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Encyclopedia > Triratna
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The Triratna or "Three Jewels" symbol, on a Buddha footprint. 1st century CE, Buddhas First Sermon at Sarnath, Kushan Period, ca. 3rd century Pakistan (ancient region of Gandhara) Gandhāra (also Ghandara, Ghandahra) is the ancient name of a region in eastern Afghanistan and north-west Pakistan centered on the Swat River (see Udyana) and Kabul River, tributaries of the Indus... Gandhara.

The Three Jewels, also rendered as Three Treasures or Triple Gem ( Sanskrit ( saṃskṛtam) Spoken in: Asia Region: India and some other areas of South Asia, parts of South East Asia Total speakers: 6,106 native (1981); 194,433 second language (1961) Ranking: Not in top 100 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Indo-Iranian   Indo-Aryan... Sanskrit: Triratna, also Ratna-traya, The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Pāli. Pāli (ISO 639-1: pi; ISO 639-2: pli) is a middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. It is most famous as the language in which the scriptures of... Pali: Tiratna, The term Japanese can have several meanings: Japan Mainland Japan Japanese people - people of Japanese ancestry living in Japan Ethnic Japanese - people of Japanese ancestry living outside Japan Japanese-American - an article primarily about the immigration and integration Japanese-Brazilian - Japanese-Brazilians in the city of São Paulo (especially... Jpn: 三宝 Sambō or Sampō, "Three Jewels") refers to three central concepts in Buddha on Lantau Island Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts... Buddhism: the For other uses, see Buddha (disambiguation). A stone image of the Buddha. Buddha (Sanskrit, Pali, others: literally Awakened One, Enlightened One, from the Sanskrit: √budh, to awaken) can refer to the historical Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, or to anyone who has attained the same depth and quality of enlightenment. Buddhism... Buddha (Jpn: 仏 butsu), the The word dharma (Sanskrit; धर्म in the Devanagari script) or dhamma (Pali) is used in most or all philosophies and religions of Indian origin, Dharmic faiths, namely Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma), Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. It occurs first in the Vedas, in its oldest form as dharman. It... Dharma (Jpn: 法 ; teachings, truth or law), and the Sangha is also a region of the Republic of the Congo. Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics Sangha is a word in Indian languages that can be translated roughly as association or assembly. It is commonly used... Sangha (Jpn: 僧 ; order or community)".

Contents

Religious meaning

Taking Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics Taking Refuge makes the difference between Buddhists and non-Buddhists. One accepts the example of the Buddha as the perfect, enlightened teacher, the Dharma as the guidebook on the spiritual path... refuge in the Three Jewels is the formal difference between Buddhists and non-Buddhists. Briefly said, it means that one accepts the Buddha as the example of an enlightened teacher, his teachings as the guidebook on the path, and the Sangha as the supporting community who shares the same ideals.


A traditional Refuge prayer:

Until I attain Enlightenment,
I take refuge in the Three Jewels;
The Buddha, the Dharma and the Sangha.

Triratna symbol

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The two triratnas crowing the pillars of the A torana is also a piece of Hindu and Buddhist architecture in the shape of a gate. Torana can be found in Sanchi, India, for instance. Compare with the Japanese torii. The Torana is also the name of a car produced by Holden in Australia- see Holden Torana. ... torana gate at The Great Stupa at Sanchi Sanchi is a small village of India, located 46 km north east of Bhopal, in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Emperor Ashoka built eight stupas here in the 3rd century BC. Other stupas and other religious Buddhist structures were added over... Sanchi.

The "Three jewels" are also symbolized by the triratna, composed of (from bottom to top):

  • A This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go back and fix it to point directly to the intended page. Nelumbo lutea, the American Lotus The term... lotus flower within a circle.
  • A diamond rod, or Vajra is a Sanskrit word meaning both thunderbolt and diamond and refers to a symbol important to both Hinduism and Buddhism. The equivalent word in Tibetan is dorje, which is also a common male name in Tibet and Bhutan. Dorje can also refer to a small sceptre held in the... vajra.
  • A Categories: Weapon stubs | Pole weapons ... trident, or trisula, with three branches, representing the threefold jewels of Buddhism: For other uses, see Buddha (disambiguation). A stone image of the Buddha. Buddha (Sanskrit, Pali, others: literally Awakened One, Enlightened One, from the Sanskrit: √budh, to awaken) can refer to the historical Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, or to anyone who has attained the same depth and quality of enlightenment. Buddhism... Buddha, the The word dharma (Sanskrit; धर्म in the Devanagari script) or dhamma (Pali) is used in most or all philosophies and religions of Indian origin, Dharmic faiths, namely Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma), Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. It occurs first in the Vedas, in its oldest form as dharman. It... Dharma and the Sangha is also a region of the Republic of the Congo. Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics Sangha is a word in Indian languages that can be translated roughly as association or assembly. It is commonly used... Sangha.

On representations of the footprint of the Buddha, the Triratna is usually also surmounted by the Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics The eight-spoked dharma wheel is a common symbol in Buddhist iconography, representing the collective teachings of Buddha, known as the dharma. It is one of the eight auspicious symbols of... Dharma wheel.


The Triratna can be found on Frieze of the Tower of the Winds. In architecture the frieze is the wide central section part of an entablature and may be plain or — in the Ionic or Corinthian order — decorated with bas-reliefs. It lies upon the architrave (main beam) and is capped by the moldings... frieze sculptures at The Great Stupa at Sanchi Sanchi is a small village of India, located 46 km north east of Bhopal, in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Emperor Ashoka built eight stupas here in the 3rd century BC. Other stupas and other religious Buddhist structures were added over... Sanchi as the symbol crowning a flag standard (2nd century BCE), as a symbol of the Buddha installed on the Buddha's throne (2nd century BCE), as the crowning decorative symbol on the later gates at the A stupa A stupa (from the Sanskrit) is a type of Buddhist structure found across the Indian subcontinent and Asia. Stupas began as mounds of rubble, or cairns housing the relics of Buddha. They later evolved into large hemispherical mounds with features such as the torana (gateway), the vedica (fence... stupa in The Great Stupa at Sanchi Sanchi is a small village of India, located 46 km north east of Bhopal, in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Emperor Ashoka built eight stupas here in the 3rd century BC. Other stupas and other religious Buddhist structures were added over... Sanchi (2nd century CE), or, very often on the Buddha footprint (starting from the 1st century CE).


The Triratna is also on the (Redirected from 1st century BCE) (2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century - other centuries) The 1st century BC starts on January 1, 100 BC and ends on December 31, 1 BC. An alternative name for this century is the last century BC. (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st... 1st century BCE coins of the Kingdom of Kuninda in northern Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (sometimes spelt Panjab) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. Once a single entity, it is now split between two nations: see Punjab, India and Punjab, Pakistan. Punjab, India covers an area of 50,362 square kilometres (19,445 square... Punjab, surmounting depictions of A stupa A stupa (from the Sanskrit) is a type of Buddhist structure found across the Indian subcontinent and Asia. Stupas began as mounds of rubble, or cairns housing the relics of Buddha. They later evolved into large hemispherical mounds with features such as the torana (gateway), the vedica (fence... stupas, on some the coins of the Coin of Gondophares (20-50 AD), first king of the Indo-Parthians kingdom. The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was established during the 1st century AD, by a Parthian leader named Gondophares, in an area covering todays Afghanistan, Pakistan and Northern India. Contents // 1 Origins 2 Secession from Parthia 3 Main... Indo-Parthian king Coin of Gondophares (20-50 AD), first and greatest king of the Indo-Parthians. Obv: Bust of Gondophares and Greek legend: BACIΛEΩC CΩTHPOC VNΔOΦEPPOV King Gondophares, the Saviour. Rev: Winged Nike holding a diadem, with a Kharoshti legend: MAHARAJASA GUDAPHANISA... Gondophares, or the coins of some of the Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. 150 The Kushan Empire (c. 1st- 3rd centuries) was a state that at its height, about 105 - 250, stretched from Tajikistan to the Caspian Sea to Afghanistan and down into the Ganges river valley. The empire was created by Tocharians from modern Xinjiang, China... Kushan kings such as Vima Kadphises (coin (http://www.grifterrec.com/coins/kushan/pl/i_kush_g19_pl_o2.jpg)) was a Kushan emperor from around 90-100 AD. Preceded by: Vima Takto Kushan Ruler Succeeded by: Kanishka External links: Coins of Vima Kadphises (http://www.grifterrec.com/coins/kushan/kushan3.html) Categories: Stub | Kushan empire... Vima Kadphises.


The triratna can be further reinforced by being surmounted with three dharma wheels (one for each of the three jewels of Buddhism: the For other uses, see Buddha (disambiguation). A stone image of the Buddha. Buddha (Sanskrit, Pali, others: literally Awakened One, Enlightened One, from the Sanskrit: √budh, to awaken) can refer to the historical Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, or to anyone who has attained the same depth and quality of enlightenment. Buddhism... Buddha, the The word dharma (Sanskrit; धर्म in the Devanagari script) or dhamma (Pali) is used in most or all philosophies and religions of Indian origin, Dharmic faiths, namely Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma), Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. It occurs first in the Vedas, in its oldest form as dharman. It... Dharma and the Sangha is also a region of the Republic of the Congo. Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics Sangha is a word in Indian languages that can be translated roughly as association or assembly. It is commonly used... Sangha).


The triratna symbol is also called nandipada, or "bull's hoof", by This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). Aum, the most sacred syllable and quintessential symbol of Hinduism, represents the first manifestation of the unmanifest Brahman. Hinduism (सनातन धर्म; commonly called Sanātana Dharma... Hindus.


External links

  • Triratna on the footprints of the Buddha (http://www.onmarkproductions.com/html/footprints-bussokuseki.html)
  • Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (http://www.acmuller.net/cgi-bin/search-ddb4.pl?Terms=三寶) (log in with userID "guest")
  • Buddhapada and Triratna (http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00routesdata/0100_0199/kushanart/buddhapada/buddhapada.html)
  • Another triratna on Buddha's footprint. (http://www.miho.or.jp/booth/html/imgbig/00001179e.htm)

References

"ガンダーラ美術の見方" (The art of Gandhara), Yamada Kihito, ISBN 4898061060

This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Please see its description page there. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. Start the Dharma wheel 1.png article (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Image:Dharma_wheel_1.png&action=edit) Search for Dharma...
Buddha on Lantau Island Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts... Buddhism
This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Please see its description page there. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. Start the Dharma wheel 1.png article (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Image:Dharma_wheel_1.png&action=edit) Search for Dharma...
Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Several Buddhist terms... Terms and concepts Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics The history of Buddhism spans from the 6th century BCE to the present, starting with the birth of the Buddha Siddharta Gautama. This makes it one of the oldest religions practiced... History Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics A number of noted individuals have been Buddhists. Contents // 1 Historical Buddhist thinkers and founders of schools 2 Historical rulers and political figures 3 Modern teachers 3.1 Theravada / Vipassana teachers... People An image of Gautama Buddha with a swastika, traditionally a Buddhist symbol of good luck, on his chest. One of the Buddhas disciples appears in the background. This statue is from Hsi Lai Temple. There are many divisions and subdivisions of the schools of Buddhism. An extensive list of... Schools and sects By This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Please see its description page there. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. Start the Dharma wheel 1.png article (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Image:Dharma_wheel_1.png&action=edit) Search for Dharma... region and The percentage of Buddhist population of each country was taken from the US State Departments International Religious Freedom Report 2004 [1] (http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/). Other sources used were CIA Factbook [2] (http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/) and adherents.com [3... country
Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics The following is... List of topics Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics Contents // 1 Before Common Era 2 Common Era 3 See also 4 External links Before Common Era Trad. 563 BCE: Siddhārtha Gautama (Buddha) is born in Lumbini, Ancient India... Timeline The Buddhist temple Wat Chiang Man, in Chiang Mai, Thailand, which dates from the late 13th century Buddhist temples and monasteries, sorted by location. Contents // 1 Australia 1.1 New South Wales 2 Bhutan 3 China 3.1 Fujian 3.2 Guangdong 3.3 Henan 3.4 Jiangsu 3.5... Temples Buddhist texts come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes. Buddhists place varying value on texts: attitudes range from worship of the text itself, to dismissal of texts as falsification of the ineffable truth. Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country... Texts Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by country Timeline List of topics The cultural elements of Buddhism vary by region and include: Buddhist cuisine Buddhist art Buddharupa Art and architecture of Japan Greco-Buddhism Tibetan Buddhist sacred art Buddhist music Buddhist chant Shomyo... Culture

  Results from FactBites:
 
Triratna - Buddhist Symbols - ReligionFacts (203 words)
The triratna symbol is a simple three-branched shape, like a rounded 'W.' It bears some resemblance to the trishula in Hinduism.
The triratna appears in early Buddhist art in various contexts, but especially as one of the symbols on the Buddhapada, or footprint of the Buddha.
The triratna is often accompanied by lotus flowers symbolizing Enlightenment, and the dharmachakra (wheel), symbolizing the Buddha's teachings.
Begram Web (1382 words)
Depicted in various forms on the Begram carvings, the triratna is generally represented as a three-pointed emblem very much in the shape of the curved letter W. In both Buddhist and Jain religions, the triratna symbol is an auspicious emblem meaning the ‘three jewels’ (Liebert 1986:304).
In one Begram piece, the triratna is placed on top of a circular disk, with each of its outer prongs ending in a leaf-like design (Plate 389).
In the Begram plaque described in the previous section, where the symbol is presented atop a triratna, the upper part of the symbol takes the form of a inverted triratna with the middle prong pointed but the outer prongs curled inward (Plate 391).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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