FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
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Encyclopedia > Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany

The Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany is the final peace treaty negotiated between the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, and the Four Powers which occupied Germany at the end of World War II in Europe: France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union. The treaty was signed in Moscow on September 12, 1990. The treaty is sometimes referred to as the Two Plus Four Agreement (German: Zwei-plus-Vier-Vertrag) and paved the way for the German re-unification, which took place on October 3. A peace treaty is an agreement (a peace treaty) between two hostile parties, usually countries or governments, that formally ends a war or armed conflict. ... East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a socialist country that existed from 1949 to 1990. ... The term Four Powers usually refers to the four countries that occupied a defeated Germany after the end of the Second World War in 1945 - France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union. ... Occupation may refer to: the principal activity (job or calling) that earns money for a person (see List of occupations, employment, profession, business) the periods of time following a nations territory invasion by controlling enemy troops (see Military occupation) the act of settling onto an uninhabited tract of land... This article chronicles the end of the European Theatre of World War II. On April 25, 1945 United States and Soviet troops linked-up, cutting Germany in two. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: ▶ (help· info)) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... A treaty is a binding agreement under international law concluded by subjects of international law, namely states and international organizations. ... German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) refers to the reunification of Germany from its constituent parts of East Germany and West Germany under a single government on October 3, 1990. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in Leap years). ...

Under the terms of the treaty, the Four Powers renounced all rights they formerly held in Germany, including Berlin, and the re-united country became fully sovereign again on March 15, 1991. Soviet troops were to leave Germany by the end of 1994. Germany agreed to limit its combined armed forces to no more than 370,000 personnel, no more than 345,000 of whom were to be in the army and air force. Germany also agreed it would never acquire nuclear weapons. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... The armed forces of a state are its government sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations. ... Army (from French armée) can, in some countries, refer to any armed force. ... An air force is a military organization that primarily operates in air-based war. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...

This article is part
of the series:
Territorial changes of Poland
in 20th century
History of Poland
Curzon line
Oder-Neisse line
Kresy Wschodnie
Kresy Zachodnie
Recovered Territories
Historical Eastern Germany
See also
History of Poland

Perhaps the most significant of the treaty's terms was Germany's renouncing of all claims to territory east of the Oder-Neisse line: Germany thus finally accepted the territorial losses imposed after 1945. Germany also agreed to sign a separate treaty with Poland confirming their present border, which it did the following year. Territorial changes of Poland after World War II have been very extensive. ... Image File history File links Polska_map_blank. ... The history of Poland from 1945 to 1989 spans the period of Soviet Communist dominance over the Peoples Republic of Poland in the decades following World War II. These years, while featuring many improvements in the standards of living in Poland, were marred by political instability, social unrest, and... The Curzon Line was a demarcation line proposed in 1919 by the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Curzon of Kedleston, as a possible armistice line between Poland, to the west, and Soviet Russia to the east, during the Polish-Soviet War of 1919–20. ... The Oder-Neisse line (German: Oder-Neiße-Grenze; Polish: Granica na Odrze i Nysie Łużyckiej) is the border between Germany and Poland. ... The name Kresy (Polish for borderlands, or more correctly Kresy Wschodnie, Eastern Borderlands) is used by Poles, mostly in historical context, to refer to the eastern part of Poland before the II World War. ... Kresy Zachodnie - (Polish: Western Borderlines) - term used used by Poles, mostly in historical context, to refer to the western part of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, that after Partitions of Poland were anexed by Prussia. ... Note: although the term recovered territories has a clear meaning in Poland and Polish historiography, it is not a widely accepted term or concept in Germany or in English-speaking nations. ... Historic Eastern Germany or Ex-German Eastern Territories are the historical Eastern German provinces or regions which had large settled German communities east of the Oder and Neisse rivers before World War II and had been part of an united Germany nation since 1871. ... Zaolzie (Czech Záolší (Zaolží), Slezsko zaolšanské, Polish Zaolzie, Śląsk zaolziański meaning Trans-Olza river) was the area disputed between Poland and Czechoslovakia West of Cieszyn with approximately 906 km² and 258,000 inhabitants. ... In the first centuries of its emergence in the 10th century, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christendom, created a strong Central European state, and integrated Poland into European culture. ... The Oder-Neisse line (German: Oder-Neiße-Grenze; Polish: Granica na Odrze i Nysie Łużyckiej) is the border between Germany and Poland. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Although the treaty was signed by the two German states as separate entities, it was ratified by a united Germany per the terms of the agreement. Ratification is the process of adopting an international treaty, or a constitution or other nationally binding document (such as an amendment to a constitution) by the agreement of multiple subnational entities. ...

External links

  • Full Text of the Treaty (US Embassy in Germany Web site)

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