Although there are always said to be twelve tribes, there are fourteen names. This is because there are two different lists, each of twelve, and four of these names each only appear in one of the two lists.
The simple list of the sons of Jacob, also known as Israel, includes Joseph and Levi. The traditional list of the twelve tribes, however, omits these two names and includes instead Joseph's two sons Ephraim and Manasseh.
The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel are the ancient Tribes of Israel that disappear from the Biblical account after the Kingdom of Israel was totally destroyed, enslaved and exiled by ancient Assyria.
The Tribe of Simeon, however, had actually been situated in the area that would become the Kingdom of Judah, but again according to some, had apparently been absorbed by the Tribe of Judah during the period of the Judges.
In the 20th century Herbert W. Armstrong compared all of the tribes of Israel to the populations of individual states within the U.S. He would explain that not all American citizens are Californians, but that all Californians are American citizens.
An Israelite is a member of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, descended from the twelve sons of the Biblical patriarch Jacob who was renamed Israel by God in the book of Genesis, 32:28.
The Ten Lost Tribes are those from the northern Kingdom of Israel who were deported by the Assyrians in the 8th century BC to Khorason.
One Rasta sect, called the Twelve Tribes of Israel, imposes an astrological system whereby Aries is Reuben, Aquarius is Joseph, etc. With his famous early reggae song The Israelites Desmond Dekker immortalised the Rastafarian concept themselves as the Children of Israel.
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