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Encyclopedia > Treaty of Welawa

The Treaty of Welawa (German: Vertrag von Wehlau) was a treaty signed in the eastern Prussian town of Wehlau (Welawa) between Poland and Brandenburg-Prussia during the Swedish Deluge on September 9, 1657. A treaty is a binding agreement under international law concluded by subjects of international law, namely states and international organizations. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (Old Prussian: Prūsa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad... Znamensk (Russian: , German: Wehlau, Polish: Welawa, Lithuanian: Vėluva) is an urban settlement in Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia. ... The Brandenburg-Prussian state was formed in 1618 when the Duchy of Prussia came under the control of the Elector of Brandenburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). ... Combatants Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and allies Sweden and allies Commanders Jan Kazimierz of Poland Charles X of Sweden Strength Casualties This article is about the history of Poland. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... Events January 8 - Miles Sindercombe, would-be-assassin of Oliver Cromwell, and his group are captured in London February - Admiral Robert Blake defeats the Spanish West Indian Fleet in a battle over the seizure of Jamaica. ...

In his capacity as Duke of Prussia, Margrave Frederick William, the "Great Elector" of Brandenburg, cancelled his alliance with King John II Casimir of Poland in 1656, although he held Ducal Prussia as a vassal of the Polish king. Instead, Frederick William allied with King Charles X Gustav of Sweden, whom he recognized as sovereign over Prussia. In the Treaty of Labiau later that year Charles granted the margrave sovereignty over Prussia and Warmia. Margrave is the English and French form of the German title Markgraf (from Mark march and Graf count) and certain equivalent nobiliary (princely) titles in other languages. ... Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... Surrounding but excluding the national capital Berlin, Brandenburg is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... Royal and Ducal Prussia in the second half of 16th century Ethnic map Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth with its major subdivisions as of 1619, superimposed on present-day national borders Ducal Prussia was, between 1525–1657, a fief of Poland. ... A vassal or liege, in the terminology that both preceded and accompanied the feudalism of medieval Europe, is one who enters into mutual obligations with a lord, usually of military support and mutual protection, in exchange for certain guarantees, which came to include the terrain held as a fief. ... Charles X or Karl X Gustav (1622 – 1660), king of Sweden, son of John Casimir, Margrave of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, and Catherine, sister of Gustavus Adolphus, was born at the Castle of Nyköping on November 8, 1622. ... The Treaty of Labiau was a treaty signed between Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg and King Charles X Gustav of Sweden on November 20, 1656 in Labiau, Ducal Prussia. ... Warmia in 1547 Warmia (Polish: , German: , Latin: Varmia, also historically known as Ermeland) is a region between Pomerania and Masuria in northeastern Poland. ...

After his defeat in the Battle of Warsaw, John Casimir met with Frederick William at Welawa. In return for the margrave's renunciation of the Brandenburg-Sweden alliance, the Polish king recognized Frederick William's full sovereignty over Ducal Prussia. The treaty was amended by the Treaty of Bydgoszcz of November 6 1657. The treaties were to be renewed at death or change of each ruler, which happened in 1672, 1677, 1688, and 1698, after which they were no longer renewed. The Battle of Warsaw which took place on 28-30 July 1656, between armies of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth on the one side and of Sweden and Brandenburg on the other, was an important battle of the Northern Wars. ... The Treaty of Bydgoszcz was a political act signed by the King of Poland Jan Kazimierz and the prince-elector of Brandenburg Frederick William I in the city of Bydgoszcz on November 6, 1657. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Events First performance of Racines tragedy, Phèdre Sarah Churchill marries John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough Battle of Cassel, Philippe I of Orléans defeats William of Orange Mary II of England marries William of Orange English Statute of frauds is passed into law Battle of Landskrona Elias... // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ... Events January 4 - Palace of Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. ...

According to the terms of the treaty, in case Brandenburg-Prussia's Hohenzollern dynasty died out, Ducal Prussia was to return to the crown of Poland. The Hohenzollerns fell from power at the end of World War I, and the territory became the Free State of Prussia within the Weimar Republic after the Treaty of Versailles. It was split in 1945 after World War II between Poland, Russia, and Lithuania (the current Warmia-Masurian Voivodship, Kaliningrad Oblast, and Klaipėda Region respectively). The House of Hohenzollern is a German dynasty of electors, kings, and emperors of Prussia, Germany, and Romania. ... Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Romania, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 5 million military, 3 million civilian (full list) 3 million military, 3 million civilian (full list) {{{notes}}} World War... Flag of Weimar Republic, 1919–1933 Coat of arms The Weimar Republic (German Weimarer Republik, IPA: []) is the historical name for the republic that governed Germany from 1919 to 1933. ... It has been suggested that Irreconcilables be merged into this article or section. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Combatants Allies: • Soviet Union, • UK & Commonwealth, • USA, • France/Free France, • China, • Poland, • ...and others Axis: • Germany, • Japan, • Italy, • ...and others Commanders Strength Casualties Full list Full list World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a large scale military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ... WarmiÅ„sko-Mazurskie voivodship since 1999 Coat of Arms of Warmia-Masuria Warmia i Mazury (officially, the WarmiÅ„sko-Mazurskie Voivodship) is an administrative region, or voivodship, of northeastern Poland. ... Map of the Kaliningrad Oblast Course of Pregolya River in Gvardeysk. ... KlaipÄ—da Region (Memel Region, Memelland) is the name of the part of Lithuania Minor consisting of the coastland around KlaipÄ—da (formerly known as Memel) and along the Curonian Lagoon, on the right bank of Neman River. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Treaty of Wehlau - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (309 words)
Johann von Hoverbeck was one of the German diplomats during negotiations of the Treaty of Wehlau.
The treaty was amended by the Treaty of Bydgoszcz of November 6, 1657 and confirmed by the Treaty of Oliva in 1660.
Because Hohenzollern sovereignty in Prussia lay outside of the Holy Roman Empire, Elector Frederick III was able to elevate the Duchy of Prussia to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701.
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Thirteen Years War (4988 words)
It ended with the Second Treaty of Thorn in 1466, (also known as the Peace of Torun), an agreement between the Teutonic Knights and Poland, which, although negotiated with help from the Papal legate, was not confirmed by the Pope.
A clause in the peace treaty stated that it was guaranteed by the Prussian states, which would gain the right to defy the Teutonic Order if it broke the treaty.
With a lot of help from the Pope's legate Rudolf from Rudesheim[?], in October 10, 1466, a peace treaty (known as the peace of Thorn[?]) was finally signed.
  More results at FactBites »



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