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Encyclopedia > Tremolo

Tremolo is a musical term with two meanings: Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Music Look up Music in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikisource, as part of the 1911 Encyclopedia Wikiproject, has original text related to this article: Music Wikicities has a wiki about Music: Music Music City : a collaborative music database All Music Guide...

  • A rapid repetition of the same note, a rapid variation in the amplitude of a single note, or an alternation between two or more notes.
  • A rapid and repetitive variation in pitch for the duration of a note. This is more usually called vibrato.

A fuller discussion of the second sense given above can be found at vibrato. The rest of this article is concerned with the first meaning. Vibrato is a musical effect where the pitch or frequency of a note or sound is quickly and repeatedly raised and lowered over a small distance for the duration of that note or sound. ... Vibrato is a musical effect where the pitch or frequency of a note or sound is quickly and repeatedly raised and lowered over a small distance for the duration of that note or sound. ...


Tremolo is also a short name for the tremolo system consisting of a Tremolo_arm and a Tremolo Bridge_(instrument), a part of an electric guitar that can be used to create a vibrato pitch-variation effect. In the electric guitar terms, vibrato often refers to a rapid repetetive increase and decrease in volume, similar to the first meaning of tremolo as defined above. This opposite naming of vibrato and tremolo was made popular by the products of the Fender Musical Instrument Corporation and has since become the norm in the nomenclature of players of electric guitar. Other names for the tremolo bar are Whammy Bar and Trem Bar. The Bigsby vibrato is one example of this device. A tremolo arm is a lever attached to the bridge of a guitar that can slacken or elongate the strings temporarily, changing the pitch or creating a vibrato. ... A bridge is the part of a guitar, bass or other stringed instrument where the strings join the body of the instrument. ... An electric guitar is a type of guitar with a solid or semi-solid body that utilizes electromagnetic pickups to convert the vibration of the steel-cored strings into electrical current. ... Vibrato is a musical effect where the pitch or frequency of a note or sound is quickly and repeatedly raised and lowered over a small distance for the duration of that note or sound. ... Early-1960s-style Fender Precision Bass The Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, initially named the Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, was started by Leo Fender in the 1940s, and is one of the most widely recognised manufacturers of electric guitars, bass guitars and amplifiers. ... An electric guitar is a type of guitar with a solid or semi-solid body that utilizes electromagnetic pickups to convert the vibration of the steel-cored strings into electrical current. ... A Bigsby is a type of vibrato device for electric guitar designed by its namesake Paul A. Bigsby. ...


Tremolo is the rapid repetition of one note in music or a rapid alternation between two or more notes. It is sometimes called tremolando, especially when referring to a rapid repition on a bowed string instrument, one of the most commonly seen uses of the technique. Tremolo on a violin or similar instrument is sometimes combined with playing sul ponticello (over the bridge of the instrument), which gives a thin and reedy effect, often perceived to be "ghostly." Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Music Look up Music in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikisource, as part of the 1911 Encyclopedia Wikiproject, has original text related to this article: Music Wikicities has a wiki about Music: Music Music City : a collaborative music database All Music Guide... A string instrument (also stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... The violin is a stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart. ...


Another common use of the technique on one note is in the playing of the mandolin. Once a mandolin string is plucked, the note decays very rapidly, and by playing the same note many times very rapidly, the illusion of a sustained note can be created. Carved and round backed mandolins (front) A mandolin is a stringed musical instrument. ...


Tremolo on two or more notes is most frequently seen on the piano or other keyboard instruments. The composer Franz Liszt often calls for the technique to be used in his piano pieces. When used on the piano, tremolo can create a seemingly louder and larger sound, which can be sustained indefinitely. Historically, its use on keyboard instruments can be traced back to a time before the invention of the piano when harpsichords and similar instruments such as the spinet were standard. These instruments could not sustain notes for nearly as long as a modern piano, and so tremolo was used to simulate a longer sustain, as well as being used as an independent effect. This article is about the modern musical instrument. ... Roland EXR-3 Keyboard Three-year-old girl playing with a keyboard The musical keyboard, also known as the piano keyboard is the set of adjacent depressible levers on a musical instrument which produce notes. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Franz Liszt (Hungarian; Liszt Ferenc) (October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a Hungarian virtuoso pianist and composer. ... -1... A harpsichord is the general term for a family of European keyboard instruments, including the large instrument nowadays called a harpsichord, but also the smaller virginals, the muselar virginals and the spinet. ... A harpsichord is the general term for a family of European keyboard instruments, including the large instrument nowadays called a harpsichord, but also the smaller virginals, the muselar virginals and the spinet. ...


Tremolo can also be achieved through the use of amplitude modulation. This type of effect is often used by electronic instruments and takes the form of a multiplication of the sound by a wave form of lower frequency. The result is similar to the effect of rapid bowing on a violin or the rapid keying of a piano. Amplitude modulation (AM) is a form of modulation in which the amplitude of a carrier wave is varied in direct proportion to that of a modulating signal. ...


Notation

In music notation, tremolo is indicated by strokes through the stems of the notes (in the case of semibreves or whole notes, which lack stems, the bars are drawn above or below the note, where the stem would be if there were one). Generally, there are three strokes, except on quavers (eighth notes) which take two, and semiquavers (sixteenth notes) which take one: Music notation is a system of writing for music. ...


Image:Tremolo_notation.png An example of tremolo notation on a single note. ...


Because this is the same notation as would be used to indicate that regular repeated demisemiquavers (thirty-second notes) should be played, the word tremolo or the abbreivation trem., is sometimes added (particularly in slower music, when there is a real chance of confusion). Alternatively, more strokes can be used.


If the tremolo is between two or more notes, the bars are drawn between them:


Image:Tremolo_notation_two_notes.png An example of tremolo notation between two notes. ...


See also: trill, musical terminology The trill is a musical ornament consisting of a rapid alternation between two notes (compare tremolo). ... Below is a list of terms used in musical terminology which are likely to occur on printed or sheet music. ...


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The pure tremolo, or flactuating amplitude, (such as found in "Fender" amps) will add frequencies of 434 and 446 Hz, in equal proportions and phased so that together they alternately add to and subtract from the steady 440 Hz waveform, without shifting the phase of the resultant wave.
Thus the wave delivered to the loudspeaker may be pure tremolo, for example, but before it has left the diaphragm very far, it will have components of vibrato in it as well because of the phase shifts that occur as the various component-frequency waves travel across the room, or vice versa.
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