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Encyclopedia > Tristan da Cunha
Tristan da Cunha
Flag of Tristan da Cunha Coat of arms of Tristan da Cunha
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Our faith is our strength
Anthem
God Save the Queen
Capital
(and largest city)
Edinburgh of the Seven Seas
Official languages English
Government Dependency of St. Helena
 -  Administrator David Morley
First inhabited 1815 
Area
 -  Total 201 km² 
120.9 sq mi 
Population
 -   census ~269 
 -  Density 1.3/km² 
3.4/sq mi
Currency Pound sterling (£) (GBP)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Internet TLD .sh
Calling code +290

Coordinates: 37°6.38′S, 12°17.14′W Tristan da Cunha (pronounced /ˈtrɪstən də ˈkuːnə/) is a group of remote islands in the south Atlantic Ocean, 2816 km (1750 miles) from South Africa and 3360 km (2088 miles) from South America. It is a dependency of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, 2173 km (1350 miles) to the north. The territory consists of the main island, Tristan da Cunha (area: 98 km², 38 sq mi ), as well as several uninhabited islands: Inaccessible Island and the Nightingale Islands. Gough Island, situated 395 km (245 mi) south east of the main island, is also part of the territory. Image File history File links Flag_of_Tristan_da_Cunha. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Flag of Tristan da Cunha The Flag of Tristan da Cunha was adopted on October 20, in a proclamation made by the Governor of Saint Helena under a Royal Warrant granted by Queen Elizabeth II. Prior to this, as a dependancy of Saint Helena, Tristan du Cunha used the... Coat of Arms of Tristan da Cunha The Coat of Arms of Tristan da Cunha were granted in 2002. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogising the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognised either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Publication of an early version in The Gentlemans Magazine, 15 October 1745. ... Image File history File links Tristan_da_Cunha_location. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is the main settlement of the island of Tristan da Cunha, a territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic Ocean and administered as a dependency of Saint Helena. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a State. ... David Morley (born 1954) is a career Diplomat and the current Administrator of Tristan da Cunha. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... GBP redirects here. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... GMT redirects here. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... For the . ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (almost exclusively Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... For other places with the same name, see Inaccessible Island (disambiguation). ... Map of Tristan da Cunha showing the Nightingale Islands and Inaccessible Island. ... Gough Island (occasionally referred to (erroneously) as Diego Alvarez) is a volcanic island rising from the South Atlantic Ocean to heights of over 900 metres (2950 ft) above sea level with an area of approximately 65 km² (25 mi²). It is part of Tristan da Cunha, a dependency of the...


Tristan da Cunha is the most remote archipelago in the world. This is a list of lists of extreme points of the world, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other locations on the landmasses, continents or countries. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Tristan da Cunha

The islands were first sighted in 1506 by a Portuguese sailor, Tristão da Cunha, although rough seas prevented a landing. He named the main island after himself, Ilha de Tristão da Cunha, which was later anglicised to Tristan da Cunha Island. The first survey of the archipelago was made by the French frigate L'Heure du Berger in 1767. Soundings were taken and a rough survey of the coastline was made. The presence of water at the large waterfall of Big Watron and in a lake on the north coast were noted, and the results of the survey were published by a Royal Navy hydrographer in 1781. The first permanent settler was Jonathan Lambert, from Salem, Massachusetts, United States, who arrived at the islands in 1810. He declared the islands his property and named them the Islands of Refreshment. His rule was short lived, as he died in a boating accident in 1812. The islands of Tristan da Cunha were sighted in 1506 by the Portuguese admiral Tristan, or more correctly Tristão da Cunha, after whom they are named, during a voyage to India. ... This article is about maritime crew. ... Tristão da Cunha or Tristan da Cunha (~1460 - ~1540) was nominated first viceroy of Portuguese India in 1504, but did not take up this post owing to temporary blindness; in 1506 he became commander of a fleet which operated on the east coast of Africa and in the Indies... Surveying is concerned with the application of mathematics and physics in obtaining accurate measurements for the determination of the position of points on the Earths surface. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... Sounding can refer to: Determination the depth of water usually in the sea. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... Hydrography is the measurement of physical characteristics of waters and marginal land. ... Nickname: Location in Essex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Settled 1626 Incorporated 1626 A City 1836 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kimberley Driscoll Area  - Total 18. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


In 1815 the United Kingdom formally annexed the islands, ruling them from the Cape Colony in South Africa. This is reported to have primarily been a measure to ensure that the French would not be able to use the islands as a base for a rescue operation to free Napoleon Bonaparte from his prison on Saint Helena. The occupation also prevented the United States from using Tristan as a base, as they had during the War of 1812. Attempts to colonise Inaccessible Island failed. Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ... Anthem: God Save the Queen Cape Colony Capital Cape Town Language(s) English and Dutch1 Religion Dutch Reformed Church, Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Last Monarch King George VI Last Prime Minister  - 1908 – 1910 John X. Merriman Last Governor  - 1901 - 1910 Walter Hely-Hutchinson Historical era 19th century  - Dutch East India... Rescue refers to operations that usually involve the saving of life, or prevention of injury. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des... This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ... For other places with the same name, see Inaccessible Island (disambiguation). ...


The islands were occupied by a British military garrison, and a civilian population was gradually built up. Whalers also set up on the islands as a base for operations in the Southern Atlantic. However the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, together with the move from sailing ships to coal-fired steam ships, increased the isolation of the islands, as they were no longer needed as a stopping port for journeys from Europe to the Far East. For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but... For other uses, see Suez (disambiguation). ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ...


In 1867, Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and second son of Queen Victoria, visited the island. The main settlement, Edinburgh of the Seven Seas was named in honour of his visit. Lewis Carroll's youngest brother, the Rev. Edwin H. Dodgson, served as an Anglican missionary and school teacher in Tristan da Cunha in the 1880s. A second Duke of Edinburgh, the husband of Queen Elizabeth II, visited the islands in 1957 as part of a world tour onboard the royal yacht Britannia. Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Edinburgh (6 August 1844- 30 July 1900), was the second son and fourth child of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Queen Victoria redirects here. ... Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is the main settlement of the island of Tristan da Cunha, a territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic Ocean and administered as a dependency of Saint Helena. ... Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (IPA: ) (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll (), was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican clergyman and photographer. ... Postage stamps issued by Tristan da Cunha. ... This box:      Anglicanism most commonly refers to the beliefs and practices of the Anglican Communion, a world-wide affiliation of Christian Churches, most of which have historical connections with the Church of England. ... Prince Philip redirects here. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Her Majestys Yacht Britannia was the 83rd Royal Yacht since the restoration of King Charles II in 1660. ...


On 12 January 1938, by Letters Patent, the islands were declared a dependency of St Helena. is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Letters Patent by Queen Victoria creating the office of Governor-General of Australia Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of an open letter issued by a monarch or government granting an office, a right, monopoly, title, or status to someone or some entity such as...

Tristan da Cunha

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Tristan da Cunha
Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...



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During World War II, the islands were used as a Royal Navy station. Atlantic Isle was established to monitor German shipping movements in the South Atlantic Ocean. The first Administrator was appointed by the British Government during this time. Michael Clancy is the Governor of St. ... Flag of the Administrator of Tristan da Cunha The Administrator of Tristan da Cunha is the head of government and representative of the Governor of Saint Helena in Tristan da Cunha. ... David Morley (born 1954) is a career Diplomat and the current Administrator of Tristan da Cunha. ... Elections and parties in Saint Helena gives information on elections, election results and parties in Saint Helena. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... Flag of the Administrator of Tristan da Cunha The Administrator of Tristan da Cunha is the head of government and representative of the Governor of Saint Helena in Tristan da Cunha. ... The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ...


In 1958, the United States Navy exploded an atomic bomb near the island as part of Operation Argus. Residents of the island were not informed of the test, or offered health screening afterwards. Following decades of rumour, the test was made public in May 2006.[1] USN redirects here. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... Operation Argus was secretly conducted during August and September of 1958, in the South Atlantic (see: South Atlantic Anomaly), by the US Atomic Energy Commission, in conjunction with the Explorer IV mission. ...


In 1961, a volcanic eruption forced the evacuation of the entire population to a former Royal Air Force station in Calshot near Southampton, England, living mainly in a road called Tristan Close. In 1962, a Royal Society expedition went to the island to assess the damage, and reported that the settlement Edinburgh of the Seven Seas had only been marginally affected. Most families returned in 1963 led by Willie Repetto (head of the ten-person island council) and Allan Crawford (the former island welfare officer). RAF redirects here. ... Calshot is a coastal village in Hampshire, England. ... For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Royal Society (disambiguation). ... Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is the main settlement of the island of Tristan da Cunha, a territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic Ocean and administered as a dependency of Saint Helena. ...


In 2005 the island was given a United Kingdom post code (TDCU 1ZZ) to make it easier for the residents to order goods online. A postal code is a series of letters and/or digits appended to a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail. ...


Politics and law

Executive authority is vested in the Queen, who is represented in the territory by the Governor of Saint Helena. As the Governor resides permanently in Saint Helena, an Administrator is appointed to represent the Governor in the islands. Flag of the Governor of Saint Helena The Governor of Saint Helena is the representative of the British monarch in the United Kingdoms overseas territory of Saint Helena. ...


The Administrator acts as the local head of government, and takes advice from the Island Council, made up of eight elected and three appointed members.


Tristan da Cunha has its own legislation, but the law of Saint Helena applies to the extent that it is not inconsistent with local law, insofar as it is suitable for local circumstances and subject to such modifications as local circumstances make necessary.


Geography

Map of Tristan da Cunha Group (including Gough Island)
Map of Tristan da Cunha Group (including Gough Island)

The name "Tristan da Cunha" is also used for the archipelago, which consists of the following islands (areas given in km²): Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2787x2441, 853 KB) Summary Map of Tristan da Cunha Group, Southern Atlantic Ocean drawn by varp Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Tristan da Cunha ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2787x2441, 853 KB) Summary Map of Tristan da Cunha Group, Southern Atlantic Ocean drawn by varp Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Tristan da Cunha ... The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ...

  • the main island Tristan da Cunha and its surrounding islands
  • Gough Island (40°20′S, 10°0′W) (Diego Alvarez) (area: 91 km², 35 sq mi)

Inaccessible Island and the Nightingale Islands are located 35 km (22 mi) southwest of the main island, while Gough Island is located 395 km (245 mi) SSE. For other places with the same name, see Inaccessible Island (disambiguation). ... Map of Tristan da Cunha showing the Nightingale Islands and Inaccessible Island. ... Nightingale Island is an island in the South Atlantic Ocean located just south of Tristan da Cunha and Inaccessible Island. ... Map of Tristan da Cunha, showing Middle Island Middle Island is a small island in the South Atlantic Ocean, part of the Nightingale Islands. ... Map of Tristan da Cunha, showing Stoltenhoff Island Stoltenhoff Island is a small island in the South Atlantic Ocean, part of the Nightingale Islands. ... Gough Island (occasionally referred to (erroneously) as Diego Alvarez) is a volcanic island rising from the South Atlantic Ocean to heights of over 900 metres (2950 ft) above sea level with an area of approximately 65 km² (25 mi²). It is part of Tristan da Cunha, a dependency of the... For other places with the same name, see Inaccessible Island (disambiguation). ... Map of Tristan da Cunha showing the Nightingale Islands and Inaccessible Island. ... Gough Island (occasionally referred to (erroneously) as Diego Alvarez) is a volcanic island rising from the South Atlantic Ocean to heights of over 900 metres (2950 ft) above sea level with an area of approximately 65 km² (25 mi²). It is part of Tristan da Cunha, a dependency of the...


The main island is quite mountainous; the only flat area is the location of the capital, Edinburgh on the Northwestern coast (sometimes known as "Edinburgh of the Seven Seas"). The highest point is a volcano called Queen Mary's Peak (2,062 m, 6,765 ft); it is covered by snow in winter. The climate is marine subtropical with small temperature differences between summer and winter and between day and night. Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is the main settlement of the island of Tristan da Cunha, a territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic Ocean and administered as a dependency of Saint Helena. ... Queen Marys Peak Queen Marys Peak is the highest mountain in the South Atlantic Ocean, situated on the Island of Tristan da Cunha, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ...


The other islands of the group are uninhabited, except for Gough Island Weather Station on the namesake island, which has been operated by South Africa since 1956 (since 1963 at its present location at Transvaal Bay on the Southeast coast), with a staff of six. Gough Island (occasionally referred to (erroneously) as Diego Alvarez) is a volcanic island rising from the South Atlantic Ocean to heights of over 900 metres (2950 ft) above sea level with an area of approximately 65 km² (25 mi²). It is part of Tristan da Cunha, a dependency of the...


Tristan da Cunha is the nesting place of Tristan Albatrosses. Deep cup nest of the Great Reed-warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) A bird nest is the spot in which a bird lays and incubates its eggs and raises its young. ... Binomial name Diomedea dabbenena Mathews, 1929 Synonyms Diomedea exulans dabbenena The Tristan Albatross (Diomedea dabbenena) is a large seabird from the albatross family. ...


Economy

The islands' main source of foreign income is the lobster factory and the sale of stamps and coins to overseas collectors. Subfamilies and Genera Neophoberinae Acanthacaris Thymopinae Nephropsis Nephropides Thymops Thymopsis Nephropinae Homarus Nephrops Homarinus Metanephrops Eunephrops Thymopides Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans. ... This 1974 stamp from Japan depicts a Class 8620 steam locomotive. ... This article is about monetary coins. ...


Most people have dual occupations, often working for the local government. Many inhabitants have plots of land (at the patches) on which they grow potatoes. For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ...


The 1961 volcanic eruption destroyed the Tristan da Cunha canned crayfish factory, which was rebuilt a short time later. The crayfish farmers work for the South African company Ovenstone which has an exclusive contract to sell crayfish to the United States and Japan. Even though Tristan da Cunha is a UK overseas territory, it is not permitted direct access to European Union markets. Recently the decline in interest in Tristan crayfish in the United States has meant that the islanders have had to borrow from their reserves. The islands' financial problems may cause delays in updating communication equipment and improving education on the island. Families Astacoidea   Astacidae   Cambaridae Parastacoidea   Parastacidae Crayfish, often referred to as crawfish or crawdad, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are closely related. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ...


Demographics

The islands have a population of 272 people.


The main settlement is Edinburgh of the Seven Seas (known locally as "The Settlement"). The main religion is Christianity, with denominations of Anglican and Roman Catholic. There are instances of health problems because of endogamy, including asthma and glaucoma, largely because of the inevitable marriages among distantly related couples, for example marriages between second degree cousins, that comes with having such a small gene pool. Edinburgh of the Seven Seas is the main settlement of the island of Tristan da Cunha, a territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic Ocean and administered as a dependency of Saint Helena. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a social group. ... The gene pool of a species or a population is the complete set of unique alleles that would be found by inspecting the genetic material of every living member of that species or population. ...


The remote location of the islands makes transport to the outside world difficult. There is no airport, and the islands can only be reached by boat. Fishing boats from South Africa regularly service the islands. The RMS Saint Helena formerly connected the islands to South Africa, and the United Kingdom via Saint Helena and Ascension Island, but she no longer calls at Tristan da Cunha. The RMS St. ... Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Georgetown Largest city Georgetown Official languages English Government Dependency of St. ...


Society

Young people generally would like to stay on the island[citation needed] but they are often concerned about finding a spouse. Some move abroad, marry and hope to return.


On Tristan da Cunha the population of 272 people share just eight surnames: Glass, Green, Hagan, Lavarello (a typical Ligurian surname), Repetto (another typical Ligurian surname), Rogers, Swain, and Patterson, the last added in 1986. There are 80 families on the island. Liguria is a coastal region of north-western Italy, the third smallest of the Italian regions. ...


Health care is free, but with just one resident doctor from South Africa and five nurses, the delivery and surgery are limited and serious injury can mean necessitating sending signals to passing fishing vessels, so that the injured person can be transferred to Cape Town. As of late 2007 IBM and Beacon Equity Partners, co-operating with Medweb, the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center and the government of Tristan da Cunha on ”Project Tristan”, has availed the island doctor with access to long distance tele-medical help, making it possible to send EKG and x-ray pictures to doctors in other countries for instant consultation. Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - City 2,499 km²  (964. ...


Television did not arrive on the island until 2001, and the sole channel available is the British Forces Broadcasting Service from the Falkland Islands. The British Forces Broadcasting Service was established by the British War Office (now Ministry of Defence) in 1943, and today provides radio and television programming for HM Forces, and their dependents worldwide, in Germany, Cyprus, Belize, Canada, Bosnia, Kosovo and the Middle East. ...


Education is rudimentary; children leave school at fifteen, and although it is possible to take GCSEs a year later, results are poor.[1] GCSE is an acronym that can refer to: General Certificate of Secondary Education global common subexpression elimination - an optimisation technique used by some compilers This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Tristan da Cunha's isolation has led to an unusual, patois-like dialect of English. Bill Bryson documents some examples of the island's dialect in his book, The Mother Tongue. Patois, although without a formal definition in linguistics, can be used to describe a language considered as nonstandard. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... William Bill McGuire Bryson, OBE, (born December 8, 1951) is a best-selling American-born author of humorous books on travel, as well as books on the English language and on scientific subjects. ... The Mother Tongue (ISBN 0380715430) is a book by Bill Bryson which wittily compiles the history and origins of the English language and its various quirks. ...


See also

Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha as well the other uninhabited islands nearby are a haven for wildlife in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. ... Tramp Royale is a nonfiction travelogue by science fiction writen Robert A. Heinlein, describing how he and his wife went around the world by ship and plane in 1953-1954. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ...

References

  1. ^ Crossan, Rob 'Return to the Last Outpost' Telegraph Magazine 11/11/02

External links


Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ...

 
Tristan da Cunha
Tristan da Cunha | Inaccessible Island | Nightingale Islands (Nightingale Island | Middle Island | Stoltenhoff Island) | Gough Island

  Results from FactBites:
 
TRISTAN DA CUNHA - LoveToKnow Article on TRISTAN DA CUNHA (1824 words)
The rocks of Tristan da Cunha are felspathic basalt, dolerite, augite-andesite, sideromelane and palagonite; some specimens of the basalt have porphyritic augite.
The inhabitants had of necessity made their settlement on the plain on the north-west of Tristan; here a number of substantial stone cottages and a church were built.
During Greens reign the economic condition of Tristan was considerably affected by the desertion of the neighboring seas by the whalers; this was largely due to the depredations of the Confederate cruisers Alabama and Shenandoah during the American Civil War, many whaling boats being captured and burnt by them.
Tristan da Cunha - definition of Tristan da Cunha in Encyclopedia (667 words)
Tristan da Cunha is a remote island in the south Atlantic Ocean, at latitude 37°S, longitude 12°W. It is a dependency of St.
Tristan da Cunha is a nesting place of Wandering Albatrosses.
In 1815 the British formally annexed the islands, mostly as a measure to ensure that the French couldn't use the islands as a base for a rescue operation to free Napoleon Bonaparte from his prison on St Helena.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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