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Encyclopedia > Treaty of Stolbovo

The Treaty of Stolbovo is a peace treaty of 1617 that ended the Ingrian War, fought between Sweden and Russia. For details about the preceding events, see the specific article. Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... The Ingrian War, which lasted from 1610 to 1617, was initiated by Sweden against Russia in a final attempt to put a Swedish count on the Russian throne, but ended with a large Swedish territorial gain in the Treaty of Stolbovo See also The De la Gardie Campaign Dymitriads Mikhail...


After nearly two months of negotiations, representatives from Sweden and Russia met at the (now derelict) village of Stolbovo, south of Lake Ladoga, on February 27, 1617. Map of lake Ladoga Towpath Bridge between Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega (from a photograph taken ca. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ...


From the outset, Sweden had gone into negotiations with very high ambitions, with the hopes of fulfilling the old dream of making all Russian trade pass through Swedish territory. As a consequence of this ambition, the Swedes originally demanded far-reaching territorial gains into western Russia, including the important northern port of Arkhangelsk. At this point, however, James I of England sent a delegation to mediate, and so did the Dutch, mostly to make sure Arkhangelsk did not fall into Swedish hands, which would have made the extensive trade between Western Europe and Russia far more difficult. Arkhangelsk did not change hands in the resulting treaty, partly because of the Dutch and English efforts, but mostly because Russia finally managed to unite under one tsar, Michael Romanov. As word reached Russia that the Swedish war against Poland might soon be over, the Russians were quick to get negotiations going for real — knowing that they could not afford Sweden's renewal of the war effort on just one front. The city of Arkhangelsk (Архангельск, formerly in English Archangel) lies on the Northern Dvina River near its exit into the White Sea in the far north of European Russia, at 64°32′N 40°32′E. It is the capital of the Arkhangelsk Oblast and was the chief sea port of... James VI of Scotland and James I of England and Ireland (occasionally known as King James the Vain) (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland. ... A common understanding of Western Europe in modern times Western Europe is a cultural/political concept mainly forged and used during the Cold War. ... Look up Tsar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For the US community of Czar, see Czar, West Virginia. ... Mikhail at the Ipatiev Monastery. ...


In the resulting peace treaty, the tsar and the Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus agreed to the following terms: Gustav II Adolph Gustav II Adolph (December 9, 1594 - November 6, 1632) (also known as Gustav Adolph the Great, under the Latin name Gustavus Adolphus or the Swedish form Gustav II Adolf) was a King of Sweden. ...

  • Sweden gained the provinces of Kexholm (now Priozersk) and Ingria — including the fortress of Nöteborg, known as "the key to Finland" (now Shlisselburg, Russia)
  • Members of the upper classes in these conquered areas were allowed to migrate within 14 days, if they wished to, a right not granted to regular priests and farmers
  • Russia renounced all claims to Estonia and Livonia
  • Russia would pay Sweden war indemnities of 20,000 roubles
  • Novgorod and other Swedish territorial gains during the war would be returned to Russia
  • Sweden had the right to keep all spoils of war collected before November 20, 1616
  • The Russian city of Gdov was to remain in Swedish hands until the peace had been confirmed and the borders fully established
  • Sweden recognized Michael Romanov as the rightful tsar of Russia, putting an end to further Swedish claims in Russia
  • Russia was allowed free trade at normal trade tariffs, making sure Sweden could not cripple Russia completely
  • Russia was allowed to establish merchant houses in Stockholm, Reval (Tallinn) and Vyborg in exchange for Sweden being allowed to establish merchant houses in Novgorod, Pskov, and Moscow.

Gustavus Adolphus is known to have said about this treaty, which granted Sweden natural borders to Russia, partly in the form of Lake Ladoga and Lake Peipus: "jag hoppas att det skall bliva svårt för ryssen att hoppa över den bäcken" — "I hope it will be hard for the Russians to jump across that creek". Kexholm County, Kexholms län or Käkisalmen lääni, was a county of Sweden from 1634 to 1721 when it was ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Nystad. ... Priozersk (Приозерск) is a town on the Karelian Isthmus, in the Leningrad Oblast of Russia, centered on an island at the southwestern shore of Lake Ladoga, at the estuary of the northern armlet of River Vuoksi (Вуокса (Vuoksa) in Russian). ... Ingria, or Ingermanland, was a dominion of Sweden from 1580 to 1595 and then again from 1617 to 1719, when it was ceded to Russia in the Treaty of Nystad. ... Shlisselburg is a town in western Russia (Kirovsky District, Leningrad Oblast) located at the head of the Neva River on Lake Ladoga. ... Shlisselburg (Russian: ) is a town in western Russia (Kirovsky District, Leningrad Oblast) located at the head of the Neva River on Lake Ladoga, 45 km east of Saint Petersburg, which lies at the mouth of the Neva on the Gulf of Finland. ... Livonia was a dominion of Sweden from the 1620s until 1721. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Но́вгород) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the highway (and railway) connecting Moscow and St Petersburg. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events October 25 — Dirk Hartog makes the second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at an island off the Western Australian coast Pocahontas arrives in England War between Venice and Austria Collegium Musicum founded in Prague Nicolaus Copernicus De revolutionibus is placed on the Index of Forbidden Books... Gdov (Гдов) is a Russian town in the Pskov Oblast, which stands on the river Gdovka, just 2 km from its outflow into Chudskoye Lake. ... Mikhail at the Ipatiev Monastery. ... The Old town in Stockholm from the air (help· info) is the capital of Sweden, located on the east coast at the entrance of lake Mälaren. ... The city of Tallinn is the capital city and main seaport of Estonia. ... County Harju County Mayor Jüri Ratas Area 159. ... A view of Vyborg from the castle tower Vyborg (Cyrillic: Выборг, Finnish: Viipuri, Swedish: Viborg, German: Wiburg) is a town with 70,000 inhabitants on the Karelian Isthmus in Russia, near the head of the Bay of Vyborg, 130 km to the northwest of Saint Petersburg, 38 km south from Russia... Velikiy Novgorod (Но́вгород) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the highway (and railway) connecting Moscow and St Petersburg. ... The Trinity Cathedral (1682-99) is a symbol of Pskovs former might and independence. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: (help· info)) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... Gustav II Adolf (also known as Gustaf Adolf den store or Gustavus II Adolphus) (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and referred to by Protestants as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... Lake Peipsi - Landsat satellite photo Lake Peipus (Estonian: Peipsi järv, Russian: Чудское озеро (Chud Lake), German: Peipussee) is a large lake, on the border between Estonia and Russia in Eastern Europe. ...


England is officially credited with brokering this peace, through their mediator John Mericke, though the Dutch efforts were also of great importance. After the war, the leader of the Dutch delegation, Reinald Brederode, was granted the title Baron and given the barony of Wesenberg (Rakvere) in Estonia by Gustavus Adolphus. Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK... Spaytans brader Baron is a specific title of nobility or a more generic feudal qualification. ... County Lääne-Viru County Mayor Andres Jaadla Area 10. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
1617. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History (443 words)
The Swedes restored Novgorod, which they had occupied, but Russia was obliged to abandon the few towns that had still been held on the Gulf of Finland.
Treaty of Polianov, with Poland, bringing to a temporary end a long period of conflict.
In return for recognition of his title, Michael was obliged to give up many of the frontier towns (including Smolensk) that had been taken by the Poles.
US Bazaar.com : Encyclopedia Pages : Treaty of Stolbovo (591 words)
The Treaty of Stolbovo is a peace treaty of 1617 that ended the Ingrian War, fought between Sweden and Russia.
After nearly two months of negotiations, representatives from Sweden and Russia met at the (now derelict) village of Stolbovo, south of Lake Ladoga, on February 27, 1617.
Arkhangelsk did not change hands in the resulting treaty, partly because of the Dutch and English efforts, but mostly because Russia finally managed to unite under one tsar, Michael Romanov.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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