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Encyclopedia > Treaty of Paris (1898)

The Treaty of Paris of 1898, signed on December 10, 1898, ended the Spanish-American War. December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba First Philippine Republic Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Casualties 379 U.S. dead; considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties Unknown[1] The Spanish-American War took place...


The controversial treaty was the subject of debate in the US Senate during the winter of 1898-1899, and it was approved on February 6, 1899 by a one-vote margin of 57 to 27 (the Senate must approve treaties with a two-thirds majority), with only 2 Republicans opposed: George Frisbie Hoar of Massachusetts and Eugene Pryor Hale of Maine. Single European Act A treaty is a binding agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely states and international organizations. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... George Frisbie Hoar George Frisbie Hoar (29 August 1826–30 September 1904) was a prominent United States politician. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Eugene Pryor Hale (6 June 1836–27 October 1918) was a RepublicanUnited States Senator from Maine. ... Official language(s) None (English de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ...


In accordance with the treaty, Spain renounced all rights to Cuba and allowed an independent Cuba (see Teller Amendment), ceded Puerto Rico and the islands of Guam and the Philippines to the United States, and gave up its possessions in the West Indies. The defeat put an end to the Spanish Empire in America, and marked the beginning of an age of United States colonial power. The Teller Amendment, enacted on April 11, 1898, stated that when the United States defeated the Spanish Occupants, it would give the Cubans their freedom. ... Military flag of the Spanish Empire from the 16th century up to 1843. ... After expanding across North America in the early and mid-nineteenth century, the United States soon began to expand overseas, emerging after World War II as a leading world power. ...


Senate debate to Ratify the Treaty

During the Senate debate to ratify the treaty, Senators George Frisbie Hoar and George Graham Vest were outspoken opponents of the treaty. George Graham Vest (1830–1904) was a man born in Kentucky, but who moved to Missouri to begin a career in law. ...

  • "This Treaty will make us a vulgar, commonplace empire, controlling subject races and vassal states, in which one class must forever rule and other classes must forever obey."--Senator Hoar

Some anti-imperialists maintained that expansionism violated the most basic tenets of the Constitution. They argued that neither Congress nor the President had the right to pass laws governing colonial peoples who were not represented by law-makers. Anti-imperialism, strictly speaking, is a term that may be applied to any idea or movement opposed to some form of imperialism. ... Seal of the U.S. Congress. ...


Senate Imperialists supported the treaty:

  • "If the U.S. were to reject the treaty, Suppose we reject the Treaty. We continue the state of war. We repudiate the President. We are branded as a people incapable of taking rank as one of the greatest of world powers!"--Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
  • "Providence has given the United States the duty of extending Christian civilization. We come as ministering angels, not despots."--Senator Knute Nelson

Imperialists maintained that the Constitution applied only to the citizens of the United States. This idea was later supported by the Supreme Court in the Insular Cases. Henry Cabot Lodge Henry Cabot Lodge (May 12, 1850 – November 9, 1924), was an American statesman and Republican politician, and noted historian. ... Knute Nelson Knute Nelson (February 2, 1843–April 28, 1923) was an American politician. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... The Insular Cases are several U.S. Supreme Court cases decided early in the 20th century. ...


As the Senate debate continued, Andrew Carnegie and former President Cleveland petitioned the Senate to reject the treaty. Andrew Carnegie (November 25, 1835 – August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-born American businessman, a major philanthropist, and the founder of the Carnegie Steel Company which later became U.S. Steel. ... Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd (1885–1889) and 24th (1893–1897) President of the United States, and the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. ...


See also

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Treaty of Paris (1898)

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... The Philippine Declaration of Independence occurred on June 12, 1898 in the Philippines where Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo (later to become the Philippines first Republican President) proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain after the latter was defeated at...

External links

  • PBS: Crucible of Empire: The Spanish-American War Senate Debate over Ratification of the Treaty of Paris
  • Treaty of Peace Between the United States and Spain

  Results from FactBites:
 
Treaty of Paris - Encyclopedia.com (0 words)
In the treaty with France, Britain relinquished the restrictions that had been imposed on the French naval port of Dunkirk, but aside from minor adjustments in the West Indies and Africa, the territorial dispositions made in the Treaty of Paris of 1763 were generally continued.
The Treaty of Paris of May 30, 1814, was concluded between France on the one hand and Great Britain, Russia, Austria, and Prussia on the other after the first abdication of Napoleon I.
The leniency of the treaty to defeated France was chiefly due to the diplomatic skill of Talleyrand, who had engineered the restoration of Louis XVIII on the French throne.
Paris, Treaty of - MSN Encarta (370 words)
Introduction; Treaty of Paris, 1763; Treaty of Paris, 1783; Treaties of Paris, 1814 and 1815; Treaty of Paris, 1856; Treaty of Paris, 1898
The Treaty of Paris signed on February 10, 1763, by Britain and its adversaries, France and Spain, ended the Seven Years' War in Europe and the New World phase of the conflict, the French and Indian War in America.
The Treaty of 1814, except for provisions not revoked by the Treaty of 1815, was to continue as binding, as were the territorial arrangements of the Congress of Vienna.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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