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Encyclopedia > Trindade and Martim Vaz

The islands of Trindade and Martim Vaz (also called Martin Vaz), which are located 715 km East of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, belong to the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo. The islands, 10.4 km2 in area, are uninhabited, except for a garrison of the Brazilian Navy, 32 strong. The group consists of Ilha Trindade, by far the largest island with an area of 10.1 km2, and Ilhas de Martim Vaz 47 km further East, with an aggregate area of just 0.3 km2 (30 hectares). Palácio Anchieta, former Colégio de São Tiago, in downtown Vitória is the seat of the Governor of the State of Espírito Santo reformed in 1912 by André Carloni, italian engineer contracted by Jerônimo Monteiro. ... Flag of Espírito Santo See other Brazilian States Capital Vitória Largest City Vila Velha Area 46,184 km² Population   - Total   - Density 3 097 232 58. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10,000 square meters, commonly used for measuring land area. ...


The islands are of volcanic origin and have rugged terrain. They are largely barren, except the Southern part of Ilha Trindade. They were discovered in 1502 by Portuguese explorer João da Nova and stayed Portuguese until they became part of Brazil at its independence. From 1890 to 1896, Trindade was occupied by the United Kingdom, until an accord with Brazil was reached. A smoke plume from Mount Ubinas, Peru, the most historically active volcano in that nation. ... 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... João da Nova (died 1509 in Cochin, India) (or Juan de Nova) was a Spanish navigator who explored the Atlantic in the name of Portugal - hence more often known as João rather than Juan. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The individual islands with their respective locations are given in the following:

  • Ilha Trindade, at 20°31′30″S, 29°19′30″W
  • Ilhas de Martim Vaz, at 20°30′00″S, 28°51′00″W
    • Ilha do Norte, at 20°30′00″S, 28°51′00″W, 300 meters NNW of Ilha da racha, 75 meters high
    • Ilha da Racha (Ilha Martim Vaz), at 20°30′18″S, 29°20′42″W, 175 meters high near the northwest end. The shores are strewn with boulders.
    • Ilote de Angulha, a flat circular rock, is 200 off the northwest end of Ilha da Racha, 60 meters high
    • Ilha do Sul, at 20°31′00″S, 28°51′00″W, 1 600 meters south of Ilha da Racha. It is a rocky pinnacle. Ilha do Sul is the Easternmost point of Brazil.

Contents


Trindade

Trindade
Elevation: 600+ m (1,968 feet)
Coordinates: 20°30′52″S, 29°19′50″W
Location: Atlantic ocean
Range:
Type: Stratovolcano

The small island of Trindade, with an area of 10.3 km2, lies at the eastern end of an E-W-trending chain of submarine volcanoes and guyots extending about 1100 km from the continental shelf off the Brazilian coast. The island lies more than halfway between Brazil and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge near the eastern end of the submarine Vitória-Trindade Ridge. Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... A stratovolcano is a tall, conical mountain (volcano) composed of both hardened lava and volcanic ash. ...


Trindade is a mountainous, dissected volcanic island with numerous phonolitic lava domes and steep-sided volcanic plugs. The highest summit is Pico Desejado, near the center, about 600 meters high. Pico Monumento, a remarkable peak in the form of a slightly inclined cylinder, rises from the west coast. The youngest volcanism, at Vulcao de Paredao on the SE tip of the island, constructed a pyroclastic cone with lava flows that are no older than the Holocene (Almeida, 1961). Remnants of the crater of the 200-m-high cinder cone are still preserved. Lava flows traveled from the cone to the north, where they form an irregular shoreline and offshore islands. Smaller volcanic centers of the latest volcanic stage are found in the Morro Vermelho area in the south-central part of the island. Pyroclastic flows are a common and devastating result of some volcanic eruptions. ... The Holocene epoch is a geological period that extends from the present back about 10,000 radiocarbon years. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...


There is a small settlement in the south on Enseada dos Portugueses, supporting a garrison of the Brazilian Navy, 32 strong.


History

The Trindade and Martin Vaz Islands were discovered in 1502 by Portuguese navigators, and, along with Brazil, became part of the Portuguese ultramarine domain. 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1895, the English again tried to take possession of this strategic position in the Atlantic. However, Brazilian diplomatic efforts, along with indispensable Portuguese support, reinstated the Trindade Island to Brazilian sovereignty. 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ...


In order to clearly demonstrate sovereignty over the island, now part of the State of Espírito Santo, a landmark was built on January 24, 1897. Nowadays, Brazilian presence is marked by a permanent Brazilian Navy base on the main island. Flag of Espírito Santo See other Brazilian States Capital Vitória Largest City Vila Velha Area 46,184 km² Population   - Total   - Density 3 097 232 58. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Brazilian Navy Jack The Brazilian Navy (Portuguese: Marinha do Brasil) serves the Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest navy in Latin America, having a 27,307 ton aircraft carrier, the NAeL São Paulo (former FS Foch of the French Navy), some American and British built frigates, a few...


Many visitors have been there, the most famous of them was the English astronomer Edmund Halley, who took possession of the Island on behalf of the British Monarchy in 1700. Edmond Halley. ... This article describes the British monarchy from the perspective of the United Kingdom. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ...

Map from the book, The Cruise of the Alerte
Map from the book, The Cruise of the Alerte

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1654x1120, 585 KB) source URL: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1654x1120, 585 KB) source URL: http://www. ...

The Cruise of the Alerte

In 1889 Edward Frederick Knight sailed to Trindade in a 64 foot yawl named the Alerte. He wrote the book The Cruise of the Alerte about his journey with detailed descriptions of Trindade. 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Edward Frederick Knight was an English barrister and writer about sailing. ...

  • Online version of The Cruise of the Alerte

Arthur Ransome used the descriptions from Knight's book as a basis for Crab Island in his book Peter Duck, except that he set the island further north in the Caribbean Sea. Arthur Ransome (January 18, 1884 – June 3, 1967), was a British author and journalist, best known for writing the Swallows and Amazons series of childrens books, which tell of school-holiday adventures of children, mostly in the Lake District and the Norfolk Broads areas of England. ... Peter Duck is a metafictional book in the Swallows and Amazons series by Arthur Ransome. ... Map of Central America and the Caribbean The Caribbean (pronounced or ) Sea is a tropical sea in the Western Hemisphere, part of the Atlantic Ocean, southeast of the Gulf of Mexico. ...


Sources

  • Siebert, L. and T. Simkin (2002-). Volcanoes of the World: an Illustrated Catalog of Holocene Volcanoes and their Eruptions. Smithsonian Institution, Global Volcanism Program Digital Information Series, GVP-3. URL: http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Trindade and Martim Vaz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (709 words)
From 1890 to 1896, Trindade was occupied by the United Kingdom, until an accord with Brazil was reached.
Trindade is a mountainous, dissected volcanic island with numerous phonolitic lava domes and steep-sided volcanic plugs.
The Trindade and Martin Vaz Islands were discovered in 1502 by Portuguese navigators, and, along with Brazil, became part of the Portuguese ultramarine domain.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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