FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Tristan und Isolde
Operas by Richard Wagner
v  d  e

Die Hochzeit (1832)
Die Feen (1833)
Das Liebesverbot (1836)
Rienzi (1840)
Der fliegende Holländer (1843)
Tannhäuser (1845)
Lohengrin (1848)
Der Ring des Nibelungen: Das Rheingold (1854)
Der Ring des Nibelungen: Die Walküre (1856)
Tristan und Isolde (1859)
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (1867)
Der Ring des Nibelungen: Siegfried (1871)
Der Ring des Nibelungen: Götterdämmerung (1874)
Parsifal (1882) Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Die Hochzeit (The Wedding) is an unfinished opera by Richard Wagner. ... // History Die Feen (The Fairies) is one of Richard Wagners earlier operas. ... Das Liebesverbot (The Ban on Love) is an early opera by Richard Wagner. ... Rienzi, der Letzte der Tribunen (Rienzi, the Last of the Tribunes) is an early opera by Richard Wagner in five acts, with the libretto written by the composer after Bulwer-Lyttons novel of the same name. ... The Flying Dutchman (German title: Der fliegende Holländer) is an opera, music and libretto by Richard Wagner. ... Tannhäuser or Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf die Wartburg (Tannhäuser and the Singers Contest on the Wartburg) is an opera in three acts, music and text by Richard Wagner, based on the two Germanic legends of Tannhäuser and the song contest at Wartburg. ... Lohengrin is a romantic opera (or music drama) in three acts by Richard Wagner. ... Der Ring des Nibelungen, (The Ring of the Nibelung), is a cycle of four epic music dramas by the German composer Richard Wagner. ... For the famous train, see Rheingold Express. ... Der Ring des Nibelungen, (The Ring of the Nibelung), is a cycle of four epic music dramas by the German composer Richard Wagner. ... Die Walküre (The Valkyrie) is the second of the four operas that comprise Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner. ... Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (The Master Singers of Nuremberg) is an opera in three acts, written and composed by Richard Wagner. ... Der Ring des Nibelungen, (The Ring of the Nibelung), is a cycle of four epic music dramas by the German composer Richard Wagner. ... Siegfried is the third of the four operas that comprise Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner. ... Der Ring des Nibelungen, (The Ring of the Nibelung), is a cycle of four epic music dramas by the German composer Richard Wagner. ...   (Twilight of the Gods – see Notes) is the last of the four operas that comprise Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner. ... Parsifal is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner. ...

Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde) is an opera in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the romance by Gottfried von Straßburg. It was composed between 1857 and 1859 and received its first performance, conducted by Hans von Bülow, in Munich on 10 June 1865. This article is about Opera, the art form. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Antonio Ghislanzoni, nineteenth century Italian librettist. ... Portrait of Gottfried von Strassburg from the Codex Manesse (Folio 364r). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Hans von Bülow. ... , For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


In the first Act, Isolde is being taken by ship to Cornwall to be married against her will to King Marke. She is furious with Marke's adopted son, Tristan, whose life she once spared and who has now betrayed her. She summons him to drink atonement to her. Tristan believes that this drink is poisoned, but takes it anyway, and Isolde drinks the remainder. Believing that they are about to die, they declare their true feelings of love for each other, but discover that Isolde's maid Brangaene has switched the drink for a love potion. In the second Act the lovers meet while the King and his party are out hunting at night, but they are discovered and Tristan is mortally wounded. In the third Act, Tristan, now returned alone to his lands in Kareol, and barely alive, yearns for Isolde. Only her return can save his life. At the end of the Act, Isolde does return, and Tristan dies in her arms. Isolde joins him in death, transfigured by grief. For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ...


In composing Tristan und Isolde, Wagner was inspired by his affair with Mathilde Wesendonck, and also by the philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer. Widely acknowledged as one of the peaks of the operatic repertory, Tristan was notable for Wagner's advanced use of chromaticism, tonality, orchestral colour and harmonic suspension. Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher. ... In music, chromatic indicates the inclusion of notes not in the prevailing scale and is also used for those notes themselves (Shir-Cliff et al 1965, p. ... Tonality is a system of writing music according to certain hierarchical pitch relationships around a key center or tonic. ... In music theory, a suspension is a nonchord tone that occurs when the harmony shifts from one chord to another, but one or more notes of the first chord are held over, suspended, into the second but then resolved to a chord tone. ...


The opera was profoundly influential amongst Western classical composers, with Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss, Alban Berg and Arnold Schoenberg all drawing inspiration from it. Many see Tristan as marking the beginning of the move away from conventional harmony and tonality which would ultimately lead classical music towards the 20th century atonal movement.[1] “Mahler” redirects here. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Portrait of Alban Berg by Arnold Schoenberg, c. ... Arnold Schoenberg, Los Angeles, 1948 Arnold Schoenberg (the anglicized form of Schönberg — Schoenberg changed the spelling officially when he left Germany and re-converted to Judaism in 1933), (September 13, 1874 – July 13, 1951) was an Austrian and later American composer. ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity, and therefore chords, actual or implied, in music. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Atonality describes music not conforming to the system of tonal hierarchies, which characterizes the sound of classical European music between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. ...

Contents

Composition

In 1849 Wagner was forced to abandon his position as Conductor of the Dresden Opera because of his participation in the unsuccessful May Revolution, which resulted in a warrant being posted for his arrest. He fled to Zurich, leaving behind his wife, Minna. In Zurich in 1852 he met the wealthy Otto Wesendonck, who had made a fortune from his New York silk trading firm. Wesendonck became one of Wagner's supporters, and bankrolled the composer for several years. Wesendonck's wife, Mathilde, also became increasingly enamoured of the composer. Wagner was at that time working on Der Ring des Nibelungen, but found himself preoccupied by the legend of Tristan und Isolde. 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Dresden revolutionaries Kingdom of Saxony Commanders Samuel Tzschirner Karl Gotthelf Todt Otto Heubner Alexander Heinze Strength 3,000 5,000 Casualties 200 killed ~1,200 captured 31 killed The May Uprising took place in Dresden, Germany in 1849; it was one of the last of the series of events... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... “NY” redirects here. ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ... Der Ring des Nibelungen, (The Ring of the Nibelung), is a cycle of four epic music dramas by the German composer Richard Wagner. ... For other uses, see Legend (disambiguation). ... Tristan and Iseult as depicted by Herbert Draper (1863–1920). ...


The re-discovery of medieval Germanic poetry, including Gottfried von Strassburg's version of Tristan, the Nibelunglied and Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzival had a major impact on German Romantic movements during the middle of the 19th century. The story of Tristan and Isolde was one of the quintessential romances of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Several versions exist, the earliest dating to the middle of the 12th century. Gottfried's version was of the so called "courtly" branch of the tradition, and had a huge influence on later German literature.[2] According to his autobiography Mein Leben, Wagner decided to dramatise the Tristan legend following an attempt by his friend Karl Ritter to do so: The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Gottfried von Strassburg, was one of the chief German poets of the middle ages. ... The Nibelungenlied, translated as The Song of the Nibelungs, is an epic poem in Middle High German. ... Portrait of Wolfram from the Codex Manesse. ... Parzival is one of the two great epic poems in Middle High German. ... For the general context, see Romanticism. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ...

"He had, in fact, made a point of giving prominence to the lighter phases of the romance, whereas it was its all-pervading tragedy that impressed me so deeply that I felt convinced it should stand out in bold relief, regardless of minor details." [3]

This, together with his discovery of the philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer in October 1854, led him to a "serious mood created by Schopenhauer, which was trying to find ecstatic expression. It was some such mood that inspired the conception of a Tristan und Isolde." [4] Wagner wrote of his preoccupations with Schopenhauer and Tristan in a letter to Franz Liszt (December 16th 1854): Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher. ... “Liszt” redirects here. ...

“Never in my life having enjoyed the true happiness of love I shall erect a memorial to this loveliest of all dreams in which, from the first to the last, love shall, for once, find utter repletion. I have devised in my mind a Tristan und Isolde, the simplest, yet most full-blooded musical conception imaginable, and with the ‘black flag’ that waves at the end I shall cover myself over – to die.”[5]

By the end of 1854, he had sketched out all three acts of an opera on the Tristan theme, based on Gottfried von Strassburg's telling of the story, although it was not until August 1857 that he began working full-time on the opera, putting aside the composition of Siegfried to do so. On 20th August he began the prose sketch for the opera, and the libretto (or poem as Wagner preferred to call it) was completed by September 18. [6] By this time Wagner was living in a cottage built in the grounds of Wesendonck's villa, and during his work on Tristan und Isolde was passionately involved with Mathilde Wesendonck, although it remains uncertain as to whether or not this relationship was platonic. One evening in September of that year, Wagner read the finished poem of Tristan to an audience which included his wife, Minna, his current muse, Mathilde, and his future mistress and later wife, Cosima von Bülow. 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Gottfried von Strassburg, was one of the chief German poets of the middle ages. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Siegfried is the third of the four operas that comprise Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner. ... Antonio Ghislanzoni, nineteenth century Italian librettist. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, especially in cases where one might easily assume otherwise. ... In Greek mythology, the Muses (Greek , Mousai: perhaps from the Proto-Indo-European root *men- think[1]) are a number of goddesses or spirits who embody the arts and inspire the creation process with their graces through remembered and improvised song and stage, writing, traditional music and dance. ... Madame de Pompadour the mistress of King Louis XV of France. ... Bust of Cosima Wagner in Bayreuth Festspielpark Cosima Wagner in London (1877) Cosima Francesca Gaetana Wagner (December 24, 1837 - April 1, 1930) was the daughter of the virtuoso pianist and composer Franz Liszt. ...


By October of 1857 he had begun the composition sketch of the first Act, and in November he set five of Mathilde's poems to music: these became known as the "Wesendonck Lieder." In April of 1858 Wagner's wife Minna intercepted a note from Wagner to Mathilde, and despite Wagner's protests that she was putting a "vulgar interpretation" on the note, she accused first Wagner and then Mathilde of unfaithfulness. [7]After much misery, Wagner persuaded Minna, who had a heart condition, to take a rest at a spa, while Otto Wesendonck took Mathilde to Italy, during which time Wagner began the composition sketch of the second Act of Tristan. However Minna's return in July 1858 did not clear the air, and on August 17th Wagner was forced to leave both Minna and Mathilde and move to Venice. The Wesendonck Lieder is a song-cycle composed by Richard Wagner while he was working on Die Walküre. ... Look up spa, Spa, SpA in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ...


He later described his last days in Zurich as "a veritable Hell." Minna wrote to Mathilde before departing for Dresden: "I must tell you with a bleeding heart that you have succeeded in separating my husband from me after nearly twenty-two years of marriage. May this noble deed contribute to your peace of mind, to your happiness."[8]


Wagner finished the second Act of Tristan during his eight-month exile in Venice. Then in March 1859, fearing extradition back to Saxony, where he was still a fugitive, he moved to Lucerne where he composed the last Act, completing it in August 1859. Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Extradition is the official process by which one nation or state requests and obtains from another nation or state the surrender of a suspected or convicted criminal. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... Look up fugitive in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Lucerne (disambiguation). ...


Premiere

Tristan und Isolde proved to be a difficult opera to stage. Paris was the centre of the operatic world in the middle of the 19th century; however, following the disastrous staging of Tannhäuser at the Paris Opéra in 1861 Wagner offered the piece to the Karlsruhe opera. But when he visited the Vienna Court Opera to rehearse possible singers for this production, the management at Vienna suggested staging the opera there. Originally the tenor Alois Ander was to sing the part of Tristan, however he proved incapable of learning the role. Despite over 70 rehearsals between 1862 and 1864, Tristan und Isolde could not be staged in Vienna, winning the opera a reputation as unperformable. This article is about the capital of France. ... Tannhäuser or Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf die Wartburg (Tannhäuser and the Singers Contest on the Wartburg) is an opera in three acts, music and text by Richard Wagner, based on the two Germanic legends of Tannhäuser and the song contest at Wartburg. ... Théâtre de lAcadémie Royale de Musique, Paris, circa 1865 Théâtre de lAcadémie Royale de Musique (also been known as the Théâtre Imperial de l´Opéra , Le Rue Peletier, or simply, Le Peletier, but more familiarly, as the Paris Opéra) was the... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Karlsruhe (population 285,812 in 2006) is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border. ... The entrance to the Staatsoper at night Vienna State Opera (German: Wiener Staatsoper), located in Vienna, Austria, is one of the most important opera companies in Europe and throughout the world. ... “Wien” redirects here. ...


It was only following Wagner's adoption by Ludwig II of Bavaria that resources could be found to mount the premiere of Tristan. Hans von Bulow was chosen to conduct the production, to be staged at the Munich Opera, despite the fact that Wagner was having an affair with his wife Cosima von Bulow. Even then the planned premiere on May 15th 1865 had to be cancelled because the Isolde, Malvina Schnorr had gone hoarse. Only on June 10th 1865 was the work finally performed for the first time. Ludwig Schnorr von Carolsfeld sang the role of Tristan with the role of Isolde sung by his wife, Malvina. Three weeks after the fourth performance Ludwig Schnorr von Carolsfeld died suddenly, prompting speculation that the exertion involved in singing the part of Tristan had killed him. The stress of performing Tristan also claimed the lives of conductors Felix Mottl in 1911, and Joseph Keilberth in 1968. Both died while conducting the second Act of the opera. Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm II, King of Bavaria (August 25, 1845 – June 13, 1886) was king of Bavaria from 1864 until shortly before his death. ... Hans von Bülow. ... Bust of Cosima Wagner in Bayreuth Festspielpark Cosima Wagner in London (1877) Cosima Francesca Gaetana Wagner (December 24, 1837 - April 1, 1930) was the daughter of the virtuoso pianist and composer Franz Liszt. ... Premiere, from French language première meaning first, generally means a first performance. Premieres for theatrical, musical, and other productions are often extravagant affairs, attracting large numbers of socialites and much media attention. ... Dysphonia is the medical term for hoarseness or other phonation disorders. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Ludwig Schnorr von Carolsfeld Ludwig Schnorr von Carolsfeld (July 2, 1836-July 21, 1865) was a german heldentenor. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... Felix Mottl (1856-1911) was an Austrian conductor and composer. ... Joseph Keilberth ( born April 19, 1908 - July 20, 1968) was a German conductor. ...


Roles

Role Voice type Premiere Cast, June 10, 1865
(Conductor: Hans von Bülow)
Tristan tenor Ludwig Schnorr von Carolsfeld
Isolde soprano Malvina Schnorr von Carolsfeld
Brangäne, Isolde's maid soprano Anna Possart-Deinet
Kurwenal, Tristan's servant baritone Anton Mitterwurzer
Mark, King of Cornwall bass Ludwig Zottmayer
Melot, a courtier, Tristan's friend tenor Karl Samuel Heinrich
A Shepherd tenor Karl Simons
A Steersman baritone Peter Hartmann
A Young Sailor tenor
Sailors, knights, and esquires

Hans von Bülow. ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... Ludwig Schnorr von Carolsfeld Ludwig Schnorr von Carolsfeld (July 2, 1836-July 21, 1865) was a german heldentenor. ... This article is about the singing voice part. ... Baritone (French: ; German: ; Italian: ) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the deepest vocal range of the human voice. ...

Synopsis

"Isolde" by Aubrey Beardsley, 1895 illustration for The Studio magazine of the tragic opera heroine drinking the love potion
"Isolde" by Aubrey Beardsley, 1895 illustration for The Studio magazine of the tragic opera heroine drinking the love potion

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Aubrey Beardsley Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (August 21, 1872 – March 16, 1898) was an influential English illustrator, and author, best known for his erotic illustrations. ...

Act I

Isolde and her handmaid, Brangaene are quartered aboard Tristan’s ship, being transported to King Marke’s lands in Cornwall where Isolde is to be married to the King. The opera opens with the voice of a young sailor singing of a “wild Irish maid”, which Isolde takes to be a mocking reference to herself. In a furious outburst she wishes the seas to rise up and sink the ship, killing all on board. Her scorn and rage are directed particularly at Tristan, the knight who is taking her to Marke. She sends Brangaene to command Tristan to appear before her, but Tristan refuses Brangaene's request, saying that his place is at the helm. His henchman, Kurwenal, answers more brusquely, saying that Isolde is in no position to command Tristan, and reminding Brangaene that Isolde’s previous fiancé, Morold, was killed by Tristan. Brangaine (also spelled Brangaene, Brangwane, Brangien, and other variants) is the handmaid and confidant of Iseult of Ireland in the story of Tristan and Iseult. ... Mark of Cornwall (Latin Marcus Cunomorus, Cornish Margh, Welsh Cynfawr) was a king of Kernyw (Cornwall) in the early 6th Century AD. According to legend, he was a cousin of King Arthur and father (or uncle) of Tristan; a gravestone found in Cornwall has confirmed that Tristan was at least... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Look up king in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Three types of mariners are seen here in the wheelhouse: a master, an able seaman, and a harbour pilot. ... REDIREDT Scorn (band) ... Look up rage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... A helm can mean: The steering mechanism of a vessel, from Old English helma, Proto-Germanic *khelman handle (c. ... Robin Shoots with Sir Guy by Louis Rhead. ... In Arthurian legend, Morholt (also called Marhalt, Morold, Marhaus and other variations) is an Irish warrior who demands tribute from King Mark of Cornwall until he is slain by Tristan, Marks nephew and defender. ...


Brangaene returns to Isolde to relate these events, and Isolde sadly tells her of how, following the death of Morold, a stranger called Tantris had been brought to her, found mortally wounded in a boat, and that she had used her healing powers to restore him to health. However she discovered that Tantris was actually Tristan, the murderer of her husband, and had tried to kill him with his sword as he lay helpless before her. However Tristan had looked not at the sword that would kill him, but into her eyes, and this had pierced her heart. Tristan had been allowed to leave, but had returned with the intention of marrying Isolde to his uncle, King Marke. Isolde, in her fury at Tristan’s betrayal, insists that he drink atonement to her, and from her medicine-chest produces the vial which will make this drink. Brangaene is shocked to see that it is a lethal poison. Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century Look up Sword in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Uncle may refer to: A family relationship, see Cousin chart A cry of surrender An idiom: Dutch uncle, a person who delivers stern lectures Uncle Sam, a national personification of the United States Uncle Tom, a pejorative term for a black person Uncle Tom Cobley, a British folk saying meaning... For other uses, see Atonement (disambiguation). ... A chest is one of the oldest forms of furniture. ... Pharmaceutical ampoule, a type of vial. ... The skull and crossbones symbol (Jolly Roger) traditionally used to label a poisonous substance. ...


At this point Kurwenal appears in the women’s quarters saying that Tristan has agreed after all to see Isolde. When he arrives, Isolde tells him that she now knows that he was Tantris, and that he owes her his life. Tristan agrees to drink the potion, now prepared by Brangaene, even though he knows it may kill him. As he drinks, Isolde tears the remainder of the potion from him and drinks it herself. At this moment, each believing that their life is about to end, they declare their love for each other. Their rapture is interrupted by Kurwenal, who announces the imminent arrival on board of King Marke. Isolde asks Brangaene which potion she prepared and is told that it was no poison, but a love-potion. Outside, the sailors hail the arrival of King Marke. A potion (from Latin potio, potionis, meaning beverage, potion, poison) is a drinkable medicine or poison. ...

Tristan und Isolde by Ferdinand Leeke
Tristan und Isolde by Ferdinand Leeke

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Act II

A nocturnal hunting party leaves King Marke’s castle empty except for Isolde and Brangaene, who stand beside a burning brazier. Isolde several times believes that the hunting horns are far enough away to allow her to extinguish the flames, giving the signal for Tristan to join her. Brangaene warns Isolde that one of King Marke’s knights, Melot, has seen the looks exchanged between Tristan and Isolde, and suspects their passion. Isolde, however, believes Melot to be Tristan’s most loyal friend, and in a frenzy of desire extinguishes the flames. Brangaene retires to the ramparts to keep watch as Tristan arrives. This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... For other uses, see Castle (disambiguation). ... Look up brazier in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Horn may refer to: horn (anatomy), a hollow, pointed projection of the skin of various animals Horn, Austria horn (diacritic), a diacritic mark used to indicate that a normally rounded vowel such as o or u is to be pronounced unrounded horn (instrument) horn, a slang term for any wind... Flame generated by the burning of a candle. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ...


The lovers, alone at last and freed from the constraints of courtly life, declare their passion for each other. Tristan decries the realm of daylight which is false, unreal, and keeps them apart. It is only in night that they can truly be together, and only in the long night of death that they can be eternally united. Brangaene is heard several times throughout their long tryst calling a warning that the night is ending, but the lovers ignore her. Finally the day breaks in on the lovers, and Melot leads Marke and his men to find Tristan and Isolde in each other's arms. Marke is heart-broken, not only because of his betrayal by his adopted son, Tristan, but because he, too, has come to love Isolde. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Courtship (sometimes called dating or going steady) is the process of selecting and attracting a mate for marriage or sexual intercourse. ...


Tristan now asks Isolde if she will follow him again into the realm of night, and she agrees. Melot and Tristan fight, but at the crucial moment, Tristan throws his sword aside and is mortally wounded by Melot.


Act III

Kurwenal has brought Tristan home to his castle at Kareol in Brittany. A shepherd pipes a mournful tune and asks if Tristan is awake. Kurwenal says that only Isolde’s arrival can save Tristan. The shepherd says he will keep watch and pipe a happy tune to mark the arrival of any ship. Tristan now wakes and mourns that he is again in the false realm of daylight, once more driven by unceasing unquenchable yearning, until Kurwenal tells him that Isolde is coming. Tristan is overjoyed and asks if her ship is in sight, but only the shepherd’s sorrowful tune is heard. Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Shepherd in FăgăraÅŸ Mountains, Romania. ...


Tristan relapses and recalls that the shepherd’s tune is the one he heard when his father and then his mother died. Once again he rails against his desires and against the fateful love-potion until he collapses in delirium. At this point the shepherd is heard piping the arrival of Isolde’s ship, and as Kurwenal rushes to meet her, Tristan in his excitement tears the bandages from his wounds. As Isolde arrives at his side, Tristan dies with her name on his lips. Look up desire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the mental state and medical condition. ... Bandages are also used in martial arts to prevent dislocated joints. ... Superficial bullet wounds In medicine, a wound is a type of physical trauma wherein the skin is torn, cut or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound). ...


Isolde collapses beside him as the appearance of another ship is announced. Kurwenal sees Melot, Marke and Brangaene arrive and furiously attacks Melot to avenge Tristan. In the fight both Melot and Kurwenal are killed. Marke and Brangaene finally reach Tristan and Isolde. Marke, grieving over the body of his “truest friend” explains that he has learnt of the love-potion from Brangaene and had come, not to part the lovers, but to unite them. Isolde appears to wake but, in a final aria describing her vision of Tristan risen again (the “Liebestod”), dies of grief. It has been suggested that Anticipatory Grief be merged into this article or section. ... An aria (Italian for air; plural: arie or arias in common usage) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer. ... Look up vision in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Significance in the development of classical music

The score of Tristan und Isolde has often been cited as a landmark in the development of Western music. [9] In this score Wagner uses a remarkable range of orchestral colour, harmony and polyphony and does so with a freedom rarely found in his earlier operas. The very first chord in the piece is the so-called Tristan chord, often taken to be of great significance in the move away from traditional tonal harmony since it encompasses not one but two dissonances: [10] The Tristan chord is a chord made up of the notes F, B, D# and G#. More generally, it can be any chord that consists of these same intervals, viz. ... Tonality is a system of writing music according to certain hierarchical pitch relationships around a key center or tonic. ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity, and therefore chords, actual or implied, in music. ... In music, a consonance (Latin consonare, sounding together) is a harmony, chord, or interval considered stable, as opposed to a dissonance, which is considered unstable. ...

Sound sample The opening of Richard Wagners opera, Tristan und Isolde in piano score. ...

The music of Tristan und Isolde is also notable for its use of harmonic suspension: a device used by a composer to create musical tension by exposing the listener to a series of prolonged unfinished cadences, thereby inspiring a desire and expectation on the part of the listener for musical resolution.[11] While this device had been used before on occasion by other composers, Wagner was one of the first composers to employ harmonic suspension over the course of an entire work. The cadences first introduced in the Prelude are not finally resolved until the very end of Act 3, and on a number of occasions throughout the opera Wagner primes the audience for a musical climax with a series of chords building in tension and then deliberately defers the anticipated resolution. A particularly notable example of this occurs at the end of the love duet in Act 2 ("Wie sie fassen, wie sie lassen...") where Tristan and Isolde gradually build up to a musical (and some would say sexual) climax, only to have the expected resolution destroyed by the dissonant interruption of Kurwenal ("Rette Dich, Tristan!"). The long-awaited completion of this series of cadences arrives only in the final Liebestod, in which the musical resolution (at "In des Welt-Atems wehendem All") coincides with the moment of Isolde's death.[12] Image File history File links Speaker_Icon. ... This page is about the audio compression codec. ... Image File history File links Speaker_Icon. ... Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ... In music theory, a suspension is a nonchord tone that occurs when the harmony shifts from one chord to another, but one or more notes of the first chord are held over, suspended, into the second but then resolved to a chord tone. ... In Western musical theory a cadence (Latin cadentia, a falling) is a particular series of intervals or chords that ends a phrase, section, or piece of music. ...


The tonality of Tristan was to prove immensely influential in western Classical music. Giacomo Puccini made a strange personal note in the sketches for the final duet in Turandot, which he never completed: "then Tristan". Wagner's use of musical colour also influenced the development of film music. Bernard Herrmann's score for Alfred Hitchcock's masterpiece, Vertigo is heavily reminiscent of the Liebestod, most notably during the resurrection scene, and the opening of Tristan und Isolde was added to Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí's Surrealist film Un chien andalou. Not all composers reacted favourably: Claude Debussy's piano piece "Golliwog's Cakewalk" mockingly quotes the gloomy "Tristan Chord" in the middle of a lighthearted piece. Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) was an Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly, are among the most frequently performed in the standard repertoire. ... For the opera by Ferruccio Busoni, see Turandot (Busoni). ... A film score is the background music in a film, generally specially written for the film and often used to heighten emotions provoked by the imagery on the screen or by the dialogue. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... For other uses of the word, see Vertigo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí y Domènech, Marquis of Pubol (May 11, 1904 – January 23, 1989), was a Spanish (Catalan) surrealist painter. ... Surrealism is an artistic movement and an aesthetic philosophy that aims for the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative powers of the subconscious. ... Un Chien Andalou (English: An Andalusian Dog) is a 16-minute[1] surrealist film made in France in 1928 by Spanish writer/directors Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí, and released in 1929 in Paris. ... Claude Debussy Claude Achille Debussy (August 22, 1862 – March 25, 1918), composer of impressionistic classical music. ...


Influence of Schopenhauer on Tristan und Isolde

Wagner was introduced to the work of the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer by his friend Georg Herwegh in late 1854.[13] The composer was immediately struck by the philosophical ideas to be found in “Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung” (The World as Will and Representation), and it is clear that the composer and the philosopher had a very similar world-view. Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher. ... Georg Herwegh Georg Herwegh (1817 - 1875), son of an innkeeper, was born in Stuttgart. ... Published in 1819, The World as Will and Representation, sometimes translated as The World as Will and Idea (original German title: Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung), is the central work of Arthur Schopenhauer. ...


Schopenhauer’s influence on Tristan und Isolde is felt most directly in the second and third acts. The first act is relatively straightforward, consisting mostly of an exposition of how Tristan and Isolde come to be in their current state. However the second act, where the lovers meet, and the third act, in which Tristan longs for release from the passions that torment him, have often proved puzzling to opera-goers unfamiliar with Schopenhauer’s work. Wagner uses the metaphor of day and night in the second act to designate the realms inhabited by Tristan and Isolde.[14] The world of Day is one where the lovers must deny their love and pretend they do not care for each other, where they are bound by the dictates of King Marke’s court: it is a realm of falsehood and unreality. Under the dictates of the realm of Day Tristan was forced to remove Isolde from Ireland and to marry her to his Uncle Marke against Tristan's secret desires. The realm of Night, in contrast, is the representation of intrinsic reality, where the lovers can be together, where their desires can be openly expressed and reach fulfillment: it is the realm of oneness, truth and reality. In this way Wagner implicitly equates the realm of Day with Schopenhauer’s concept of Phenomenon, and the realm of Night with Schopenhauer’s concept of Noumenon.[15] While none of this is explicitly stated in the libretto, Tristan’s comments on Day and Night in Acts 2 and 3 make it very clear that this is Wagner’s intention. For other uses, see Phenomena (disambiguation). ... The noumenon (plural: noumena) classically refers to an object of human inquiry, understanding or cognition. ...


In Schopenhauer’s philosophy, the world as we experience it is a representation of an unknowable reality. Our representation of the world (which is false) is Phenomenon, while the unknowable reality is Noumenon: these concepts are developments of ideas originally posited by Kant. Importantly for Tristan and Isolde, Schopenhauer’s concept of Noumenon is one where all things are indivisible and one: and it is this very idea of one-ness that Tristan yearns for in Acts 2 and 3 of Tristan und Isolde. Tristan is also aware that this realm of Night, or Noumenon can only be shared by the lovers in its fullest sense when they die. The realm of Night therefore also becomes the realm of death: the only world in which Tristan and Isolde can be united forever, and it is this realm that Tristan speaks of at the end of Act two (“Dem Land das Tristan meint, der Sonne Licht nicht scheint”).[16] For other uses, see Phenomena (disambiguation). ... The noumenon (plural: noumena) classically refers to an object of human inquiry, understanding or cognition. ... Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant (April 22, 1724 – February 12, 1804) was a Prussian philosopher, generally regarded as one of Europes most influential thinkers and the last major philosopher of the Enlightenment. ...


Tristan rages against the daylight in Act 3 and frequently cries out for release from his desires (Sehnen): it is also part of Schopenhauer’s philosophy that man is driven by continued, unachievable desires, and that the gulf between our desires and the possibility of achieving them leads to misery. The only way for man to achieve inner peace is to renounce his desires: a theme that Wagner explores fully in his last opera, Parsifal. In fact Wagner at one point considered having the character of Parsifal meet Tristan during his sufferings in Act 3, but later rejected the idea.[17] Parsifal is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner. ... Parsifal is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner. ...


Reactions to Tristan und Isolde

Although Tristan und Isolde is today performed in major opera houses around the world, critical opinion was not always favorable. "Not to mince words, it is the glorification of sensual pleasure, tricked out with every titillating device, it is unremitting materialism, according to which human beings have no higher destiny than, after living the life of turtle doves, ‘to vanish in sweet odours, like a breath'. In the service of this end, music has been enslaved to the word; the most ideal of the Muses has been made to grind the colours for indecent paintings....he makes sensuality itself the true subject of his drama.... We think that the stage presentation of the poem Tristan und Isolde amounts to an act of indecency. Wagner does not show us the life of heroes of Nordic sagas which would edify and strengthen the spirit of his German audiences. What he does present is the ruination of the life of heroes through sensuality." Such was the opinion in the 5 July 1865 edition of the Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung. is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


Eduard Hanslick's reaction in 1868 to the Prelude to Tristan was that it "reminds me of the old Italian painting of a martyr whose intestines are slowly unwound from his body on a reel." The first performance in London's Drury Lane Theatre drew the following response from The Era in 1882: " We cannot refrain from making a protest against the worship of animal passion which is so striking a feature in the late works of Wagner. We grant there is nothing so repulsive in Tristan as in Die Walküre, but the system is the same. The passion is unholy in itself and its representation is impure, and for those reasons we rejoice in believing that such works will not become popular. If they did we are certain their tendency would be mischievous, and there is, therefore, some cause for congratulation in the fact that Wagner's music, in spite of all its wondrous skill and power, repels a greater number than it fascinates." This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Currently home to Lord Of The Rings, the musical. ... Die Walküre (The Valkyrie) is the second of the four operas that comprise Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner. ...


Mark Twain, visiting Germany, went to hear Tristan at Bayreuth, and commented: "I know of some, and have heard of many, who could not sleep after it, but cried the night away. I feel strongly out of place here. Sometimes I feel like the one sane person in the community of the mad."[18] Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ...


With the passage of time, Tristan became more favourably regarded. Giuseppe Verdi interviewed shortly before his death said that he "stood in wonder and terror" before Wagner's Tristan. In The Perfect Wagnerite the writer and satirist George Bernard Shaw said Tristan was "an astonishingly intense and faithful translation into music of the emotions which accompany the union of a pair of lovers" and described it as "a poem of destruction and death". Richard Strauss was initially dismissive of Tristan, saying that Wagner's music: "would kill a cat and would turn rocks into scrambled eggs from fear of [its] hideous dischords." However he later became part of the Bayreuth coterie and writing to Cosima Wagner in 1892 declared; "I have conducted my first Tristan. It was the most wonderful day of my life." He later wrote: "Tristan und Isolde marked the end of all romanticism. Here the yearning of the entire 19th century is gathered in one focal point." “Verdi” redirects here. ... George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856–2 November 1950) was an Irish dramatist, literary critic, and socialist. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... The Bayreuth Festspielhaus (Bayreuth Festival Theatre) is an opera house built to the north of the town of Bayreuth in Germany, dedicated to the performance of Richard Wagners operas. ... Bust of Cosima Wagner in Bayreuth Festspielpark Cosima Wagner in London (1877) Cosima Francesca Gaetana Wagner (December 24, 1837 - April 1, 1930) was the daughter of the virtuoso pianist and composer Franz Liszt. ...


The conductor Bruno Walter as a student heard his first Tristan und Isolde in 1889: "So there I sat in the topmost gallery of the Berlin Opera House, and from the first sound of the cellos my heart contracted spasmodically... Never before has my soul been deluged with such floods of sound and passion, never had my heart been consumed by such yearning and sublime bliss... A new epoch had begun: Wagner was my god, and I wanted to become his prophet." Arnold Schoenberg referred to Wagner's technique of shifting chords in Tristan as "phenomena of incredible adaptability and nonindependence roaming, homeless, among the spheres of keys; spies reconnoitering weaknesses; to exploit them in order to create confusion, deserters for whom surrender of their own personality is an end in itself”. Bruno Walter (Bruno Walter Schlesinger) (September 15, 1876 – February 17, 1962) was a German-born conductor and composer. ... Arnold Schoenberg, Los Angeles, 1948 Arnold Schoenberg (the anglicized form of Schönberg — Schoenberg changed the spelling officially when he left Germany and re-converted to Judaism in 1933), (September 13, 1874 – July 13, 1951) was an Austrian and later American composer. ...


Friedrich Nietzsche was one of Wagner's staunchest allies in his younger years, and wrote that for him “Tristan and Isolde is the real opus metaphysicum of all art. . . insatiable and sweet craving for the secrets of night and death. . . it is overpowering in its simple grandeur”. In a letter to his friend Erwin Rohde in October 1868 he described his reaction to the Prelude to Tristan: “I simply cannot bring myself to remain critically aloof from this music; every nerve in me is atwitch, and it has been a long time since I had such a lasting sense of ecstasy as with this overture”. Even following his break with Wagner, Nietzsche still considered Tristan to be a masterpiece: “Even now I am still in search of a work which exercises such a dangerous fascination, such a spine-tingling and blissful infinity as Tristan — I have sought in vain, in every art.” Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) (IPA: ) was a 19th-century German philosopher. ...


Recordings of Tristan und Isolde

Tristan und Isolde has always been acknowledged as one of the greatest operas, and has a long recorded history. In the years before World War II, Kirsten Flagstad and Lauritz Melchior were considered to be the prime interpreters of the lead roles, and mono recordings exist of a number of live performances with this pair directed by conductors such as Thomas Beecham, Fritz Reiner, Artur Bodanzky and Erich Leinsdorf. Flagstad recorded the part commercially only near the end of her career in 1952, under Wilhelm Furtwängler for EMI, producing a set which is considered a classic recording.[19] Following the war the performances at Bayreuth with Martha Mödl and Ramon Vinay under Herbert von Karajan (1952) were highly regarded, and these performances are now available as a live recording. In the 1960s the soprano Birgit Nilsson was considered the major Isolde interpreter, and she was often partnered by the Tristan of Wolfgang Windgassen. Their performances at Bayreuth in 1966 were captured by Deutsche Grammophon, under the baton of Karl Böhm, a performance often recommended as one of the best recordings of the work.[20] Some collectors prefer the pairing of Nilsson with the Canadian tenor Jon Vickers, available in “unofficial” recordings from performances in Vienna or Orange. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Kirsten Flagstad Kirsten MÃ¥lfrid Flagstad (July 12, 1895 – December 7, 1962) was a Norwegian opera singer. ... Lauritz Melchior (often misspelled Melchoir) (born March 20, 1890 – died March 18, 1973) was a Danish and later American opera singer. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Artur Bodanzky (born 1877 in Vienna, died 23 November 1939 in New York) was an Austrian-American conductor particularly associated with the operas of Wagner. ... Erich Leinsdorf (February 4, 1912 - September 11, 1993) was a conductor. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... The EMI Group (LSE: EMI) is a British music company comprising of the major record company EMI Music which operates several labels, based in Kensington in London, England, and EMI Music Publishing, based in New York. ... Bayreuth Festspielhaus, as seen in 1882 The annual Bayreuth Festival in Bayreuth, Germany is devoted principally (but not exclusively) to performances of operas by the 19th century German composer Richard Wagner. ... Martha Mödl (born March 22, 1912, in Nuremberg - died December 17, 2001, in Stuttgart) was a German soprano, and later a mezzo-soprano. ... Ramón Vinay (August 31, 1911 – January 4, 1996) was a famous Chilean operatic tenor. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Birgit Nilsson Birgit Nilsson (May 17, 1918 – December 25, 2005) was a great Swedish soprano who specialized in operatic and symphonic works. ... Wolfgang Windgassen (June 26, 1914 – September 8, 1974) was a tenor internationally known for his performances in Wagner operas. ... Karl Böhm (August 28, 1894 – August 14, 1981) was a prominent Austrian conductor. ... Jon S. Vickers, CC , D.Mus. ...


Karajan did not record the opera officially until 1971, and his set is still controversial for the use of a lighter soprano voice (Helga Dernesch) as Isolde, paired with an extremely intense Vickers, and also for the unusual balance between orchestra (the Berlin Philharmonic) and singers favoured at that time by Karajan. In the 1990s the Berlin Philharmonic would record the opera with conductor Daniel Barenboim, featuring Waltraud Meier's intense Isolde and Siegfried Jerusalem as Tristan. Earlier recorded sets by conductors such as Carlos Kleiber, Reginald Goodall and Leonard Bernstein were mostly considered to be important for the interpretation of the conductor, rather than that of the lead performers. The set by Kleiber is notable since Isolde is sung by the famous Mozartian soprano Margaret Price, who never sang the role of Isolde on stage. The same is true for Plácido Domingo, who sang the role of Tristan to critical acclaim in the 2005 EMI release under the baton of Antonio Pappano despite never having sung the role on stage. Carlos Kleiber (July 3, 1930 - July 13, 2004) was born Karl Ludwig Kleiber in Berlin, the son of conductor Erich Kleiber. ... Sir Reginald Goodall (July 13, 1901 - May 5, 1990) was a British conductor. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Dame Margaret Price DBE (born April 13, 1941) is a Welsh soprano. ... Plácido Domingo José Plácido Domingo Embil KBE (born January 21,1941), better known as Plácido Domingo, is a world-renowned operatic tenor. ... Antonio Pappano (born 30 December 1959 in London, England) is a British conductor. ...


There are several DVD productions of the opera including a staging by the Deutsche Oper, Berlin featuring the seasoned Wagnerians René Kollo and Dame Gwyneth Jones in the title roles, in Götz Friedrich's production. Deutsche Grammophone released a DVD of a Metropolitan Opera performance featuring Jane Eaglen and Ben Heppner, conducted by James Levine, in a production staged by Jurgen Rose. René Kollo (born November 20, 1937) is a German tenor. ... Dame Gwyneth Jones (born November 7, 1936 in Pontnewynydd), is a Welsh soprano opera singer. ... Götz Friedrich (born August 4, 1930 in Naumburg, Germany, died December 12, 2000 in Berlin, Germany) was a German opera and theater director. ...


Audio

There are many recordings of the opera. The following list of CD releases is selective: for a more exhaustive list, see Discography of Tristan und Isolde

Conductor Karl Elmendorff Karl Elmendorff (October 25, 1891 in Düsseldorf - October 21, 1962) was a German conductor. ... Bayreuth Festspielhaus, as seen in 1882 The annual Bayreuth Festival in Bayreuth, Germany is devoted principally (but not exclusively) to performances of operas by the 19th century German composer Richard Wagner. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Covent Garden is a district in central London and within the easterly bounds of the City of Westminster. ... Kirsten Flagstad Kirsten Målfrid Flagstad (July 12, 1895 – December 7, 1962) was a Norwegian opera singer. ... Lauritz Melchior (often misspelled Melchoir) (born March 20, 1890 – died March 18, 1973) was a Danish and later American opera singer. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Covent Garden is a district in central London and within the easterly bounds of the City of Westminster. ... Kirsten Flagstad Kirsten Målfrid Flagstad (July 12, 1895 – December 7, 1962) was a Norwegian opera singer. ... Lauritz Melchior (often misspelled Melchoir) (born March 20, 1890 – died March 18, 1973) was a Danish and later American opera singer. ... Erich Leinsdorf (February 4, 1912 - September 11, 1993) was a conductor. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... Lauritz Melchior (often misspelled Melchoir) (born March 20, 1890 – died March 18, 1973) was a Danish and later American opera singer. ... Helen Traubel (June 16, 1899-July 28, 1972), was an American operatic soprano, best known for her Wagnerian roles, especially that of Brünnhilde. ... Erich Kleiber (August 5, 1890 – January 27, 1956) was an Austrian-born conductor. ... Kirsten Flagstad Kirsten Målfrid Flagstad (July 12, 1895 – December 7, 1962) was a Norwegian opera singer. ... Hans Knappertsbusch (March 12, 1888 - October 25, 1965) German conductor born in Elberfeld (present-day Wuppertal), best known for his performances of the music of Richard Wagner, Anton Bruckner and Richard Strauss. ... Vittorio (Victor) De Sabata (April 10, 1892 – December 11, 1967) was an Italian conductor and composer. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ... Max Lorenz (born Max Sülzenfuß May 10, 1901 – January 11, 1975) - German heldentenor famous for Wagner roles. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Bayreuth Festspielhaus, as seen in 1882 The annual Bayreuth Festival in Bayreuth, Germany is devoted principally (but not exclusively) to performances of operas by the 19th century German composer Richard Wagner. ... Martha Mödl (born March 22, 1912, in Nuremberg - died December 17, 2001, in Stuttgart) was a German soprano, and later a mezzo-soprano. ... Ramón Vinay (August 31, 1912 – January 4, 1996) was a famous opera tenor. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... The Philharmonia is an orchestra based in London. ... Kirsten Flagstad Kirsten Målfrid Flagstad (July 12, 1895 – December 7, 1962) was a Norwegian opera singer. ... Ludwig Suthaus (December 12, 1906–September 9, 1971) was born in Cologne and died in West Berlin. ... Karl Böhm (August 28, 1894 – August 14, 1981) was a prominent Austrian conductor. ... Bayreuth Festspielhaus, as seen in 1882 The annual Bayreuth Festival in Bayreuth, Germany is devoted principally (but not exclusively) to performances of operas by the 19th century German composer Richard Wagner. ... Birgit Nilsson Birgit Nilsson (May 17, 1918 – December 25, 2005) was a great Swedish soprano who specialized in operatic and symphonic works. ... Wolfgang Windgassen (June 26, 1914 – September 8, 1974) was a tenor internationally known for his performances in Wagner operas. ... Horst Walter Stein (born 2nd May 1928 in Elberfeld) is a German conductor. ... Birgit Nilsson Birgit Nilsson (May 17, 1918 – December 25, 2005) was a great Swedish soprano who specialized in operatic and symphonic works. ... Jon S. Vickers, CC , D.Mus. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... The Berlin Philharmonic rehearsing in the Berliner Philharmonie. ... Helga Dernesch (b. ... Jon S. Vickers, CC , D.Mus. ... Sir Reginald Goodall (July 13, 1901 - May 5, 1990) was a British conductor. ... The Canolfan Mileniwm Cymru or Wales Millenium Centre, a new performing arts centre which opended in 2004, is the home of the Welsh National Opera (WNO), a touring operatic company founded in Cardiff in 1943. ... John Mitchinson is the head of research for the British television panel game QI, and co-author of The Book of General Ignorance with QIs creator John Lloyd. ... Carlos Kleiber (July 3, 1930 - July 13, 2004) was born Karl Ludwig Kleiber in Berlin, the son of conductor Erich Kleiber. ... The Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden (Engl: Saxon State Orchestra Dresden) is an orchestra based in Dresden, Germany. ... Dame Margaret Price DBE (born April 13, 1941) is a Welsh soprano. ... René Kollo (born November 20, 1937) is a German tenor. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Berlin Philharmonic rehearsing in the Berliner Philharmonie. ... Waltraud Meier (born January 9, 1956) is a Grammy-award winning German mezzo-soprano. ... Siegfried Jerusalem (born Oberhausen, 17 April 1940) was a German operatic tenor. ... Christian Thielemann (born 1959 in Berlin) is a German conductor. ... Vienna State Opera (German: Wiener Staatsoper), located in Vienna, Austria, is one of the most important opera companies in Europe. ... The American soprano Deborah Voigt (August 4th, 1960 – ) is a well known opera singer. ... Antonio Pappano (born 30 December 1959 in London, England) is a British conductor. ... The Floral Hall of the Royal Opera House The Royal Opera House is a performing arts venue in London. ... Plácido Domingo José Plácido Domingo Embil KBE (born January 21,1941), better known as Plácido Domingo, is a world-renowned operatic tenor. ...

Video

  • Tristan und Isolde Conductor: Pierre Boulez. Soloists: Wolfgang Windgassen; Birgit Nilsson; Chorus and Orchestra of the Osaka Festival. Recorded [on black and white film], Osaka, 10 April 1967. Production was directed by Wieland Wagner.
  • Tristan und Isolde Conductor: Karl Böhm. Soloists: Jon Vickers; Birgit Nilsson. New Philharmonia Chorus; ORTF Orchestra. Théâtre Antique, Orange, France, 7 July 1973. This is a highly valued video recording due to its excellent performance despite some technical problems (as of 2005-11-21). DVD: Hardy Classic Video HCD 40009 (2 DVDs) (2003) is a good print
  • Tristan und Isolde Conductor: Daniel Barenboim, Orchester der Bayreuther Festspiele, Staged and Directed by: Jean-Pierre Ponnelle, Soloists: René Kollo, Johanna Meier, Matti Salminen, Hermann Becht, Hanna Schwarz, Unitel 1983, Laserdisc Philips 070-509-1

A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlɛz/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ... In music, a solo is a piece or a section of a piece played or sung by a single performer (solo is an Italian word literally meaning alone). ... Wolfgang Windgassen (June 26, 1914 – September 8, 1974) was a tenor internationally known for his performances in Wagner operas. ... Birgit Nilsson Birgit Nilsson (May 17, 1918 – December 25, 2005) was a great Swedish soprano who specialized in operatic and symphonic works. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Wieland Wagner, (born 1917, died 1966). ... Karl Böhm (August 28, 1894 – August 14, 1981) was a prominent Austrian conductor. ... Jon S. Vickers, CC , D.Mus. ... Birgit Nilsson Birgit Nilsson (May 17, 1918 – December 25, 2005) was a great Swedish soprano who specialized in operatic and symphonic works. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Jean-Pierre Ponnelle (1932-1988), a highly acclaimed opera director, was born in Paris on February 19, 1932. ... Not to be confused with disk laser, a type of solid-state laser in a flat configuration. ...

Prelude and Liebestod

The Prelude and Liebestod is a concert version of the overture and Isolde's Act 3 aria, arranged by Wagner, which was first performed in 1862, before the premiere of the opera itself in 1865. The Liebestod can be performed either in a purely orchestral version, or with a soprano singing Isolde's vision of Tristan resurrected. Confusingly, Wagner himself preferred to call the Prelude the "Liebestod" while Isolde's final aria he called the "Verklarung" (Transfiguration).


Franz Liszt made a number of piano transcriptions of the opera, including the Liebestod.[25] “Liszt” redirects here. ...


Media

  • Prelude to Tristan und Isolde
    Performed by the Fulda Symphonic Orchestra
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.

Richard Wagner - Tristan und Isolde - Vorspiel. ... The Fulda Symphonic Orchestra (German: Fuldaer Symphonisches Orchester) is an orchestra based in Fulda, Germany. ...

Bibliography

  • Borchmeyer, Dieter (2003), Drama and the World of Richard Wagner, Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691114972
  • Brown, Jonathan (2000). Tristan Und Isolde on Record. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0313314896. 
  • Gutman, Robert W. (1990), Wagner - The Man, His Mind and His Music, Harvest Books. ISBN 978-0156776158
  • Magee, Bryan (2001), The Tristan Chord: Wagner and Philosophy, Metropolitan Books. ISBN 978-0805071894
  • Millington, Barry (Ed.) (1992). The Wagner Compendium: A Guide to Wagner's Life and Music. Thames and Hudson Ltd., London. ISBN 0-02-871359-1
  • Scruton, Roger (2004), Death-Devoted Heart: Sex and the Sacred in Wagner's Tristan and Isolde. Oxford University Press ISBN 0195166914
  • Wagner, Richard; Andrew Porter (trans.) (1981). Tristan and Isolde. London: J. Calder. ISBN 0-7145-3849-3.  Includes libretto, English translation and commentaries.

Notes

  1. ^ Millington, Barry (Ed.) (1992). The Wagner Compendium: A Guide to Wagner's Life and Music. Thames and Hudson Ltd., London. ISBN 0-02-871359-1 page 301
  2. ^ http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1281
  3. ^ Wagner, Richard "Mein Leben". English translation at Project Gutenberg: http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext04/wglf210.txt.
  4. ^ Wagner, Richard "Mein Leben" ibid
  5. ^ Gutman, Robert W. (1990), Wagner - The Man, His Mind and His Music, Harvest Books. ISBN 978-0156776158 page 163.
  6. ^ Millington, Barry (Ed.) (1992) ibid page 300.
  7. ^ Gutman, Robert W. (1990) ibid pages 180-182.
  8. ^ Gutman, Robert W. (1990) ibid page 182.
  9. ^ Rose, John Luke in Tristan und Isolde (1981)(Cambridge Opera Handbooks) Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-7145-3849-3, page 15.
  10. ^ Magee, Bryan (2001), The Tristan Chord: Wagner and Philosophy, Metropolitan Books. ISBN 978-0805071894 page 208.
  11. ^ Magee, Bryan (1983) The Philosophy of Schopenhauer. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-824673-0 page 356.
  12. ^ Millington, Barry (Ed.) (1992)ibid page 252.
  13. ^ Gregor-Dellin, Martin (1983)"Richard Wagner: his life, his work, his Century." William Collins, ISBN 0-00-216669-0 page 256.
  14. ^ Magee, Bryan (2001), ibid pages 217 - 221.
  15. ^ Magee, Bryan (2001), ibid page 218.
  16. ^ Magee, Bryan (2001), ibid page 221.
  17. ^ Gregor-Dellin, Martin (1983) ibid page 258.
  18. ^ Twain, Mark (1891) Chicago Daily Tribune, December 6. Available online at: http://www.twainquotes.com/Travel1891/Dec1891.html
  19. ^ Holloway, Robin (1982) in "Opera on Record", Harper and Row ISBN 0-06-090910-2, page 367.
  20. ^ Blyth, Alan (1992), "Opera on CD" Kyle Cathie Ltd, ISBN 1-85626-056-9 page 65.
  21. ^ Brown, p. 36
  22. ^ Brown, p. 13
  23. ^ Brown, p. 16
  24. ^ Brown, pp. 14-15
  25. ^ http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liebestod_de_Tristan_et_Isolde_(Franz_Liszt)

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Synopsis of Tristan und Isolde (1138 words)
Instead Isolde is enraged by the knight Tristan, whom she sees standing on the afterdeck, avoiding her: by delivering her to his uncle, he shows no regard for her feelings.
Isolde retorts that she will not accompany Tristan until he apologizes to her for his offenses.
Tristan recalls the tune, which he heard as a child in connection with his parents' death and which he later associated with his own near-death after the duel with Morold.
Amazon.com: Tristan Und Isolde: Music: Richard Wagner,Karl Böhm,Bayreuther Festspiele Orchester,Birgit Nilsson,Christa ... (397 words)
Tristan und Isolde: 'Einsam wachend in der Nacht'
Tristan und Isolde: 'Noch losch das Licht nicht aus'
Tristan und Isolde: 'Noch ist kein Schiff zu seh'n!'
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m