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Encyclopedia > Tree
The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth.

A tree is a large perennial woody plant, larger than a shrub. Though there is no set definition regarding minimum size, the term generally applies to plants that grow to at least 5-6 meters (15-20 ft) high at maturity[citation needed] and having secondary branches supported on a main stem or stems, called a trunk. Most trees exhibit clear apical dominance, though this is not always the case.[1] Compared with most other plants, trees are long-lived, some of them getting to be several thousand years old and growing to up to 115 meters (375 ft) high. Download high resolution version (399x603, 71 KB)Italic textA Coast Redwood File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (399x603, 71 KB)Italic textA Coast Redwood File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ... Binomial name Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. ... Red Valerian, a perennial plant. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... Pinus taeda cross section showing annual growth rings (Cheraw, South Carolina) In botany, trunk refers to the main structural member of a tree that is supported by and directly attached to the roots and which in turn supports the branches. ... Many conifers show particularly strong apical dominance, strongest of all in the family Araucariaceae, showing a single erect central trunk with strongly differentiated horizontal branching. ...


Trees are an important component of the natural landscape due to their prevention of erosion and the provision of a specific weather-sheltered ecosystem in and under their foliage. Trees, through the process of photosynthesis, play an important role in producing oxygen and reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere; they also moderate ground temperatures through their shading effect. They are also significant elements in landscaping and agriculture, both for their aesthetic appeal and their orchard crops (such as apples). Wood from trees is a common building material. Trees also play an intimate role in many of the world's mythologies (see trees in mythology). Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. For erosion as an operation of Mathematical morphology, see Erosion (morphology) Erosion is displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) by the agents of ocean currents, wind, water, or ice by downward or down-slope movement... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... The leaf is the primary site of photosynthesis in plants. ... General Name, Symbol, Number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals, chalcogens Group, Period, Block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless (gas) very pale blue (liquid) Standard atomic weight 15. ... Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms, and is in a gaseous state in the atmosphere of the Earth. ... Central Park, like all parks, is an example of landscape architecture. ... The Parthenons facade showing an interpretation of golden rectangles in its proportions. ... A community apple orchard originally planted for productive use during the 1920s, in Westcliff on Sea (Essex, England) An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production. ... Binomial name Borkh. ... Trunks A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is a solid material derived from woody plants, notably trees but also shrubs. ... // Building material is any material which is used for a construction purpose. ... The word mythology (from the Greek μυολογία mythología, from μυολογείν mythologein to relate myths, from μύος mythos, meaning a narrative, and λόγος logos, meaning speech or argument) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use the supernatural to interpret natural events and... Trees have played an important role in many of the worlds mythologies and religions. ...

Contents

Classification

An oak tree in Denmark
An oak tree in Denmark

A tree is a plant form that occurs in many different orders and families of plants. Trees show a wide variety of growth forms, leaf type and shape, bark characteristics, and reproductive organs. Oak from Danish wiki da:Billede:Raunkiaer. ... Oak from Danish wiki da:Billede:Raunkiaer. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2008 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2008 pixel, file size: 3. ... Binomial name Castanea sativa Mill. ... This article is about the Swiss canton Ticino. ... In scientific classification used in biology, the order (Latin: ordo, plural ordines) is a rank between class and family (termed a taxon at that rank). ... In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is 1) a rank or 2) a taxon in that rank. ...


The earliest trees were tree ferns and horsetails, which grew in vast forests in the Carboniferous Period; tree ferns still survive, but the only surviving horsetails are not of tree form. Later, in the Triassic Period, conifers, ginkgos, cycads and other gymnosperms appeared, and subsequently flowering plants in the Cretaceous Period. Most species of trees today are flowering plants (Angiosperms) and conifers. The listing below gives examples of many well-known trees and how they are typically classified. Tree Fern refers to any fern that grows with a trunk elevating the fronds above ground level. ... Species The horsetails are vascular plants, comprising 15 species of plants in the genus Equisetum. ... A forest is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, a wooded area set aside for hunting). ... The Carboniferous is a major division of the geologic timescale that extends from the end of the Devonian period, about 359. ... The Triassic is a geologic period that extends from about 251 ± 0. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferae, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the... Binomial name Ginkgo biloba L. The Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba), frequently misspelled as Gingko, and sometimes known as the Maidenhair Tree, is a unique tree with no close living relatives. ... Families Cycadaceae cycas family Stangeriaceae stangeria family Zamiaceae zamia family Leaves and male cone of Cycas revoluta Cycads are an ancient group of seed plants characterized by a large crown of compound leaves and a stout trunk. ... Divisions Pinophyta - Conifers Ginkgophyta - Ginkgo Cycadophyta - Cycads Gnetophyta - Gnetum, Ephedra, Welwitschia Gymnosperms (Gymnospermae) are a group of Spermatophyte seed-bearing plants with ovules on the edge or blade of an open sporophyll, the sporophylls usually arranged in cone-like structures. ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... The Cretaceous Period is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic Period (i. ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ...


A small group of trees growing together is called a grove or copse, and a landscape covered by a dense growth of trees is called a forest. Several biotopes are defined largely by the trees that inhabit them; examples are rainforest and taiga (see ecozones). A landscape of trees scattered or spaced across grassland (usually grazed or burned over periodically) is called a savanna. See Grove for other meanings (disambiguation) of the word grove. A grove is a small group of trees such as a sequoia grove. ... A forest is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, a wooded area set aside for hunting). ... Biotope is a coined word proposed firstly in Germany (Biotop) based on Greek bios=life or organism and topos=place. So biotope is literally an area where life is living. ... The Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... An ecozone or biogeographic realm is the largest scale biogeographic division of the earths surface based on the historic and evolutionary distribution patterns of plants and animals. ... Savanna at Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania. ...


Morphology

Leaves are an important feature of trees. These are Beech leaves.
Tree roots anchor the structure and provide water and nutrients. The ground has eroded away around the roots of this young Pine tree.
Tree roots anchor the structure and provide water and nutrients. The ground has eroded away around the roots of this young Pine tree.

The basic parts of a tree are the roots, trunk(s), branches, twigs and leaves. Tree stems consist mainly of support and transport tissues (xylem and phloem). Wood consists of xylem cells, and bark is made of phloem and other tissues external to the vascular cambium. Trees may be broadly grouped into exogenous and endogenous trees according to the way in which their stem diameter increases. Exogenous trees, which comprise the great majority of modern trees (all conifers, and all broadleaf trees), grow by the addition of new wood outwards, immediately under the bark. Endogenous trees, mainly in the monocotyledons (e.g., palms), grow by addition of new material inwards. Image File history File links Leavessnipedale. ... Image File history File links Leavessnipedale. ... Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1577 KB) Licensing Description: A scenic photo taken near Madison. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1577 KB) Licensing Description: A scenic photo taken near Madison. ... Primary and secondary roots in a cotton plant In vascular plants, the root is that organ of a plant body that typically lies below the surface of the soil (compare with stem). ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... Nutrients and the body A nutrient is any element or compound necessary for or contributing to an organisms metabolism, growth, or other functioning. ... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. For erosion as an operation of Mathematical morphology, see Erosion (morphology) Erosion is displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) by the agents of ocean currents, wind, water, or ice by downward or down-slope movement... Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... Primary and secondary roots in a cotton plant In vascular plants, the root is that organ of a plant body that typically lies below the surface of the soil (compare with stem). ... Pinus taeda cross section showing annual growth rings (Cheraw, South Carolina) In botany, trunk refers to the main structural member of a tree that is supported by and directly attached to the roots and which in turn supports the branches. ... A twig is a small terminal branch section that bears leaves, buds and usually the flowers and fruit of plants. ... “Foliage” redirects here. ... In vascular plants, xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in plants, phloem being the other one. ... In vascular plants, phloem is the living tissue that carries organic nutrients, particularly sucrose, a sugar, to all parts of the plant where needed. ... Trunks A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is a solid material derived from woody plants, notably trees but also shrubs. ... For other meanings of bark, see Bark (disambiguation). ... Stem showing internode and nodes plus leaf petiole and new stem rising from node. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferae, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the... Orders See text. ... Hemerocallis flower, with three flower parts in each whorl Wheat, an economically important monocot The monocotyledons or Monocots are a group of flowering plants, (angiosperms) dominating great parts of the earth. ... Genera Many; see list of Arecaceae genera Arecaceae (also known as Palmae or Palmaceae), the palm family, is a family of flowering plants, belonging to the monocot order Arecales. ...


As an exogenous tree grows, it creates growth rings. Also known as annual rings, each set of light/dark rings is equivalent to one year of growth. In temperate climates, these are commonly visible due to changes in the rate of growth with temperature variation over an annual cycle. These rings can be counted to determine the age of the tree, and used to date cores or even wood taken from trees in the past; this practice is known as the science of dendrochronology. In some tropical regions with constant year-round climate, growth is continuous and distinct rings are not formed, so age determination is impossible. Age determination is also impossible in endogenous trees. The growth rings of an unknown tree species, at Bristol Zoo, England. ... The growth rings of an unknown tree species, at Bristol Zoo, England Pinus taeda Cross section showing annual rings, Cheraw, South Carolina Pine stump showing growth rings Dendrochronology or tree-ring dating is the method of scientific dating based on the analysis of tree-ring growth patterns. ...


The roots of a tree are generally embedded in earth, providing anchorage for the above-ground biomass and absorbing water and nutrients from the soil. It should be noted, however, that while ground nutrients are essential to a tree's growth the majority of its biomass comes from carbon dioxide absorbed from the atmosphere (see photosynthesis). Above ground, the trunk gives height to the leaf-bearing branches, aiding in competition with other plant species for sunlight. In many trees, the arrangement of the branches optimizes exposure of the leaves to sunlight. Switchgrass, a hardy plant used in the biofuel industry in the United States Rice chaff. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... Nutrients and the body A nutrient is any element or compound necessary for or contributing to an organisms metabolism, growth, or other functioning. ... Loess field in Germany Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland Technically, soil forms the pedosphere: the interface between the lithosphere (rocky part of the planet) and the biosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. ... The leaf is the primary site of photosynthesis in plants. ... Prism splitting light High Resolution Solar Spectrum Sunlight in the broad sense is the total spectrum of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun. ...


Not all trees have all the plant organs or parts mentioned above. For example, most palm trees are not branched, the saguaro cactus of North America has no functional leaves, tree ferns do not produce bark, etc. Based on their general shape and size, all of these are nonetheless generally regarded as trees. Indeed, sometimes size is the more important consideration. A plant form that is similar to a tree, but generally having smaller, multiple trunks and/or branches that arise near the ground, is called a shrub. However, no sharp differentiation between shrubs and trees is possible. Given their small size, bonsai plants would not technically be 'trees', but one should not confuse reference to the form of a species with the size or shape of individual specimens. A spruce seedling does not fit the definition of a tree, but all spruces are trees. Binomial name Carnegiea gigantea Britton & Rose Synonyms Cereus giganteus Engelm. ... Tree Fern refers to any fern that grows with a trunk elevating the fronds above ground level. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... A bonsai trident maple growing in the root over rock style. ...


Champion trees

The world's champion trees can be considered on several factors; height, trunk diameter or girth, total size, and age. It is significant that in each case, the top position is always held by a conifer, though a different species in each case; in most measures, the second to fourth places are also held by conifers. Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferae, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the...


Tallest trees

The heights of the tallest trees in the world have been the subject of considerable dispute and much (often wild) exaggeration. Modern verified measurement with laser rangefinders combined with tape drop measurements made by tree climbers, carried out by the U.S. Eastern Native Tree Society has shown that most older measuring methods and measurements are unreliable, often producing exaggerations of 5% to 15% above the real height. Historical claims of trees of 117 meters (384 ft), 130 meters (427 ft), and even 150 meters (492 ft), are now largely disregarded as unreliable, fantasy or outright fraud. The following are now accepted as the top five tallest reliably measured species: Experiment with a laser (US Military) In physics, a laser is a device that emits light through a specific mechanism for which the term laser is an acronym: light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. ...

  1. Coast Redwood Sequoia sempervirens: 115.55 m (379.1 ft), Redwood National Park, California, United States [2]
  2. Coast Douglas-fir Pseudotsuga menziesii: 99.4 m (326.1 ft), Brummit Creek, Coos County, Oregon, United States [3]
  3. Australian Mountain-ash Eucalyptus regnans: 97.0 m (318.2 ft), Styx Valley, Tasmania, Australia [4]
  4. Sitka Spruce Picea sitchensis: 96.7 m (317.3 ft), Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, California, United States [5]
  5. Giant Sequoia Sequoiadendron giganteum: 94.9 m (311.4 ft), Redwood Mountain Grove, Kings Canyon National Park, California, United States [6]
A view of a tree from below; this may exaggerate apparent height
A view of a tree from below; this may exaggerate apparent height

More about the coast redwood that is the tallest tree in the world. Binomial name Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. ... Established in 1968 from unprotected land as well as small portions of existing state parks, Redwood National Park is a United States National Park on the northern coast of California between Eureka and Crescent City. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Binomial name Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb. ... Coos County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Binomial name Eucalyptus regnans F.Muell. ... Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $16,114 (7th)  - Product per capita  $33,243/person (8th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  489,600 (6th)  - Density  7. ... Binomial name Picea sitchensis (Bong. ... Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park is a state park, located in Humboldt County, California, near the town of Orick and 50 miles (80 km) north of Eureka. ... Binomial name (Lindl. ... This article is about Kings Canyon National Park, USA. For Kings Canyon, Australia, see Kings Canyon (Northern Territory). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2008 pixel, file size: 4 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A sweet chestnut forest in the swiss alps(Ticino) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2008 pixel, file size: 4 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A sweet chestnut forest in the swiss alps(Ticino) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this...


Stoutest trees

The girth (circumference) of a tree is much easier to measure than the height, as it is a simple matter of stretching a tape round the trunk, and pulling it taut to find the circumference. Despite this, UK tree author Alan Mitchell made the following comment about measurements of yew trees in the British Isles: The circumference is the distance around a closed curve. ... Alan Mitchell (4 November 1922 - 3 August 1995) was a British forester, dendrologist and botanist, and author of several books on trees. ... Binomial name Taxus baccata L. Taxus baccata is a conifer native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia. ... The British Isles in relation to mainland Europe The British Isles (French: , Irish: [1] or Oileáin Iarthair Eorpa,[2] Manx: Ellanyn Goaldagh, Scottish Gaelic: , Welsh: ), is a group of islands off the northwest coast of continental Europe comprising Great Britain, Ireland and a number of smaller islands. ...

"The aberrations of past measurements of yews are beyond belief. For example, the tree at Tisbury has a well-defined, clean, if irregular bole at least 1.5 m long. It has been found to have a girth which has dilated and shrunk in the following way: 11.28 m (1834 Loudon), 9.3 m (1892 Lowe), 10.67 m (1903 Elwes and Henry), 9.0 m (1924 E. Swanton), 9.45 m (1959 Mitchell) .... Earlier measurements have therefore been omitted".[citation needed]

As a general standard, tree girth is taken at 'breast height' (gbh); this is defined differently in different situations, with most foresters measuring girth at 1.3 meters (51 in) above ground, while ornamental tree measurers usually measure at 1.5 meters (59 in) above ground; in most cases this makes little difference to the measured girth. In the United States, measurements are mostly done at a height of 1.3 meters (51 in), while in the United Kingdom this is mostly done at 1.5 meters (59 in). On sloping ground, the "above ground" reference point is usually taken as the highest point on the ground touching the trunk, but some use the average between the highest and lowest points of ground. Some of the inflated old measurements may have been taken at ground level. Some past exaggerated measurements also result from measuring the complete next-to-bark measurement, pushing the tape in and out over every crevice and buttress. A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... An ornamental plant is a plant that is grown for its ornamental qualities, rather than for its commercial or other value. ...


Modern trends are to cite the tree's diameter rather than the circumference; this is obtained by dividing the measured circumference by π; it assumes the trunk is circular in cross-section (an oval or irregular cross-section would result in a mean diameter slightly greater than the assumed circle). This is cited as dbh (diameter at breast height) in tree literature. DIAMETER is an AAA protocol (Authentication, Authorization and Accounting) succeeding its predecessor RADIUS. // The name is a pun on the RADIUS protocol, which is the predecessor (a diameter is twice the radius). ... When a circles diameter is 1, its circumference is Ï€. The mathematical constant Ï€ is an irrational real number, approximately equal to 3. ... Diameter at breast height, or DBH, is a standard method of expressing the diameter of the trunk of a tree. ...


A further problem with measuring baobabs Adansonia is that these trees store large amounts of water in the very soft wood in their trunks. This leads to marked variation in their girth over the year, swelling to a maximum at the end of the rainy season, minimum at the end of the dry season. Although baobabs have some of the highest girth measurements of any trees, no accurate measurements are currently available, but probably do not exceed 10-11 meter (33–36 ft) diameter. Species See text The baobab (Adansonia), or monkey bread tree are a genus of eight species of trees, native to Madagascar (the centre of diversity, with six species), and mainland Africa and Australia (one species in each). ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ...


An addition problem lies in cases where multiple trunks (whether from an individual tree or multiple trees) grow together. A good example of the difficulty of such cases is the Árbol del Tule, an 11.42 meter (37.5 ft) diameter Montezuma Cypress Taxodium mucronatum in Oaxaca, Mexico. Whether or not it is comprised of multiple trunks has long been a source of controversy. It is now known to be genetically a single organism (Dorado et al, 1996), but whether it is a single trunk or simply fused trunks/branches is not known[1][verification needed]. The Sacred Fig is another notorious example of this. A single tree can have hundreds of trunks, leading to diameter measurements of hundreds of meters[2]. Full width of trunk El Árbol del Tule (Spanish for the Tule Tree) is a very large tree located in the church grounds in the town center of Santa María del Tule in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, approximately 13 km (8 miles) from the city of Oaxaca on... Binomial name Taxodium mucronatum Tenore Taxodium mucronatum, also known as Montezuma Cypress or Ahuehuete (in the Nahuatl language), is a species of Taxodium native to much of Mexico (south to the highlands of southern Mexico), and also southernmost Texas, USA (just entering the state in the lower Rio Grande valley). ... Catedral de Santo Domingo The Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca or simply Oaxaca   is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located in the southern part of Mexico, west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. ... Binomial name Ficus religiosa L. The Sacred Fig Ficus religiosa, also known as Bo (from the Sinhalese Bo), Pipal (Peepul) or Ashwattha tree, is a species of banyan fig native to India, southwest China and Indochina east to Vietnam. ...


The stoutest single-trunk species in diameter, excluding baobabs, are:

  1. Kauri Agatha australis: 16.41 metres (54 feet) Te Matua Ngahere, Waipoua Forest of Northland Region, New Zealand
  2. Jequitibá Cariniana excelsa Casar.: 10.5 m (34.4 ft) (http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/science/hartesveldt/chap2.htm)[verification needed]
  3. Giant Sequoia Sequoiadendron giganteum: 8.85 m (29 ft), General Grant tree, Grant Grove, California, United States [7]
  4. Coast Redwood Sequoia sempervirens: 7.44 m (24.4 ft), Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, California, United States[citation needed]
  5. Kauri Agatha australis: 7.25 m (23.8 ft) , Mercury Bay, New Zealand [8]
  6. Eucalyptus obliqua: 6.72 m (22 ft) , Reynolds Falls Nature Reserve, Tasmania, Australia [9] (E. regnans has similarly large diameters)
  7. Western Redcedar: Thuja plicata, 5.94 m (19.5 ft), Lake Quinault, Washington (Van Pelt, 2001)

Charles Darwin reported finding Fitzroya cupressoides with trunk circumferences of up to 40 meters (130 ft)[3], implying a diameter of about 12 meters (40 ft), but this may be an anomaly as the largest known measurements are about 4.5 meters (15 ft).[4] Binomial name Agathis australis (D. Don) Loudon The Kauri (Agathis australis) is a coniferous tree native to the northern North Island of New Zealand. ... Girth of Te Matua Ngahere compared with a person for scale. ... Location of Waipoua Forest Waipoua Forest preserves some of the best examples of kauri forest remaining in New Zealand. ... Binomial name (Lindl. ... General Grant tree from Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks The General Grant tree is the largest Giant Sequoia in the Grant Grove section of Kings Canyon National Park. ... Grant Grove is a sequoia grove located in Kings Canyon National Park in the Sierra Nevada in eastern California, at 36°45N 118°58W. It includes General Grant tree, one of the five largest Giant Sequoias in existence. ... Binomial name Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. ... Binomial name Agathis australis (D. Don) Loudon The Kauri (Agathis australis) is a coniferous tree native to the northern North Island of New Zealand. ... Binomial name Eucalyptus obliqua LHér. ... Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $16,114 (7th)  - Product per capita  $33,243/person (8th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  489,600 (6th)  - Density  7. ... Species Thuja plicata Western Redcedar, Thuja plicata, a species of thuja, is an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to the northwestern US and southwestern Canada, from southern Alaska and British Columbia south to northwest California and inland to western Montana. ... Lake Quinault is a lake on the Olympic Peninsula in western Washington state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ... Binomial name Fitzroya cupressoides (Molina) I.M.Johnst. ...


Largest trees

The largest trees in total volume are those which are both tall and of large diameter, and in particular, which hold a large diameter high up the trunk. Measurement is very complex, particularly if branch volume is to be included as well as the trunk volume, so measurements have only been made for a small number of trees, and generally only for the trunk. No attempt has ever been made to include root volume. The volume of a solid object is the three-dimensional concept of how much space it occupies, often quantified numerically. ... Primary and secondary roots in a cotton plant In vascular plants, the root is that organ of a plant body that typically lies below the surface of the soil (compare with stem). ...


The top four species measured[10] so far are:

  1. Giant Sequoia Sequoiadendron giganteum: 1,489 m³ (55,040 cu ft), General Sherman[10]
  2. Coast Redwood Sequoia sempervirens: 1,045 m³ (36,890 cu ft), Del Norte Titan tree [10]
  3. Western Redcedar Thuja plicata: 500 m³ (17,650 cu ft ), Quinault Lake Redcedar[10]
  4. Kauri Agathis australis: circa 400 m³ (15,000 cu ft), Tane Mahuta tree[10] (total volume, including branches, 516.7 m³/18,247 cu ft)[10]

However, the Alerce Fitzroya cupressoides, as yet un-measured, may well slot in at third or fourth place, and Montezuma Cypress Taxodium mucronatum and other giants are also likely to be high in the list. The largest angiosperm tree is a Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans) in Tasmania, known as the 'Two Towers' tree, with a volume of 430 cubic meters (15,185 cu ft)[11]. Binomial name (Lindl. ... General Sherman tree from Sequoia National Park General Sherman is the name of a Giant Sequoia. ... Binomial name Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. ... Binomial name Thuja plicata Donn ex D.Don Thuja plicata (Western Redcedar) is a species of thuja, an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to the northwestern United States and southwestern Canada, from southern Alaska and British Columbia south to northwest California and inland to western Montana. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (620x775, 284 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Thuja plicata ... Binomial name Agathis australis (D.Don) Loudon Agathis australis, known as the kauri, is a coniferous tree native to the northern districts of the North Island of New Zealand and is the biggest but not tallest species of tree in the country. ... Tane Mahuta is a giant kauri tree in the Waipoua Forest of Northland, New Zealand. ... Binomial name Fitzroya cupressoides (Molina) I.M.Johnst. ... Binomial name Taxodium mucronatum Tenore Taxodium mucronatum, also known as Montezuma Cypress or Ahuehuete (in the Nahuatl language), is a species of Taxodium native to much of Mexico (south to the highlands of southern Mexico), and also southernmost Texas, USA (just entering the state in the lower Rio Grande valley). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... Binomial name Eucalyptus regnans F.Muell. ... Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $16,114 (7th)  - Product per capita  $33,243/person (8th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  489,600 (6th)  - Density  7. ...


Oldest trees

The oldest trees are determined by growth rings, which can be seen if the tree is cut down or in cores taken from the edge to the center of the tree. Accurate determination is only possible for trees which produce growth rings, generally those which occur in seasonal climates; trees in uniform non-seasonal tropical climates grow continuously and do not have distinct growth rings. It is also only possible for trees which are solid to the center of the tree; many very old trees become hollow as the dead heartwood decays away. For some of these species, age estimates have been made on the basis of extrapolating current growth rates, but the results are usually little better than guesswork or wild speculation. White (1998)[12] proposes a method of estimating the age of large and veteran trees in the United Kingdom through the correlation between a tree's stem diameter, growth character and age. This is a list of long-living organisms. ... The growth rings of an unknown tree species, at Bristol Zoo, England Pinus taeda Cross section showing annual rings, Cheraw, South Carolina Pine stump showing growth rings Dendrochronology or tree-ring dating is the method of scientific dating based on the analysis of tree-ring growth patterns. ... Trunks A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is a solid material derived from woody plants, notably trees but also shrubs. ...


The verified oldest measured ages are (Gymnosperm Database):

  1. Great Basin Bristlecone Pine Pinus longaeva: 4844 years
  2. Alerce Fitzroya cupressoides: 3622 years
  3. Giant Sequoia Sequoiadendron giganteum: 3266 years
  4. Huon-pine Lagarostrobos franklinii: 2500 years
  5. Rocky Mountains Bristlecone Pine Pinus aristata: 2435 years

Other species suspected of reaching exceptional age include European Yew Taxus baccata (probably over 3000 years) and Western Redcedar Thuja plicata. Binomial name Pinus longaeva D.K.Bailey The Great Basin Bristlecone Pine (Pinus longaeva) is one of the bristlecone pines, a group of three species of pine found in the higher mountains of the southwest United States. ... Binomial name Fitzroya cupressoides (Molina) I.M.Johnst. ... Binomial name (Lindl. ... Binomial name Lagarostrobos franklinii The species Lagarostrobos franklinii, known as Huon Pine or Macquarie Pine, is a species of conifer growing mainly in the wetter southeastern corner of Tasmania, Australia. ... Binomial name Pinus aristata Engelm. ... Binomial name Taxus baccata L. Taxus baccata is a conifer native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia. ... Species Thuja plicata Western Redcedar, Thuja plicata, a species of thuja, is an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to the northwestern US and southwestern Canada, from southern Alaska and British Columbia south to northwest California and inland to western Montana. ...


The oldest verified age for an angiosperm tree is 2293 years for the Sri Maha Bodhi Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) planted in 288 BC at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka; this is also the oldest human-planted tree with a known planting date. Sri Maha Bodhi, Anuradhapura. ... Binomial name Ficus religiosa L. The Sacred Fig Ficus religiosa, also known as Bo (from the Sinhalese Bo), Pipal (Peepul) or Ashwattha tree, is a species of banyan fig native to India, southwest China and Indochina east to Vietnam. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC - 280s BC - 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 293 BC 292 BC 291 BC 290 BC 289 BC 288 BC 287 BC 286 BC 285... Anuradhapura, (අනුරාධපුර in Sinhala), is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, world famous for its well preserved ruins of the Great Sri Lankan Civilization. ...


Trees in culture

Main article: Tree (mythology)

The tree has been and still is a popular cultural symbol in most of the world. Common icons are the World tree, for instance Yggdrasil, and the tree of life. The tree often represents nature or the environment itself. A tree can also symbolize investment for humans, and is featured in insignia of some banks, for instance Swedbank. Trees have played an important role in many of the worlds mythologies and religions. ... In certain Indo-European religions there was a belief in a world tree, such as Yggdrasil, in Norse mythology, an Oak in Slavic mythology and in Hinduism, a banyan tree. ... This illustration shows a 19th century attempt to visualize the world view of the Prose Edda. ... The Tree-of-Life is a fictional plant (the ancestor of yams, with similar appearance and taste) in Larry Nivens Known Space universe, for which all Hominids have an in-built genetic craving. ... Invest redirects here. ... The Swebank logo (1997-2006). ...


Major tree genera

Flowering plants (Magnoliophyta; angiosperms)

Dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida; broadleaf or hardwood trees)

Yellow maple in fall.

Genera See text The Altingiaceae is a small family of flowering plants in the order Saxifragales, including only three genera and about 18 species, all trees. ... Species Liquidambar formosana Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar styraciflua The sweetgums Liquidambar are a genus in the witch-hazel family Hamamelidaceae, with three species of large deciduous trees, 25-40m tall, with palmately lobed leaves: Liquidambar formosana - Chinese Sweetgum (central & southern China, Taiwan). ... Species Liquidambar formosana Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar styraciflua The sweetgums Liquidambar are a genus in the witch-hazel family Hamamelidaceae, with three species of large deciduous trees, 25-40m tall, with palmately lobed leaves: Liquidambar formosana - Chinese Sweetgum (central & southern China, Taiwan). ... Genera See text Anacardiaceae is a family of flowering plants bearing fruits that are drupes. ... Binomial name Anacardium occidentale L. The Cashew (Anacardium occidentale; syn. ... Binomial name Anacardium occidentale L. The Cashew (Anacardium occidentale; syn. ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1632x1232, 735 KB) Summary Description: A picture taken,of a Eucalyptus niphophila from the top of the Mount Ginini, Namadgi National Park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1632x1232, 735 KB) Summary Description: A picture taken,of a Eucalyptus niphophila from the top of the Mount Ginini, Namadgi National Park. ... Namadgi National Park is located in the southwestern part of the Australian Capital Territory, bordering Kosciuszko National Park in New South Wales. ... Binomial name Pistacia vera L. The pistachio (Pistacia vera L., Anacardiaceae; sometimes placed in Pistaciaceae) is a small tree up to 10 m tall, native to mountainous regions of central and southwestern Asia such as the Kopet Dag mountains of Turkmenistan southwest to northeastern Iran and western Afghanistan. ... Species About 250 species; see text Rhus is a genus approximately 250 species of woody shrubs and small trees in the family Anacardiaceae. ... Species See text. ... Genera Afroguatteria Alphonsea Ambavia Anaxagorea Ancana Annickia Annona Anomianthus Anonidium Artabotrys Asimina Asteranthe Balonga Bocagea Bocageopsis Boutiquea Cananga Cardiopetalum Chieniodendron Cleistochlamys Cleistopholis Cremastosperma Cyathocalyx Cyathostemma Cymbopetalum Dasoclema Dasymaschalon Deeringothamnus Dendrokingstonia Dennettia Desmopsis Desmos Diclinanona Dielsiothamnus Disepalum Duckeanthus Duguetia Ellipeia Ellipeiopsis Enicosanthum Ephedranthus Exella Fissistigma Fitzalania Friesodielsia Froesiodendron Fusaea Gilbertiella Goniothalamus... Binomial name Annona reticulata L. The Custard-apple (Annona reticulata), known in English as bullocks heart or bulls heart, is a species of Annona, native to the tropical New World, preferring a low elevation, and a warm, humid climate. ... Binomial name Annona cherimola Mill. ... Binomial name Annona reticulata L. The Custard-apple (Annona reticulata), known in English as bullocks heart or bulls heart, is a species of Annona, native to the tropical New World, preferring a low elevation, and a warm, humid climate. ... Species See text Pawpaw (Asimina) is a genus of eight or nine species of small trees with large leaves and fruit, native to southeastern North America. ... Binomial name Annona muricata L. The Soursop, Guanábana or Corossol (Annona muricata) is a broadleaf flowering evergreen tree native to the Caribbean, Central and South America, from Brazil north to the West Indies. ... Genera See Taxonomy and Genera. ... Species See text Apocynum is a genus with about seven species, commonly known as Dogbane and Indian Hemp. ... Species Pachypodium ambongense Pachypodium baronii Pachypodium bicolor Pachypodium bispinosum Pachypodium brevicaule Pachypodium cactipes Pachypodium decaryi Pachypodium densiflorum Pachypodium eburneum Pachypodium geayi Pachypodium gracilius Pachypodium horombense Pachypodium inopinatum Pachypodium lamerei Pachypodium lealii Pachypodium makayense Pachypodium meridionale Pachypodium menabeum Pachypodium namaquanum Pachypodium rosulatum Pachypodium rutenbergianum Pachypodium saundersii Pachypodium sofiense Pachypodium succulentum Pachypodium... Genera  Ilex - Holly  Nemopanthus - Mountain holly Aquifoliaceae is a small plant family with two genera, by far the best-known being Ilex, the hollies, a large genus with about 600 species distributed nearly world-wide, absent only from Australasia and western North America. ... Species Ilex ambigua—Sand Holly Ilex amelanchier—Swamp Holly Ilex aquifolium—European Holly Ilex bioritsensis Ilex buergeri Ilex canariensis—Small-leaved Holly Ilex cassine—Dahoon Holly Ilex centrochinensis Ilex ciliospinosa Ilex colchica Ilex collina Ilex corallina Ilex coriacea—Gallberry Ilex cornuta—Chinese Holly Ilex crenata—Japanese Holly Ilex cyrtura Ilex... Species Ilex ambigua—Sand Holly Ilex amelanchier—Swamp Holly Ilex aquifolium—European Holly Ilex bioritsensis Ilex buergeri Ilex canariensis—Small-leaved Holly Ilex cassine—Dahoon Holly Ilex centrochinensis Ilex ciliospinosa Ilex colchica Ilex collina Ilex corallina Ilex coriacea—Gallberry Ilex cornuta—Chinese Holly Ilex crenata—Japanese Holly Ilex cyrtura Ilex... Genera Aralia Fatsia Hedera - Ivy Panax - Ginseng Reynoldsia Schefflera and others, see text of article The Araliaceae is known as the Ivy or Ginseng family. ... Species See text Hedera, English name Ivy (plural, Ivies), is a genus of about 10 species of climbing or ground-creeping evergreen woody plants in the Araliaceae, native in the Atlantic Islands, Europe, North Africa and across Asia east to Japan. ... Binomial name Kalopanax septemlobus (Thunb. ... Birch tree against maple foliage in fall From http://www. ... Birch tree against maple foliage in fall From http://www. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Distribution Species See List of Acer species Maples are trees or shrubs in the genus Acer. ... Genera Alnus - Alder Betula - Birch Carpinus - Hornbeam Corylus - Hazel Ostrya - Hop-hornbeam Ostryopsis - Hazel-hornbeam Betulaceae, or the Birch Family, includes six genera of deciduous nut-bearing trees and shrubs, including the birches, alders, hazels, hornbeams and hop-hornbeams, numbering about 130 species. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Species About 20-30 species, see text. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Species Carpinus betulus - European Hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana - American Hornbeam Carpinus cordata - Sawa Hornbeam Carpinus fargesii - Farges Hornbeam Carpinus laxiflora - Aka-shide Hornbeam Carpinus japonica - Japanese Hornbeam Carpinus orientalis - Oriental Hornbeam Carpinus tschonoskii - Chonowskis Hornbeam Carpinus turczaninowii - Turkzaninovs Hornbeam The hornbeams (Carpinus) are a genus of relatively small hardwood... This article is about the tree; for other meanings of hazel, see Hazel (disambiguation). ... Genera See text The Family Bignoniaceae, or trumpet creeper family, is a taxon of flowering plants comprised mainly of trees, shrubs, lianas, and a few herbs. ... Species 11 species, including: Catalpa bignonioides Catalpa bungei Catalpa fargesii Catalpa longissima Catalpa ovata Catalpa punctata Catalpa speciosa Catalpa tibetica Catalpa (Catalpa), also spelled Catawba, is a genus of mostly deciduous trees in the flowering plant family Bignoniaceae, native to warm temperate regions of North America, the West Indies, and... This article is about the desert plant. ... Genera See Taxonomy of the Cactaceae A cactus (plural cacti, cactuses or cactus) is any member of the succulent plant family Cactaceae, native to the Americas. ... Binomial name Carnegiea gigantea Britton & Rose Synonyms Cereus giganteus Engelm. ... Genera Cannabis - Hemp Celtis - Hackberry Gironniera Humulus - Hop Parasponia Pteroceltis Trema - Trema Cannabaceae is a family of flowering plants. ... cannabis is good for you ... Species About 60-70 species including: Celtis australis - European Hackberry Celtis bungeana Bunges Hackberry Celtis caucasica - Caucasian Hackberry Celtis labilis - Hubei Hackberry Celtis koraiensis - Korean Hackberry Celtis jessoensis - Japanese Hackberry Celtis laevigata - Southern Hackberry Celtis occidentalis - Common hackberry Celtis reticulata - Netleaf hackberry Celtis sinensis - Chinese Hackberry Celtis tenuifolia - Georgia... Genera Cornaceae sensu stricto     Cornus -- dogwood Nyssaceae     (Nyssa -- tupelo)     (Camptotheca -- happy tree)     (Davidia -- dove tree) The Dogwood family (Cornaceae) is a widespread family, mostly in the north temperate zone, in the order Cornales. ... Subgenera Cornus Benthamidia Swida The Dogwoods comprise a group of 30-50 species of deciduous woody plants (shrubs and trees) in the family Cornaceae, divided into one to nine genera or subgenera (depending on botanical interpretation). ... Subgenera Cornus Benthamidia Swida The Dogwoods comprise a group of 30-50 species of deciduous woody plants (shrubs and trees) in the family Cornaceae, divided into one to nine genera or subgenera (depending on botanical interpretation). ... Genera Anisoptera Cotylelobium Dipterocarpus Dryobalanops Hopea Marquesia Monotes Neobalanocarpus Pakaraimaea Parashorea Shorea Stemonoporus Upuna Vateria Vateriopsis Vatica Dipterocarpaceae is a family of 17 genera and approximately 580-680 species of mainly tropical lowland rainforest trees with two-winged fruits. ... Species About 70 species; see text Dipterocarpus is a genus of about seventy species, occurring in southeastern Asia. ... Binomial name Shorea robusta Roth Sal (Shorea robusta) is a species of tree native to southern Asia, ranging south of the Himalaya, from Myanmar in the east to India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. ... Genera Diospyros Euclea The Ebenaceae are a family of flowering plants, which includes ebony and persimmon. ... Species See text A Persimmon is any of a number of species of trees of the genus Diospyros, and the edible fruit borne by them. ... Species 450-500; see text Diospyros is a genus (including what used to be Maba) of about 450-500 species of deciduous and evergreen trees. ... Genera See text The plant Family Ericaceae (Heath Family) or ericaceous plants are mostly lime-hating or calcifuge plants that thrive in acid soils. ... Heath comes from Old English hæð tract of wasteland, from Proto-Germanic *khaiþijo (cognate with Old Irish ciad; see also heather, heathen) refers to a wild meadow or open, unploughed country, see Heath (habitat). ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. ... Binomial name Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. ... Binomial name Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. ... Subfamilies Faboideae Caesalpinioideae Mimosoideae References GRIN-CA 2002-09-01 The name Fabaceae belongs to either of two families, depending on viewpoint. ... Binomial name Pisum sativum L. A pea is the small, edible round green bean which grows in a pod on the leguminous vine Pisum sativum, or in some cases to the immature pods. ... Media:Example. ... Binomial name Gleditsia triacanthos L. The Honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos) is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America. ... Binomial name Robinia pseudoacacia L. Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) is a tree in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae. ... Species Laburnum anagyroides Laburnum alpinum Laburnum is a genus of two species of small trees in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae, Laburnum anagyroides (Common Laburnum) and (Alpine Laburnum). ... Brazilwood is a common name for several trees of the family Leguminosae (pulse family) whose wood yields a red dye called brazilein. ... Genera Castanea - Chestnuts Castanopsis Chrysolepis - Golden chinkapin Colombobalanus Cyclobalanopsis Fagus - Beeches Formanodendron Lithocarpus - Stone oaks Nothofagus - Southern beeches Quercus - Oaks Trigonobalanus The family Fagaceae, or beech family, is characterized by alternate leaves with pinnate venation, flowers in the form of catkins, and fruit in the form of nuts, one to... Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus... Species Castanea alnifolia - Bush Chinkapin* Castanea crenata - Japanese Chestnut Castanea dentata - American Chestnut Castanea henryi - Henrys Chestnut Castanea mollissima - Chinese Chestnut Castanea ozarkensis - Ozark Chinkapin Castanea pumila - Allegheny Chinkapin Castanea sativa - Sweet Chestnut Castanea seguinii - Seguins Chestnut * treated as a synonym of by many authors Chestnut (Castanea), including... Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus... Species   Nothofagus alpina - Rauli Beech   Nothofagus antarctica - Antarctic Beech   Nothofagus betuloides - Magallanes Beech   Nothofagus cunninghamii - Myrtle Beech   Nothofagus dombeyi - Coigüe Beech   Nothofagus fusca - Red Beech   Nothofagus gunnii - Tanglefoot Beech   Nothofagus menziesii - Silver Beech   Nothofagus moorei - Negrohead Beech   Nothofagus obliqua - Roble Beech   Nothofagus pumilio - Lenga Beech   Nothofagus solanderi - Black Beech... Binomial name Lithocarpus densiflorus (Hook. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species Fouquieria columnaris Fouquieria diguetii Fouquieria splendens several others Fouquieria is a genus of about 10 species of desert plants in the family Fouquieriaceae, including the ocotillo () and the boojum tree (). They have succulent stems with thinner spikes projecting from them, with leaves on the spikes. ... Binomial name Fouquieria columnaris The boojum, Fouquieria columnaris, is a bizarre-looking tree native to Baja California, in the family Fouquieriaceae. ... Binomial name Fouquieria columnaris The boojum, Fouquieria columnaris, is a bizarre-looking tree native to Baja California, in the family Fouquieriaceae. ... Genera See text The Hamamelidaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Saxifragales, including 27 genera and about 80-90 species, all shrubs and small trees. ... Witch hazel is the name of: Witch-hazel: Hamamelis, a genus of decorative shrubs in North America and east Asia. ... Binomial name Parrotia persica (DC.) C.A.Mey. ... Genera Alfaroa Annamocarya (beaked hickory) Carya (hickory and pecan) Cyclocarya (wheel wingnut) Engelhardia (cheo) Juglans (walnut) Oreomunnia Platycarya Pterocarya (wingnut) The Juglandaceae are a family of dicotyledonous trees in the order Fagales. ... “Walnut Tree” redirects here. ... “Walnut Tree” redirects here. ... Species See text Comparison of Carya nuts Ripe hickory nuts ready to fall, Andrews, SC Hickory is a tree of the genus Carya, including 17-19 species of deciduous trees with pinnately compound leaves and large nuts. ... // Wingnut . ... Genera Many; see text The Lauraceae or Laurel family comprises a group of flowering plants included in the order Laurales. ... Binomial name Laurus nobilis L. The Bay Laurel (Laurus nobilis, Lauraceae), also known as True Laurel, Sweet Bay, Grecian Laurel, or just Laurel, is an evergreen tree or large shrub reaching 10–18 m tall, native to the Mediterranean region. ... Binomial name J.Presl Cassia (Chinese cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ... Binomial name Laurus nobilis L. The Bay Laurel (Laurus nobilis, Lauraceae), also known as True Laurel, Sweet Bay, Grecian Laurel, or just Laurel, is an evergreen tree or large shrub reaching 10–18 m tall, native to the Mediterranean region. ... Binomial name Persea americana Mill. ... Genera Abdulmajidia Allantoma Barringtonia Bertholletia Careya Cariniana Couratari Couroupita Foetidia Grias Gustavia Lecythis Napoleonaea The Lecythidaceae is a family of about 20 genera and 250-300 species woody plants native to tropical South America and Madagascar. ... Genera Abdulmajidia Allantoma Barringtonia Bertholletia Careya Cariniana Couratari Couroupita Foetidia Grias Gustavia Lecythis Napoleonaea The Lecythidaceae is a family of about 20 genera and 250-300 species woody plants native to tropical South America and Madagascar. ... Binomial name Bertholletia excelsa Humb. ... Genera 32 (28); see text. ... Genus commonly known as loosestrife. ... Species About 50, including: Lagerstroemia indica Lagerstroemia speciosa The Crape-myrtles Lagerstroemia are a genus of about 50 species of deciduous and evergreen trees or large shrubs native to east Asia and Australia. ... Genera Magnolioideae Elmerillia (4 species) Kmeria (5 species) Magnolia (128 species) Manglietia (29 species) Michelia (49 species) Pachylarnax (2 species) Liriodendroidae Liriodendron (2 species) The Magnoliaceae is a family in the flowering plant Order Magnoliales. ... Species See text Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Magnolia Magnolia is a large genus of about 210[1] flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. ... Species Liriodendron chinense (Hemsl. ... Species See text Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Magnolia Magnolia is a large genus of about 210[1] flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. ... Subfamilies Bombacoideae Brownlowioideae Byttnerioideae Dombeyoideae Grewioideae Helicteroideae Malvoideae Sterculioideae Tilioideae Malvaceae is family of flowering plants containing Malva, the mallow genus, and its relatives. ... Mallow is the common name of several closely related genera of plant in the family Malvaceae: Althaea – Marsh mallow Callirhoe – Poppy mallow Kosteletzkya – Seashore mallow Lavatera – Tree mallow or rose mallow Malacothamnus – Santa Cruz Island bush-mallow Malva – Mallow Malvaviscus – Turks cap mallow Sidalcea – Greek mallow Sphaeralcea – Globemallow Plants... Species About 30; see text A lime-lined avenue in Alexandra Park, London Tilia leaf Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia (where the greatest species diversity is found), Europe and eastern North America; it is absent... Adansonia – Baobab Bombax – Silk_cotton tree Ceiba – Kapok Durio – Durian Ochroma – Balsa The Bombacaceae is a family of tropical trees in the order Malvales, closely related to the mallow family (Malvaceae), and often included in it, being distinguishable from that family only by the smooth pollen... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 496 KB) Self-made picture. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 496 KB) Self-made picture. ... Species See text The baobab (Adansonia), or monkey bread tree are a genus of eight species of trees, native to Madagascar (the centre of diversity, with six species), and mainland Africa and Australia (one species in each). ... Species Bombax buonopozense Bombax ceiba And six other species Silk cotton trees comprise eight species in the genus Bombax, native to tropical southern Asia, northern Australia and tropical Africa. ... Species See text Brachychiton (Kurrajong, Bottletree) is a genus of 31 species of trees and large shrubs, native to Australia (the centre of diversity, with 30 species), and New Guinea (one species). ... Binomial name Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Binomial name Ochroma lagopus Sw. ... Binomial name Theobroma cacao L. Cacao (Theobroma cacao) is a small (4–8 m tall) evergreen tree in the family Sterculiaceae (alternatively Malvaceae), native to tropical Mexico, but now cultivated throughout the tropics. ... Cocoa beans in a cacao pod Cocoa is the dried and partially fermented fatty seed of the cacao tree from which chocolate is made. ... Species About 30; see text A lime-lined avenue in Alexandra Park, London Tilia leaf Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia (where the greatest species diversity is found), Europe and eastern North America; it is absent... Genera See text The Meliaceae, or the Mahogany family, is a flowering plant family of mostly tropical trees and shrubs in the order Sapindales, characterised by alternate, usually pinnate leaves without stipules and by syncarpous, usually bisexual flowers borne in panicles, cymes, spikes, or clusters. ... An example of Mahogany The name mahogany is used when referring to numerous varieties of dark-colored wood, originally the wood of the species Swietenia mahagoni, sometimes referred to as Spanish or Cuban Mahogany. ... Binomial name Azadirachta indica A.Juss. ... Species Melia azedarach The Chinaberry or Bead Tree (Melia azedarach), is a small tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae, native to China, also occasionally known as Persian Lilac. ... An example of Mahogany The name mahogany is used when referring to numerous varieties of dark-colored wood, originally the wood of the species Swietenia mahagoni, sometimes referred to as Spanish or Cuban Mahogany. ... Genera Antiaris Artocarpus - Breadfruit, Jackfruit Brosimum Broussonetia - Paper Mulberry Castilloa Cecropia Chlorophora Dorstenia Ficus - Fig, Banyan Maclura - Osage-orange Morus - Mulberry Musanga Pseudolmedia Streblus Treculia The flowering plant family Moraceae (Mulberry family) comprises some 40 genera and over 1000 species of plants widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, less common... Species See text. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 681 KB)Eucalyptus bridgesiana (Apple box ) tree photographed on Red Hill, Australian Capital Territory. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 681 KB)Eucalyptus bridgesiana (Apple box ) tree photographed on Red Hill, Australian Capital Territory. ... natural range Species About 700; see the List of Eucalyptus species Eucalyptus (From Greek, eu + καλύπτω = True Cap) is a diverse genus of trees (and a few shrubs), the members of which dominate the tree flora of Australia. ... Categories: Suburbs of Canberra (incomplete) | Suburbs of Canberra ... Species About 800, including: Ficus albipila - Abbey Tree or tandiran Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis - Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina - Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica - Common Fig Ficus citrifolia - Strangler Fig Ficus coronata Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus erecta Ficus glaberrima Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii... Species See text. ... Genera See text Myristicaceae, the nutmeg family, is a family of flowering plants in the order Magnoliales, including 19 genera and about 440 species of shrubs and trees. ... It has been suggested that Legal drugs#Nutmeg be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Legal drugs#Nutmeg be merged into this article or section. ... Genera 130; see list The Myrtaceae or Myrtle family are a family of dicotyledon plants, placed within the order Myrtales. ... Species The Myrtle (Myrtus) is a genus of one or two species of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae, native to southern Europe and north Africa. ... natural range Species About 700; see the List of Eucalyptus species Eucalyptus (From Greek, eu + καλύπτω = True Cap) is a diverse genus of trees (and a few shrubs), the members of which dominate the tree flora of Australia. ... Species The Myrtle (Myrtus) is a genus of one or two species of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae, native to southern Europe and north Africa. ... Species About 100 species, including: Psidium cattleianum - Strawberry Guava Psidium friedrichsthalium - Costa Rica Guava Psidium guajava - Apple Guava Psidium guineense - Guinea Guava Psidium littorale - Cattley Guava Psidium montanum - Mountain Guava Guava (from Spanish Guayaba; Goiaba in Portuguese) is a genus of about 100 species of tropical shrubs and small trees... Replacing lost image origionally contribute by User:MPF ~ Davidia involucrata flowers. ... Replacing lost image origionally contribute by User:MPF ~ Davidia involucrata flowers. ... Genus Nyssa - tupelo Camptotheca - happy tree Davidia - dove tree Family Nyssaceae is a small plant family related to and often included within the Dogwood Family (Cornaceae). ... Binomial name Davidia involucrata Baillon The Dove tree (Davidia involucrata) is a medium-sized deciduous tree, usually placed in the tupelo family (Nyssaceae), but is sometimes included (with the tupelos) in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), and by yet others given family status of its own, as Davidiaceae. ... Genus Nyssa - tupelo Camptotheca - happy tree Davidia - dove tree Family Nyssaceae is a small plant family related to and often included within the Dogwood Family (Cornaceae). ... For the city, see Tupelo, Mississippi. ... Genera Cornaceae sensu stricto     Cornus -- dogwood Nyssaceae     (Nyssa -- tupelo)     (Camptotheca -- happy tree)     (Davidia -- dove tree) The Dogwood family (Cornaceae) is a widespread family, mostly in the north temperate zone, in the order Cornales. ... For the city, see Tupelo, Mississippi. ... Binomial name Davidia involucrata Baillon The Dove tree (Davidia involucrata) is a medium-sized deciduous tree, usually placed in the tupelo family (Nyssaceae), but is sometimes included (with the tupelos) in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), and by yet others given family status of its own, as Davidiaceae. ... Genera Abeliophyllum- Chionanthus- Fringetree Comoranthus- Dimetra- Fontanesia- Forestieria- Swamp-privet Forsythia- Forsythia Fraxinus- Ash Haenianthus- Hesperelaea- Jasminum- Jasmine Ligustrum- Privet Menodora- Myxopyrum- Nestegis- Noronhia- Notelaea- Nyctanthes- Olea- Olive Osmanthus- Osmanthus Phillyrea- Mock-privet Picconia- Priogymnanthus- Schrebera- Syringa- Lilac Oleaceae, the olive family, is a plant family containing 24 extant genera... Binomial name L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian Sea. ... Binomial name L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian Sea. ... Species See text European Ash in flower Narrow-leafed Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) shoot with leaves Closeup of European Ash seeds 19th century illustration of Manna Ash (Fraxinus ornus) An ash can be any of four different tree genera from four very distinct families (see end of page for disambiguation), but... Species Between 6-17 species, including: Paulownia catalpifolia Paulownia elongata Paulownia fargesii Paulownia fortunei Paulownia kawakamii Paulownia taiwaniana Paulownia tomentosa Paulownia is a genus of between 6-17 species (depending on taxonomic authority) of plants in the monogeneric family Paulowniaceae, related to and sometimes included in the Scrophulariaceae. ... Species Between 6-17 species, including: Paulownia catalpifolia Paulownia elongata Paulownia fargesii Paulownia fortunei Paulownia kawakamii Paulownia taiwaniana Paulownia tomentosa Paulownia is a genus of between 6-17 species (depending on taxonomic authority) of plants in the monogeneric family Paulowniaceae, related to and sometimes included in the Scrophulariaceae. ... Species Between 6-17 species, including: Paulownia catalpifolia Paulownia elongata Paulownia fargesii Paulownia fortunei Paulownia kawakamii Paulownia taiwaniana Paulownia tomentosa Paulownia is a genus of between 6-17 species (depending on taxonomic authority) of plants in the monogeneric family Paulowniaceae, related to and sometimes included in the Scrophulariaceae. ... genera see text Platanaceae is a family of flowering plants. ... Species See text. ... Species See text. ... Rhizophoraceae Categories: Stub | Plant families ... Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal. ... Subfamilies Rosoideae Spiraeoideae Maloideae Amygdaloideae or Prunoideae The Rosaceae or rose family is a large family of plants, with about 3,000-4,000 species in 100-120 genera. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Species Sorbus subgenus Sorbus Sorbus aucuparia - European Rowan Sorbus americana - American mountain ash Sorbus cashmeriana - Kashmir Rowan Sorbus commixta - Japanese Rowan Sorbus decora - Showy mountain ash Sorbus glabrescens - White-fruited Rowan Sorbus hupehensis - Hubei Rowan Sorbus matsumurana Sorbus sargentiana - Sargents Rowan Sorbus scalaris - Ladder Rowan Sorbus sitchensis - Sitka mountain... Species Sorbus subgenus Aria Sorbus aria - Common Whitebeam Sorbus arranensis - Arran Whitebeam Sorbus bristoliensis - Bristol Gorge Whitebeam Sorbus devoniensis - Devon Whitebeam Sorbus folgneri - Folgners Whitebeam Sorbus intermedia - Swedish Whitebeam Sorbus mougeotii - Vosges Whitebeam Sorbus rupicola - Rock Whitebeam Sorbus thibetica - Tibetan Whitebeam Sorbus vestita - Himalayan Whitebeam Plus many other species... Subgenera Sorbus Aria Micromeles Cormus Torminaria Chamaemespilus The genus Sorbus is a genus of about 100-200 species of trees and shrubs in the subfamily Maloideae of the Rose family Rosaceae. ... Species See text Crataegus (Hawthorn) is a large genus of in the family Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia and North America. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Species Malus angustifolia - Southern Crab Malus baccata - Siberian Crabapple Malus bracteata Malus brevipes Malus coronaria - Sweet Crabapple Malus domestica - Apple Malus florentina Malus floribunda - Japanese Crabapple Malus formosana Malus fusca - Oregon Crab, Pacific Crab Malus glabrata Malus glaucescens Malus halliana Malus honanensis Malus hupehensis - Chinese Crabapple Malus ioensis - Prairie Crab... Binomial name (Mill. ... Binomial name Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Prune (fruit) be merged into this article or section. ... “Cherry tree” redirects here. ... Type Genus Rubia L. Genera See text For a full list, see: List of Rubiaceae genera Egyptian Starcluster Pentas lanceolata White luculia gratissima Rubiaceae Juss. ... Species About 400 species; see text Galium L., is a large genus of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the family Rubiaceae, with about 400 species occurring in the temperate zones of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. ... Species Coffea arabica - Arabica Coffee Coffea benghalensis - Bengal coffee Coffea canephora - Robusta coffee Coffea congensis - Congo coffee Coffea excelsa - Liberian coffee Coffea gallienii Coffea bonnieri Coffea mogeneti Coffea liberica - Liberian coffee Coffea stenophylla - Sierra Leonian coffee Coffea (coffee) is a genus of ten species of flowering plants in the family... Genera About 160 genera; selected important genera: Amyris - West Indian Sandalwood Choisya - Mexican orange Citrus - Citrus Dictamnus - Burning-bush Fortunella - Kumquat Melicope - Corkwood, Alani Murraya - Curry tree Phellodendron - Cork-trees Poncirus - Trifoliate orange Ptelea - Hoptree Ruta - Rue Skimmia - Skimmia Tetradium (Euodia) - Euodias Zanthoxylum - Toothache trees Rutaceae is a family of... Species Between 8-40 species, including: Ruta angustifolia - Egyptian Rue Ruta chalepensis - Fringed Rue Ruta corsica - Corsican Rue Ruta graveolens - Common Rue Ruta montana - Mountain Rue Rue (Ruta) is a genus of strongly scented evergreen subshrubs 20-60 cm tall, in the family Rutaceae, native to the Mediterranean region, Macaronesia... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... Species About 10 species, including: Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron chinense Phellodendron japonicum Phellodendron lavallei Phellodendron sachalinense Phellodendron wilsonii Phellodendron or Cork-tree, is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Rutaceae, native to east and northeast Asia. ... Species About 5-10 species including: Tetradium danielii - Korean Euodia Tetradium hupehensis - Hubei Euodia Tetradium is a genus of about 5 to 10 species of trees in the family Rutaceae, occurring in temperate to tropical east Asia. ... Genera See text. ... Species About 350, including: Salix acutifolia - Violet Willow Salix alaxensis - Alaska Willow Salix alba - White Willow Salix alpina - Alpine Willow Salix amygdaloides - Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula - Mountain Willow Salix arbusculoides - Littletree Willow Salix arctica - Arctic Willow Salix atrocinerea Salix aurita - Eared Willow Salix babylonica - Peking Willow Salix bakko Salix barrattiana... Species Populus adenopoda Populus alba Populus grandidentata Populus sieboldii Populus tremula Populus tremuloides Aspens are trees of the willow family and comprise a section of the poplar genus, Populus sect. ... This article is about woody plants of the genus Populus. ... Species About 350, including: Salix acutifolia - Violet Willow Salix alaxensis - Alaska Willow Salix alba - White Willow Salix alpina - Alpine Willow Salix amygdaloides - Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula - Mountain Willow Salix arbusculoides - Littletree Willow Salix arctica - Arctic Willow Salix atrocinerea Salix aurita - Eared Willow Salix babylonica - Peking Willow Salix bakko Salix barrattiana... Yellow maple foliage From http://www. ... Yellow maple foliage From http://www. ... Distribution Species See List of Acer species Maples are trees or shrubs in the genus Acer. ... genera See text Sapindaceae, also known as the soapberry family, is a family of plants in the order Sapindales. ... Type Genus Acer L. Genera   AcerL. - Maple   DipteroniaOliver The Aceraceae (Maple family) comprises between 120-150 species of trees and shrubs. ... Species Aesculus arguta: Texas Buckeye Aesculus californica: California Buckeye Aesculus chinensis: Chinese Horse-chestnut Aesculus flava (): Yellow Buckeye Aesculus glabra: Ohio Buckeye Aesculus hippocastanum: Common Horse-chestnut Aesculus indica: Indian Horse-chestnut Aesculus neglecta: Dwarf Buckeye Aesculus parviflora: Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus pavia: Red Buckeye Aesculus sylvatica: Painted Buckeye Aesculus turbinata... Species See text Sapindus is a genus of about 5-12 species of shrubs and small trees in the Sapindaceae, native to warm temperate to tropical regions in both the Old World and the New World. ... Distribution Species See List of Acer species Maples are trees or shrubs in the genus Acer. ... Species Aesculus arguta: Texas Buckeye Aesculus californica: California Buckeye Aesculus chinensis: Chinese Horse-chestnut Aesculus flava (): Yellow Buckeye Aesculus glabra: Ohio Buckeye Aesculus hippocastanum: Common Horse-chestnut Aesculus indica: Indian Horse-chestnut Aesculus neglecta: Dwarf Buckeye Aesculus parviflora: Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus pavia: Red Buckeye Aesculus sylvatica: Painted Buckeye Aesculus turbinata... Binomial name Ungnadia speciosa Endl. ... Binomial name Sonn. ... Binomial name Koelreuteria paniculata The goldenrain tree (Koelreuteria paniculata), also called golden rain tree, Pride of India, varnish tree or China tree, is a flowering tree of East Asia. ... Genera See text Sapotaceae is a family of flowering plants, belonging to order Ericales. ... Binomial name (L.) P. Royen Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota) is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to the New World tropics. ... For other uses, see Argan (disambiguation). ... Species About 100-120 species, including: Palaquium amboinense Palaquium barnesii Palaquium bataanense Palaquium beccarianum Palaquium borneense Palaquium burckii Palaquium clarkeanum Palaquium cochleariifolium Palaquium dasyphyllum Palaquium ellipticum Palaquium formosanum Palaquium galactoxylum Palaquium gutta Palaquium herveyi Palaquium hexandrum Palaquium hispidum Palaquium hornei Palaquium impressinervium Palaquium kinabaluense Palaquium lanceolatum Palaquium leiocarpum Palaquium lobbianum... Binomial name Sideroxylon grandiflorum A.DC. Tambalacoque (also called the dodo tree) Sideroxylon grandiflorum formerly Calvaria major, is a long-lived tree in the family Sapotaceae, endemic to Mauritius. ... Genera Ailanthus Alvaradoa Castela Holacantha Picramnia Kirkia Picrasma Quassia Simarouba The Simaroubaceae are a small family in the order Sapindales, including trees such as Ailanthus. ... Species Ailanthus altissima Ailanthus excelsa Ailanthus giraldii Ailanthus malabarica Ailanthus triphysa Ailanthus vilmoriniana Ailanthus (derived from ailanto, an Amboine word probably meaning tree of the gods or tree of heaven) is a genus of 6-10 species of trees belonging to the family Simaroubaceae, in the order Sapindales (formerly Rutales... Genera Apterosperma Camellia Dankia Franklinia Gordonia Laplacea Pyrenaria Schima Stuartia Tutcheria The Theaceae is a family of flowering plants, composed of shrubs and trees recognizable by their serrated, usually glossy leaves. ... Species About 100–250 species, including: Camellia assimilis Camellia brevistyla Camellia caudata Camellia chekiangoleosa Camellia chrysantha – Golden Camellia Camellia connata Camellia crapnelliana Camellia cuspidata Camellia euphlebia Camellia euryoides Camellia forrestii Camellia fraterna Camellia furfuracea Camellia granthamiana Camellia grijsii Camellia hongkongensis - Hong Kong Camellia Camellia irrawadiensis Camellia japonica – Japanese Camellia Camellia... Species About 40 species, including: Gordonia anomala Gordonia axillaris Gordonia balansae Gordonia chrysandra Gordonia hainanensis Gordonia hirta Gordonia javanica Gordonia lasianthus Gordonia longicarpa Gordonia shimidae Gordonia sinensis Gordonia tagawae Gordonia tonkinensis Gordonia wallichii Gordonia yunnanensis Gordonia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae, related to Franklinia, Camellia... Species Stuartia malacodendron Stuartia monadelpha Stuartia ovata Stuartia pseudocamellia Stuartia pteropetiolata Stuartia rostrata Stuartia serrata Stuartia sinensis Stuartia is a genus of eight species of flowering plants in the family Theaceae, related to Camellia. ... Genera About 50 genera, including: Dais Daphne Dirca Drapetes Edgeworthia Gonystylus Ovidia Passerina Phaleria Pimelea Stellera Struthiola Thymelaea Thymelaeaceae is a family of flowering plants, with about 700-750 species in 50 genera. ... Species About 30 species; see text Thymelaea is a genus of about 30 species of evergreen shrubs and herbs in the flowering plant family Thymelaeaceae, native to the Canary Islands, the Mediterranean region, north to central Europe, and east to central Asia. ... Species About 30, including: Gonystylus affinis Gonystylus bancanus Gonystylus confusus Gonystylus forbesii Gonystylus macrophyllus Gonystylus maingayi Gonystylus miquelianus Gonystylus velutinus Ramin (Gonystylus) is a genus of about 30 species of hardwood trees native to southeast Asia, in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, the Philippines, and Papua New Guinea, with the highest... Genera Celtis - Hackberries Planera - Water-elm Ulmus - Elms Zelkova - Zelkovas Ulmaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes elms, hackberries and zelkovas. ... Species See Elm species, varieties, cultivars and hybrids Elms are deciduous and semi-deciduous trees making up the genus Ulmus, family Ulmaceae, found throughout the Northern Hemisphere from Siberia to Indonesia, Mexico to Japan. ... Species See Elm species, varieties, cultivars and hybrids Elms are deciduous and semi-deciduous trees making up the genus Ulmus, family Ulmaceae, found throughout the Northern Hemisphere from Siberia to Indonesia, Mexico to Japan. ... Species See text Zelkova is a genus of six species of deciduous trees in the elm family Ulmaceae, native to southern Europe, and southwest and eastern Asia. ... Genera About 90, including: Aloysia Amasonia Avicennia Callicarpa Caryopteris Citharexylum Clerodendrum Coleonema Congea Cornutia Crowea Diostea Duranta Garrettia Gmelina Holmskioldiana Hymenopyramis Lantana Lippia Nashia Oxera Petrea Phyla Premna Rhaphithamnus Schnabelia Sphenodesme Stachytarpheta Symphorema Tectona Thamnosma Tsoongia Verbena Vitex The Verbenaceae or Verbena family has been considered to be closely related... Species Tectona grandis Tectona hamiltoniana Tectona philippinensis Teak (Tectona), also called jati, is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia, and is commonly found as a component of monsoon forest vegetation. ...

Monocotyledons (Liliopsida)

Coconut Palm, a monocotyledonous tree.
Coconut Palm, a monocotyledonous tree.

Download high resolution version (454x765, 178 KB)Coconut Palm on Martinique. ... Download high resolution version (454x765, 178 KB)Coconut Palm on Martinique. ... Genera See text Agavaceae is a family of plants that includes many well-known desert and dry zone types such as the agave, yucca, and Joshua tree. ... Species see text. ... Binomial name Cordyline australis (Forst. ... Species See article Dracaena is a genus of about 40 species of trees and succulent shrubs in the family Agavaceae, or, according to some treatments, separated (with Cordyline) into a family of their own, Dracaenaceae. ... Binomial name Yucca brevifolia Schott ex Torr. ... Species many, see text Yucca filamentosa in New Zealand Yucca decipiens in Zacatecas, Mexico Joshua Trees growing in the Mojave Desert. ... Genera Many; see list of Arecaceae genera Arecaceae (sometimes known by the names Palmae or Palmaceae, although the latter name is taxonomically invalid. ... Genera Many; see list of Arecaceae genera Arecaceae (sometimes known by the names Palmae or Palmaceae, although the latter name is taxonomically invalid. ... Species (Betel nut palm) and about 50 more Areca is a genus of about 50 species of single-stemmed palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from Malaysia to the Solomon Islands. ... Binomial name L. For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Phoenix dactylifera L. The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is a palm extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ... Binomial name Trachycarpus fortunei (Hook. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... Natural vegetation dominated by grasses Grass is a common word that generally describes a monocotyledonous green plant in the family Poaceae. ... Diversity Around 91 genera and 1,000 species Subtribes Arthrostylidiinae Arundinariinae Bambusinae Chusqueinae Guaduinae Melocanninae Nastinae Racemobambodinae Shibataeinae See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Conifers (Pinophyta; softwood trees)

Genera Agathis Araucaria Wollemia The Araucariaceae are a very ancient family of conifers. ... Species See text. ... Species See text. ... Species See text The genus Agathis, commonly known as kauri or dammar forms a relatively small group of 21 species of evergreen trees in the family Araucariaceae, characteristically with very large trunks and little or no branching for some way up. ... Binomial name W.G.Jones, K.D.Hill & J.M.Allen Wollemia is a genus of coniferous tree in the family Araucariaceae. ... Genera Actinostrobus Athrotaxis Austrocedrus Callitris - Cypress-pine Callitropsis - Cypress * (Cupressus) Calocedrus - Incense-cedar Chamaecyparis - Cypress Cryptomeria - Sugi Cunninghamia - Cunninghamia Cupressus - Cypress Diselma - Diselma Fitzroya - Alerce Fokienia - Fujian Cypress Glyptostrobus - Chinese Swamp Cypress Juniperus - Juniper Libocedrus Metasequoia - Dawn Redwood Microbiota - Microbiota Neocallitropsis Papuacedrus * (Libocedrus) Pilgerodendron * (Libocedrus) Platycladus - Chinese Arborvitae Sequoia - Coast... Species See text. ... Species Chamaecyparis formosensis Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Chamaecyparis obtusa Chamaecyparis pisifera Chamaecyparis taiwanensis Chamaecyparis thyoides The genus Chamaecyparis is one of several genera within the family Cupressaceae that have the common name cypress; for the others, see cypress (disambiguation). ... Species Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae. ... Binomial name Fitzroya cupressoides (Molina) I.M.Johnst. ... Binomial name Cryptomeria japonica (L.f. ... Binomial name Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. ... Binomial name (Lindl. ... Binomial name Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu & Cheng Metasequoia glyptostroboides (Dawn Redwood) is a fast growing tree in the conifer family Cupressaceae (Taxaceae or Taxodiaceae by others)native to the Sichuan-Hubei region of China. ... Binomial name Thuja plicata Donn ex D.Don Thuja plicata (Western Redcedar) is a species of thuja, an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to the northwestern United States and southwestern Canada, from southern Alaska and British Columbia south to northwest California and inland to western Montana. ... Species Taxodium ascendens - Pond Cypress Taxodium distichum - Bald Cypress Taxodium mucronatum - Montezuma Cypress Taxodium is a genus of one to three species (depending on taxonomic opinion) of extremely flood-tolerant conifers in the cypress family, Cupressaceae, one of several genera in the family commonly known as cypresses. ... Genera Subfamily Pinoideae     Pinus - pines (about 115 species) Subfamily Piceoideae     Picea - spruces (about 35 species) Subfamily Laricoideae     Cathaya (one species)     Larix - larches (about 14 species)     Pseudotsuga - douglas-firs (five species) Subfamily Abietoideae     Abies - firs (about 50 species)     Cedrus - cedars (two to four species)     Pseudolarix - golden larch (one species)     Keteleeria (three... Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... There are three main subgenera of Pinus, the subgenus Strobus (White pines or soft pines), the subgenus Ducampopinus (Pinyon, Bristlecone and Lacebark pines), and the subgenus Pinus (Typical pines, or yellow or hard pines). ... There are three main subgenera of Pinus, the subgenus Strobus (White pines or soft pines), the subgenus Ducampopinus (Pinyon, Bristlecone and Lacebark pines), and the subgenus Pinus (Typical pines, or yellow or hard pines). ... Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... Species About 35; see text. ... Species About 12; see text Siberian larch Male (above) and female (below right) cones of Japanese Larch emerging in spring Larches are conifers in the genus Larix, in the family Pinaceae. ... Species See text. ... FIR may stand for: finite impulse response (a property of some digital filters) far infrared, i. ... Species Cedrus deodara Cedrus libani    var. ... Genera Acmopyle Afrocarpus Dacrycarpus Dacrydium Falcatifolium Halocarpus Lagarostrobos Lepidothamnus Manoao Microcachrys Microstrobos Nageia Parasitaxus Phyllocladus Podocarpus Prumnopitys Retrophyllum Saxegothaea Sundacarpus A large family of mainly Southern Hemisphere conifers, with 18-19 genera and about 170-200 species of evergreen trees and shrubs. ... species 105 species (Farjon 1998); see list Podocarpus is a genus of conifers, the most numerous and widely distributed of the podocarp family Podocarpaceae. ... Species Afrocarpus dawei Afrocarpus falcatus Afrocarpus gaussenii Afrocarpus gracilior Afrocarpus mannii Afrocarpus usambarensis Afrocarpus is a genus of conifers belonging to the podocarp family Podocarpaceae. ... Binomial name Podocarpus totara G.Benn. ... Binomial name Prumnopitys ferruginea (G. Benn. ... Binomial name Dacrycarpus dacrydioides (A.Rich. ... Binomial name Dacrydium cupressinum Sol. ... Binomial name Sciadopitys verticillata The Koyamaki (Sciadopitys verticillata) or Japanese Umbrella-pine, is a unique conifer endemic to Japan. ... Binomial name Sciadopitys verticillata The Koyamaki (Sciadopitys verticillata) or Japanese Umbrella-pine, is a unique conifer endemic to Japan. ... Genera Taxaceae sensu stricto Taxus Pseudotaxus Austrotaxus — Cephalotaxaceae Torreya Amentotaxus Cephalotaxus The family Taxaceae, commonly called the yew family, includes three genera and about 7 to 12 species of coniferous plants, or in other interpretations (see Classification, below), six genera and about 30 species. ... Species Taxus baccata - European Yew Taxus brevifolia - Pacific (or Western) Yew Taxus canadensis - Canadian Yew Taxus chinensis - Chinese Yew Taxus cuspidata - Japanese Yew Taxus floridana - Florida Yew Taxus globosa - Mexican Yew Taxus sumatrana - Sumatran Yew Taxus wallichiana - Himalayan Yew Taxus is a genus of yews, small coniferous trees or shrubs... Species Taxus baccata - European Yew Taxus brevifolia - Pacific (or Western) Yew Taxus canadensis - Canadian Yew Taxus chinensis - Chinese Yew Taxus cuspidata - Japanese Yew Taxus floridana - Florida Yew Taxus globosa - Mexican Yew Taxus sumatrana - Sumatran Yew Taxus wallichiana - Himalayan Yew Taxus is a genus of yews, small coniferous trees or shrubs...

Ginkgos (Ginkgophyta)

Binomial name Ginkgo biloba L. The Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba), frequently misspelled as Gingko, and sometimes known as the Maidenhair Tree, is a unique tree with no close living relatives. ... Binomial name Ginkgo biloba L. The Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba), frequently misspelled as Gingko, and sometimes known as the Maidenhair Tree, is a unique tree with no close living relatives. ... Binomial name Ginkgo biloba L. The Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba), frequently misspelled as Gingko, and sometimes known as the Maidenhair Tree, is a unique tree with no close living relatives. ...

Cycads (Cycadophyta)

Species Cycas aculeata Cycas angulata Cycas apoa Cycas arenicola Cycas armstrongii Cycas arnhemica Cycas badensis Cycas balansae Cycas basaltica Cycas beddomei Cycas bifida Cycas bougainvilleana Cycas brachycantha Cycas brunnea Cycas cairnsiana Cycas calcicola Cycas campestris Cycas candida Cycas canalis Cycas chamaoensis Cycas changjiangensis Cycas chevalieri Cycas circinalis Cycas clivicola Cycas... Families Cycadaceae cycas family Stangeriaceae stangeria family Zamiaceae zamia family Leaves and male cone of Cycas revoluta Cycads are an ancient group of seed plants characterized by a large crown of compound leaves and a stout trunk. ... Genera See text The Zamiaceae are a family of cycads that are superficially palm or fern-like. ... Families Cycadaceae cycas family Stangeriaceae stangeria family Zamiaceae zamia family Leaves and male cone of Cycas revoluta Cycads are an ancient group of seed plants characterized by a large crown of compound leaves and a stout trunk. ...

Ferns (Pterophyta)

Genera Alsophila Cnemidaria Cyathea Sphaeropteris The Cyatheaceae is a family of fern that includes the worlds tallest tree ferns, which reach heights up to 20 m. ... Genera Calochlaena Cibotium Culcita Cystodium Dicksonia Thysopteris The Dicksoniaceae are a family of tropical, subtropical and warm temperate ferns. ... Tree Fern refers to any fern that grows with a trunk elevating the fronds above ground level. ... In phylogenetics, a group is monophyletic (Greek: of one stem) if all organisms in that group are known to have developed from a common ancestral form, and all descendants of that form are included in the group. ...

Fossil Trees

Wattieza was a group of extinct, prehistoric fern-like plants. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Look up tree in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
A moss-covered tree near Orosí, Costa Rica.
A moss-covered tree near Orosí, Costa Rica.
A tree at spring, before the coming of leaves
A tree at spring, before the coming of leaves

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1136x852, 243 KB) A tree covered in moss (Spanish moss?) near Orosí, Costa Rica. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1136x852, 243 KB) A tree covered in moss (Spanish moss?) near Orosí, Costa Rica. ... Orosí seen from the South Orosí is a village in Costa Rica, about 30 km South East of the capital San José. It has a population of about 9000 and is one of the few colonial towns to survive Costa Ricas frequent earthquakes, with one of the oldest churches... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 599 pixels Full resolution (801 × 1200 pixel, file size: 395 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 599 pixels Full resolution (801 × 1200 pixel, file size: 395 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... “Foliage” redirects here. ... An arboretum is a botanical garden primarily devoted to trees and other woody plants, forming a living collection of trees intended at least partly for scientific study. ... Pinetum is an arboretum that specialises in cultivating conifers: trees in the Division Pinophyta. ... Good arboricultural care can reduce the risks of broken tree branches like this one Arboriculture is the selection, planting, care, and removal of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants, and the study of how they grow and respond to cultural practices and the environment. ... Book Cover Arborsculpture - Solutions for a Small Planet, is a book by Richard Reames who believes that trees hold the key to stabilizing the climate and, as he shows, this vital element of the environment can also be sculpted into a work of art. ... A bonsai trident maple growing in the root over rock style. ... A Christmas tree from 1900. ... Dendrology, from the Ancient Greek δένδρον meaning tree and λόγος meaning study, is the science of trees, and more generally the study of woody plants. ... The growth rings of an unknown tree species, at Bristol Zoo, England Pinus taeda Cross section showing annual rings, Cheraw, South Carolina Pine stump showing growth rings Dendrochronology or tree-ring dating is the method of scientific dating based on the analysis of tree-ring growth patterns. ... Dendroclimatology is the science of extracting past climate information from information in trees (primarily tree rings). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A VITAL MESSAGE TO ALL WHO SUCK DICKS: COCKS TASTE BETTER. In this view of an alpine tree line, the distant line looks particularly sharp. ... Exploding trees are a phenomenon mostly observed in the northeastern United States and Canadian wilderness, and usually involve maple trees. ... A forest is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, a wooded area set aside for hunting). ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest land use such as arable land, pasture, urban use, logged area or wasteland. ... // This article is about crop plantations. ... Urban forestry is the care and management of tree populations in urban settings for the purpose of improving the urban environment. ... Woodland management is the practice of managing woodlands, whether for the maximising of timber production, or for the conservation of wildlife. ... A fruit tree is a tree bearing fruit — the structures formed by the ripened ovary of a flower containing one or more seeds. ... The following is a partial list of famous trees. ... This is a partial list of garden plants, plants that can be cultivated in the garden, listed alphabetically by genus. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants... Prehistoric plants are various groups of plants that lived before recorded history (before about 3500 BC). ... Tree climbing uses ropes, harnesses, and other gear (but not ice tools or crampons) to scale a tree safely without causing it harm. ... Trees have played an important role in many of the worlds mythologies and religions. ... Trees of the world (please add to list in alphabetical order) Trees of The Americas Trees of Canada Trees of North America Trees of The Caribbean Basin Trees of Australasia List of trees of New Zealand Trees of Europe Trees of Britain and Ireland Trees of Denmark Trees of Asia... Many lists of Trees of Britain and Ireland have been written. ... This list includes many of the common large shrubs of Canada, as well as the trees. ... Trees can be identified by examination of several characteristics. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: | | ... In the Caribbean basin there is a great variety of trees. ... Iran has a very varied climate and a large variety of plants. ... New Zealands long geological isolation means that most of its flora is unique. ... Trunks A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is a solid material derived from woody plants, notably trees but also shrubs. ... This is a list of woods, in particular those commonly used in the timber and lumber trade. ... A xilotheque is a wood collection (xylos= wood). ...

External links

Bibliography

  • Pakenham, T. (2002). Remarkable Trees of the World. ISBN 0-297-84300-1
  • Pakenham, T. (1996). Meetings with Remarkable Trees. ISBN 0-297-83255-7
  • Tudge, C. (2005). The Secret Life of Trees. How They Live and Why They Matter. Allen Lane. London. ISBN 0-713-99698-6

Thomas Francis Dermot Pakenham, 8th Earl of Longford (born 14 August 1933), known simply as Thomas Pakenham, is an Anglo-Irish historian and arborist who has authored several prize winning books on the diverse subjects of Victorian and post-Victorian British history and trees. ... Colin Tudge (born 22 April 1943) is a biologist by training and a British science writer who is the author of numerous works on food, agriculture, genetics, and species diversity. ...

References

  1. ^ Mitchell, A. (1978). Trees of Britain & Northern Europe. Harper Collins. London. ISBN 0-00-219213-6
  2. ^ Gymnosperm Database Sequoia sempervirens. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “Hyperion, Redwood National Park, CA, 115.55 m”
  3. ^ Gymnosperm Database Pseudotsuga menziesii. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “The Brummit Fir: Height 99.4 m, dbh 354 cm, on E. Fork Brummit Creek in Coos County, Oregon; in 1998 (Robert Van Pelt e-mail 21-Apr-1998). This is the tallest known tree in the...”
  4. ^ Ten Tallest Trees [of Tasmania]. Tasmanian Giant Trees. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “Height (m): 97; Diameter (cm): 290; Volume (m3): 164; Species: E.regnans; Tree identification: TT326; Name: Icarus Dream; Location: Andromeda; Year last measured: 2005;”
  5. ^ Gymnosperm Database Picea sitchensis. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “This tree also has a sign nearby proclaiming it to be 'the world's largest spruce.' The tallest two trees on record, 96.7 m and 96.4 m, are in Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, California...”
  6. ^ Gymnosperm Database Sequoiadendron giganteum. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “The tallest known giant sequoia is a specimen 94.9 m tall, first measured Aug-1998 by Michael Taylor in the Redwood Mountain Grove, California...”
  7. ^ Gymnosperm Database Sequoiadendron giganteum. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “...the General Grant tree in Kings Canyon National Park, CA, which is 885 cm dbh and 81.1 m tall....”
  8. ^ The Giant Sequoia of the Sierra Nevada (Chapter 2). United States NATIONAL PARK SERVICE. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “Agathis australis Salisb. One specimen, now destroyed, at Mercury Bay, New Zealand, measured 23.8 ft in diameter, and the first branch was 80 ft above the ground. Estimates, on unknown basis, put its age at 4000 years.”
  9. ^ Tasmania's ten most massive giants. Tasmanian Giant Trees. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “Height (m): 61; Diameter (cm): 672; Volume (m3): 341; Species: E.obliqua; Tree identification: TT360; Name:-- ; Location: Reynolds Falls Nature Reserve; Year last measured: 2005;”
  10. ^ a b c d e f Gymnosperm Database: A Tale of Big Tree Hunting In California. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “(Sequoiadendron giganteum), is 55,040 cubic feet,...(Sequoia sempervirens) at 36,890 cubic feet...Thuja plicata 17,650 cu ft 500 m3... Agathis australis ca. 15,000 cu ft 400 m3 ...”
  11. ^ Tasmania's ten most massive giants. Tasmanian Giant Trees. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “Height (m): 75; Diameter (cm): 580; Volume (m3): 430; Species: E.regnans; Tree identification: TT38; Name:Two Towers; Location: Jacques Road; Year last measured: 2006;”
  12. ^ White, J. (1990). Estimating the Age of Large and Veteran Trees in Britain. Forestry Commission. Edinburgh.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


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