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Encyclopedia > Trident (layout engine)

Trident (also known as MSHTML) is the name of the layout engine for the Microsoft Windows version of Internet Explorer. It was first introduced with the release of Internet Explorer version 4 in October 1997, has been steadily upgraded and remains in use today. For version 7 of Internet Explorer, Microsoft made significant changes to the Trident layout engine to improve compliance with web standards and add support for new technologies. Despite these changes, Trident remains significantly less compliant than competing layout engines Gecko, Presto and WebCore.[1] A layout engine, or rendering engine, is a software that takes web content (such as HTML, XML, image files, etc) and formatting information (such as CSS, XSL, etc) and displays the formatted content on the screen. ... Windows redirects here. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of proprietary graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Epiphany using Gecko to render the Wikipedia main page Gecko is the open source, free software web browser layout engine used in all Mozilla-branded software and its derivatives, including later Netscape releases. ... Presto is the name of the current (Opera 9 series) layout engine for the Opera web browser developed by Opera Software. ... WebCore is a framework developed by Apple, and licensed under the LGPL, to provide an HTML layout engine for Mac OS X. It is one of the two primary components of the WebKit framework (the other being JavaScriptCore). ...

Contents

Use in software development

Trident was designed as a software component to allow software developers to easily add web browsing functionality to their own applications. It presents a COM interface for accessing and editing web pages in any COM-supported environment, like C++ and .NET. For instance, a web browser control can be added to a C++ program and Trident can then be used to access the page currently displayed in the web browser and retrieve element values. Events from the web browser control can also be captured. Trident functionality becomes available by connecting the file mshtml.dll to the software project. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Software componentry. ... For other uses, see Software developer (disambiguation). ... Component Object Model (COM) is a platform for software componentry introduced by Microsoft in 1993. ... C++ (pronounced see plus plus, IPA: ) is a general-purpose programming language with high-level and low-level capabilities. ... It has been suggested that Com interop be merged into this article or section. ...


Versions

Trident version Internet Explorer version Notes
Trident IE4 Initial trident version
Trident II IE5 improved CSS1.0 support and had sweeping changes in CSS2 rendering
Trident III IE5.5 corrected issues with CSS handling
Trident IV IE6 corrected the box model and added quirks mode with DTD switching
Trident V IE7 fixed many CSS rendering issues and added partial PNG alpha support

The difference between the World Wide Web Consortiums width and Internet Explorers width of a block-level element The Internet Explorer box model bug is one of the best-known bugs in a popular implementation of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). ... Quirks mode refers to a technique used by some web browsers to maintain backwards compatibility with web pages designed for older browsers. ... Document Type Definition (DTD), defined slightly differently within the XML and SGML (the language XML was derived from) specifications, is one of several SGML and XML schema languages, and is also the term used to describe a document or portion thereof that is authored in the DTD language. ... PNG may stand for: Persona non grata, literally meaning an unwelcome person, is a term used in diplomacy with a specialised and legally defined meaning. ...

Trident-based applications

All versions of Internet Explorer for Windows from 4.0 onwards use Trident, and it is also used by various other web browsers and software components (see Internet Explorer shells). In Windows 98, Windows Me, and Windows 2000, it is also used for the Windows file manager / shell, Windows Explorer. Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of proprietary graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... An example of a Web browser (Mozilla Firefox) A web browser is a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, videos, music and other information typically located on a Web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network. ... An Internet Explorer shell is computer software that uses the Trident rendering engine of Internet Explorer. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me (IPA pronunciation: [miː], [ɛm iː]), is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptive, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system that was designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor 32-bit Intel x86 computers. ... Windows Explorer running on Windows Vista Windows Explorer running on Windows XP Windows Explorer is an application that is part of modern versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system that provides a graphical user interface for accessing the file systems. ...


Some other Trident-based applications include:

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Google Talk is a Windows application for Voice over IP and instant messaging, offered by Google. ... LIG Co, Ltd. ... Microsoft Office Infopath is an application used to develop XML based user forms, first released as part of the Microsoft Office 2003 suite of programs in late 2003. ... Encarta is a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation. ... Microsoft Office Outlook is a personal information manager from Microsoft, and is part of the Microsoft Office suite. ... For the personal information manager included in the Microsoft Office suite, see Microsoft Outlook. ... MSN Messenger is a freeware instant messaging client that was developed and distributed by Microsoft between 1999 and 2005 for computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, and aimed towards home users. ... Adobe Flash, or simply Flash, refers to both the Adobe Flash Player, and to the Adobe Flash Professional multimedia authoring program. ... Netscape Browser is the name of a proprietary Windows web browser published by AOL, but developed by Mercurial Communications. ... RealNetworks NASDAQ: RNWK is a provider of Internet media delivery software and services based in Seattle, United States. ... TomeRaider is a text database browser and reader for handheld devices and Microsoft Windows made by Yadabyte. ... Valve Software is a Bellevue, Washington-based video game developer made famous by its first product, Half-Life, which was released in November 1998. ... Steam is a digital distribution, digital rights management, multiplayer and communications platform developed by Valve Corporation. ... Microsoft WinHelp is a proprietary format for online help files that can be displayed by the Microsoft Help browser winhelp. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Windows Media Player (WMP) is a digital media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices. ... Winamp is a proprietary media player written by Nullsoft, a subsidiary of Time Warner. ... RealPlayer, briefly known also as RealOne Player, is a cross-platform media player by RealNetworks that plays a number of multimedia formats including MP3, MPEG-4, QuickTime, Windows Media and multiple versions of proprietary RealAudio and RealVideo formats. ...

Microsoft alternatives

Apart from Trident, Microsoft also has several other layout engines. One of them, known as Tasman, was used in Internet Explorer for Mac. Tasman is known for its better standards support. Contrary to popular belief, although development of Internet Explorer for Mac has halted, development of Tasman continues, with its most recent release as part of Office 2004 for Mac. Microsoft's new web design product, Expression Web does not use Internet Explorer's Trident engine, but rather its own engine which Microsoft claims is the most standards-compliant on the market today. [2] Tasman is the name of the layout engine introduced with version 5 of Internet Explorer for Mac. ... Internet Explorer for Mac (also referred to as Internet Explorer:mac, IE:mac or Internet Explorer Macintosh Edition) was a proprietary web browser developed by Microsoft for the Macintosh platform. ... Microsoft Office is an office suite from Microsoft, which is available on the Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS X operating systems. ... Microsoft Expression Web, code-named Quartz, is a WYSIWYG HTML editor and general web design program by Microsoft, replacing Microsoft FrontPage. ...


See also

The following is a list of layout engines. ... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... An Internet Explorer shell is computer software that uses the Trident rendering engine of Internet Explorer. ...

References

  1. ^ Web browser standards support summary. Web Devout.
  2. ^ Expression Web features

External links

  • MSDN MSHTML Reference

  Results from FactBites:
 
Science Fair Projects - Trident (layout engine) (382 words)
Trident is the name of the layout engine for the Microsoft Windows version of Internet Explorer.
It was first introduced with the release of Internet Explorer version 4 in October 1997, has been steadily upgraded and remains in use today.
Trident was designed as a software component to allow software developers to easily add web browsing functionality to their own applications.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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