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Encyclopedia > Treaty of Perpetual Peace (1502)

The Treaty of Perpetual Peace was signed by James IV of Scotland and Henry VII of England in 1502. It agreed an end to the intermittent warfare between Scotland and England which had been waged over the previous two hundred years. As part of the treaty a marriage was agreed between James IV and Margaret Tudor, the daughter of Henry VII. James IV (March 17, 1473-September 9, 1513) - King of Scots from 1488 to 1513. ... Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), was the founder and first patriarch of the Tudor dynasty. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq... Margaret Tudor (29 November 1489–October 1541) was the eldest of the two daughters of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, and the elder sister of Henry VIII. In 1503 she married James IV, king of Scotland, thus becoming the mother of James V and grandmother of Mary...

The treaty was broken in 1513 when James invaded England in support of the French who had lately been attacked by the English. The invasion was forced by Scotland's obligation to France under an older mutual defence treaty, the Auld Alliance. The 1513 invasion by the Scots met defeat, and James was killed at the Battle of Flodden. Despite this abrogation, the Treaty of Perpetual Peace had a long lasting effect because it led to the issue (children) of the marriage between James and Margaret, which eventually led to the Union of the Crowns. The Auld Alliance refers to a series of treaties, offensive and defensive in nature, between Scotland and France aimed specifically against an aggressive and expansionist England. ... The Battle of Flodden or Flodden Field was fought in northern England on September 9, 1513, between an invading Scots army under King James IV and an English army commanded by Thomas Howard. ... James VI and I King of England, Scotland and Ireland James VI of Scotland and I of England (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) was a King who ruled over England, Scotland and Ireland, and was the first Sovereign to reign in the three realms simultaneously. ...



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