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Encyclopedia > Trinidad

Trinidad (Spanish: "Trinity") is the largest and most populous of the 23 islands which make up the country of Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad is the southernmost island in the Caribbean and lies just 11 km (7 miles) off the northeastern coast of Venezuela. Trinidad has an area of 4,769 km² (1,864 sq. mi.) and is located between 10°3′N, 60°55′W and 10°50′N, 61°55′W. Trinidad (Spanish for Trinity) is the name of many places throughout the world, especially: Trinidad, the principal island of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad, Bolivia, capital of the Beni department Trinidad, Cuba Trinidad, United States Trinidad, California Trinidad, Colorado Trinidad, Texas A neighborhood of Washington, DC Non-geographical referents of the... Image File history File links Td-map. ... This article is about the Christian Trinity. ... West Indies redirects here. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...

Contents

History

Look up Trinidad in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Main article: History of Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad was originally settled by Amerindians of South American origins. The first European to spot it was Christopher Columbus on his third voyage in 1498. Trinidad remained in Spanish hands until 1797 (when the British attacked the island, which was subsequently ceded to Spain in 1802), but it was largely settled by the French and their African slaves. Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... The history of Trinidad and Tobago begins with the settlements of the islands by Amerindians. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1802 (MDCCCII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


The Royal Botanical Gardens, located in Port of Spain, were established in 1818. Inside the United States Botanic Garden Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of plants both for scientific purposes and for the enjoyment and education of visitors. ... Port of Spain, population 49,000 (2000), is the capital of Trinidad and Tobago and the countrys second largest city by population, after San Fernando. ... Year 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


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Contemporary Trinidad

Main article: Trinidad and Tobago


Today's Trinidad is the result of a fusion of many different cultures. It hosts an annual pre-Lenten Carnival. It is the birthplace of Calypso music, the Steelpan musical instrument and Limbo dance. Styles of popular music include calypso, chutney music, soca and parang. For other uses, see Lent (disambiguation). ... Carnival in Trinidad and Tobago is the event of the year! It is often said that if the islanders are not celebrating it then they are preparing for it while reminiscing about the past years festival. ... Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the start of the 20th century. ... Steelpan (also known as steeldrums or pans, and sometimes collectively with the musicians as a steelband) is a musical instrument and a form of music originating in Trinidad and Tobago. ... Limbo is a novelty dance that originated on the island of Trinidad. ... Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the start of the 20th century. ... Chutney music is a form of music indigenous to the southern Caribbean (primarily Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and Suriname) which derives elements from soca and Indian filmi songs. ... Soca, or soul calypso, is a dance music that originated in Trinidad from calypso. ... Parang is a musical style which fuses together Venezuelan and Calypso influences to create up beat tempos with a Spanish style and is popular in Trinidad & Tobago and various areas of Venezuela. ...


Natural scenery includes: a variety of beaches (e.g. Maracas, Las Cuevas, Toco, Mayaro and Grande Riviere), swamps (Nariva and Caroni), areas of seasonal tropical forests and the hills of the Northern Range. Trinidad is also home to such animals as the leopard-like ocelot, the manatee, the caiman and the Scarlet Ibis (see List of birds of Trinidad and Tobago), which is the national bird of Trinidad and Tobago and is featured on the coat of arms along with the Rufous-vented Chachalaca or "Cocrico". The Scarlet Ibis represents Trinidad and the Cocrico represents Tobago. Driving by Maracas Beach, notice a big wave! Maracas Beach is one of the most beautiful, but crowded, beaches on the island of Trinidad. ... Grande Riviere is a village on the north coast of the island of Trinidad, west of Toco and east of Matelot. ... The Nariva Swamp is the largest freshwater wetland in Trinidad and Tobago and has been designated a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention. ... The Caroni Swamp is the largest mangrove wetland in Trinidad and Tobago. ... The Northern Range is the range of tall hills across the northern portion of Trinidad, the major island in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Ocelot range The Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), also known as the Painted Leopard, McKenneys Wildcat or Manigordo (in Costa Rica), is a wild cat distributed over South and Central America and Mexico, but has been reported as far north as Texas and in Trinidad, in the... For other uses, see Manatee (disambiguation). ... Genera Alligator Caiman Melanosuchus Paleosuchus Alligators and caimans are reptiles closely related to the crocodiles and forming the family Alligatoridae (sometimes regarded instead as the subfamily Alligatorinae). ... Binomial name Eudocimus ruber Linnaeus, 1758 Range The Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber) is a species of ibis that occurs in tropical South America and Trinidad and Tobago. ... 468 species of birds have been recorded on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. ... This is a list of official national birds: Argentina - rufous hornero Australia - emu Austria - barn swallow Barbados - brown pelican Belgium - kestrel Brazil - rufous-bellied thrush, sabiá-laranjeira Canada - common loon Cuba - Cuban trogon, tocororo Denmark - mute swan Dominica - Sisserou parrot Estonia - barn swallow Finland - whooper swan France - rooster Germany - white... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Binomial name Ortalis ruficauda Jardine, 1847 The Rufous-vented Chachalaca, Ortalis ruficauda, is a member of an ancient group of birds of the Cracidae family, which are related to the Australasian mound builders. ...


Trinidad is also an industrial island with a diversified economy, based to a large extent on oil and natural gas, industry and agriculture[citation needed]. It is one of the leading gas-based export centers in the world, being the leading exporter of ammonia and methanol and among the top five exporters of liquefied natural gas. This has allowed Trinidad to capitalize on the large mineral reserves within its territories. It has good transport links and infrastructure, although some roads in more rural areas are in disrepair.[citation needed] Petro redirects here. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ...


References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Trinidad - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (627 words)
Trinidad remained in Spanish hands until 1797 (when it was ceded to the British), but it was largely settled by the French and their African Slaves.
Trinidad is also the home of such animals as the leopard-like ocelot, the manatee, caimans and the Scarlet Ibis (see List of birds of Trinidad and Tobago).
Trinidad is also an industrial island with a diversified economy, based to a large extent on oil and natural gas, industry and agriculture.
Trinidad and Tobago - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2816 words)
Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a country in the southern Caribbean Sea, situated 11 kilometres (7 mi) off the coast of Venezuela.
Trinidad and Tobago is famous for its pre-Lenten Carnival and as the birthplace of steelpan, calypso and limbo.
Trinidad and Tobago is one of the most prosperous nations in the Caribbean, although less so than it was during the "oil boom" between 1973 and 1983.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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