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Encyclopedia > Treaty of Breda

The Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda, July 31, 1667, by England, the Dutch Republic, France, and Denmark. It brought a hasty and inconclusive end to the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665 - 1667), as Louis XIV's forces began invading the Spanish Netherlands, but left many territorial disputes unresolved. In the preceding stages of the war, the Dutch had prevailed. Admiral De Ruyter virtually controlled the seas around the south coast of England, following his successful Raid on the Medway, and his presence encouraged English commissioners to sign for peace. Negotiations took only ten days. Breda is a municipality and a city in the southern part of the Netherlands. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining, as the final day of July. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity... This article is about the Dutch United Provinces. ... The Royal Prince and other vessels at the Four Days Fight, 11–14 June 1666 by Abraham Storck depicts a battle of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. ... Events March 4 - Start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War March 6 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society begins publication March 16 - Bucharest allows Jews to settle in the city in exchange of annual tax of 16 guilders June 3 - The Duke of York defeats the Dutch Fleet off the... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638 – September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... This article or section should be merged with Seventeen Provinces The Spanish Netherlands was a portion of the Low Countries controlled by Spain from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century. ... Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter, Lieutenant-Admiral of the United Provinces by Ferdinand Bol, painted 1667. ... Dutch Attack on the Medway, June 1667 by Pieter Cornelisz van Soest, painted c. ...


During the negotiations, the English commissioners offered to return the New Netherlands (modern New York City) in exchange for their sugar factories on the coast of Surinam. The Dutch side declined. In the East Indies, the Dutch secured a worldwide monopoly on nutmeg by forcing England to give up their outpost on Run, the most remote of the Banda Islands. New Netherland (Dutch Nieuw-Nederland, Latin: Nova Belgica) was the territory claimed by the Netherlands on the eastern coast of North America in the 17th century. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and... Species About 100 species, including: Myristica argentea Myristica fragrans Myristica malabarica The nutmegs Myristica are a genus of evergreen trees indigenous to tropical southeast Asia and Australasia. ... Banda Besar island seen from Fort Belgica The Banda Islands (Kepulauan Banda in Bahasa Indonesia) are a group of ten small volcanic islands in the Banda Sea, about 140km south of Seram island and about 2000km east of Java, and are part of the Indonesian province of Maluku. ...


In North America, Acadia was returned to France, without specifying what territories were actually involved on the ground. Thomas Temple, the proprietor, residing in Boston, had been given a charter by Cromwell, which was ignored in the Treaty, and the actual handing off was delayed at the site until 1670. There is a also a U.S. national park called Acadia National Park; For the former electoral district, see Acadia (electoral district) The national flag of Acadia, adopted in 1884. ... Unfinished portrait miniature of Oliver Cromwell by Samuel Cooper, 1657. ...


The most complete contemporary account of the war was published first in Dutch, then in French (1668) as a Description exacte de tout ce qui est passé dans les guerres. It contains a list of Dutch vessels and goods lost in America, an account of the 1664 capture of New Amsterdam (mentioning "Nieuw Yorck" for the first time) with the articles of surrender to Governor Nicolls, and De Ruyter’s voyage to the West Indies. The Dutch commemorated the Treaty of Breda with a patriotic engraving. Dutch Revival buildings from the early 20th century on Pearl Street in lower Manhattan recall the Dutch origins of the city. ...


The treaty refers to the pawnings of Orkney (1468) and Shetland (1469) as 'unprescribed and imprescribable'. In other words, those agreements were still in force and could not be abrogated by one side, as James III had attempted to do in 1472. Two years after the treaty, in 1669, Charles II made the islands a direct dependency of the Crown, seemingly in an attempt to regularise the position.


The Surrender of Breda, a separate event in the Dutch wars of liberation, was painted by Diego Velasquez in 1634. Las Meninas, painted in 1656. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Breda at AllExperts (904 words)
Breda was captured by surprise by the Spaniards in 1581, but in 1590 it fell again into the hands of Maurice of Nassau, 68 picked men contriving to get into the town concealed under the turf in a peat-boat, a daring plan of Adriaen van Bergen.
In 1637 Breda was recaptured by Frederick Henry of Orange after a four months siege, and in 1648 it was finally ceded to the Netherlands by the Treaty of Westphalia.
Breda also has a sugar factory, supplying the candy industry, and a brewery (Oranjeboom) which is one of the biggest breweries in the Netherlands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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