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Encyclopedia > Triple jump

The triple jump is an athletics (track and field) event, previously also known as "hop, step and jump", whose various names describe the actions a competitor takes. The athlete runs down a runway until he reaches a designated mark, from which the jump is measured. The takeoff mark is a board, and in modern championships a strip of plasticine or modeling clay is attached to the board to record athletes overstepping the mark. The first landing has to be done with the takeoff foot. The next phase is a step, landing on the opposite foot, and is followed by the jump, into a sand-filled box, as in the long jump. A "foul" or missed jump occurs when a jumper oversteps the launch mark (most commonly), misses the pit entirely, or does not perform the attempt in the allotted amount of time (usually about one minute). Rotation Landing A figure skating jump is determined by the launch, landing, and number of revolutions completed. ... A womens 400m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track. ... Not to be confused with the Pleistocene epoch which is part of the geologic timescale. ... Long jumper at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005. ...


The triple jump has been included in the modern Olympic Games since its first celebration in 1896. In fact, the first modern Olympic Champion, James Connolly, was a triple jumper, however, the event at this time consisted of two hops and a jump. In 1996, a triple jump event for women was added to the Olympics, having already been included in both the Outdoor World Championships and World Indoor Championships. The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... For the Irish labor leader, see James Connolly (nationalist) James Brendan Bennet Connolly (October 28, 1868 – January 20, 1957) was an American athlete and author. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The World Championships in Athletics is an event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations. ... The International Association of Athletics Federations World Indoor Championships were inaugurated as the World Indoor Games in 1985 in Paris, France and were subsequently renamed in 1987 as they are known today. ...


The triple jump requires speed, power, rhythm and resilience. However, athletes with limited natural ability can still do well by developing a good technique. If an athlete has reasonable 100m speed (under 12 seconds), and is prepared to complete a training program of weight-training, plyometrics and technical work, she or he might eventually be able to achieve distances in excess of 13 or even 14 metres. In exceptional cases, so long as an athlete has other necessary qualities, lack of blinding speed need not be a barrier to international success. One currently competing British triple jumper (1994 commonwealth champion) is still able to achieve international class distances of 16.50m with 11.5 100m speed. Plyometrics is a type of exercise that utilizes a rapid eccentric movement, followed by a short amortization phase, and then followed by an explosive concentric movement, which enables the synergistic muscles to engage in the myotatic-stretch reflex during the stretch-shortening cycle. ...


The current male and female world record holders are Jonathan Edwards of the UK, with a jump of 18.29 metres (Göteborg, August 7, 1995) and Inessa Kravets of Ukraine with a jump of 15.50 metres (Göteborg, August 10, 1995). The men's world indoor record is shared by Aliecer Urrutia of Cuba and Christian Olsson of Sweden with a mark of 17.83 metres. The women's world indoor record measures 15.36 metres, jumped by Tatyana Lebedeva of Russia at the 2004 IAAF World Indoor Championships. Jonathan David Edwards CBE (born May 10, 1966 in London, England) is a former British triple jumper and widely regarded as the finest triple jumper of all time. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The Ukrainian triple jumper Inessa Kravets, née Shulyak (Інеса Кравець, born October 5, 1966) jumped the world record at the 1995 world championships after studying a picture of Jonathan Edwards. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Aliecer Urrutia (born September 22, 1974) is a former triple jumper from Cuba Having set a personal best of 17. ... Christian Olsson (born January 25, 1980 in Gothenburg, Sweden) is an athlete competing in high jump and triple jump. ... Tatyana Lebedeva (born July 21, 1976) is a Russian athlete. ... The 10th IAAF World Indoor Championships in Athletics under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations were held in the Budapest Arena, Hungary between March 5 and March 7, 2004. ...

Contents

Top 10 performers

Accurate as of September 2007. 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Men

NB: These are the top 10 performers of all time, not the top 10 performances. Other legal jumps by people on this list that would exceed the shortest jump on this list are noted below the table. For a more complete list of all-time performers, see www.alltime-athletics.com.

Mark Wind Athlete Nationality Venue Date
18.29 1.3 Jonathan Edwards1 Flag of the United Kingdom Great Britain Gothenburg August 7, 1995
18.09 -0.4 Kenny Harrison2 Flag of the United States United States Atlanta July 27, 1996
17.97 1.5 Willie Banks Flag of the United States United States Indianapolis June 16, 1985
17.92 1.6 Khristo Markov  Bulgaria Rome August 31, 1987
17.92 1.9 James Beckford Flag of Jamaica Jamaica Odessa May 20, 1995
17.90 0.4 Jadel Gregório Flag of Brazil Brazil Belém May 20, 2007
17.90 1.0 Vladimir Inozemtsev Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union / Flag of Ukraine Ukraine Bratislava June 20, 1990
17.89 0.0 João Carlos de Oliveira Flag of Brazil Brazil Mexico City October 15, 1975
17.87 1.7 Mike Conley3 Flag of the United States United States San Jose June 26, 1987
17.86 1.3 Charles Simpkins Flag of the United States United States Kobe September 2, 1985
  • 1 Edwards also has legal jumps of 18.16, 18.01, 18.00, 17.99, 17.98, 17.92, 17.88 and 17.86 m. As of 19 June 2006, he has seven of the top 11 jumps of all time. The longest wind aided jump of 18.43(+2.4) was also performed by Edwards.
  • 2 Harrison also has legal jumps of 17.99m and 17.93 m.
  • 3 Conley also has a legal jump of 17.86 m.

Jonathan David Edwards CBE (born May 10, 1966 in London, England) is a former British triple jumper and widely regarded as the finest triple jumper of all time. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... Kenny Harrison (born Kerry Harrison on January 13, 1965 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States) is a former track and field athlete competing in triple jump. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... “Atlanta” redirects here. ... William Augustus Banks III (b. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... “Indianapolis” redirects here. ... Khristo Markov (born January 27, 1965 in Dimitrovgrad) is a former triple jumper from Bulgaria, best known for becoming Olympic champion in 1988. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_1971-1990. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... James Beckford (born January 9, 1975 in Saint Mary, Jamaica) is a Jamaican athlete competing in the long jump. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... Nickname: Location within the state of Texas Country State County Ector Government  - Mayor Larry Melton Area  - City 36. ... Jadel Gregório (born September 16, 1980 in Jandaia do Sul) is a Brazilian athlete competing in long jump and triple jump. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Nickname: Local da cidade de Belém, no estado do Pará State Pará County Belém Government  - Mayor Duciomar Gomes da Costa Area  - City 1,070 km²  (413. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Nickname: Location of Bratislava within Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Region Districts Bratislava I-V City subdivisions 17 city boroughs Cadastral areas 20 cadastral areas First mentioned 907 Government  - Type City council  - Mayor (Primátor) Andrej ÄŽurkovský  - Headquarters Primates Palace Area [1]  - City 367. ... João Carlos de Oliveira (born May 28, 1954) is a retired Brazilian athlete who competed in the triple jump. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Nickname: Motto: Ciudad en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Michael Mike Conley (born October 5, 1962 in Chicago) is an American track & field athlete competing in the triple jump. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... Charles Simpkins (born 19 October 1963) was an American athlete who competed mainly in the triple jump. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Kobe ) is the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture and a prominent port city in Japan with a population of about 1. ...

Women

NB: Again, these are the top 10 performers of all time, not the top 10 performances. For a more complete list of all-time performers, see www.alltime-athletics.com.

Mark Wind Athlete Nationality Venue Date
15.50 1.9 Inessa Kravets1 Flag of Ukraine Ukraine Gothenburg August 10, 1995
15.34 -0.5 Tatyana Lebedeva2 Flag of Russia Russia Heraklion July 4, 2004
15.32 0.9 Hrysopiyi Devetzi3 Flag of Greece Greece Athens August 21, 2004
15.30 0.6 Françoise Mbango Etone Flag of Cameroon Cameroon Athens August 23, 2004
15.29 0.3 Yamilé Aldama4 Flag of Cuba Cuba / Flag of Sudan Sudan Rome July 11, 2003
15.28 0.9 Yargelis Savigne Flag of Cuba Cuba Osaka August 31, 2007
15.20 0.0 Šárka Kašpárková Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic Athens August 4, 1997
15.20 -0.3 Tereza Marinova Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria Sydney September 24, 2000
15.18 0.3 Iva Prandzheva Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria Gothenburg August 10, 1995
15.16 0.1 Rodica Mateescu Flag of Romania Romania Athens August 4, 1997
  • 1 Kravets also has a legal jump of 15.33 m.
  • 2 Lebedeva also has legal jumps of 15.33, 15.32, 15.25, 15.23 and 15.18 m.
  • 3 Devetzi also has a legal jump of 15.25 m.
  • 4 Aldama also has legal jumps of 15.28, 15.27 and 15.21 m.

The Ukrainian triple jumper Inessa Kravets, née Shulyak (Інеса Кравець, born October 5, 1966) jumped the world record at the 1995 world championships after studying a picture of Jonathan Edwards. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... Tatyana Lebedeva (born July 21, 1976) is a Russian athlete. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Heraklion or Iraklion (Greek: Ηράκλειο; Italian: Candia), is the largest city and the capital of Crete. ... Hrysopiyi Devetzi (born January 2, 1976) is a Greek athlete competing in triple jump and also long jump. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Françoise Mbango Etone (born April 14, 1976) is a track and field athlete, competing internationally for the Cameroon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cameroon. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Yamilé Aldama (born August 14, 1972 in Havana) is a Sudanese triple jumper. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Yargelis Savigne (born November 13, 1984 in Guantanamo) is a Cuban athlete competing in the triple jump and long jump. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Osaka )   is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of HonshÅ«. The city is the capital of Osaka Prefecture. ... Šárka KaÅ¡párková (born May 20, 1971 in Karviná) is a Czech athlete, competing in the 100m hurdles, high-, long- and triple-jumps. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Tereza Marinova (Тереза Маринова in Bulgarian, born September 5, 1973 in Pleven) is a Bulgarian athlete who competed in long jump and triple jump. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Iva Prandzheva (born February 15, 1972 in Plovdiv) is a former Bulgarian athlete who was successful in both long jump and triple jump. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... Rodica Mateescu (born Petrescu on March 13, 1971 in Bucuresti) is a former triple jumper from Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ...

Other famous triple jumpers

Anna Biryukova (born September 27, 1969) is a retired triple jumper from Russia. ... Ashia Hansen (born 5 December 1971 in Evansville, Indiana, USA) is an athlete who is considered Britains greatest-ever female triple jumper. ... Yargelis Savigne (born November 13, 1984 in Guantanamo) is a Cuban athlete competing in the triple jump and long jump. ... Viktor Danilovich Saneyev (Russian: ) (born October 3, 1945, Sukhumi, Georgian SSR) is a retired Russian triple jumper, who competed internationally for the USSR and won four Olympic medals; three golds (1968, 1972 and 1976) and one silver (1980). ... Leonid Shcherbakov (Russian: ) (born 7 April 1927) was a Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the triple jump. ... Vilho Tuulos (March 26, 1895 – September 2, 1967) was a Finnish triple jumper and long jumper. ... Christian Olsson (born January 25, 1980 in Gothenburg, Sweden) is an athlete competing in high jump and triple jump. ... Walter Davis (born July 2, 1979 in Lafayette, Louisiana) is an African American athlete competing in the triple jump and occasionally in the long jump. ... Nelson Évora (born April 20, 1984) is a Portuguese athlete who specializes in the triple jump (current world champion) and long jump. ...

External links

Athletics events

Sprints: 60 m | 100 m | 200 m | 400 m Sprints are short running races in athletics. ... 60 metres is a sprint event in athletics. ... For other uses, see 1 E2 m. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 400 m is a common track running event. ...


Hurdles: 60 m hurdles | 100 m hurdles | 110 m hurdles | 400 m hurdles Hurdling In track and field athletics there are sprint hurdle races and long hurdle races. ... A hurdling World Champion, Perdita Felicien, Canada. ... Womens 100 m hurdles at the Atlanta Olympic Games The 100 m hurdles are an Olympic track and field athletics discipline run by women. ... The 110m Hurdles are an Olympic track and field athletics discipline run by men. ... Womens 400m Hurdles The 400m Hurdles are an Olympic track and field (athletics) discipline. ...


Middle distance: 800 m | 1500 m | 3000 m | steeplechase Middle distance track events are track races longer than sprints up to (and arguably including) 5000 meters. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1,500 metres is a premier middle distance track event. ... A track event where you run 7 and 1/2 times around a 400m track. ... The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics (track and field), which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing. ...


Long distance: 5,000 m | 10,000 m | half marathon | marathon | ultramarathon | multiday races | Cross country running For long track speedskating, see Speed skating. ... 5000 meters, a popular running distance also known as a 5 km, colloquially five-K (equal to 3. ... ... In athletics, a half marathon is a race over half the distance of a marathon, i. ... Modern day marathon runners The word marathon refers to a long-distance road running event of 42. ... An ultramarathon is any running event longer than the traditional marathon length of 42. ... Multiday races are ultramarathon running events which are typically either segmented into daily events of a specified distance or time, or staged so that runners can run as far as they want, at their own discretion, over a set course or over a set number of days. ... The Minnesota State Highschool Cross Country Meet A cross country race in Seaside, Oregon. ...


Relays: 4 × 100 m | 4 × 400 m;       Racewalking;       Wheelchair racing During a relay race, members of a team take turns swimming or running (usually with a baton) parts of a circuit or performing a certain action. ... The 4 × 100 metres relay or sprint relay is an athletics track event run in lanes over one lap of the track with four runners completing 100 meters each. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mens 20 km walk during the 2005 World Championships in Athletics in Helsinki, Finland. ... Wheelchair racingis the racing of wheelcahirs, typically by athletes who are unable to run. ...


Throws: Discus | Hammer | Javelin | Shot put “Discus” redirects here. ... The modern or Olympic hammer throw is an athletic throwing event where the object to be thrown is a heavy steel ball attached with wire (maximum 4 ft (1. ... An athlete throwing the javelin. ... Shot put The shot put is an athletics (track and field) event involving putting (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy metal ball (called the shot) as far as possible. ...


Jumps: High jump | Long jump | Pole vault | Triple jump This article is about the athletic event. ... Long jumper at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005. ... Pole vaulting is an athletic event where a person uses a long, flexible pole (usually made either of fiberglass or carbon fiber) as an aid to leap over a bar. ...


Combination: Pentathlon | Heptathlon | Decathlon The womens pentathlon was contested in the Olympics from 1964 until 1980, and it was replaced in the 1984 games with the heptathlon. ... A heptathlon is a sportive contest made up of seven events (from the Greek hepta (seven) and athlon (contest)). More specifically, the term heptathlon refers to an athletics event consisting of seven events. ... Decathlon is an athletic event combining 10 track and field events. ...


Highly uncommon: Standing high jump | Standing long jump | Standing triple jump The Standing high jump is an athletic event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. ... The standing long jump is an athletic event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. ... The standing triple jump is an athletic sport. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Triple Jump (1476 words)
The major difference in the triple jump approach is the transition into the jump.
The lowering of the center of mass in preparation to jump is very slight in the triple jump.
The third and final phase of the Triple Jump is a long jump preceded by a jump rather than a run.
Triple jump - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (356 words)
The triple jump is an athletics (track and field) event, previously also known as "hop, skip and jump", whose various names describe the actions a competitor takes.
In 1996, a triple jump event for women was added to the Olympics, having already been included in both the Outdoor World Championships and World Indoor Championships.
The current male and female world record holders are Jonathan Edwards of the UK, with a jump of 18.29 metres (Göteborg, August 7, 1995) and Inessa Kravets of Ukraine with a jump of 15.50 metres (Göteborg, August 10, 1995).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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