized in the chorus of the song "Sixteen Tons", written by Merle Travis in 1947: Sixteen Tons is a song about coal mining, written in 1947 by country singer Merle Travis. ... Merle Travis (November 29, 1917 - October 20, 1983) is an American country and western singer, songwriter, and musician. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


You load sixteen tons, what do you get?
Another day older and deeper in debt.
Saint Peter, don't you call me, 'cause I can't go;
I owe my soul to the company store.
Debt is that which is owed. ... Saint Peter, portrayed by Peter Paul Rubens in a papal chasuble and pallium holding keys, was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus and the first Pope of the Catholic Church. ... The soul according to many religious and philosophical traditions, is the ethereal substance — spirit (Hebrew:rooah or nefesh) — particular to a unique living being. ...


References

George W. Hilton, The Truck System, including a History of the British Truck Acts, 1465-1960. Cambridge, UK: W. Heffer & Sons Ltd, 1960.


Tom Brass and Marcel Van Der Linden (eds.), Free and Unfree Labour: The Debate Continues (International and Comparative Social History, 5). New York: Peter Lang AG, 1997.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Truck system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (348 words)
A truck system is an exploitative form of employment — or, more specifically, unfree labour — under which workers are: paid in a form of limited direct credit or tokens, which may only be used at a company store, owned by their employers, or; paid in unexchangeable goods and/or services.
Truck systems and company stores are sometimes identified with debt bondage, although the latter works through advances on wages; by contrast, truck systems exploit workers and their families by controlling consumption of essential items, such as food and accommodation.
In the developed world, most truck systems died out in the early 20th century, as workers and unions became better organized.
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