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Encyclopedia > Treaty of the Pyrenees

The Treaty of the Pyrenees was a treaty signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years' War. It was signed on Île des Faisans. Single European Act A treaty is a binding agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely states and international organizations. ... // Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Pheasant Island is a fluvial island located in the River Bidasoa. ...


France entered the Thirty Years' War after the Spanish victories in the Dutch Revolt in the 1620s and at the Battle of Nördlingen against Sweden in 1634. By 1640 France began to interfere in Spanish politics, aiding the revolt in Catalonia, while Spain in response aided the Fronde revolt in France in 1648. During the negotiations for the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, France gained Alsace and Lorraine and cut off Spanish access to the Netherlands from Austria, leading to open warfare between the French and Spanish. The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt from 1568 to 1648 was the secession war in which the proto-Netherlands first became an independent country. ... Events and Trends Permanent Dutch settlement of New York Bay and the Hudson River. ... Combatants Sweden Saxony Holy Roman Empire Spain Commanders Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar Gustav Horn Cardinal-Infante of Spain Ferdinand of Hungary Matthias Gallas Strength 16,300 infantry 9,300 cavalry 54 guns 20,000 infantry 13,000 cavalry 32 guns Casualties 13,000–15,000 dead or wounded 3,500... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Anthem: Els Segadors Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Spanish, Catalan, and Aranese Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 6th  32,114 km²  6. ... The Fronde (1648–1653) was a civil war in France, followed by the Franco-Spanish War (1653). ... // Events January 17 - Englands Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. ... The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster by Gerard Terborch (1648) Banquet of the Amsterdam Civic Guard in Celebration of the Peace of Münster by Bartholomeus van der Helst, 1648 The Peace of Westphalia, also known as the Treaties of Münster and Osnabrück, refers to the... Location Administration Capital Strasbourg Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Départements Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Lorraine coat of arms location of the Lorraine province Lorraine (French: Lorraine; German: Lothringen) is a historical area in present-day northeast France. ...

After over 10 years of war, an Anglo-French alliance was victorious at the Battle of the Dunes in 1658 and a peace was settled in 1659. France gained Roussillon, Artois, part of Luxembourg, and part of Flanders, and the border with Spain was fixed at the Pyrenees. However, the treaty only stipulated that all villages north of the Pyrenees should become part of France. For that reason there is an enclave of Spain in this part of France, the town of Llívia - considered a town and not a village - which is still under Spanish control and is in the comarca of Baixa Cerdanya, Spanish province of Girona. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (668x660, 125 KB) Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (668x660, 125 KB) Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. ... Combatants France England United Provinces Spain Commanders Vicomte de Turenne Juan José de Austria Louis II de Condé Strength 26,000 15,000 Casualties 500 dead or wounded 2,000 dead or wounded 4,000 captured The Battle of the Dunes, fought on June 14, 1658, is also known as... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... Coat of arms of Roussillon - see also senyera Flag of Roussillon Mount Canigó (Canigou) (2785m), a Catalan landmark Roussillon (French: Roussillon, pronounced ; Catalan: Rosselló, pronounced ) is one of the historical counties of the former Principality of Catalonia, corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrén... Artois is a former province of northern France. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; a... Llívia is a town of Cerdagne, located in the Catalan comarca of Baixa Cerdanya, province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain, that forms a Spanish exclave surrounded by French territory (Pyrénées-Orientales département). ... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... Baixa Cerdanya is a comarca (county) in northern Catalonia, in the France and with the principality of Andorra. ... Girona menamora Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Girona (Catalan) Spanish name {{{spanish_name}}} Founded 79 BC Postal code 1700X Area code 34 (Spain) + 972 ({{{spanish_name}}}) Website http://www. ...


The treaty also arranged for a marriage between Louis XIV of France and Maria Theresa of Spain, the daughter of Philip IV of Spain. Maria Theresa was forced to renounce her claim to the Spanish throne, in return for a monetary settlement as part of her dowry. This settlement was never paid, a factor that led to the War of Devolution in 1668. Sun King redirects here. ... Some suspected Theresas death in 1683 was foul-play. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... A dowry (also known as trousseau) is a gift of money or valuables given by the brides family to the grooms at the time of their marriage. ... The War of Devolution (May 24, 1667 – May 2, 1668) was a war between Louis XIVs France and Habsburg Spain fought in the Spanish Netherlands. ... 1668 (MDCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The defeat and inability to pay Maria Theresa's dowry effectively eliminated Spain as an important power in Europe, while France as a result was at the height of its power untill almost 200 years later under Napoleon, where it reached a power only surpassed by the early-mid 1900's superpower.


Consequences for Catalonia

The Catalonian comarques of Rosselló, Conflent, Vallespir, Capcir and half of Cerdanya, currently known as Northern Catalonia or French Catalonia, have remained under French dominion. Every year on November 7, Catalanists remember this event and demonstrate in Perpignan. Anthem: Els Segadors Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Spanish, Catalan, and Aranese Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 6th  32,114 km²  6. ... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... Mount Canigó (2785m), a Catalan landmark Roussillon (Catalan Rosselló; Spanish Rosellón) is one of the historical Catalan Countries corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrénées-Orientales (Eastern Pyrenees). ... Conflent is a Catalan comarca in North Catalonia, and currently under French administration. ... Vallespir is a Catalan comarca, in North Catalonia and currently under French administration. ... Capcir is a catalan comarca, in North Catalonia, and presently under French administration. ... Map of Baixa Cerdanya in Catalonia Cerdanya (French Cerdagne) is one of the historical Catalan counties in the eastern Pyrenees, bordering the county of Alt Urgell. ... ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... Catalan nationalism, or Catalanism, is a political movement that advocates for the political autonomy of Catalonia or the Catalan Countries, and in some cases, independence from Spain and France. ... Perpignan (French: Perpignan; Catalan Perpinyà) is a commune and the préfecture (administrative capital city) of the Pyrénées-Orientales département in southern France. ...


The Treaty included several points about conserving Catalonian institutions, but Louis XIV did not respect this part. Catalonian institutions were abolished just a year after the Treaty was signed, and a royal French decree on April 2, 1700 (applied on May 1), forbade Catalan language usage in any kind of official act. Since then, French continues to be the only official language. Sun King redirects here. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra and co-official in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Valencia (under the name Valencian) and Catalonia. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ...

Map of Catalonia, showing the partition of its territory by this treaty.
Map of Catalonia, showing the partition of its territory by this treaty.

Image File history File links Catalonia2. ... Image File history File links Catalonia2. ... Catalonia /ˈkætəˌloʊ̯nɪə/, or the Principality of Catalonia (Catalan: Catalunya or Principat de Catalunya ; Spanish: Cataluña or Principado de Cataluña; Aranese: Catalonha or Principautat de Catalonha ; French: Catalogne or Principauté de Catalogne), is a historic country in southern Europe, embracing a territory now situated in the...

See also

This is an article about language policy in France. ... This is a chronological list of international treaties, agreements, peaces, etc. ...

External links

  • Full text of treaty (PDF), France National Archives transcription (French)

  Results from FactBites:
 
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Treaty of the Pyrenees - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (513 words)
The Treaty of the Pyrenees was a treaty signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years' War.
The treaty also arranged for a marriage between Louis XIV of France and Maria Theresa of Austria, the daughter of Philip IV of Spain.
Maria Theresa was forced to renounce her claim to the Spanish throne, in return for a monetary settlement as part of her dowry.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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