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Encyclopedia > Trincomalee
Trincomalee District Map
Trincomalee District Map

Trincomalee (Tamil: திருகோணமலை (Thirukonamalai, hist: Sirigonakanda); Sinhala: තිරිකුණාමළය (Thirikunamalaya)) is a port city on the northeast coast of Sri Lanka, about 110 miles northeast of Kandy. The town is built on a bold peninsula, which divides the inner and outer harbors. Trincomalee is derived from the Tamil name Thiru-kona-malai, meaning "Holy-East Hill", or possibly from the old sinhala name. The ancient texts, as well as an inscription unearthed by archelogists, call it Gokanna, the short name of the buddhist temple known as Sirigonakanda vihara that existed from pre-christian times till about the 12th century, and flourished under the patronage of Parakramabahu I. The name Sirigonakanda and "Tirikunamalaya" are etymologically closely linked. Subsequently, with the move of the Sinhala kings to the south, a Hindu kovil was built at the Gokanna temple site, and became the celebrated Konneswaram Kovil. Unfortunately, much of this temple was destroyed by the Portuguese (vide infra). The later reconstruction of the temple has also beome famous. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2112x3264, 190 KB) [[ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Trincomalee 2006 Trincomalee massacres ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2112x3264, 190 KB) [[ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Trincomalee 2006 Trincomalee massacres ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ... a resource to look at current viewpoints Categories: Indo-Aryan languages | Languages of Sri Lanka | Wikipedia cleanup | Language stubs ... The Temple of the Tooth Relic in Kandy Kandy (මහ නුවර in Sinhala, கண்டி in Tamil) is a city in the centre of Sri Lanka. ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ... Parakramabahu I, born c. ...


The Bay of Trincomalee is landlocked; the harbor is renowned for its extent and security; unlike every other in the Indian Sea, it is accessible to every description of craft in every variation of weather. The long and wide beaches here offer surfing, scuba diving and fishing and whale watching. The town also has the largest Dutch fortress of Sri Lanka. Home to the Sri Lankan naval base and Sri Lankan Air Force base. The town is claimed by the LTTE as the capital of Tamil Eelam, after they lost control of Jaffna. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Sri Lanka Air Force is the Airborne Wing of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces, and its key role is to provide tacical support to naval and land divisions. ... LTTE is an acronym or initialism for: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Known for their guerilla warfare forcibly killing every other independent groups aiming for seperate state. ... Anthem: Political status      Unrecognized de facto quasi-independent state Languages      Tamil (de facto official) English Capital Trincomalee President Velupillai Prabhakaran[1] Independence (from Sri Lanka) No official declaration   Area           19,509 km² claimed[2] 6,600–9,750 km² administered (40–50% of claimed area) Population (of claimed area) 3...

Contents

History

Trincomalee Map
Trincomalee Map

Trincomalee is a natural deep-water harbor that attracted great sea farers like Marco Polo, Ptolemy and Sea Traders China and East Asia from ancient times. The local name Thirukonamalai means "Holy East Hill'. Kona is a derivative of the 1st Century Tamil word Kuna meaning East. However, this word is unlikely to have been current circa 13th century when the Sinhala kings were replaced by Tamil rulers. It has been conjectured that Thirkunamalai is derived from SiriGonakanda. Trinco, as it is commonly called, has been a sea port since the days of the ancient Kings. Parakramabahu I, circa 12th century, used Gokanna (Trinco) as his eastern port. An english sea captain and historical-chronicle writer named Robert Knox was ship wrecked near Trinco and surrendered to the Dissawa (official) of the King of Kandy in 1805. Hence, it was an important trade city between Sri Lanka and the outside world, and one of the British Empire's most important ports in Asia during the second world war. From 1941-45, Trinco had been the headquarters of Lord Louis Mountbatten, the Allied Southeast Asia commander. Map of Sri Lanka from the 2002 CIA Factbook File links The following pages link to this file: Sri Lanka Geography of Sri Lanka Galle Trincomalee Provinces of Sri Lanka Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... Map of Sri Lanka from the 2002 CIA Factbook File links The following pages link to this file: Sri Lanka Geography of Sri Lanka Galle Trincomalee Provinces of Sri Lanka Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... Parakramabahu I, born c. ... Robert Knox (4 September 1791 — 20 December 1862) was a doctor, natural scientist and traveller. ... Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (June 25, 1900 – August 27, 1979) was a British admiral and statesman and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ...


The Koneswaram temple [1] attracted pilgrims from all parts of India. The SriGonakanda Buddhist temple had stood at the site of the Koneswaram temple until about the 12th century. Rodney Jocklass, a Sri Lankan underwater explorer rescued many of the artifacts of this ancient Buddhist temple, now displayed in the Trincomalee museum. The Koneswaram shrine itself was demolished in 1622 by the Portuguese (who called it the Temple of a Thousand Columns), who fortified the heights with the materials derived from its destruction. (Some of the artefacts from the demolished temple were kept in the Lisbon Museum. The stone inscription by Kulakottan (Kunakottan), the last Tamil king. It has a dual fish emblem and is engraved with a prophesy stating that after 1500s the westerners with different eye colors will be ruling the country for the ensuing 500 years and at the end of it, the rule will revert back to Vadugus.) It was next held by the Dutch, and subsequently by them and the French alternately, till the capture of Sri Lanka by the British in 1795. Koneswaram temple also Thirukoneswaram is a Hindu temple which is located in the town Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Trincomalee lies close to the region of Sri Lanka where the population is mostly Hindu Tamils in contrast to the island's majority group, which are ethnic Sinhalese and Buddhists. The 1981 census shows a population of 86,743 Tamils and 86,346 Sinhalese, as well as 74,403 Moors, showing the multi-ethnic character of the city. After Sri Lanka became independent in 1948, tension between the two groups intensified, culminating with the LTTE insurgency—with the heaviest fighting taking place in and around the city. Acts of "ethnic clensing" by Tamil Tiger groups have drastically reduced the Sinhala and Moor population in Trincomalee today. A cease-fire was negotiated in 2002, but Trincomalee remains underdeveloped, impoverished and weakened by ravages of war. On November 10, 2006 two Tamil boats laden with explosives and suspected of being on a Tamil Tiger suicide mission were destoyed off the coast of the city. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Tamil New Year Ethnic problems In India After independence, Tamilians felt they and their dravidian race were ignored by the North Indians. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Tamil Tigers emblem The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), also known as the Tamil Tigers, is a military and political organization that has waged a violent secessionist campaign against the Sri Lankan Government since the 1970s in order to secure independence for the Tamil portions of Sri Lanka. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Trincomalee was one of the cities hardest hit by the tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on December 26, 2004. For other meanings of tsunami, see tsunami (disambiguation). ... Tsunami strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Buddhist Historical Sites

Trincomalee and its environs have a pre-christian buddhist heritage. These sites are sacred to the Hindus as well as to the Buddhists. Tiriyayi, (old sinhala: Siriyaya )is just one such example, 29 miles north of Trincomalee, where the ruins of an ancient Buddhist monastery has been discovered It has the standing structure of a 'vatadage', a circular architectural form, distinctively Sinhalese, occupying an area of about an acre in extent. In the centre of the premises is the ruined stupa. Below the hill extends to the East, the blue sea—the Bay of Bengal and an unbroken stretch of forest on all the other sides. A Sanskrit inscription on a rock gives the name of the shrine, the Giri Kanda Caitiya. The shrine is of great significance to the Buddhists, for within it is believed to repose the very first relics of the Buddha. At the four entrances to the shrine are moonstones of high artistic merit. Among the other striking features are the guard stones of the makara and the naga.


The Harbor

Bay of Trincomalee (View from Temple)
Bay of Trincomalee (View from Temple)

To begin with features sacred, is not to belittle or depreciate the other manifold fascinations of Trincomalee. Nature has endowed the region with a beauty and grace that has not been excelled by man. No doubt, man here has enriched Nature’s gifts, so much so, that Trincomalee today is a product of both aspects harmoniously blended. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 626 KB) Description: Bay of Trincomalee in Sri Lanka (taken from the temple) Source: photo taken by Dschen Reinecke Date: created 14. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 626 KB) Description: Bay of Trincomalee in Sri Lanka (taken from the temple) Source: photo taken by Dschen Reinecke Date: created 14. ...


Its importance as a place of strategic consequence guided its destinies in modern times. The great European powers vied with one another for the mastery of the harbor. The Portuguese, the Dutch, the French and the English, each held it in turn, and many a sea fight was staged off the cliffs of Trincomalee. Of all harbors in the East, it can be said that it is largely today as Nature endowed it.


Terraced high lands overlook the harbor and the Welcombe Hotel. Below stretches the placid waters of the harbor, with but the gentlest of ripples playing over its surface as the soft wind blows over its wide expanse. Guarding the entrance to the harbor are the pair of projecting headlines, much as the twin figures of dwarapalas at the entrance to one of the temples of Anuradhapura. It is the temple of Nature that these headlines safeguard. Far away in the distant horizon is a thickly wooded strip of land. A carriage road winds along the northern and eastern sections of the harbor.


The situation of Trincomalee in an environment comparatively less developed and sparsely populated, has been a handicap in the past ages, to its advancement. Nevertheless plans to develop Trincomalee as a commercial seaport are under way. These hold forth rich promise of brighter days. Its gifts as a natural harbor may ere long bear fruit, as a commercial port of immense consequence to the economy of Sri Lanka.


The Hot Springs

Among the sights of the place are the seven hot springs of Kanniya (Kal = stone; niya = land), on the road to Trincomalee. The original Sinhala name Unudiya [hot=unu, water=diya] may have been tamilzed to Kanniya and directly refers to the hot springs. About a mile on a side road branching from the main route, the hot springs are worth a visit. A high wall assembles all the seven springs in a rectangular enclosure. Each enclosed in a dwarf wall forms a well of its own. The water is mildly hot; the temperature varies but slightly in each. In effect, a public bathing resort, the use of the springs is controlled by the neighboring Mari Amman Kovil who holds the lease of the wells. The site of the springs is state land. The word Kanniya comes from Kanyakumari which is a small city on the tip of the Indian peninsula. ... Green Dragon Spring at Norris Geyser A hot spring is a place where warm or hot groundwater issues from the ground on a regular basis for at least a predictable part of the year, and is significantly above the ambient ground temperature (which is usually around 55~57°F or...


The Dutch Fort & Naval Museum in Trinco

The entrance to the roadway leading to Koneswaram is actually the entrance to what used to be Fort Fredrick. As you enter, a plaque hung on the sidewall of the archway reveals an intriguing history of occupation. The fort was built in 1623 by the Portuguese and captured in 1639 by the Dutch. It then went through a phase of dismantling and reconstruction and was attacked and captured by the French in 1672. Fort Fredric is a fort built by portuguese in 1624. ...


On January 8, 1782 it was captured by the British, only to be recaptured by the French on August 29 of the same year. In 1783 France ceded it to Britain and then by Britain to Holland. However, in 1795 the British recaptured and held it till Sri Lanka's independence in 1948. The importance of Fort Fredrick to so many colonial powers was due to Trincomalee's natural harbour, the fifth largest in the world. Through Trincomalee, it was believed a strong naval force could secure the control of India's Coromandel Coast. Today it is home to the Tissa naval base of the Sri Lankan Navy. January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The Navy Base has one of Sri Lanka's most fascinating naval museums - The Hoods Tower Museum. Permission from the Navy is required to enter the base.The name of the museum refers to a watchtower built on a hill, which commands a 360-degree view of the harbour and the bay. Three massive canons with a five-kilometer range, installed during the British period, keep a silent vigil over the harbour. Used for defense, the canons now form the centerpiece of an impressive array of antiquated military hardware.


Wooden lifeboats from the Sri Lankan Navy first ship, huge boilers used to disinfect and clean clothes on ships, an assortment of weapons from a bygone era, and old spy glasses that still work (looking through them is allowed) are some of the items on display. The museum is located on a site, which is arguably the only place in Sri Lanka that held successive Sinhala, Portuguese, Dutch and British fortifications. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The British in Trincomalee

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Trincomalee

Until 1957 Trincomalee was an important base for the Royal Navy and was home to many British people who were employed by the British Admiralty. One of the places inhabited by the British was Fort Fredrick (now occupied by the Sri Lankan Army. Although some of the old buildings in the fort were used as residences, the British Government built a group of bungalows in the early 50's specifically for their employees. These bungalows still exist and provide accommodation for soldiers of the Sri Lankan Army. One of the groups of bungalows was named Edinburgh Terrace where the author of this section lived with his family 1953-56. If you are a former Trinco resident of the period please get in touch. You will find some info at the Friends Reunited site http://www.friendsreunited.co.uk/friendsreunited.asp?wci=memberlist&school_key=59266&member_year=1956 or nigel.knight@gmail.com Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Sri Lankan Army Flag The Sri Lankan Army is a branch of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces with the responsbility of overseeing land-based operations. ... Sri Lankan Army Flag The Sri Lankan Army is a branch of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces with the responsbility of overseeing land-based operations. ...


Deutsche Welle Relay Station

There is a Deutsche Welle Shortwave and Mediumwave Relay Station in Trincomalee. It was not adversely affected by the previous Tsunami because of the sea terrain around Trincomalee. Deutsche Welle started broadcasting from Trincomalee Relay Station in 1984. This article is about the German international broadcaster. ... This article is about the German international broadcaster. ...


Trincomalee Campus

Though Trincomalee have no universities, it has a campus of Eastern University of Sri Lanka. Trincomalee campus functions under the Eastern University which is located in Batticaloa. The Universitätscampus Wien, Austria ( details) Campus (plural: campuses) is derived from the (identical) Latin word for field or open space. English gets the words camp and campus from this origin. ... The Eastern University of Sri Lanka is a university situated in the eastern province of Sri Lanka, Batticaloa. ... Trincomalee campus is functioning under the Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Batticaloa. ... Batticaloa (මඩකළපුව in Sinhala, மட்டக்களப்பு in Tamil) was the provincial capital of the eastern province of Sri Lanka. ...


See also

Fort Fredric is a fort built by portuguese in 1624. ... Temple in the top of the Rock Koneswaram temple is a Hindu temple wich is located in the town Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. ... ...

External links


Main Cities Of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka National Flag
Colombo | Trincomalee | Jaffna | Kandy | Anuradhapura | Polonnaruwa | Galle | Batticaloa | Sri Jayewardenapura | Kurunegala | Badulla | Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia | Moratuwa


Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 14. ... Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil, Jaffna Jaffna (யாழ்ப்பாணம் in Tamil meaning யாழ்=harp, பாணம்=town of harper, යාපනය in Sinhala) the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. ... The Temple of the Tooth Relic in Kandy Kandy (මහ නුවර in Sinhala, கண்டி in Tamil) is a city in the centre of Sri Lanka. ... Anuradhapura, (අනුරාධපුර in Sinhala), is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, world famous for its well preserved ruins of the Great Sri Lankan Civilization. ... The second most ancient of Sri Lankas kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first declared the capital city by King Vijayabahu I, who defeated the Chola invaders in 1070 CE to reunite the country once more under a local leader. ... The Fort: View of the lighthouse Galle (ගාල්ල in Sinhala; காலி in Tamil) (pronounced as one syllable, rhyming with Gaul in English, in Sinhalese, IPA /gaːlːə/) is a town situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. ... Batticaloa (මඩකළපුව in Sinhala, மட்டக்களப்பு in Tamil) was the provincial capital of the eastern province of Sri Lanka. ... District Kotte Division, Colombo District Mayor Swarnalatha Silva (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 17 km² Population    - City (2001) 115,826 ( 2001 census )  - Density 3,305/km²  - Metro 2,234,289 Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30) Sri Jayewardenapura-Kotte, (ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ in Sinhala, ஸ்ரீ ஜயவர்த்தனபுரம் கோட்டே in Tamil) also known... View of Kurunegala from atop Ethagala. ... Badulla (?? in Sinhala; பதுளை in Tamil) is the capital of Uva Province, Sri Lanka. ... Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia is a newly created city lying immediately south of Colombo, the largest city in Sri Lanka. ... Moratuwa is a city in South Western Sri Lanka, near Colombo. ...

Provincial Capitals Of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka National Flag
Colombo | Kandy | Galle | Jaffna | Trincomalee | Kurunegala | Anuradhapura | Badulla | Ratnapura

Coordinates: 8°34′N 81°14′E Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 14. ... The Temple of the Tooth Relic in Kandy Kandy (මහ නුවර in Sinhala, கண்டி in Tamil) is a city in the centre of Sri Lanka. ... The Fort: View of the lighthouse Galle (ගාල්ල in Sinhala; காலி in Tamil) (pronounced as one syllable, rhyming with Gaul in English, in Sinhalese, IPA /gaːlːə/) is a town situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. ... Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil, Jaffna Jaffna (யாழ்ப்பாணம் in Tamil meaning யாழ்=harp, பாணம்=town of harper, යාපනය in Sinhala) the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. ... View of Kurunegala from atop Ethagala. ... Anuradhapura, (අනුරාධපුර in Sinhala), is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, world famous for its well preserved ruins of the Great Sri Lankan Civilization. ... Badulla (?? in Sinhala; பதுளை in Tamil) is the capital of Uva Province, Sri Lanka. ... Ratnapura (?? in Sinhala; இரத்தினபுரி in Tamil) (meaning The city of gems in Sinhala & Tamil) is the chief town in the Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Trincomalee - LoveToKnow 1911 (375 words)
TRINCOMALEE, a town and former naval station on the north-east coast of Ceylon, loo m.
It is built on the north side of the bay of Trincomalee, on the neck of a bold peninsula separating the inner from the outer harbour.
The whole area was connected with cable and telephone communication, and armed with the latest type of guns; and the fortress was supposed to be impregnable; but in the following year the station was abandoned, the naval yard closed, and the military garrison withdrawn.
Trincomalee in Legend and History (1169 words)
On the summit of the Rock, known as the Swami Rock or the Three Swami Rock, was the “temple of unusual size and splendor, renowned through the whole of India,” the temple which was razed to the ground and despoiled by the Portuguese in 1624.
Trincomalee and its environs are sacred to the Buddhist as to the Hindu.
The situation of Trincomalee in an environment comparatively less developed and sparsely populated, has been a handicap in the past ages, to its advancement.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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