A trisomy means the presence of three (instead of the normal two) chromosomes of a particular numbered type in an organism. Thus the presence of three chromosome 21s is called trisomy 21. Most trisomies result in a number of birth defects (which are often present in most individuals with a particular extra chromosome). Many trisomies result in early death (if not a miscarriage). A partial trisomy occurs when part of an extra chromosome (instead of a whole one), is attached to one of the other chromosomes. A mosaic trisomy is a condition where not all cells contain extra chromosomal material.
While a trisomy can occur with any chromosome, the most common types (in humans) are:
Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Want to know more? Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:
Press Releases |
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m