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Encyclopedia > Trout
Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss
Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss
Biwa trout (or Biwa salmon), Oncorhynchus masou rhodurus
Biwa trout (or Biwa salmon), Oncorhynchus masou rhodurus

Trout is the common name given to a number of species of freshwater fish belonging to the salmon family, Salmonidae. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Trout may refer to: Trout, a freshwater fish. ... Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). ... Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1222x917, 230 KB) Summary Biwa trout(Oncorhynchus masou subsp) which ascends the river with which Lake Biwa in Shiga Prefecture in Japan is filled. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1222x917, 230 KB) Summary Biwa trout(Oncorhynchus masou subsp) which ascends the river with which Lake Biwa in Shiga Prefecture in Japan is filled. ... Trinomial name Oncorhynchus masou rhodurus Jordan & McGregor, 1925 The Biwa trout or Biwa salmon, Oncorhynchus masou rhodurus, is an anadromous fish in the salmon family. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... For the village on the Isle of Wight, see Freshwater, Isle of Wight. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Salmon (disambiguation). ... Genera (see text) Salmonidae is a family of ray-finned fish, the only family of order Salmoniformes. ...


All fish called trout are members of the subfamily Salmoninae. The name is commonly used for species in three of the seven genera in the sub-family: Salmo, which includes Atlantic species; Oncorhynchus, which includes Pacific species; and Salvelinus, which includes fish also sometimes called char or charr. Fish referred to as trout include: Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Species (see text) Salmo Linnaeus, 1758, is a genus of fish in the salmon family (Salmonidae) that includes many familiar species of salmon and trout. ... The Atlantic Ocean, not including Arctic and Antarctic regions. ... Species See text. ... Pacific redirects here. ... Species (see text) Salvelinus is a genus of Salmonid fish, referring to charizard or charr. ...

Trout are usually found in cool, clear streams and lakes, although many of the species have anadromous strains as well. They are distributed naturally throughout North America, northern Asia and Europe. Several species of trout were introduced to Australia and New Zealand by amateur fishing enthusiasts in the 19th century, effectively displacing and endangering several upland native fish species. The introduced species included brown trout from England and rainbow trout from California. The rainbow trout were a steelhead strain, generally accepted as coming from Sonoma Creek. The rainbow trout of New Zealand still show the steelhead tendency to run up rivers in winter to spawn.[citation needed] Species (see text) Salmo Linnaeus, 1758, is a genus of fish in the salmon family (Salmonidae) that includes many familiar species of salmon and trout. ... Binomial name (Heckel, 1851) Subspecies The Adriatic trout (michelle) is a species of fish, first described by Johann Jakob Heckel in 1851. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Morphs Salmo trutta morpha trutta Salmo trutta morpha fario Salmo trutta morpha lacustris The brown trout (Salmo trutta morpha fario and morpha lacustris) and the sea trout ( morpha trutta) are fish of the same species. ... The common name of Salmo platycephalus is flathead trout. ... Trinomial name Salmo trutta marmoratus (Cuvier, 1829) Marmorata, or Soča trout (scientific name Salmo trutta marmoratus, Slovenian SoÅ¡ka postrv), is a subspecies of trout indigenous to the Soča (Italian: Isonzo) river in Slovenia. ... Binomial name Salmo letnica The ohrid trout, Salmo letnica, is a type of trout found in Albania and the Republic of Macedonia, especially in Lake Ohrid. ... Sevan trout (Salmo ischchan) is an endemic fish species of Lake Sevan in Armenia. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus apache Miller, 1972 The Apache trout or Arizona trout (Oncorhynchus apache) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family (family Salmonidae) of order Salmoniformes. ... For other uses, see Seema (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus clarki (Richardson, 1836) Subspecies See text. ... The gila trout is similar to a Cutthroat and a native to the Southwest United States. ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus aguabonita (Jordan, 1892) The pink trout (Oncorhynchus aguabonita), is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family (family Salmonidae) of order Salmoniformes. ... It has been suggested that Steelhead be merged into this article or section. ... Species (see text) Salvelinus is a genus of Salmonid fish, referring to charizard or charr. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Arctic char or Arctic charr () is both a freshwater and saltwater fish in the Salmonidae family, native to Arctic, sub-Arctic and alpine lakes and coastal waters. ... Binomial name S. fontinalis timagamiensis (Henn, 1925) The Aurora trout is a subspecies of the brook trout. ... This article is about the species of fish. ... Binomial name Salvelinus confluentus Suckley, 1859 The bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) is a char of the family Salmonidae. ... Trinomial name Salvelinus malma malma Walbaum, 1792 For the other subspecies, see Southern Dolly Varden. ... Binomial name Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum, 1792) Lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) is a freshwater char living mainly in lakes in northern North America. ... Binomial name Salvelinus agassizi ({{{author}}}, {{{date}}}) The silver trout (salvelinus agassizi) is an extinct trout species last seen in Dublin Pond, New Hampshire, in 1930, in a catch of six. ... Many types of fish undertake migrations on a regular basis, on time scales ranging from daily to annual, and with distances ranging from a few meters to thousands of kilometers. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cascadilla Creek, near Ithaca, New York in the United States, an example of an upland river habitat. ...


Trout have fins entirely without spines, and all of them have a small adipose (fatty) fin along the back, near the tail. There are many species, and even more populations that are isolated from each other and morphologically different. However, since many of these distinct populations show no significant genetic differences, what may appear to be a large number of species is considered a much smaller number of distinct species by most ichthyologists. Adipose tissue is an anatomical term for loose connective tissue composed of energy in the form of fat, although it also cushions and insulates the body. ... Ichthyology (from Greek: ἰχθυ, ikhthu, fish; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the branch of zoology devoted to the study of fish. ...


The trout found in the eastern United States are a good example of this. The brook trout, the aurora trout, and the (extinct) silver trout all have physical characteristics and colourations that distinguish them, yet genetic analysis shows that they are one species, Salvelinus fontinalis. For other uses, see Gene (disambiguation). ...


Lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush), like brook trout, actually belong to the char genus. Lake trout inhabit many of the larger lakes in North America, and live much longer than rainbow trout, which have an average maximum lifespan of 7 years. Lake trout can live many decades, and can grow to more than 30 kg (66 pounds). Kg redirects here. ...

Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss
Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss

Trout generally feed on soft bodied aquatic invertebrates, such as flies, mayflies, caddisflies, stoneflies, and dragonflies. In lakes, various species of zooplankton often form a large part of the diet. In general, trout longer than about 30 cm prey almost exclusively on fish, where they are available. Adult trout will devour fish exceeding 1/3 their length. Drawing of a rainbow trout. ... Drawing of a rainbow trout. ... Invertebrate is an English word that describes any animal without a spinal column. ... Suborders Nematocera (includes Eudiptera) Brachycera Diptera (di - two, ptera - wings), or true flies, is the order of insects possessing only a single pair of wings on the mesothorax; the metathorax bears a pair of drumstick like structures called the halteres, the remnants of the hind wings. ... Suborders Suborder Schistonota  Superfamily Baetoidea    Siphlonuridae    Baetidae    Oniscigastridae    Ameletopsidae    Ametropodidae  Superfamily Heptagenioidea    Coloburiscidae    Oligoneuriidae    Isonychiidae    Heptageniidae  Superfamily Leptophlebioidea    Leptophlebiidae  Superfamily Ephemeroidea    Behningiidae    Potamanthidae    Euthyplociidae    Polymitarcydae    Ephemeridae    Palingeniidae Suborder Pannota  Superfamily Ephemerelloidea    Ephemerellidae    Leptohyphidae    Tricorythidae  Superfamily Caenoidea    Neoephemeridae    Baetiscidae    Caenidae    Prosopistomatidae Mayflies are insects which belong to the Order Ephemeroptera (from... Suborders [1] Annulipalpia Spicipalpia Integripalpia Caddisflies (Order Trichoptera, from trich, hair, and ptera, wings) are small moth-like insects having two pairs of hairy membranous wings. ... Suborders Antarctoperlaria Arctoperlaria Euholognatha Systellognatha Plecoptera are an order of insects, commonly known as stoneflies. ... Suborders Epiprocta (dragonflies), including infraorder Anisoptera (true dragonflies) Zygoptera (damselflies) Reference: ITIS 101593 as of 2002-07-26 Odonata is an order of insects, encompassing dragonflies (Anisoptera) and damselflies (Zygoptera). ... For the SpongeBob SquarePants character, see Plankton (SpongeBob SquarePants). ... A centimetre (American spelling centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of length that is equal to one hundredth of a metre, the current SI base unit of length. ...


As a group, trout are somewhat bony, but the flesh is generally considered to be tasty. Additionally, they provide a good fight when caught with a hook and line, and are sought after recreationally. Because of their popularity, trout are often raised on fish farms and planted into heavily fished waters, in an effort to mask the effects of overfishing. While they can be caught with a normal rod and reel, fly fishing is a distinctive method developed primarily for trout, and now extended to other species. Farmed trout and char are also sold commercially as food fish. Different hook types Different hook sizes (not to scale) Fishhook redirects here. ... Fishing line is any cord made for fishing. ... Sport fishing is a popular attraction in Cabo San Lucas Sport fishing is a term (often used interchangeably with game fishing) that describes recreational fishing where the primary reward is the challenge of finding and catching the fish rather than the culinary or financial value of the fishs flesh. ... A demonstration aquaculture facility Fish farming is the principal form of aquaculture. ... The Traffic Light colour convention, showing the concept of Harvest Control Rule (HCR), specifying when a rebuilding plan is mandatory in terms of precautionary and limit reference points for spawning biomass and fishing mortality rate. ... A spinning reel A fishing reel is a device used for the deployment and retrieval of fishing line using a spool mounted on an axle. ... Fly rod and reel with a wild brown trout from a chalk stream. ... Spaghetti with seafood (Spaghetti allo scoglio). ...


Trout that live in different environments can have dramatically different colorations and patterns. Mostly, these colors and patterns form as camouflage, based on the surroundings, and will change as the fish moves to different habitats. Trout in, or newly returned from the sea, can look very silvery, while the same "genetic" fish living in a small stream or in an alpine lake could have pronounced markings and more vivid coloration. It is virtually impossible to define a particular color pattern as belonging to a specific breed; however, in general, wild fish are claimed to have more vivid colors and patterns. This article is about protective camouflage used to disguise people, animals, or military targets. ...

Golden trout, Oncorhynchus aguabonita
Golden trout, Oncorhynchus aguabonita

The cutthroat trout has 14 recognized subspecies (depending on your sources), such as the Lahontan cutthroat trout, Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi, Bonneville cutthroat trout, Oncorhynchus clarki utah, Colorado River cutthroat trout, Yellowstone cutthroat trout. Golden Trout. ... Lahontan Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi) is the state fish of Nevada. ... Trinomial name Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi (Richardson, 1836) Lahontan cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi) is the largest cutthroat trout subspecies, and the state fish of Nevada. ... Trinomial name Oncorhynchus clarki utah (Suckley, 1874) The Bonneville cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki utah) is a subspecies of Cutthroat trout that once inhabited the Late Pleistocene-aged Lake Bonneville of Utah, eastern Nevada, and Southern Idaho (USA). ... Trinomial name Oncorhynchus clarki utah (Suckley, 1874) The Bonneville cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki utah) is a subspecies of Cutthroat trout that once inhabited the Late Pleistocene-aged Lake Bonneville of Utah, eastern Nevada, and Southern Idaho (USA). ... Trinomial name Oncorhynchus clarki pleuriticus (Cope, 1872) The Colorado River cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki pleuriticus) is a subspecies of trout native only to the Green and Colorado River basins, which are west of the Continental Divide. ... Trinomial name Oncorhynchus clarki bouvieri (Jordan & Gilbert, 1883) Main article: Cutthroat Trout The Yellowstone cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki bouvieri) is a subspecies of the Cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki) and is a freshwater fish in the salmon family (family Salmonidae) of order Salmoniformes. ...


See also

Trout tickling is the art of rubbing the underbelly of a trout using fingers. ... The Trout Quintet is the popular name for the piano quintet in A major by Franz Schubert. ... Schubert redirects here. ... Trout worms are plastic fishing baits, made with many colors such as orange, red, chartreuse and many others. ...

References

  • Trout and Salmon of North America, Robert J. Behnke, Illustrated by Joseph R. Tomelleri, The Free Press, 2002, hardcover, 359 pages, ISBN 0-7432-2220-2
Wikibooks
Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on
Trout

Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ...

External links

Trout at the Open Directory Project The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jack Trout: Home (0 words)
This is the consulting firm founded by Jack Trout, who is recognized as the world's foremost marketing strategist.
He is responsible for the freshest ideas in marketing in the last twenty years and his concept of Positioning has become the world's #1 business strategy.
Trout has created an international network of consultant boutiques which offer preeminent skills and hands-on experience in the implementation of Positioning strategies.
Trout - MSN Encarta (682 words)
The largest of all the chars is the Mackinaw trout, or lake trout; it is known in Maine as the togue and in Vermont as the longe.
The most important of the trouts is the rainbow trout, native to the lakes and streams of the western United States and introduced widely throughout the world.
The brook trout is classified as Salvelinus fontinalis, the brown trout of Europe as Salmo trutta, the Dolly Varden trout as Salvelinus malma, and the Mackinaw trout as Salvelinus namaycush.
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