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Encyclopedia > Trochenbrod

Trochenbrod or Trochinbrod in Russian (Ukrainian: Трохимбрід, Trokhymbrid) was a Jewish shtetl (village) with an area 1,728 acres once located in what is now western Ukraine but which used to be a part of Poland, about 30 kilometers northeast of Lutsk. It was also known as Sofievka or Zofiówka in Polish, named after Sofia, a Russian princess who donated land for the Jewish settlement.[1] A shtetl or shtetele (Yiddish: , diminutive form of Yiddish shtot, town) was typically a small town or village with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe. ... Lutsk (Ukrainian: Луцьк) is the capital of the Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. ...

Contents

History

Trochenbrod was founded in 1835, initially a farming colony which grew into a small town. The population grew from around 1,200 (235 families) in 1889 to 1,580 in 1897.[1]


During the Polish-Soviet War, the town was captured by Poland. By 1938 the town's exclusively Jewish population had grown to at least 3,000.[1] Most of the population were engaged in farming, dairy farming, or tanning. Combatants Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Second Polish Republic Commanders Mikhail Tukhachevsky Semyon Budyonny Joseph Stalin Józef Piłsudski Edward Rydz-Śmigły Strength 950,000 including reserves 5 million 360,000 including reserves 738,000 Casualties Unknown, dead estimated at 100,000 - 150,000 Unknown, dead estimated at...


There were seven synagogues in Trochenbrod. In 1940, the town was captured by the Russians. The rabbi at this time was Rabbi Gershon Weissmann. The Communists exiled him to Siberia after accusing him of being involved in underground salt trading.[1]


When the Nazis later occupied Ukraine, they established a ghetto at Trochenbrod, bringing in Jews from nearby villages and towns. The Trochenbrod ghetto was liquidated by the Nazis in August and September 1942.[2] Most of the Jews of Trochenbrod as well as of the neighbouring village Lozisht were killed, as were the other Jews of Volhynia.[1] The local Ukrainian police force helped to round up the Jews.[2] No more than 200 Jews from the Trochenbrod ghetto and nearby areas suvived the massacre.[2] The village itself was totally destroyed by fire.[1] Now only fields and a forest can be found there. National Socialism redirects here. ... Lozisht was a Jewish shtetl (village) located in what is now western Ukraine but which used to be a part of Poland and was called then Ignatowka. ... Volhynia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: ; also called Volynia) comprises the historic region in western Ukraine located between the rivers Prypiat and Western Bug -- to the north of Galicia and of Podolia. ...


A few of the inhabitants managed to escape the execution and destruction. At the end of the war, the survivors numbered between 33[1] and 40;[2] most were found in the area near Lutzk.[1]


Trochenbrod in fiction

A fictional version of the shtetl, Trachimbrod, was featured in the 2002 novel Everything Is Illuminated by Jonathan Safran Foer as well as in the 2005 film based on the novel. Everything Is Illuminated is a novel by Jonathan Safran Foer published in 2002. ... Jonathan Safran Foer This American author is not to be confused with the Australian media personality John Safran. ... Everything Is Illuminated is a 2005 adventure/comedy/drama, written and directed by Liev Schreiber and starring Elijah Wood and Eugene Hutz. ...


Safran Foer's story covers the events in the village between 1791, the year in which the shtetl was first named, and 1941, when it was destroyed in the war. Safran Foer's protagonist (who goes by the author's name and also by the name "The Hero") comes to Ukraine to look for a woman named Augustine, who saved his grandfather in the war. 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ...


See also

Lozisht was a Jewish shtetl (village) located in what is now western Ukraine but which used to be a part of Poland and was called then Ignatowka. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Barco, Eleazar. Trochinbrod - (Zofiowka) (translated from Hebrew by Karen Engel)
  2. ^ a b c d Katchanovski, Ivan.Everything Is Illuminated, Not! in The Prague Post (October 7, 2004)

The word Hebrew most likely means to cross over, referring to the Semitic people crossing over the Euphrates River. ...

References

  • (1988) The tree and it's roots. האילן ושורשיו : ספר קורות ט״ל : זופיובקה־־איגנטובקה (in Hebrew). LCCN 88-195445.  a book about the combined towns of Trochenbrod and Lozisht

 
 

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