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Encyclopedia > Trim Castle
History of Ireland
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Trim Castle (Dublin Side)

Trim Castle (Caisleán Bhaile Atha Troim in Irish), Trim, County Meath, Ireland, on the shores of the Boyne has an area of 30,000 m². It is the remains of the largest Norman castle in Europe, and Ireland's largest castle. It was built primarily by Hugh de Lacy and his son Walter. The first known human settlement in Ireland began around 8000 BC, when hunter-gatherers arrived from Britain and continental Europe, probably via a land bridge. ... Newgrange, a famous Irish passage tomb built c3,200 BC // What little is known of pre-Christian Ireland comes from a few references in Roman writings, Irish poetry and myth, and archaeology. ... The first known human settlement in Ireland began around 8000 BC, when hunter-gatherers arrived from Britain and continental Europe, probably via a land bridge. ... The Early Medieval era in Ireland, from 800 to 1166 is characterised by Viking raids, then settlement, in what had become a stable and wealthy country. ... A tower house near Quin. ... Early Modern Ireland is a pivotal era in the countrys history. ... The state known today as the Republic of Ireland came into being when twenty-six of the counties of Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom (UK) in 1922. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... // History until the Enlightenment The first settlers in Ireland were seafarers who survived largely by fishing, hunting and gathering. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x420, 343 KB) Summary Trim Castle (Dublin side). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x420, 343 KB) Summary Trim Castle (Dublin side). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... The Boyne is a river in Leinster, Ireland, which course is about 70 mi (112 km) long. ... The nave of Durham Cathedral demonstrates the characteristic round arched style, though use of shallow pointed arches above the nave is a forerunner of the Gothic style. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... crest of de Lacy Lacy´s purple lion De Lacy (Lascy, Lacie) is an old Norman noble family originating from Lassy (Calvados). ... Walter de Lacy (1180 – 1240) was Lord of Meath and Ludlow. ...

Contents

Structure

The central three-story building, called a keep, donjon or great tower, is unique in its design, being of cruciform shape, with twenty corners. It was built in at least three stages, initially by Hugh de Lacy (c.1174) and then in 1196 and 1206 by Walter de Lacy. The keep was built on the site of a previous wooden fortification that was burnt down in 1173, following attacks by the Gaelic King of Connacht, Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair. The keep of Scarborough Castle Rochester Castle featuring a massive turreted keep Early 13th century keep (Rouen, France) The 14th century residential keep at Largoët A keep is a strong central tower which normally forms the heart of a castle. ... Another word for the keep of a castle. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... Events Spring, London, popular uprising of the poor against the rich led by William Fitz Osbern. ... Events Temujin is proclaimed Genghis Khan of the Mongol people, founding the Mongol Empire Qutb ud-Din proclaims the Mameluk dynasty in India, the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. ... Walter de Lacy (1180 – 1240) was Lord of Meath and Ludlow. ... The Gaels are an ethno-linguistic group which spread from Ireland to Scotland and the Isle of Man. ... The Kings of Connacht were rulers of the cóiced (variously translated as portion, fifth, province) of Connacht, which lies west of the River Shannon, Ireland. ... Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (d. ...


The surviving curtain walls are predominantly of mid-13th century origin on the Dublin and town sides, while on the river side, are almost completely destroyed. Glass curtain wall of the Bauhaus Dessau. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...


Other building within the castle grounds include a very unusual circular barbican gate in the curtain walls, serving as the Dublin gate, a square gate house on the town side, called the Trim Gate, the outline of a mid-13th century great hall, and a mint. Glass curtain wall of the Bauhaus Dessau. ...


History

The Castle was used as a centre of Norman administration for the Liberty of Meath, one of the newly created administrative areas of Ireland, created by Henry II of England and granted to Hugh de Lacy. He took possession of it in 1172, and would originally have appeared to have chosen the sea port of Drogheda as his caput. However, in 1174, following the destruction of the original castle, the newly refurbished castle was chosen for this purpose. Henry II of England (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland, and western France. ... Events Duke Richard of Aquitaine becomes Duke of Poitiers. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... Events Vietnam is given the official name of Annam by China. ...


The castle site was chosen because it is on raised ground, overlooking a fording point over the River Boyne, and although the site is about 25 miles from the Irish Sea, it was accessible in medieval times by boat up the River Boyne. Boyne-Valley from Passage tomb The River Boyne (Irish: ) is a river in Leinster, Ireland, the course of which is about 112 kilometres (70 miles) long. ... Relief map of the Irish Sea. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Boyne-Valley from Passage tomb The River Boyne (Irish: ) is a river in Leinster, Ireland, the course of which is about 112 kilometres (70 miles) long. ...


During the late Middle Ages, Trim Castle was the centre of administration for Meath and demarcated the outer boundary of The Pale. In the 16th and 17th centuries it had declined in importance, except as an important military site. The Pale refers to at least two geographic areas: The Pale of Settlement in which imperial Russia allowed Jews to live. ...


After the Cromwellian wars, the castle grounds were granted to the Wellington family who held it until the time of Arthur Wellesley, who sold it. Combatants English Royalists and Irish Catholic Confederate troops English Parliamentarian New Model Army troops and allied Protestants in Ireland Commanders James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde (1649 - December 1650) Ulick Burke, Earl of Clanricarde (December 1650-April 1653) Oliver Cromwell (1649-May 1650) Henry Ireton (May 1650-November 1651) Charles... For other uses, see Wellington (disambiguation). ... Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1 May 1769–14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman, widely considered one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century. ...


In following years it passed into the hands of the Dunsany Plunketts. They left the lands open and from time to time allowed various uses, with part of the Castle Field used as a municipal dump for some years, and a small meeting hall erected. The family held the Castle and surrounds until 1993, when after years of discussion, Lord Dunsany sold the land and buildings to the State, retaining only river access and fishing rights. The Office of Public Works began a major programme of conservation and exploratory works, including partial restoration of the moat and the installation of a protective roof. The Barony of Dunsany was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1439. ...


Access

Trim Castle is open, on a charged basis, to the public everyday from Easter Saturday to Halloween (October 31st) from 10am, with first tour at 10.30am, last entry at 5pm and last tour at 5.15pm. In winter it is open only on weekends and bank holidays.


Points of Note

The Castle is noted for the part it played in the filming of the Mel Gibson directed film Braveheart. Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson AO (born January 3, 1956) is an American born Australian actor, director, and producer. ... Braveheart is a five time Academy Award winning historical drama American motion picture released in 1995, produced and directed by Mel Gibson, and adapted from a screenplay by Randall Wallace. ...


In the early 2000s the Irish Environment Minister, Martin Cullen, ordered his officials not to oppose the erection of a controversial five-story hotel across the road from and overshadowing the castle. His actions were condemned by planners, officials and heritage bodies, many of whom had been critical of his government's treatment of other heritage sites such as Carrickmines Castle (which was bulldozed to allow the completion of a roadway) and Carton House, which had its house turned into a hotel and its eighteenth century grounds turned into two golf courses. The hotel, which is very close to Trim Castle, and was opened in August 2006. The hotel has brought a large number of visitors to the town since its opening. The Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government is the senior minister at the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (An Roinn Comhshaoil, Oidhreacht agus Rialtais Áitiúil) in the Irish Government. ... Martin Cullen (born 2 November 1954) is a senior Irish Fianna Fáil politician. ... Carrickmines Castle is a controversial archeological site in County Dublin, in eastern Ireland. ... Carton House is one of Irelands greatest stately homes and one time ancestral seat of the Earls of Kildare and Dukes of Leinster. ...


External links

  • Visit Meath Tourism for information on Trim Castle & other attractions
  • Heritage of Ireland, Trim Castle
  • Centre for Public Inquiry "Trim Castle, A Monument to Bad Planning?" report
Historic Irish Houses and Castles

Áras an Uachtaráin | Allenstown House | Ardbraccan House | Ardgillan Castle | Ashford Castle | Ashtown Castle | Avondale House | Ballymore Castle | Bantry House | Barberstown Castle | Birr Castle | Black Castle | Blarney Castle | Bourchier's Castle | Bunratty Castle | Cahir Castle | Carrickmines Castle | Carton House | Castleknock Castle | Castle Durrow | Castletown House | Chichester House | Clonalis House | Clontarf Castle | Darver Castle | Deerfield |Desmond Castle | Donegal castle | Doonagore Castle | Drimnagh Castle | Dromoland Castle | Dublin Castle | Dunboy Castle | Dunguaire Castle | Durhamstown Castle | Emo Court | Farmleigh | Frescati House | Foulksrath Castle | Grianan of Aileach | Howth Castle | Iveagh House | Kilkea Castle | Kilkenny Castle | King John's Castle | Kinnitty Castle | Knappogue Castle | Leap Castle | Leinster House | Lismore Castle | Malahide Castle | Maynooth Castle | Mansion House | Middleton Park House | Mornington House | Muckross House | O'Dea Castle | Ormonde Castle | Parkavonear Castle | Powerscourt House | Rathfarnham Castle | Redwood Castle | Rock of Cashel | Rock of Dunamase | Ross Castle | Russborough House | Slane Castle | Swords Castle | Trim Castle | Tyrone House Áras an Uachtaráin (formerly the Viceregal Lodge) is the official residence of the President of Ireland, located in the Phoenix Park on the Northside of Dublin1. ... Allenstown House was a large 5-bay, 4 storey Georgian mansion in County Meath, Ireland. ... Ardbraccan House (known sometimes historically as Ardbraccan Palace) is a large Palladian county house in County Meath in the Republic of Ireland. ... Ardgillan Castle (Ardgillan Demesne) is a large country house in Balbriggan Dublin with castellated embellishments. ... Ashford Castle, viewed from Lough Corrib. ... Astown Castle is a 16th Century fortfied house in the Phoenix Park in Dublin. ... Avondale House, Avondale, County Wicklow, Ireland is the birthplace and home of Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-1891) one of the greatest political leaders of Irish history. ... Ballymore Castle in Lawrencetown, County Galway, Ireland was originally a Madden tower house of the 15th century, to which a house was added in 1620 and much altered since. ... Bantry House is a historic house with gardens in Bantry, County Cork, Ireland. ... The castle. ... The north end of Lough Gur reaches up to a maintained lawn at the visitor area at the lake. ... Blarney Castle is a medieval stronghold in Blarney, near Cork, Ireland. ... The north end of Lough Gur reaches up to a maintained lawn at the visitor area at the lake. ... Bunratty Castle Bunratty Castle,Newmarket-on-Fergus,County Clare, Ireland is of Norman Architecture. ... Categories: Ireland-place stubs | Castles in Ireland ... Carrickmines Castle is a controversial archeological site in County Dublin, in eastern Ireland. ... Carton House is one of Irelands greatest stately homes and one time ancestral seat of the Earls of Kildare and Dukes of Leinster. ... Castleknock Castle is the ruins of a Norman castle in the grounds of Castleknock College in Castleknock, Dublin, Ireland. ... Castle Durrow is a country house in Ireland, built between 1712-1716 by Colonel William Flower (later to become Viscount Ashbrook) as a family home. ... Castletown House, Irelands finest Palladian country house, is an imposing building built in 1722 for William Connolly, the Speaker of the Irish House of Commons. ... Chichester House or Carews House was a building in College Green (formerly Hoggen Green), Dublin, Ireland used in the 17th Century to house the Irish Parliament. ... Clontarf Castle was built in 1172. ... Deerfield is currently the official residence of the United States Ambassador to Ireland and was formerly the official residence of the Chief Secretary in Ireland before Irish independence. ... Desmond Castle is an example of an urban tower house located in the town of Kinsale in County Cork, Ireland. ... Donegal Castle showing keep, on right, and Jacobean wing. ... Doonagore Castle, overlooking Doolin and the Atlantic Ocean Doonagore Castle is a 14th Century round tower house with a small walled enclosure, located on the outskirts of the small, coastal town of Doolin in County Clare, Ireland. ... Drimnagh Castle is a Norman castle located in Drimnagh, a suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... A large castle and five star hotel in County Clare, Ireland. ... Dublin Castle. ... Remains of Dunboy castle Alternative view of the castle View inland from Dunboy castle View across the bay Translation: In memory of the heroes who fell in Dunboy on behalf of country and faith in May 1602. ... Dunguaire Castle (Irish: Dún Guaire) is a 16th century tower house on the southeastern shore of Galway Bay in County Galway, Ireland, near Kinvara. ... 1885 Map showing the location of Durhamstown Castle Durhamstown Castle is a 500 year old towerhouse in County Meath in Ireland. ... Emo Court, located in the village of Emo in County Laois, Ireland, is a large neo-classical mansion, formal and symmetrical in its design and with beautifully proportioned rooms inside. ... Farmleigh was formerly one of the Dublin residences of the Guinness brewing family. ... Impression of Frescati. ... Foulksrath Castle (Irish: Caislean Ratha) is a 15th century Norman tower house located in Jenkinstown in County Kilkenny, Ireland. ... Exterior view of Grianan of Aileach situated in County Donegal. ... Howth Castle lies close to the village of Howth, north of the city of Dublin in Ireland. ... Iveagh House is now the Department of Foreign Affairs as it was donated to the Irish State by the Guinness family in 1939. ... Kilkea Castle is located 5km northwest of Castledermot, co. ... Kilkenny Castle Kilkenny Castle is a castle in Kilkenny, Ireland. ... King Johns Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. ... The Knappogue Castle & Walled Garden, built in 1467, is located in County Clare, Ireland. ... Leap Castle Leap Castle is an Irish castle near the town of Birr in County Offaly. ... Leinster House The former palace of the Duke of Leinster. ... Lismore Castle, Co. ... Malahide Castle lies close to the village of Malahide 9 miles north of Dublin in Ireland. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Mansion House on Dawson Street, Dublin, is the official residence of the Lord Mayor of Dublin and has been since 1715. ... Mornington House was the Dublin social season georgian residence of the Earls of Mornington. ... Muckross House, Killarney, County Kerry Muckross House is located in Killarney, County Kerry, Ireland. ... ODea Castle near Corofin, Co. ... Ormonde Castle was the seat of the Butler family—Earls and later Dukes of Ormonde, who acquired the castle in 1315. ... Parkavonear Castle is a 13th Century Norman castle ruin, situated at Aghadoe, overlooking the lakes of Killarney, Ireland. ... Irish Palladianism. ... // Origins Rathfarnham Castle Rathfarnham Castle was originally an Anglo-Norman castle built to defend the Pale from the Irish clans in the nearby Wicklow Mountains. ... Redwood Castle (also known as Egan Castle or Caislean Choillte Rua in Irish) is in Lorrha, County Tipperary, Ireland. ... An old view of the Rock of Cashel from the town. ... Dun Masc or the fort of Masc, as it was known by the Celts, is one of the most historic sites in Ireland. ... Ross Castle Ross Castle Ross Castle is the ancestral home of the ODonoghue clan. ... Irish Palladianism. ... Slane Castle is a castle located in Slane village, County Meath, in the Republic of Ireland. ... Swords Castle was built as the manorial residence of the Archbishops of Dublin around 1200 or a little later. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Trim Castle (183 words)
Trim Castle, Trim, Ireland covers an area of 5 hectares, it is the remains of the largest castle in Europe, which was Norman in origin, built primarily by Hugh de Lacy and his descendants.
As with many castles the coming of modern warfare technology, such as gunpowder and an attack by Oliver Cromwell carried out a devistating attack on the castle after which it lost it prestiege, left the castle empty and it fell into disuse.
The castle remained in private hands for many years until recently, some relatively short scenes of the film "Braveheart" were filmed there.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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